Defined Terms for Microsoft® PlayReady® Compliance and Robustness Rules



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Defined Terms for Microsoft PlayReady Compliance Rules and Robustness Rules

Defined Terms for Microsoft® PlayReady® Compliance and Robustness Rules

  1. Definitions


    1. “1394 Audio Output” means an output that complies with the specification titled “Consumer audio/video equipment - Digital interface - Part 6: Audio and Music Data Transmission Protocol” (IEC 61883-6). The specification is available at http://www.1394ta.org.

    2. “AACS” means the Advanced Access Content System as specified by the Advanced Access Content System Licensing Administrator. The specification is available at http://www.aacsla.com.

    3. “AACS Blu-Ray Disc Recordable Media” means writeable storage that complies with AACS Blu-Ray Disc Recordable Book specification. The specification is available at http://www.aacsla.com.

    4. “AACS Trusted Source Mark Function” means a PlayReady function that returns whether or not PlayReady A/V Content is Trusted Non-AACS Protected Content, as defined in AACS compliance rules. The AACS compliance rules are available at http://www.aacsla.com.

    5. “AirPlay” means the streaming protocol defined by Apple Corporation. The specification is available at http://developer.apple.com.

    6. “Analog Audio Output” means a connector for an analog sound reproduction device such as a speaker or headphones.

    7. “Analog Component Video Output” means the set of three YPrPb consumer electronics analog connectors.

    8. “Analog Computer Monitor Output” means a connector for an analog monitor typically found and associated with a PC and that carries uncompressed analog video signals. The term expressly includes those outputs known as VGA, SVGA, XGA, DVI Analog, and various non-standardized analog monitor connections that have been implemented by manufacturers, and expressly does not include such typical consumer electronics connectors as YPrPb, S-Video and consumer RGB, whether or not such connectors are found on any PC.

    9. “Analog Protection System (APS) Trigger Bits (APSTB)” means the bits as specified (a) for NTSC video signals, in IEC 61880 (for inclusion of such value on Line 20) and EIA-608-B (for inclusion of such value on Line 21) or (b) for YUV (525/60 systems) signals, in IEC 61880 (for inclusion of such value on Line 20) and EIA-608-B (for inclusion of such value on Line 21).

    10. “Analog Television Output” means such typical consumer electronics analog connectors as NTSC, PAL, SECAM, SCART, YPrPb, S-Video and consumer RGB.

    11. “Analog Sunset Content (AACS)” means the video portion of PlayReady A/V Content or the video portion of WMDRM Content that has been decrypted using a License with a Source ID value of 262.

    12. “Analog Video Content” means audiovisual works, as defined in 17 U.S.C. § 101, recorded in an analog format.

    13. “Analog Video Outputs” means Analog Component Video Outputs, Analog Computer Monitor Outputs, and Analog Television Outputs.

    14. “Anti-Rollback Clock” means a real-time clock that is periodically verified by the PlayReady Final Product to have advanced.

    15. “API” means Application Programming Interface.

    16. “Application Secrets” means, collectively, the WMDRM or PlayReady stub library provided to Company and secrets, such as symmetric keys and private keys that reside in the application binary and/or in the process space of the application.

    17. “Audio Outputs” means Analog Audio Output, Digital Audio Output, USB Audio Output, 1394 Audio Output, and/or MOST Audio Output.

    18. “AGC” means the Automatic Gain Control copy control system as specified (a) for NTSC, PAL, SECAM or YUV analog video signals, in the document entitled “Specification of the Macrovision Copy Protection Process, Revision 7.2.H1, October 3, 2005,” and (b) for a 480p progressive scan analog video signal, in the document entitled “Specification of the Macrovision AGC Copy Protection Waveforms for Products with 525p and/or 625p YPbPr Progressive Scan Outputs, Revision 1.3 June 30, 2006.”

    19. “A/V Content” means PlayReady A/V Content or WMDRM Content.

    20. “Bluetooth Audio Profiles” means Advanced Audio Distribution Profile (A2DP) v1.0 or greater, Hands Free Profile (HFP) v1.0 or greater, or Headset Profile (HSP) v1.0 or greater. Bluetooth technical specifications are available at http://bluetooth.com/Bluetooth/Technology/Building/Specifications/Default.

    21. “Bluetooth Audio Output” means a radio frequency connector that delivers Audio Content using Bluetooth Audio Profiles.

    22. “Certificate” means a unique PlayReady or WMDRM object used to verify trust.

    23. “Certificate Chain” means the set of Certificates that can trace the assessed trust of a Certificate back to a Root Public Key.

