2010 Deep Research Report on China New Energy Vehicles



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168Report-China Market Research Reports


2010 Deep Research Report on China New Energy Vehicles
Hard copy :2500 USD

Electronic copy (PDF) :2500USD

Hard and Electronic copy : 3500USD
Pages:216

Tables and figures :222

Published date : Apr, 2010

Publisher: 168Report



Contact: Mr. Peter Lee +86-10-82965190 +86-13161572746 sales@168report.com

Summary
With the increasingly harsh climate and environment, words, such as environmental protection, low-carbon, energy-saving, emission-reduction and green, are gradually penetrated into the daily life. Automobile, as the main source of city exhausts, has gained particular concern in the issue of emission reduction. Therefore, new energy vehicles become extremely popular. For instance, electric bicycles, electric tricycles and motorcycle, which can be seen everywhere in China, have gradually been accepted and popular. Thus, electric vehicles will soon become the energy-saving environmental automotive products. Besides the battery-powered, the fuel gas, hydrogen and other clean energy, all have the application case. However, there is still a long way before the massive popularity. With the increasing attentions and supports from the Government, big investments from investors and strong will of the emission reduction from the public, new energy vehicles have made rapid development. Up to March, 2010, the electric or gas passenger car, have been widely applied in the public transports. Automotive manufacturer, BYD has developed a variety of electric cars by means of its own technology in the battery field, and will soon begin to sell new energy vehicles to individual consumers. There are many indications shows that the new energy vehicles have gradually been the spotlight. The large-scale production will greatly reduce the production cost, thus making the new energy vehicles become the highly popular product and occupy a larger portion in the automotive market.
“2010 Deep Research Report on China New Energy Vehicles” is a professional and comprehensive study report on the new energy automotive. First, it will introduce the new classification and definition of energy vehicles, and the development status of various types of new energy vehicles. Then, it will provide a detailed description on the new energy policy and state-sponsored development projects. After that, production, sales, technical characteristics and development trends of new energy vehicles in China and the world. And then, it will highlight the major new energy automobile companies in the global and China, such as, production capacity of enterprises, models, prices, costs, profits, margins and other parameters. Meanwhile, it will provide the development plans and research status of new energy automobile manufacturers. Finally, it will give a detailed analysis on the development background, investment opportunity and risks of new energy automotive, thus providing professional research conclusions and recommendations. Overall, this study can make the clients well informed of real-time status and trends of new energy automotive industry. The interpretations of policies and consumer surveys can provide suggestions on the demands and trends of new energy automotive industry. This report will help the clients conduct the development plans and provide as a reference in the investment and decision making. It can not be completed without the supports and assistance from many first-line technical personnel and senior experts in the relevant agencies and departments. Here we want to express our gratitude.

Table of Content:
Chapter 1 Definition and Classification of New Energy Vehicles 1

