Collaboration on Intelligent Transport Systems Communication Standards



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INTERNATIONAL TELECOMMUNICATION UNION

Collaboration on Intelligent Transport Systems Communication Standards

TELECOMMUNICATION
STANDARDIZATION SECTOR

STUDY PERIOD 2013-2016



ITS-DOC-7

English only

Original: English

WG(s):




Arlington, 7 December 2015

DOCUMENT

Source:

Michael L. Sena Consulting AB

Title:

Secure Over-the-Air Vehicle Software Updates - Operational and Functional Requirements

Attached draft paper describes operational and functional requirements of secure over-the-air vehicle software updates.


Secure Over-the-Air Vehicle Software Updates

Operational and Functional Requirements





Author:

Michael L. Sena

Original Date of Writing:

15 October 2015

Revision Date:

25 November 2015

Number:

02

Michael L. Sena Consulting AB

Sundbyvägen 38

SE-64551 Strängnäs

Sweden

Phone: +46 733 961 341



Fax: +46 152 155 00

Email: ml.sena@mlscab.se

www.michaellsena.com

Table of Contents



1.Introduction 5

1.1.Executive Summary 5

1.2.Objectives 5

1.3.References 5

1.4.Acronyms and Definitions 5

2.Scope 8

2.1.Problem Statement 8

2.2.Use Cases 11

2.2.1. Recall update process 11

2.2.2. Non-recall operation updates 14

2.2.3.Improvements in performance 15

2.2.4. Security risk corrective action 16

2.3.Conditions 17

2.3.1. Location of vehicle 18

2.3.1.1End-of-line at factory 18

2.3.1.2In transport from factory to market 18

2.3.1.3Port of entry 18

2.3.1.4In transport from port of entry to dealer 18

2.3.1.5At dealer prior to pre-delivery inspection 18

2.3.1.6At dealer post pre-delivery inspection 18

2.3.1.7At dealer for demonstration 19

2.3.1.8Vehicle at customer’s residence 19

2.3.1.9Vehicle delivered to fleet leasing company 19

2.3.1.10Vehicle delivered to car rental/sharing company 19

2.3.1.11In parking garage or parking lot 19

2.3.1.12Parked along road 19

2.3.1.13Operating on a road 19

2.3.1.14Other locations 20

2.3.2. Status of connectivity 20

2.3.2.1Cellular 20

2.3.2.2Tethered modem 21

2.3.2.3Wi-Fi 22

2.3.3. Authorized driver presence 22

2.3.4. Process for re-delivery 24



2.4.Standards Regulation and Type Approval Regulation Compliance 24

2.4.1. U.S. vehicle safety regulations 24

2.4.1.1The U.S. Approval Process 25

2.4.1.2U.S. emissions standards 25

2.4.2. EU vehicle safety regulations 26

2.4.2.1European Approval Process 26

2.4.2.2European Community Whole Vehicle Type Approval (ECWVTA) 26

2.4.2.3European emissions standards 27

2.4.3.United Nations Agreement 27

3.Operational Requirements 28

3.1. Update preparation 28

3.1.1. Classify the update 28

3.1.2. Determine conditions 28

3.1.3.Define process for re-delivery 29



3.2.Regulatory approvals 29

3.2.1. Determine which regulatory standards are affected 29

3.2.2. Determine if Type Approval/Standards Compliance is required 29

3.2.3. Obtain Type Approval/Comply with Standards if required 30



3.3.Permissions to perform update 30

3.3.1. Identify authorized driver or registered owner 30

3.3.2.Define method of informing authorized driver or registered owner 30

3.3.3. Obtain authorization to perform update 31



3.4.End-to-end update managemenet 31

3.4.1. OAMTG Processes 31

3.4.2.Generate update 32

3.4.3.Package and deliver the update for delivery 32

3.4.4.Apply the update 32

3.5.Confirm receipt and proper functioning 32

3.5.1.Receive confirmation of successful delivery 32

3.5.2. Receive confirmation of unsuccessful delivery 33

3.5.3. Re-issue update if unsuccessful 33



3.6.Distribute payments to all involved parties 33

4.Functional Requirements 34

4.1.Recall 34

4.1.1. End-of-line at factory 34

4.1.2. In transport from factory to market (or to dealer for domestic vehicles) 34

4.1.3. At port of entry (for imported vehicles) 35

4.1.4. In transport from port of entry to dealer 35

4.1.5. At dealer 35

4.1.5.1Prior to per-delivery inspection 36

4.1.5.2During pre-delivery inspection 36

4.1.5.3Demonstration mode 36

4.1.5.4Post sale prior to delivery 36

4.1.6. At registered owner’s or purchaser’s residence 36

4.1.7. During the driving cycle 37

4.1.7.1Stationary on road 37

4.1.7.2Operating on road 37

4.1.8. Stationary in parking garage or on parking lot 37

4.1.9.Other locations 37

4.1.10.Re-delivery 37

4.2.Non-recall Operation Updates 37

4.2.1.End-of-line at factory 37

4.2.2. In transport from factory to market 37

4.2.3. Port of entry 37

4.2.4. In transport from port of entry to dealer 37

4.2.5. At dealer 37

4.2.5.1Prior to per-delivery inspection 37

4.2.5.2Post pre-delivery inspection 37

4.2.5.3Demonstration mode 37

4.2.5.4Post sale 38

4.2.6. At customer’s residence 38

4.2.7. During the driving cycle 38

4.2.7.1Stationary on road 38

4.2.7.2Operating on road 38

4.2.8.Stationary in parking garage or on parking lot 38

4.2.9.Other locations 38

4.2.10.Re-delivery 38

4.3.Improvements to Performance 38

4.3.1.End-of-line at factory 38

4.3.2. In transport from factory to market 38

4.3.3. Port of entry 38

4.3.4. In transport from port of entry to dealer 38

4.3.5. At dealer 38

4.3.5.1Prior to per-delivery inspection 38

4.3.5.2Post pre-delivery inspection 38

4.3.5.3Demonstration mode 38

4.3.5.4Post sale 38

4.3.6. At customer’s residence 38

4.3.7. During the driving cycle 39

4.3.7.1Stationary on road 39

4.3.7.2Operating on road 39

4.3.8. Stationary in parking garage or on parking lot 39

4.3.9. Other locations 39

4.3.10.Re-delivery 39

4.4.Security Risk Corrective Action 39

4.4.1.End-of-line at factory 39

4.4.2. In transport from factory to market 39

4.4.3. Port of entry 39

4.4.4. In transport from port of entry to dealer 39

4.4.5. At dealer 39

4.4.5.1Prior to per-delivery inspection 39

4.4.5.2Post pre-delivery inspection 39

4.4.5.3Demonstration mode 39

4.4.5.4Post sale 39

4.4.6. At customer’s residence 39

4.4.7. During the driving cycle 39

4.4.7.1Stationary on road 39

4.4.7.2Operating on road 40

4.4.8. Stationary in parking garage or on parking lot 40

4.4.9.Other locations 40



4.4.10.Re-delivery 40

Secure OTA Vehicle Software Updates
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