    24. “Certificate Security Level” means the security level value specified in the leafmost certificate in the certificate chain associated with a PlayReady Final Product. A PlayReady Final Product may consume only Content that has an associated License Security Level no greater than the PlayReady Final Product’s Certificate Security Level.

    25. “Certificate Signing Private Key” means an asymmetric private key generated by Company for the purpose of signing Certificates.

    26. “Certificate Signing Symmetric Key” means a symmetric key derived from a Certificate Signing Private Key.

    27. “Certified Output Protection Protocol” (COPP) means the protocol used to establish a secure communications channel between an application and a graphics driver as specified on http://msdn.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc307975(VS.85).aspx.

    28. “CGMS-A” means the Copy Generation Management System (Analog) as specified (a) for NTSC analog video signals, in IEC 61880 (for inclusion on Line 20) and in EIA-608-D (for inclusion on Line 21), (b) for PAL, SECAM or YUV analog video signals, in IEC 61880 (for inclusion on Line 20) or in EIA-608-D (for inclusion on Line 21) or in EIA-805 (for inclusion on Line 41) for YUV (525/60 systems) signals or in ETS 300294 for PAL, SECAM and YUV (625/50 systems) signals, or (c) for 480p progressive scan analog video signals, in, or adapted without material change from, EIAJ CPR1204-1 (defining the signal waveform carrying the CGMS-A) and IEC 61880 (defining the bit assignment for CGMS-A).

    29. “Circumvention Tool” means a tool whose purpose is the circumvention of one or more Content Protection Functions.

    30. “Clipboard” means a mechanism to enable data sharing between or within processes on a single Computer Product or other single device.

    31. “Color Stripe” means the so-named copy control system as specified for analog video signals in the document entitled “Specification of the Macrovision Copy Protection Process, Revision 7.2.H1, October 3, 2005”.

    32. “Company” means an entity licensed under a PlayReady Agreement to develop and/or distribute PlayReady Final Products.

    33. “Compressed” means any A/V Content which must pass through an audio or video decoder before it can be rendered.

    34. “Company Certificate” means a Certificate unique to Company issued by Microsoft for the purpose of issuing other Certificates.

    35. “Compliance Rules” means the Compliance Rules for PlayReady Final Products, as amended from time to time by Microsoft.

    36. “Computer Product” means a device that is designed or permits the end user to install software applications thereon, including, but not limited to, personal computers, handheld personal digital assistants (PDAs), and the like.

    37. “Consistent with the Microsoft Implementation” means that the PlayReady Final Product (i) provides equivalent functionality to the Microsoft Implementation (as to any included functionality), (ii) equals or exceeds the robustness of the Microsoft Implementation, and (iii) maintains compatibility and interoperability with the Microsoft Implementation.

    38. “Content” means PlayReady Content and/or WMDRM Content.

    39. “Content Key” means a symmetric key used to encrypt and decrypt Content.

    40. “Content Protection Functions” means functions related to protection of Content, including but not limited to authentication, encryption, decryption, Device Certificate signing, output protection, Metering, Secure Clock, Content revocation, key management, rights enforcement or storing/updating information in the PlayReady Data Stores as such term is described and required in the Microsoft Implementation, to the extent such functions are implemented in a PlayReady Final Product.

    41. “Content Provider” means the entity that specified directly or indirectly the rights and restrictions in a License.

    42. “Content Provider Authorized Export” means a technology authorized by a Content Provider in a License for the purpose of allowing Export to the technology.

    43. “Contract Manufacturer Certificate” means a Certificate issued by Company and unique to a contract manufacturer for use on Company’s behalf.

    44. “Cryptographic Keys” means Content Keys, Device Keys, Device Certificate Signing Keys, Domain Keys, Fallback Keys, License Integrity Keys, WMDRM Root Public Keys, PlayReady Root Public Keys, Privacy Public Keys, and Session Keys.

    45. “Cryptographically Random” means unpredictable, in that no polynomial-time algorithm, given any sequence of bits, can guess the succeeding K bits with probability greater than ½^K + 1/P(K) for any (positive) polynomial P and sufficiently large K.

    46. “Cryptographically Sound” means being of sufficient cryptographic strength to render a cryptanalytic attack computationally infeasible.

    47. “CSS” means the Content Scrambling System as specified by the DVD Copy Control Association (DVD CCA) in the CSS Procedural specifications version 2.9 effective January 24, 2007.

    48. “Debugging Aids” means software/hardware components supporting debugging and profiling tools and/or technologies, including without limitation debugging symbols in software.

    49. “Decode Boundary” means the amount of decoded, decrypted A/V Content present at any given time in a PlayReady Final Product.

    50. “Device Bound License” means a License that contains a Content Key encrypted using a Device Public Key.