1.1 The definition of new energy vehicles 1

1.2 Category overview of new energy vehicles 2

1.2.1 Hybrid engine vehicles (HEV) 2

1.2.1.1 Introduction 2

1.2.1.2 Development status 2

1.2.2 Battery electric vehicles (BEV) 2

1.2.2.1 Introduction 2

1.2.2.2 Development status 2

1.2.3 Fuel cell engine vehicles (FCEV) 3

1.2.3.1 Introduction 3

1.2.3.2 Development status 3

1.2.4 Hydrogen engine vehicles 3

1.2.4.1 Introduction 3

1.2.4.2 Development status 3

1.2.5 Gas vehicles 4

1.2.5.1 Introduction 4

1.2.5.2 Development status 4

1.2.6 Alcohol or ether vehicles 4

1.2.6.1 Introduction 4

1.2.6.2 Development status 4
Chapter 2 Development status and prospects of new energy vehicles 5

2.1 Background and development goals 5

2.1.1 Vehicles background in China 5

2.1.2 Vehicles situation analysis in China 6

2.2 Development goals of energy-saving and new energy vehicles 10

2.2.1 Development status of new energy vehicles 11

12 2.2.2 Technical objectives 12

2.2.3 Energy-saving goals 13

2.2.4 New energy goals 14

2.3 New energy vehicles market in the world 15

2.3.1 Market situation of new energy vehicles in China 17

2.3.2 Future development trends and bottlenecks of new energy vehicles 18

2.3.3 Technology evolution of new energy vehicles in China 21

2.3.4 Investment recommendations 23


Chapter 3 Major manufacturers for new energy vehicles 25

3.1 Main manufacturers for new energy vehicles in China 25

3.1.1 Chery 25

3.1.2 SAIC 29

3.1.3 Kinglong 34

3.1.4 Zotye 40

3.1.5 BYD 45

3.1.6 FAW 50

3.1.7 Chongqing Changan 55

3.1.8 Geely 60

3.1.9 Universal 64

3.1.10 Foton Auto 67

3.1.11 Dongfeng 72

3.1.12 Zhongtong buses 76

3.1.13 Great Wall 80

3.1.14 Ankai buses 85

3.1.15 Yi Mao (under construction) 89

3.2 Main international vehicles manufacturers 91

3.2.1 Main manufacturers for new energy vehicles in the United States 91

3.2.1.1 General 93

3.2.1.2 Ford 94

3.2.2 Main manufacturers for new energy vehicles in Europe 97

3.2.2.1 Volkswagen 97

3.2.2.2 BMW 99

3.2.2.3 Daimler - Benz 100

3.2.3 Main manufacturers for new energy vehicles in Japan 102

3.2.3.1 Honda 103

3.2.3.2 Toyota 106


Chapter 4 Batteries analysis of new energy vehicles 108

4.1 Investment analysis of Ni-MH battery 109

4.1.1 Development overview 109

4.1.2 Major manufacturers Analysis 110

4.1.3 Prospects 110

4.2 Investment Analysis on lithium battery 111

4.2.1 Development status 111

4.2.2 Industry chain analysis 113

4.2.2.1 Manufacturers 113

4.2.2.2 Cell materials 115

4.2.2.3 Analysis of lithium carbonate industry 116

4.2.2.4 Prospects of Lithium Carbonate Industry 117

4.3 Investment analysis on vehicle battery 118
Chapter 5 Product development and prospects of new energy vehicles 123

5.1 Hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) 123

5.1.1 Introduction 123

5.1.2 Development status of international hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) 127

5.1.3 Development status of domestic hybrid electric vehicles 129

5.1.4 Prospects forecast 129

5.1.5 Investment advice 130

5.2 Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) 131

5.2.1 Introduction 131

5.2.2 Development status of international battery electric vehicles (BEV) 131

5.2.3 Development status of domestic battery electric vehicles (BEV) 133

5.2.4 Prospects forecast 134

5.2.5 Investment background and advantages 134

5.2.6 National Electric Vehicles (BEV) 135 long-term objectives

5.3 Natural gas vehicles 135

5.3.1 Development status of international natural gas vehicles 135

5.3.2 Development status of domestic natural gas vehicles 137

5.3.3 Prospects forecast 148

5.3.4 Investment background 151

5.4 DME Auto 151

5.4.1 Introduction 151

5.4.2 Policy 152

5.4.3 Fuel production 153

5.4.4 Fuel vehicle technologies 154

5.4.5 Research and development 155

5.4.6 Investment background 159

5.4.7 Investment advice 159
Chapter 6 Investment opportunities and risk analysis on the new energy vehicles 160

6.1 Analysis of investment opportunities 160

6.1.1 investment base and features in 2009 160

6.1.2 Concern analysis of consumers 161

6.2 Key points analysis on investment 162

6.3 Technical line analysis 164

6.3.1 PHEV technical Analysis 164

6.4 Development trends of new energy vehicles in China 171

6.5 Background analysis 177

6.5.1 Development status 177

6.5.2 Technical analysis of hybrid electric vehicles 185

6.5.3 Energy-saving and economic analysis of hybrid electric vehicles 187

6.5.4 Raw materials demand in the upstream 190

6.6 Risk analysis 192


Chapter 7 Research summary of new energy vehicles 193
Appendix the relevant policies and analysis of new energy vehicles 194

Industry policy of new energy vehicles 194

Production access rules of new energy vehicles 194

Financial subsidies 194

Tax Policy 196

Restructuring and rejuvenation program of Automotive industry 196

Production access rules of new energy vehicles 198

Interim measures for financial subsides in the energy saving and new energy vehicles demonstration and extension 203




Tables and Figures:
Table definition and classification of new energy vehicles 1

Figure Vehicle volume and growth rate of China from 2000 to 2009 5

Figure Vehicle sales and growth of China from 2000 to 2009 6

Figure Ratios of three major components in the total imported auto parts in China from 2001 to 2009 6

