Chapter III infrastructure Roads and Bridges



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Chapter - III

Infrastructure

Roads and Bridges

Road network is vital for sustained and inclusive growth of the economy. It facilitates the movement of passengers and freight across the country. It promotes efficiency in the economy by minimizing total transportation cost in terms of economies of production, distribution and consumption. The role of road transport among the different modes of transport is dominant because of its last mile connectivity or feeder service. In comparison to other modes of transport, the movement of passenger and freight in India over the years has increasingly shifted towards roads transport sector. According to Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, in 2011-12, the road network in the country carried about 86 per cent of the total passenger movement by roads and railways put together. The corresponding figure for freight movement by roads was 64.50 per cent.

As per the analysis of Ministry of Road Transport and Highways the growth in motor vehicle population during 2001 to 2011 of around 10.00% has outstripped the modest growth in the roads network of 3.30%. This has resulted in the saturation of road capacities on many a stretches. Rehabilitation and construction of new roads are essential to provide sufficient, safe and efficient transportation for passenger and goods and are vital for making the economy competitive and for sustaining a high rate of growth. The need to promote road connectivity across the country and maintain road infrastructure poses an enormous challenge.

The economic development, growth and development of cities, population distribution, energy consumption and access to markets and quality of life are some of the notable areas of influence of this sector. The heavy investments made in this sector contribute substantially to the country’s GDP and generates employment.



Demographic Status:

According to provisional Census of 2011, the population density of India has gone up to 382 persons per square kilometre from 325 persons per square kilometre in 2001. On an average, 57 more people inhabit every square kilometre in the country as compared to a decade ago.

As per 2011 census the population of Uttar Pradesh stood at 19.95 crores, the population density of UP has gone up to 828 persons per square kilometre from 690 persons per square kilometre in 2001. On an average, 138 more people inhabit every square kilometre in the state as compared to a decade ago. It implies that road network of the state is under tremendous pressure and needs improvement and expansion.

State wise Road Statistics:

As per 2011 statistics of 28 states released by Ministry of Road Transport and Highways UP stands at 25th position in road density per lac population and at 9th position in road density per 100 sq km area.



Road density per lac population of UP is 195.54 km against a national average of 387.57 km. Road density per 100 sq km area of UP is 161.98 km against a national average of 142.68 km.

Sl No.

State

Road Length (in kms)

Per one lakh of population

Per 100 sq. km. of Area

1

Nagaland

1724.02

205.96

2

Arunachal Pradesh

1558.98

25.74

3

Tripura

919.96

322.07

4

Mizoram

899.13

46.53

5

Assam

775.73

308.26

6

Sikkim

761.92

65.25

7

Goa

729.01

287.06

8

Manipur

702.98

85.70

9

Himachal Pradesh

699.53

86.15

10

Odisha

617.05

166.23

11

Kerala

602.68

517.77

12

Uttarakhand

487.08

92.14

13

Karnataka

460.94

146.92

14

Meghalaya

404.32

53.43

15

Chhattisgarh

367.91

69.51

16

Maharashtra

365.32

133.41

17

Rajasthan

351.67

70.51

18

West Bengal

327.55

337.13

19

Punjab

303.90

167.18

20

Andhra Pradesh

281.11

86.53

21

Madhya Pradesh

271.76

64.01

22

Tamil Nadu

266.62

147.89

23

Gujarat

258.66

79.68

24

Jammu & Kashmir

215.00

12.14

25

Uttar Pradesh

195.54

161.98

26

Haryana

164.59

94.38

27

Bihar

125.85

138.74

28

Jharkhand

72.51

29.99

Road Network of UPPWD:

Sl No

Category of Roads

Present Status

1

National Highways (Including 3962 kms. under NHAI)

7174

2

State Highways

7014

3

Major District Roads

41097

4

Other District Roads

41097

5

Village Roads (Excluding 345 km unsurfaced roads)

150597




Total (Excluding 3962 kms NHAI Rds)

212932


Status of connectivity (As per 2001 Census) PMGSY

PARTICULARS

1000+

500-999

250-499

<250

Total

A. Total number of Habitations

41170

49319

55301

69307

215097

B. Total number of Connected Habitations (as on 25-12-2000)

28232

20440

15060

13401

77133

C. Total number of Unconnected Habitations (as on 25-12-2000)

12938

28879

40241

55906

137964

D. Covered under PMGSY

6814

4700

709

478

12701

E. Connected Under Other Schemes

6121

24170

21718

30225

82234

F. Balance Unconnected Habitations

3

9

17814

25203

43029


Note: Balance Unconnected Habitations of 1000+ and 500-999 Population category cannot be covered under PMGSY due to forest land dispute, long bridge etc. Only 500+ population category habitations are targeted habitation under PMGSY.