    51. “Device Certificate” means a Certificate issued by or on behalf of Company, assigned to a PlayReady Final Product and used, for example, to evaluate whether the PlayReady Final Product is trusted and eligible to receive Content.

    52. “Device Certificate Signing Keys” means asymmetric keys generated by Company for its PlayReady Final Products for the purpose of digitally signing Device Certificates.

    53. “Device Group Certificate” means a WMDRM Certificate that contains information about a PlayReady Final Product’s capabilities for the purpose of verifying a Device Certificate.

    54. “Device Group” means a group of PlayReady Final Products with respect to which Company, for all PlayReady Final Products in the group, employs one or more hardware and/or software configurations that do not differ materially in the methods used for conforming to PlayReady compliance and robustness rules.

    55. “Device Group Key Pair” means the public/private key pair associated with the Device Group Certificate.

    56. “Device Keys” means an associated pair of asymmetric keys generated by or on behalf of Company used for purposes such as, but not limited to, decrypting Content in PlayReady Final Products.

    57. “Device Model Certificate” means a PlayReady Certificate that contains information about a PlayReady Final Product’s capabilities for the purpose of verifying a Device Certificate.

    58. “Device Model Keys” means a pair of public and private keys used for purposes such as, but not limited to verifying and signing Device Certificates respectively.

    59. “Device Private Key” means the private portion of the Device Keys.

    60. “Device Public Key” means the public portion of the Device Keys.

    61. “Device Secrets” means Device Private Key, the private portion of the Fallback Keys, the private portion of the Device Model Keys, the Device Secret Key, the Certificate Signing Private Key, Certificate Signing Symmetric Key, Key File Protection Key and the private portion of the Domain Keys.

    62. “Device Secret Key” means a key derived from a Device Private Key.

    63. “Digital Audio Content” means sound recordings, as defined in 17 U.S.C. § 101, recorded in a digital format.

    64. “Digital Audio Outputs” means any of the following digital audio signals: IEC-958, IEC-60958, IEC-61937, HDMI, DisplayPort, MHL, Miracast, or UPnP Media Renderer.

    65. “Digital Literary Content” means literary works, as defined in 17 U.S.C. § 101, in digital form, and related data that may accompany such literary works in digital form.

    66. “Digital Video Content” means audiovisual works, as defined in 17 U.S.C. § 101, recorded in a digital format.

    67. “Digital Video Outputs” means any of the following: the digital video interface portion of Digital Visual Interface (DVI), the digital video interface portion of HDMI, the digital video interface portion of DisplayPort, or the digital video interface portion of MHL.

    68. “Display” means to direct decrypted PlayReady Digital Literary Content to flow to local device Outputs or local Computer Product Outputs, optionally through intermediate local components, such as a device driver.

    69. “DisplayPort” means the so-named industry-supported, digital audio/video interface. The DisplayPort specification is available at http://www.displayport.org/.

    70. “Display Resolution” means the resolution of an image as displayed, possibly using video processing techniques such as line doubling or scaling.

    71. “Divulge” means to allow decrypted A/V Content to leave the PlayReady Trusted Execution Environment.

    72. “Domain” means a group of devices, which may include Computer Products that share a common set of Domain Private Keys.

    73. “Domain Bound License” means a License that contains a Content Key encrypted using a Domain Public Key.

    74. “Domain Certificate” means a Certificate issued by a PlayReady Server during the Domain joining process.

    75. “Domain Keys” means unique keys issued from the PlayReady Server used for purposes such as, but not limited to, device and/or PC registration as part of a Domain.

    76. “Domain Private Key” means the public portion of the Domain Keys.

    77. “Domain Public Key” means the public portion of the Domain Keys.

    78. “Domain Symmetric Key” means a key derived from a Domain Private Key.

    79. “DRI” means the OpenCable Digital Receiver Interface Protocol as specified in the OpenCable Digital Receiver Interface Protocol Specification (OC-SP-DRI-IO2-060210). The specification is available at http://www.cablelabs.com/specifications/.

    80. “DTCP” means the Digital Transmission Content Protection system. The specification and license agreement are available from the Digital Transmission Licensing Administrator, LLC at http://www.dtcp.com/.

    81. “DTCP Sink Function” means the function of a device to obtain and decrypt Content using DTCP.

    82. “DTCP Source Function” means the function of a device to encrypt and transmit Content using DTCP.

    83. “DVI” means the digital interfaces standard Digital Video Interface 1.0 or its successor created by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG). The specification is available at http://www.ddwg.org/.

    84. “Effective Resolution” means an image having a visual equivalence of not more than the total number of pixels per frame specified. For the avoidance of doubt, an image of Effective Resolution may be passed using video processing techniques such as line doubling, scaling, or sharpening.