Figure Dependence trends of foreign oil 7

Figure Consumption ratio of gasoline and diesel in China 7

Figure Potential analysis of auto industry in China 8

Figure Industrial Revolution in the energy-saving and new energy vehicles 9

Figure Development strategy target of automotive energy power system 10

Table Production capacity and forecast of new energy vehicles in China from 2009 to 2014 (10K unit) 11

Figure Production capacity, forecast and growth rate of new energy vehicles in China from 2009 to 2014 (10K unit) 11

Figure Power technology evolution scheme of new energy vehicles in China 12

Figure Technology platform diagram of power systems in the energy saving and new energy 12

Figure Energy-saving goal scheme in China in 2020 13

Figure Conversion scheme of new energy 14

Figure Integrated development target in the energy-saving and new energy vehicles of China 14

Figure Sales of hybrid engine vehicles from USA, Japan, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France and Germany from 2004 to 2009 (10K unit) 15

Figure Global sales of hybrid engine vehicles of GM, Ford, Nissan, Honda, Toyota from 2005 to 2009 (10K unit) 16

Figure Global sales of 7 hybrid engine vehicles, Priusl1.5L Camry2.4L, Civic1.3L and so on from 2005 to 2009 (10K unit) 16

Table List of auto type and marketed time for the new energy passenger cars of China from 2005 to 2008 17

Table List of auto type and marketed time for 10 electric buses and 31 hybrid passenger vehicle of China from 2006 to 2009 17

Figure Future evolution path for new energy vehicles 19

Figure Advantages, disadvantages and application prospects of fuel cell vehicles 19

Figure Battery performance and features of new energy vehicles 20

Chart of different types of fuel-efficient hybrid effects and the advantages and disadvantages 20

Figure Emissions and price of 8 hybrid engine vehicles (10K RMB) 21

Figure Evolution sketch of automotive technology evolution sketch in the world 22

Figure V development model of control system (development direction of system technology) 22

Figure Development process diagram of automotive technology in China 23

Figure "1000 for 10 Cities " demonstration projects and corresponding business opportunities 24

Figure Progress summary of 8 major automotive manufacturers 24

Table List of information on Chery Automobile Co., Ltd. (products, market position, production capacity, business strategy, plans an expansion plans) 25

Figure New energy development for Chery 26

Table Development process sketch of new energy vehicles for Chery 26

Figure Development plan scheme of hybrid engine vehicles for Chery 27

Table Development process of hybrid engine vehicles for Chery 27

Table List of models, sales (unit), price (10K unit) of hybrid engine vehicles for Chery 28

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Chery from 2009 to 2014 28

Figure Production capacity, production (units) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Chery from 2009 to 2014 29

Table Shanghai Automotive Industry Corporation (SAIC) information list (product, income, sales, 14 new energy strategies) 29

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for SAIC from 2009 to 2014 32

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for SAIC from 2009 to 2014 32

Figure Sales forecast (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for SAIC from 2009 to 2014 33

Table List on sales predictions (unit), price (10K RMB/unit), production costs (10K RMB), income (10K RMB), profit margin and other information on the SAIC LaCross from 2009 to 2014 33

Figure Sales forecast (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for LaCross from 2009 to 2014 34

Table Kinglong Bus List (11 contents: products, production capacity, income, new energy research and so on) 35

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Kinglong passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 37

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Kinglong passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 38

Table List on production capacity, utilization rate(unit) and sales of new energy vehicles for Kinglong passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 38

Table List on the sales production (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Kinglong natural gas buses from 2009 to 2014 38

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Kinglong natural gas buses from 2009 to 2014 39

Table List on the sales production (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Kinglong natural gas passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 40

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Kinglong natural gas passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 40

Table Zotye information List (13 contents: products, income, raw materials and equipments, clients and expansion plans and so on) 41

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Zoyte from 2009 to 2014 42

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Zoyte from 2009 to 2014 43

Table List on the sales production (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Zoyte 2008EV from 2009 to 2014 44

Figure List on sales production (unit) and growth rate of Zoyte 2008EV from 2009 to 2014 44

Table BYD information List (12 contents: assets, sales capacity, new energy strategies and expansion plans and so on) 45

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for BYD from 2009 to 2014 46