Major Priorities:

Four lane widening of roads connecting District Headquarters:

To provide the better transport facility to the masses, the state govt. has taken up the task of providing four lane roads to all the 75 district headquarters. 30 district headquarters (Lucknow, Rampur, Auraiya, Kanpur, Muradabad, Etawah, Barabanki, Ramabai Nagar, Firozabad, Faizabad, Ghaziabad, Agra, Basti, Unnao, Mathura, Sant Kabir Nagar, Jhansi, Panchsheel Nagar, Gorakhpur, Orai, Muzaffar Nagar, Sitapur, Chandauli, Meerut, Shahjahanpur, Varanasi, Bareilly, Fatehpur, Allahabad and Lalitpur) are already connected by four lane National Highways and 12 district headquarters (Gautam Buddha Nagar, Bulandshahr, Aligarh, Raibareilly, Sultanpur, Ambedkar Nagar, Jaunpur, Azamgarh, Mau, Ghazipur, Kannauj and Etah) are situated on National Highways which are either under construction or proposed for four laning under National Highways Development Project of Government of India. Seven district headquarters (Pratapgarh, Banda, Amethi, Hamirpur, Hathras, Mirzapur and Pilibhit) are situated on two lane National Highways but are covered under two lane widening with paved shoulder under National Highways Development Project programme of Government of India. Two district headquarters (Bahraich and Siddharth Nagar) are covered under two lane widening with paved shoulder under Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) mode of National Highways. Thus 24 district headquarters remain and the proposed connectivity is as under:-

Three district headquarters (Saharanpur, Baghpat, Sonbhadra) are proposed for four laning under Public-Private Partnership (PPP) by Uttar Pradesh State Highways Authority (UPSHA).

Three district headquarters (Chitrakoot, Mahoba and Kushinagar) which are situated on National Highways, are proposed for two lane with paved shoulders from State resources by National Highways and remaining 18 district headquarters (Mainpui, Amroha, kaushmbhi, Sravasti, Sambhal, Badayun, Shamli, Lakhimpur kheri, Hardoi, Gonda, Maharajganj, Farrukhabad, Balia, Bhadoi, Deoria, Balrampur and Bijnor) are also proposed for four lane widening from state resources. In addition, Hamirpur-Kalpi Road is also proposed under this scheme. Thus a total of 21 district headquarters are proposed under Public Works Department by 21 road works.



Public Works Department

Total Completed

Under Progress

Under Sanction

Mainpuri

Lakhimpur kheri

Kasganj

Amroha

Hardoi




Kaushambhi

Gonda




Sravasti

Maharajganj




Sambhal

Chitrakut (NH.)




Budaun

Deoria




Shamli

Balrampur




Farukhabad

Bijnor




Balia







Kushinagar (NH.)







Mahoba (NH.)







Rudauli







Total 12

Total 8

Total 1

National Highways Authority of India

Gautambudh nagar







Aligarh

Ambedkar nagar

Kannauj

Bulansher

Azamgarh

Eta

Raibarailly

Jaunpur

Mirzapur

Hamirpur

Sultanpur




Hathras

Gazipur




Pratapgarh

Mau







Pillibhit







Banda







Amethi




Total 7

Total 9

Total 3

N.H. (E.P.C. mode)




Bahraich







Sidharthnagar







Total 2




UPSHA




Sonbadra







Saharanpur







Bagpat







Total 3




Total Completed 19

Total Under Progress

Total Under Sanction 4

Cycle Track Scheme

Total 29 projects of cycle track is under construction within six districts by UP PWD. Length of these projects is 356.927 km. and Cost is Rs. 25647.92 lacs. District wise details of projects are as follows:-



Sl. No.

Name of district/ project

No. of sanctioned projects

Length in km.

Amount in Lacs

progress

1

Lucknow

21

78.355

6985.28

14 projects completed and 7 projects under progress

2

Agra

1

18.00

3940.59

Under progress

3

Etawah

2

26.35

650.42

Under progress

4

Barabanki

1

0.85

77.90

projects completed

5

Faizabad

1

7.60

459.26

Under progress

6

Mathura

1

8.00

2325.65

Under progress

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