    85. “Existing PlayReady Final Product” means a PlayReady Final Product, all aspects of which are exactly the same in all respects, as any product manufactured and sold prior to December 31, 2010; provided that notwithstanding the foregoing, Existing PlayReady Final Products may include changes to PlayReady Final Product made solely for one or more of the following reasons: (i) to comply with the Compliance Rules and the Robustness Rules, (ii) to implement changes solely of Application Secrets, Device Secrets, and/or Certificates, (iii) to implement security patches or (iv) to implement bug fixes designed solely to cause a product to operate in accordance with such product’s pre-existing product specification.

    86. “Export” means to execute the translation mechanism that Transcrypts Content from WMDRM or PlayReady into a Content Provider Authorized Export. Export does not mean a PlayReady Trusted Execution Environment may Divulge A/V Content except as specifically provided for in the Compliance Rules.

    87. “Export Boundary” means the amount of decrypted Content present at any given time in an application authorized for Export.

    88. “Extensible Media Rights” means a binary data scheme used to convey Policy, as specified in PlayReady Extensible Media Rights Specification version 3.03, or Windows Media® DRM Extensible Media Rights Specification version 1.76.

    89. “Fallback Keys” means an associated pair of keys for PlayReady Final Products used for purposes including, but not limited to, license acquisition.

    90. “Final Product” means: (a) a software product that (i) is in a final form of design and development with a fully functional user interface and (ii) is intended for distribution to and/or use by end users; or (b) a hardware product that (i) is in a final form of manufacturing with a fully functional user interface and (ii) is intended for distribution to and/or use by end users; or (c) a Secure Codec that is intended for distribution to and/or use by end users.

    91. “Firmware Certificate” means a Certificate issued by or on behalf of Company that is unique to a particular model number and/or firmware revision of a PlayReady Final Product.

    92. “Hardware Root of Trust” means a device-unique private key used to protect the Trusted Execution Environment which is (i) protected by hardware means, (ii) securely provisioned, and (iii) not available to code running on the device.

    93. “HDCP” means High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection as described in the HDCP specification from Digital Content Protection, LLC. The specification is available at http://www.digital-cp.com/.

    94. “HDCP 2.0” means version 2.0 of the High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection as described in the HDCP specification from Digital Content Protection, LLC. The specification is available at http://www.digital-cp.com/.

    95. “HDCP 2.1” means version 2.1 of the High-bandwidth Digital Content Protection as described in the HDCP specification from Digital Content Protection, LLC. The specification is available at http://www.digital-cp.com/.

    96. “HDMI” means High-Definition Media Interface, an industry-supported, digital audio/video interface. The HDMI specification is available at http://www.HDMI.org/.

    97. “HTTP” means Hypertext Transfer Protocol.

    98. “Indirect License Acquisition” means the process of Receiving.

    99. “Individualization” means the process of downloading and installing PlayReady component(s) from a Microsoft service for the purpose of improving the protection provided by PlayReady.

    100. “Intended Action” means an action that is permitted, with or without restriction(s), with respect to specific Content under the Policy associated with such Content.

    101. “Intermediate Key” means a key or set of keys used during the process of Content Key encryption or decryption.

    102. “Intermediate Product” means a software or hardware product that is designed to be incorporated into or combined with a Final Product.

    103. “Internal Video Output” means any display that is permanently internally connected to the device on which a PlayReady Final Product is running, including, but not limited to, a liquid crystal display (LCD).

    104. “IP” means Internet Protocol, which is a network layer protocol that includes IPv4 and IPv6.

    105. “IPv4” means “Internet Protocol Version 4”.

    106. “IPv6” means “Internet Protocol Version 6”.

    107. “ISDB” means Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting format used in Japan. The ISDB specification can be found at www.arib.or.jp/english/.

    108. "Key File" means the binary file containing some subset of Device Secrets

    109. "Key File Protection Key" means the symmetric key that protects some subset of Device Secrets in the Key File

    110. “Key ID” means an identifier associated with a specific Content Key.

    111. “Last Known Good Date and Time” means the last date and time recorded by PlayReady.

    112. “Leaf License” means a License whose Content Key is encrypted using a Content Key in a Root License.

    113. “License” means a WMDRM License or a PlayReady License.

    114. “License Integrity Key” means a symmetric key used to verify that a License has not been tampered with.

    115. “License Security Level” means a value specified in a License associated with specific Content that specifies the minimum Certificate Security Level necessary for a PlayReady Final Product to consume the Content.

