The British Broadcasting Corporation, which is usually known simply as the BBC, is a large broadcasting corporation. Founded on 18 October 1922 as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd, it was subsequently granted a Royal Charter and made a state-owned corporation in 1927. The stated mission of the BBC is "to inform, educate and entertain"; its motto is "Nation Shall Speak Peace unto Nation". The BBC is a quasi-autonomous public corporation operating as a public service broadcaster. The Corporation is run by the BBC Trust; and is, per its charter, "free from both political and commercial influence and answers only to its viewers and listeners". If the TV and radio services are combined, BBC is probably the largest broadcasting system in the world.
Purpose and values of BBC:
To enrich people's lives with programmes and services that inform, educate and entertain.
To be the most creative organization in the world.
Trust is the foundation of the BBC: we are independent, impartial and honest.
Audiences are at the heart of everything we do.
We take pride in delivering quality and value for money.
Creativity is the lifeblood of our organization.
We respect each other and celebrate our diversity so that everyone can give their best.
We are one BBC: great things happen when we work together.
The BBC is governed by the BBC Trust, which sets the strategic direction of the BBC and has a clear duty to represent the interests of license fee payers.
Government responsibility for broadcasting and creative industries in the UK lies with the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.
Ofcom is the independent regulator and competition authority for the UK communications industries, with responsibilities across television, radio, telecommunications and wireless communications services.
Services offered by BBC
The BBC has long faced allegations of a left-wing or liberal bias. Left-wing figures, such as the journalist John Pilger, have frequently accused the BBC of a right-wing bias, so much so that the anti-Iraq war MP George Galloway has referred to it as the "Bush and Blair Corporation". The BBC received its most serious criticism of recent times over its coverage of the events leading up to the war in Iraq. The controversy over what it described as the "sexing up" of the case for war in Iraq by the government, led to the BBC being heavily criticized by the Hutton Inquiry.
Cable News Network, commonly referred to by its initialism CNN, is a major news cable network founded on June 1, 1980 by Ted Turner. The network is now owned by Time Warner. CNN introduced the idea of 24-hour television news coverage
In terms of TRP Nielsen ratings CNN rates as America's number one cable news source. CNN primarily broadcasts from its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta, the Time Warner Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C. Till December 2004, the network is available in 88.2 million U.S. households and more than 9 lakh American hotel rooms. The U.S version of their broadcast is also shown in Canada. Globally, CNN airs through CNN International and has combined with branded networks and is available to more than 1.5 billion people in over 212 countries.
in India it has combined with IBN and is CNN IBN
Slogan “most trusted name in news”.
1. The CNN was launched on June 1, 1980. Since its debut, CNN has expanded its reach to a number of cable and satellite television networks, several web sites, specialized closed-circuit networks and two radio networks. The network has 36 bureaus (10 domestic, 26 international), more than 900 local stations, and several regional and foreign-language networks around the world.
2. CNN remains a second in international news coverage, reaching just over half of the audience of BBC News. Unlike the BBC's network of reporters and bureaus, CNN International makes extensive use of local reporters. CNN International news is criticized as pro-American news. In US CNN is always portrayed "liberal" or "anti-American" bias.
The Gulf War
The first Persian Gulf War in 1991 was a turning point for CNN that shot the network as the "big three" American networks for the first time in its history: CNN was the only news channel went into live coverage of gulf war with the ability to communicate outside Iraq during American bombing campaign, with live reports in Baghdad by reporters Bernard Shaw, John Holliman, and Peter Arnett. Time Warner later produced a television movie, Live from Baghdad, about the network's coverage of the first Gulf War, which aired on HBO.
The CNN effect
Coverage of the first Gulf War and other crises of the early 1990s led officials at the Pentagon to coin the term "the CNN effect" to describe the perceived impact of real time, 24-hour news coverage on the decision-making processes of the American government.
CNN was the first network to have broken news of the September 11 attacks.
CNN launched two news channels for the American market which were later closed down due to competitive pressure: CNNSI shut down in 2002, and CNNfn shut down after nine years on the air in December 2004..