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for BYD from 2009 to 2014 47

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of BYD F3DM from 2009 to 2014 48

Figure List on sales prices (10K RMB/unit) , costs(10K RMB/unit) and margin rate of BYD F3DM from 2009 to 2014 48

Table FAW information List (13 contents: assets, sales capacity, new energy strategies and expansion plans and so on) 50

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for FAW from 2009 to 2014 51

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for FAW from 2009 to 2014 51

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of hybrid energy buses for FAW from 2009 to 2014 52

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of hybrid energy cars for FAW from 2009 to 2014 52

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of FAW Jiefang hybrid engine buses from 2009 to 2014 53

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of FAW Jiefang hybrid engine buses from 2009 to 2014 53

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of FAW Benteng hybrid engine cars from 2009 to 2014 54

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of FAW Benteng hybrid engine cars from 2009 to 2014 54

Table Chongqing Changan information List (13 contents: assets, sales capacity, special service, new energy strategies and expansion plans and so on) 55

Figure Company texture of Chongqing Changan Co., Ltd. 56

Table Development progress scheme for the new energy vehicles for Chongqing Changan 56

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Chongqing Changan from 2009 to 2014 57

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Chongqing Changan from 2009 to 2014 57

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Chongqing Changan Jiexun hybrid engine cars from 2009 to 2014 58

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of Chongqing Changan Jiexun hybrid engine cars from 2009 to 2014 59

Table Geely information List (13 contents: products, assets, market position, company texture, production base and production capacity and so on) 60

Figure “10-1-5” development strategy for Geely auto industry 61

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Geely from 2009 to 2014 62

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Geely from 2009 to 2014 62

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Geely Yuanjing CNG fuel gas engine cars from 2009 to 2014 63

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of Geely Yuanjing CNG fuel gas engine cars from 2009 to 2014 63

Table Universal information List (12 contents: products, assets, market position, new energy development, clients and development strategy and so on) 64

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Universal from 2009 to 2014 65

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Universal from 2009 to 2014 65

Table List on the production capacity, utilization rate and sales capacity (unit)of new energy vehicles for Universal from 2009 to 2014 65

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of electric vehicles for Universal from 2009 to 2014 66

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of electric vehicles for Universal from 2009 to 2014 67

Table Foton Auto information List (14 contents: products, revenue, sales capacity, new energy strategy and development plans and so on) 69

Table List on the development of new energy vehicles (hybrid engine vehicles) for Foton Auto 70

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Foton Auto from 2009 to 2014 70

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Foton Auto from 2009 to 2014 70

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Foton Auto hybrid engine cars from 2009 to 2014 70

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of Foton Auto hybrid engine cars from 2009 to 2014 71

Table Dongfeng information List (12 contents: products, revenue, new energy development, market position and development strategies and so on) 72

Table List on the development of new energy vehicles for Dongfeng 73

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Dongfeng from 2009 to 2014 74

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Dongfeng from 2009 to 2014 74

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of Dongfeng hybrid engine passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 75

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of Dongfeng hybrid engine passenger cars from 2009 to 2014 75

Table Zhongtong Buses information List (12 contents: products, assets, new energy development, market position and development strategies and so on) 76

Table List on the development of new energy buses for Zhongtong 77

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Zhongtong from 2009 to 2014 78

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Zhongtong from 2009 to 2014 78

Table Production capacity, production (unit) of new energy fuel gas buses for Zhongtong LCK6125GC from 2009 to 2014 79

Table Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy fuel gas buses for Zhongtong LCK6125GC from 2009 to 2014 79

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of new energy fuel gas buses for Zhongtong LCK6125GC from 2009 to 2014 79

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of new energy fuel gas buses for Zhongtong LCK6125GC from 2009 to 2014 80

Table Great wall Auto information List (13 contents: products, assets, new energy development, markets and development strategies and so on) 81

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Great wall Auto from 2009 to 2014 82

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Great wall Auto from 2009 to 2014 82

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Great wall EV from 2009 to 2014 83

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Great wall EV from 2009 to 2014 84

Table Ankai Buses information List (13 contents: products, revenue, margin, production capacity, new energy vehicles and development strategies and so on) 85

Table List on the development of new energy buses for Ankai 86

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Ankai from 2009 to 2014 86

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate of new energy vehicles for Ankai from 2009 to 2014 87