    116. “Media Transfer Protocol” (MTP) means Microsoft’s Media Transfer Protocol for device control, metadata exchange, and media transfer, as defined by the USB Implementers Forum, Inc. The specification is available at http://www.usb.org/.

    117. “Metering” means a feature of PlayReady designed to collect and report information regarding the usage of Content.

    118. “Metering Data” means the information regarding the usage of Content collected and reported by the Metering feature.

    119. “MHL” means Mobile High-Definition Link defined by the MHL Consortium.  The specification is available at http://www.mhlconsortium.org.

    120. “Miracast” means the Miracast protocol. The Miracast specification and license are available from the Wi Fi Alliance at http://www.wi-fi.org/.

    121. “Microsoft Implementation” means the implementation of PlayReady Functionality provided to Company as source code, binaries, technical documentation, tools, and/or sample files under Company’s PlayReady Agreement.

    122. “Microsoft Windows Media Device Manager” (WMDM) means the Windows Media Device Manager, a subset of the programming interfaces included in the WMF SDK.

    123. “MOST Audio Output” means an output that complies with the Media Oriented Systems Transport (MOST) Specification available from the MOST Cooperation. The MOST specification is available at http://www.mostcooperation.com.

    124. “No Indication” means the L-bit bit value denoting “No Indication” based on the SCMS category code of the device.

    125. “Nonce” means a value that is non-repeating.

    126. “Orange Book CD” means a recordable or rewritable compact disc conforming to the Orange Book specifications developed by Philips and Sony.

    127. “Outputs” means any of the following: Analog Audio Output, Analog Computer Monitor Output, Analog Television Output, Analog Component Video Output, Digital Audio Output, Digital Video Output, Internal Video Output, Bluetooth Audio Output, WirelessHD Output, or USB Audio Output. Unknown Output (as defined herein), Transmitting (as defined herein) and Exporting are not Outputs.

    128. “Output Control” means restrictions included in Policy that must be applied when Passing decrypted A/V Content, including but not limited to Output Protection Levels.

    129. “Output Protection Level” means a value included in a License that corresponds to the output protection that must be applied when Passing decrypted A/V Content. The Output Protection Level may be determined and assigned by the Content Provider or may be assigned by the Microsoft Implementation for specific categories of A/V Content.

    130. “Pass” means to direct decrypted A/V Content to flow to local device outputs or local Computer Product outputs, optionally through intermediate local components, such as a decoder or device driver. Pass does not mean a PlayReady Trusted Execution Environment may Divulge A/V Content except as specifically provided for in the Compliance Rules.

    131. “Payload Key” means a symmetric key used to encrypt or decrypt individual payloads of A/V Content during Export.

    132. “PC” means a Computer Product running any of the family of Microsoft Windows® operating systems with PlayReady.

    133. “Persistent Storage” means storage that can retain data for an indefinite period of time after power is withdrawn.

    134. “Personally Identifiable Information” means any information that can be used to identify, contact, or locate end users of PlayReady.

    135. “PlayReady” means the Microsoft PlayReady® content access and protection technology.

    136. “PlayReady A/V Content” means Digital Audio Content or Digital Video Content that has been encrypted using PlayReady.

    137. “PlayReady Agreement” means the agreement(s) under which Microsoft licenses entities to develop and distribute products that include implementations of PlayReady.

    138. “PlayReady Certificate” means a Certificate provided by Microsoft for the purpose of enabling PlayReady Final Products to access PlayReady Functionality.

    139. “PlayReady Content” means PlayReady A/V Content, PlayReady Software Content, or PlayReady Digital Literary Content.

    140. “PlayReady Data Stores” means the databases required for PlayReady features. This includes, but is not limited to, license store, Secure Store, metering store, metering certificate store, domain certificate store, and license synchronization store, as required by the Microsoft Implementation.

    141. “PlayReady Device Bridge” (PRDB) means a PlayReady Portable Device authorized by Microsoft to issue a WMDRM License to a Portable Device.

    142. “PlayReady Digital Literary Content” means Digital Literary Content that has been encrypted using PlayReady.

    143. “PlayReady Final Product” means a Final Product that includes PlayReady as more specifically described in a PlayReady Agreement.

    144. “PlayReady Functionality” means implementation of features of the PlayReady Server Software Development Kit, PlayReady PC SDK or PlayReady Device Porting Kit to perform PlayReady tasks.

    145. “PlayReady Intermediate Product” means an Intermediate Product that includes PlayReady, as more specifically described in a PlayReady Agreement.

    146. “PlayReady License Chain” means a combination of a PlayReady Root License and a PlayReady Leaf License.

    147. “PlayReady License” means a data structure that contains, but is not limited to, (i) an encrypted Content Key or an encrypted key used to decrypt a Content Key associated with specific PlayReady Content, and (ii) PlayReady Policy associated with specific PlayReady Content.

