Colombia: Data for the eight departments, protected areas and ecoregions with the highest habitat loss, as detected by Terra-i satellite imagery, and the national totals



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Table 1. Colombia: Data for the eight departments, protected areas and ecoregions with the highest habitat loss, as detected by Terra-i satellite imagery, and the national totals.

Habitat loss, per department (ha)


Department

Analyzed Area

% of total department area analyzed

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Accum.

Avg.

annual

loss

% annual

rate

of loss

Caquetá

8,562,625

96.49

7,544

8,194

10,638

24,656

30,600

18,663

23,313

22,525

146,131

18,266

0.21

Meta

8,039,931

95.33

5,263

7,138

9,813

21,406

20,963

13,825

14,094

17,656

110,156

13,769

0.17

Antioquia

5,434,388

85.60

4,400

7,931

7,256

9,300

13,175

14,844

20,394

23,825

101,125

12,641

0.23

Santander

2,904,663

98.52

5,944

5,544

8,125

8,444

8,463

12,513

12,613

16,869

78,513

9,814

0.34

Guaviare

5,497,144

100.00

6,644

2,700

3,231

9,100

7,606

7,325

8,950

15,519

61,075

7,634

0.14

Bolivar

2,522,475

99.21

825

3,069

4,450

2,869

5,756

7,981

11,000

19,219

55,169

6,896.

0.27

Casanare

4,394,263

99.51

2,038

4,463

2,613

12,256

5,500

6,794

2,250

2,556

38,469

4,809

0.11

Cesar

2,227,256

98.92

2,119

3,825

3,688

3,975

6,769

8,788

3,975

4,731

37,869

4,734

0.21

Sum of top 8

39,582,744

96.04

34,775

42,863

49,813

92,006

98,831

90,731

96,588

122,900

628,506

78

0.20

Total in Colombia

102,579,663

90.04

55,900

64,800

86,531

123,463

131,175

140,625

145,894

195,819

944,206

118,026

0.12

Habitat loss, per protected area (ha)






Protected area

Analyzed Area

% of total department area analyzed

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Accum.

Avg.

annual

loss

% annual

rate

of loss

Tinigua

213,813

100.00

413

719

844

1,750

1,494

1,456

1,425

2,475

10,575

1,322

0.62

Cordillera de los Picachos

174,156

46.87

231

306

488

1,100

1,144

863

1,463

663

6,256

782

0.45

Sierra de la Macarena

622,994

99.98

588

600

356

850

531

263

869

1,081

5,138

642

0.10

Nukak

865,663

100.00

856

369

269

913

175

169

281

600

3,631

454

0.05

La Paya

427,750

100.00

575

163

731

388

238

144

413

506

3,156

395

0.09

Paramillo

287,544

20.85

69

125

113

138

219

381

331

1,425

2,800

350

0.12

Chiribiquete

1,300,656

100.00

981

63

44

106

350

181

300

506

2,531

317

0.02

Río Pure

1,005,863

100.00

125

38

144

44

106

56

100

963

1,575

197

0.02

Sum of top 8

4,898,438

93.46

3,838

2,381

2,988

5,288

4,256

3,513

5,181

8,219

35,663

4,458

0.09

Total in Colombia

8,860,856

67.85

4,400

2,819

3,444

5,863

5,069

4,113

6,350

10,800

42,856

5,357

0.06

Habitat loss, per Ecoregion (ha)





Ecoregion

Analyzed

Area

% of total

department

area analyzed

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Accum.

Avg.

Annual

loss

% annual

rate

of loss

Caquetá moist forests

16,843,231

99.98

15,963

13,456

16,738

38,375

43,825

25,319

31,388

42,838

227,900

28,488

0.17

Magdalena-Urabá moist forests

7,316,694

97.81

5,506

8,688

12,969

14,931

16,006

20,744

26,988

50,263

156,094

19,512

0.27

Magdalena Valley montane forests

8,594,963

79.68

6,631

9,381

9,775

10,169

13,931

18,438

23,450

24,856

116,631

14,579

0.17

Llanos

15,190,000

99.99

2,713

6,081

8,700

16,844

10,963

11,894

7,281

5,431

69,906

8,738

0.06

Chocó-Darién moist forests

3,296,675

21.01

4,400

5,994

8,325

6,794

8,119

9,156

10,244

15,938

68,969

8,621

0.26

Sinu Valley dry forests

2,431,781

99.87

2,375

3,025

5,744

4,313

8,856

12,950

8,150

3,575

48,988

6,123

0.25

Napo moist forests

3,899,244

99.81

2,988

2,675

3,938

3,625

6,119

6,475

9,325

10,625

45,769

5,721

0.15

Negro-Branco moist forests

9,671,881

100.00

6,738

2,581

3,150

6,206

2,819

2,894

3,588

4,325

32,300

4,038

0.04

Sum of top 8

67,244,469

93.27

47,313

51,881

69,338

101,256

110,638

107,869

120,413

157,850

766,556

95,820

0.14

Total in Colombia


102,579,663

90.04

55,900

64,800

86,531

123,463

131,175

140,625

145,894

195,819

944,206

118,026

0.12

Table 2. Paraguay: Data for the eight departments, protected areas and ecoregions with the highest habitat loss, as detected by Terra-i satellite imagery, and the national totals for Paraguay.