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) of new energy vehicles for Ankai from 2009 to 2014 87

Table List on the sales capacity (unit), sales price (10K RMB/unit), costs (10K RMB/unit), revenue (10KRMB) and profit margin information of new energy buses for Ankai from 2009 to 2014 88

Figure List on sales capacity (unit) and growth rate of new energy buses for Ankai from 2009 to 2014 88

Table Yimao electrical vehicles information List (10 contents: input, products and new energy vehicles and so on) 89

Table List of predictions on the production capacity, production (unit) for Yimao electrical vehicles from 2009 to 2014 90

Figure Production capacity, production (unit) and growth rate for Yimao electrical vehicles from 2009 to 2014 90

Table New energy policies and subsides in Europe and the United States 91

Figure Sales capacity of American hybrid engine vehicles E85 and CNG electrical LPG LNG hydrogen and other new energy vehicles from 2000 to 2009 (10K unit) 92

Figure Fuel ethanol consumption in the U.S.A from 1981 to 2007 (million gallons/unit) 92

Figure Sales capacity and market share of Western Europe and diesel passenger car from 1990 to 2008 (one million/unit) 97

Figure New energy vehicles amount of Japan hybrid engine vehicles, gas, LPG, electrical vehicles and methanol vehicles from 1999 to 2009 (10K unit) 103

Table Technical data for Honda CIVIC HYBRID 105

Table Technical data for Toyota Prius 107

Table 10 new listed of energy vehicles and battery type from 2008 to 2014 in the global 108

Figure Development trend of China 6-6.5Ah HEV NiMH batteries 109

Figure Costs comparison between lithium nickel-hydrogen batteries and lithium batteries cost from 2000 to 2020 (euro / kWh) 110

Figure Comparison on the energy density, power density and cycle life between domestic EV lithium-ion battery and foreign products 112

Figure Comparison on the energy density, power density and cycle life between domestic HEV lithium-ion battery and foreign products 112

Table Domestic production capacity of 9 lithium battery enterprises (10K unit) 113

Table List price of the domestic lithium carbonate (unit: RMB / ton) 117

Figure Demand structure of lithium carbonate in the down stream in China 118

Table Performance parameters comparison among different types of cells 119

Figure Schematic diagram of lithium technological progress 120

Figure Global sales capacity of hybrid engine vehicles from 1997 to 2007 (units) 120

Table Technical parameters comparison between lithium and nickel-hydrogen batteries 121

Figure Product sales revenue, cost (million) and gross margin of Keliyuan floam nickel products 122

Table Technical parameters comparison between BYD Lithium iron phosphate and Toyota NiMH 122

Figure Top ten countries in the natural gas vehicle population (10K unit) in 2009 in the world (Argentina and Pakistan, etc.) 135

Figure Production list of 18 CNG new energy vehicles from major automotive manufacturers (Ford, Mercedes, etc.) 137

Figure City distribution for gas vehicle promotion in the national fuel gas vehicles 138

Figure Vehicle population for Chinese natural gas in the promotion city from 2000 to 2010 139

Figure Natural gas vehicle population (10K unit) and market share in Chongqing, Sichuan, Urumqi and other cities (regions) in 2009 140

Figure Gas vehicles constitute (taxi, bus, etc.) constitute 140

Figure Top 5 cities in the bus gas ratio (%) in 2009 141

Figure Top 8 cities in the cab gas ratio (%) in 2009 141

Figure Gas station population in the major promotion city from 2000 to 2009 142

Figure Gas station population and market shares in the major promotion city in 2009 142

Figure Annual natural gas sales capacity from 2003 to 2009 (billion cubic meters/unit) 143

Figure Comparison between CNG price and gasoline and diesel prices in 8 cities: Beijing, Shanghai, Chengdu and so on. 143

Table City List of natural gas vehicles promotion in China 144

Figure Market share of natural gas vehicle models in 2009 (buses, passenger car, trucks and so on) 145