    148. “PlayReady MTP Extensions Technical Documentation” means the technical documentation included in the Microsoft Implementation that describes how to call PlayReady from MTP.

    149. “PlayReady-ND Certificate” means a Device Certificate assigned to a PlayReady-ND Receiver.”

    150. “PlayReady-ND License” means a PlayReady License that is Received by a PlayReady-ND Receiver in accordance with the PlayReady-ND Protocol.

    151. “PlayReady-ND Protocol” means a protocol used by PlayReady-ND Transmitters and PlayReady-ND Receivers to Transmit and Receive respectively.

    152. “PlayReady-ND Receiver” means a PlayReady Final Product authorized by Microsoft to (a) Receive from a PlayReady-ND Transmitter, and (b) decrypt and Pass PlayReady Content received from a PlayReady-ND Transmitter.

    153. “PlayReady-ND Registration Nonce” means a value (or set of values) cryptographically randomly generated by a PlayReady-ND Transmitter used to derive Session Keys, or use as the basis for Session Keys, as defined in the PlayReady-ND Specification.

    154. “PlayReady-ND Specification” means a document published by Microsoft that defines the protocol used between a PlayReady-ND Transmitter and a PlayReady-ND Receiver.

    155. “PlayReady-ND Transmitter” means a PlayReady Final Product authorized by Microsoft to Transmit to a PlayReady-ND Receiver.

    156. “PlayReady-ND Transmitter as a Microsoft OCUR” means a PlayReady-ND Transmitter that is manufactured in accordance with the specification for OpenCable Unidirectional Receiver Host Device issued by CableLabs (OCUR-I04-060622), and is paired with a CableCARD.

    157. “PlayReady Network Device Receiver” means a PlayReady Final Product implementing PlayReady-ND Receiver functionality.

    158. “PlayReady Network Device Transmitter” means a PlayReady Final Product implementing PlayReady-ND Transmitter functionality.

    159. “PlayReady PC Application” means a PlayReady Final Product that uses the PlayReady PC SDK.

    160. “PlayReady PC SDK” means PlayReady PC Software Development Kit provided under a PlayReady Agreement.

    161. “PlayReady Policy” means the description of the actions permitted and/or required with respect to PlayReady Content and restrictions on those actions as described in the PlayReady License associated with the PlayReady Content.

    162. “PlayReady Portable Device” means a PlayReady Final Product that can decrypt and Pass decrypted A/V Content saved locally on the device, Run decrypted PlayReady Software Content, Transmit and Receive.

    163. “PlayReady Product” means a PlayReady Final Product implementing any feature(s) or functionality(s) of the Device Porting Kit, a PlayReady Final Product using the PlayReady PC SDK, or a PlayReady Intermediate Product implementing a PlayReady Trusted Execution Environment.

    164. “PlayReady Restricted Functionality Portable Device” means a PlayReady Final Product that can Receive, Transmit, and/or decrypt and Pass only WMDRM Content saved locally on the device.

    165. “PlayReady Restricted Functionality WMDRM-ND Receiver” means a PlayReady Final Product that can only act as a WMDRM-ND Receiver.

    166. “PlayReady Root Public Key” means a public key controlled by Microsoft that is trusted by a PlayReady Final Product.

    167. “PlayReady Secure Codec” means a PlayReady Final Product that is a Secure Codec.

    168. “PlayReady Server” means a Computer Product licensed under a PlayReady Agreement to use the PlayReady Server Software Development Kit, for purposes such as, but not limited to issuing PlayReady Licenses.

    169. “PlayReady Software Content” means Software Content encrypted using PlayReady.

    170. “PlayReady Trusted Execution Environment” means a Trusted Execution Environment found on any computing device reporting a Certificate Security Level of 3000.

    171. “Policy” means PlayReady Policy and/or WMDRM Policy.

    172. “Portable Device” means a PlayReady Portable Device or a device implementing WMDRM‑PD.

    173. “PRiTEE” means the PlayReady Interface for Trusted Execution Environments as defined by an implemented PlayReady Porting Kit.

    174. “Privacy Public Key” means a key provided by Microsoft for the purpose of encrypting sensitive communication sent over a public network.

    175. “Pro:Idiom” means the encryption technology defined by Zenith. The specification is available from http://www.zenith.com/technology/.

    176. “Professional Software Tools” means professional tools, such as the software equivalent of in-circuit emulators, disassemblers, loaders, or patchers, implemented in software, such as would be used primarily by persons of professional skill and training, but not including either (i) professional tools or equipment that are made available on the basis of a non-disclosure agreement or (ii) Circumvention Tools.