Habitat loss, per department (ha)

Department

Analyzed Area

% of total department area analyzed

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Accum.

Avg.

annual

loss

% annual

rate

of loss

Boquerón

7,615,963

100

53,731

71,475

81,544

177,925

100,356

334,338

187,825

234,963

1,242,156

155,270

0.20

Alto Paraguay

7,233,263

100

15,744

42,075

44,081

79,588

65,725

82,506

145,813

131,263

606,794

75,849

0.10

Presidente Hayes

7,043,056

100

11,800

15,269

21,894

65,319

26,619

57,425

23,138

42,013

263,475

32,934

0.47

Canindeyú

1,461,650

99.85

7,988

6,844

1,200

5,325

2,281

925

1,531

1,656

27,750

3,469

0.24

Alto Paraná

1,372,550

99.05

7,463

3,950

1,881

3,944

1,313

1,169

706

2,519

22,944

2,868

0.21

Itapúa

1,514,288

94.21

5,031

3,013

1,775

1,213

863

1,350

550

1,069

14,863

1,858

0.12

San Pedro

2,080,406

100

1,400

944

1,013

2,125

1,425

394

469

525

8,294

1,036

0.05

Caaguazú

1,285,306

99.87

2,269

1,150

538

1,300

319

375

594

1,400

7,944

993

0.08

Sum of top 8

29,606,481

99.65

105,425

144,719

153,925

336,738

198,900

478,481

360,625

415,406

2,194,219

274,277

0.93

Total in Paraguay

37,653,844

99.70

108,288

147,156

155,119

339,131

201,250

480,375

361,488

416,519

2,209,325

276,166

0.73

Habitat loss, per protected area (ha)




Protected area

Analyzed Area

% of total department area analyzed

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Accum.

Avg.

annual

loss

% annual

rate

of loss

Tinfunque

195,756

100

488

325

863

2,581

3,488

2,475

6,538

18,306

35,063

4,383

2.24

Lago Ypoa

121,800

99.59

6

0

0

0

0

238

0

0

244

30

0.03

Caaguazú

13,331

100

0

0

6

0

19

0

6

6

38

5

0.04

Cabrera - Timane

129,100

100

0

0

0

13

0

0

0

0

13

2

0.00

Rio Negro

14,131

100

0

0

0

0

0

0

13

0

13

2

0.01

Sum of top 5

474,119

99.90

494

325

869

2,594

3,506

2,713

6,556

18,313

35,369

4,421

0.93

Total in Paraguay

1,472,094

99.97

500

325

869

2,594

3,506

2,713

6,563

18,313

35,381

4,423

0.30

Habitat loss, per Ecoregion (ha)




Ecoregion

Analyzed Area

% of total department area analyzed

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Accum.

Avg. annual

loss

% annual

rate

of loss

Dry Chaco

15,430,244

100

78,613

125,350

142,513

311,444

186,138

468,488

355,150

408,194

2,075,888

259,486

1.68

Alto Paraná Atlantic forests

8,489,200

99.80

25,556

17,644

7,125

14,725

7,338

5,556

4,563

8,150

90,656

11,332

0.13

Cerrado

814,138

100

1,006

631

363

1,063

769

63

63

31

3,988

498

0.06

Humid Chaco

12,711,319

99.28

3,113

3,494

5,100

11,894

7,006

6,269

1,656

144

38,675

4,834

0.04

Pantanal

201,231

100

0

38

19

6

0

0

56

0

119

15

0.01

Sum of top 5

37,646,131

99.71

108,288

147,156

155,119

339,131

201,250

480,375

361,488

416,519

2,209,325

276,166

0.73

Total in Paraguay

37,653,844

99.70

108,288

147,156

155,119

339,131

201,250

480,375

361,488

416,519

2,209,325

276,166

0.73

Table 3. The legal ownership status of natural forests in Colombia, as reported by Ortega-P. et al (2010).

Ownership type Area (ha) Proportion of national Proportion of national forest cover () territory ()

Indigenous reserves 31,300,000 48 27

Forest reserves and other official state-protected areas 17,900,000 28 16

National parks 10,400,000 17 9

Private property 3,800,000 6 3

Afro-Colombian community’s collective territories 1,100,000 1.6 1



Areas protected by departmental or municipal entities 490,000 0.008 0.004




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