Figure Production capacity of natural gas vehicle models in 2009 146

Figure Organization system of natural gas vehicles 148

Figure Preparation and application of dimethyl ether 151

Table Production and synthesis of dimethyl ether 153

Figure Economic analysis of dimethyl ether 154

Figure Development process of dimethyl ether vehicles 155

Figure Engine power of dimethyl ether vehicles 156

Figure Engine emissions of dimethyl ether vehicles 157

Table Emission and noise testing results of dimethyl ether vehicles 156

Figure Fuel additives and wear test of dimethyl ether vehicles 157

Figure Production and demonstration projects of Shanghai DME vehicles 157

Figure R & D and demonstration plans of Shanghai DME vehicles 158

Figure Emission prospects of DME vehicles 158

Table Auto production demand, supply and demand gap in China new energy industry from 2008 to 2013 (10K unit) 160

Table Lists of investment opportunities and risks for new energy vehicles projects in China 161

Figure Development panorama route of China automobile industry 163

Figure Battery components for A123 lithium iron phosphate 164

Figure BYD "iron" battery 164

Table Comprehensive performance comparison among the hybrid, electric and other new types of vehicles 165

Table Technology list of new energy vehicles 165

Figure Diesel and gasoline demands in 9 countries including the United States 166

Figure Self-sufficiency rate of cereal grain in 10 countries including the United States 167

Table The number of CNG gas stations from 2001 to 2007 including Beijing and Shanghai 167

Table The number of LPG gas stations from 2001 to 2007 including Beijing and Shanghai 168
Figure Reserves and production ratio of crude oil and natural gas in the world 168

Figure Energy utilization rate of 13 new energy vehicles including ethanol 169

Figure Carbon dioxide emissions of 13 new energy vehicles including ethanol 169

Figure Nitrogen oxide emissions of 13 new energy vehicles including ethanol 170

Figure Particulate emissions of 13 new energy vehicles including ethanol 170

Figure Fuel cell structure diagram 171

Figure Project distribution list in the national 863 energy-saving and new energy vehicles 172

Table Market time and battery type of PHEN model in 10 Automotive manufacturers 173

Figure Industry chain structure diagram of hybrid electric vehicles 173

Table Technology strategy distribution of 5 Japanese new energy vehicles manufacturers including Toyota 175

Table Technology strategy distribution of 5 European and American new energy vehicles manufacturers including GM 175

Table Development status and direction of 14 major Chinese new energy vehicles manufacturers including BYD 176

Table Technology list of new energy vehicles 178

Figure Fuel ethanol production and consumption in the U.S.A from 1990 to 2008 179

Figure Future energy text and targets in the U.S.A from 2007 to 2030 179

Figure New energy vehicle sales capacity and ratio in the total sales volume in 5 ethanol vehicles in the U.S.A from 2000 to 2008 180

Table Biofuel development plan in European Union from 2006 to 2020 180

Table 1990-2007 sales of diesel cars in Europe (1 million) and accounting for 181

Table New energy vehicles policy in the European countries such as Britain, France, Germany , Switzerland, Netherlands and so on 181

Figure Population (10K unit) of 6 Japanese new energy hybrid vehicles from 1999 to 2009 182

Table Market time and reference price (USD) of 30 hybrid engine vehicles from 2004 to 2010 including GM and Ford 183

Figure Global sales capacity (thousand unit) of American and Japanese hybrid engine vehicles from 2004 to 2008 184

Table New energy vehicles development plans of 11 major international automobile manufacturers including GM and Toyota 184

Figure Fuel-efficiency and costs improvement in the hybrid vehicles under different mixing degrees 186

Table Hybrid models list of 11 domestic and foreign automotive manufacturers 186

Table Fuel-efficiency analysis of hybrid engine service 187

Table Savings in the total cost of different mileage for hybrid cars (car + fuel) 188

Table Savings in the total cost of different oil prices for hybrid cars (car + fuel) 188

Table Savings in the total cost of different level in the cost reduction for hybrid cars (car + fuel) 189

Figure Fuel-efficiency degree for hybrid buses in different cities (London, Beijing and New York) 189

Figure Global energy saving sources for hybrid bus 190

Table List of lithium, nickel demand and value for new energy vehicles with different scales 191

Table Global lithium Resource distribution from 2002 to 2007 (production and reserves (t) of 11 countries, such as USA and Brazil) 191

Table Global nickel Resource distribution from 2002 to 2007 (production and reserves (t) of 16 countries, such as USA and Brazil) 192

Table Subsidies standard for new energy vehicles from Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Science (10K RMB/unit) 195

Table Subsidies standards in the city buses with 10 meters above (new energy vehicles) 195



Table Production access and assessment requirements for new energy vehicles 201


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