    177. “Professional Hardware Tools” means professional tools or equipment, such as logic analyzers, chip disassembly systems, or in-circuit emulators, implemented in hardware, such as would be used primarily by persons of professional skill and training, but not including either (i) professional tools or equipment that are made available on the basis of a non-disclosure agreement (ii) Circumvention Tools or (iii) Professional Software Tools.

    178. “Protocol Secrets” means all numerical, algorithmic and implementation secrets related to protocol execution.

    179. “Receive” means to obtain Licenses from (i) the Microsoft Windows Media Device Manager (or a successor thereof, however named), (ii) WPD, (iii) a PlayReady-ND Transmitter, (iv) WMDRM-ND Transmitter, or (v) a device implementing MSDB or PRDB.

    180. “Revocation Data” means data contained in a revocation information structure.

    181. “Revocation Data Timestamp” means the date and time information used to determine when the Revocation Data was created.

    182. “Revocation Information Version” means the version number of Revocation Data.

    183. “Rights Mapping” means the mapping of rights and restrictions from one content protection system to another content protection system.

    184. “Robustness Rules” means the Robustness Rules for PlayReady Final Products as amended from time to time by Microsoft.

    185. “Root License” means a Domain Bound License or a Device Bound License whose Content Key is used to encrypt a Content Key in a Leaf License.

    186. “Root Public Key” means a public key controlled by Microsoft that is trusted by PlayReady Final Products.

    187. “RTSP” means the Real Time Streaming Protocol as defined in the IETF RFC 2326 – Real time Streaming Protocol.

    188. “Run” means for software on a processor or virtual machine of a device, which may include a Computer Product, to perform an instance of decrypted PlayReady Software Content, optionally as a new operating system process.

    189. “Salt Value” means the 64-bit value generated by the PlayReady Final Product to create a Payload Key.

    190. “SCMS” means Serial Copy Management System as specified for digital audio in IEC-958, IEC-60958 or IEC-61937.

    191. “SD Interlace Modes” mean composite video, S-Video, 480i component video and 576i video.

    192. “Secure Audio Device Drivers” means audio device drivers that either (a) are not capable of being replaced by an end user or (b) (i) are verified not to have been modified, (ii) are trusted not to expose decrypted Content, and (iii) ensure, through encryption or other means, that only the protected driver is capable of receiving Content. For avoidance of doubt, a PlayReady Final Product that prevents end users from upgrading the audio device drivers is considered to have Secure Audio Device Drivers.

    193. “Secure Boot” means a boot process whereby each component or module involved in booting up the device must verify that the component that follows it hashes to a properly signed digest value with an authorized signing key and is trusted before transferring control to it. This must continue in an unbroken chain until the Trusted Execution Environment has been loaded. Secure Boot must make use of the Hardware Root of Trust.

    194. “Secure Clock” means a hardware real-time clock that has been designed to resist unauthorized access at the level defined in the Robustness Rules.

    195. “Secure Clock Service” means an Internet service authorized by Microsoft for the purpose of providing the current Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) date and time through a protocol designed to restrict access.

    196. “Secure Clock State” means the date and time information reported by the Secure Clock.

    197. “Secure Code” means any code which is authorized to execute inside the TEE.

    198. “Secure Codecs” means audio and/or video codecs that either (a) are not capable of being replaced by an end user or (b) (i)are verified not to have been modified, (ii) are trusted not to expose decrypted compressed Content, and (iii) prevent intermediate software from accessing Content. For avoidance of doubt, a PlayReady Final Product that prevents end users from replacing the codecs is considered to have Secure Codecs.

    199. “Secure Execution” means a code execution model that has technological protections to prevent unauthorized firmware or software from interacting with the code being executed.

    200. “Secure Media Pipeline” means a pathway from Content decryption to Content Output which prevents access to decrypted Content by unauthorized code or processes through the use of hardware means.

    201. “Secure Store” means a data store that (a) is designed to restrict unauthorized access at a level defined in the Robustness Rules and (b) is used to Store information, including but not limited to, state conveyed in a License such as play count and relative expiration.

    202. “Secure Time Source” means a time source that has been designed to restrict unauthorized access at the level defined in the Robustness Rules.

    203. “Serial Number” means a unique identifier with a length of 128 bits.

    204. “Service ID” means a globally unique identifier used to identify a service offered by Company.

    205. “Session Key” means a symmetric key used for purposes such as, but not limited to, encryption and decryption of data, or signing and verification of messages in a session.

    206. “Simple License” means a License that contains a Content Key encrypted using either a Device Public Key or a Domain Public Key.

    207. “Software Content” means machine code, byte code and/or interpreted programming languages, and related data that may accompany the foregoing.

    208. “Source ID” means a Policy contained in a License used for purposes such as, but not limited to, identifying a content protection system that was the source of the Content.

    209. “Specialized Tools” means specialized electronic tools that are widely available at a reasonable price, such as memory readers and writers, debuggers, decompilers, or similar software development products, but not including Circumvention Tools.

    210. “Specifically Set” means to set a Trust Value, for example the Serial Number, in such a manner as to violate the condition of uniqueness as prescribed by the applicable compliance rules and/or robustness rules for that Trust Value.

    211. “Store” means to write data into a PlayReady Data Store.

    212. “Stream Rendering Application” means an application other than the PlayReady Final Product that (i) Passes Content only to Outputs approved by these Compliance Rules, (ii) does not expose or cache decrypted Content, (iii) is digitally signed by Company to enable execution on PlayReady Portable Devices or Network Device Receivers only, (iv) is verified by Company not to have been modified, and (v) is tested by Company to ensure compliance with clauses (i) and (ii).

    213. “Summit Wireless Audio Technology” means the wireless protocol as defined by Summit Semiconductors LLC.  The specification is available from Summit Semiconductor, LLC at http://summitsemi.com.

    214. “Temporary Storage” means a storage buffer that cannot retain data in usable form for an indefinite period of time after power is withdrawn.

    215. “Text-to-Speech” means a mechanism to translate text into audio.

    216. “Timer State” means the state of the timing mechanism used to measure durations of time.

    217. “Transcrypt” means to convert from a first content protection format to a second content protection format, while mapping rights and restrictions from the first content protection format to the second content protection format.

    218. “Transmit” means to send Licenses to a device implementing PlayReady or WMDRM.

    219. “Transmitter” means a product authorized by Microsoft to Transmit.

    220. “Trusted Execution Environment” means a hardware-enforced secure processing environment on a device that: (i) provides a Hardware Root of Trust, (ii) provides a Secure Boot process, (iii) runs only authenticated code which has been approved for use within the secure processing environment, (iv) provides for Secure Execution of PlayReady functionality, and (v) provides a Secure Media Pipeline and has a CSL of 3000.

    221. “Trust Value” means a value that PlayReady Final Products must resist attempts to modify or set, as specified in the Robustness Rules. Trust Values include Device Secrets, Serial Number, Secure Clock State, Revocation Data, Validation State, Timer State, Protocol Secrets, Last Known Good Date and Time, Secure Code, Working Set, and Output Protection State.

    222. “UltraViolet™ Download” means Content associated with a persistent UVVU DRM License.

    223. “UltraViolet™ Streaming” means Content associated with a non-persistent UVVU DRM License.

    224. “UPnP Media Renderer” means a device that implements the UPnP MediaRendered Device Control Protocol. The specification is available at http://upnp.org.

    225. “Uncompressed” means any A/V Content which is not Compressed.

    226. “Unknown Output” means an output type that cannot be determined by the PlayReady Final Product using all commercially reasonable technical mechanisms.

    227. “Unrestricted Audio Outputs” means Analog Audio Outputs and USB Audio Outputs.

    228. “Update Process” means any process which updates the PlayReady Functionality of a PlayReady Trusted Execution Environment.

    229. “USB” means Universal Serial Bus.

    230. “USB Audio Output” means a speaker, headphone or other sound reproduction device attached that complies with the Universal Serial Bus (USB) Audio Specification available from the USB Forum.

    231. “User Accessible Bus” means a data bus that is designed for end user upgrades or access, such as PCMCIA, device bay, IEEE 1394, PCI buses with user accessible sockets or Card bus. A User Accessible Bus does not include point-to-point buses, such as graphics buses, memory buses, CPU buses, and internal PCI buses, or similar portions of a device's internal architecture that do not permit access to decrypted Content in a form usable by end users.

    232. “Validation State” means the Network Device Transmitter stored data associated with a Network Device Receiver that identifies the current authorized and registered state of the Network Device Receiver.

    233. “Video Outputs” means Analog Television Outputs, Digital Video Outputs and Internal Video Outputs.

    234. “Widely Available Tools” means general-purpose tools or equipment that are widely available at a reasonable price, such as screwdrivers, jumpers, clips, file editors, and soldering irons, but not including Circumvention Tools.

    235. “WirelessHD” means the WirelessHD protocol. The WirelessHD specification and license are available at http://www.wirelesshd.org/.

    236. “WirelessHD Output” means a radio frequency connector that delivers Content using WirelessHD.

    237. “WiVu” means wireless protocol as defined by Cavium Corporation.  The specification is available at http://www.cavium.com/.

    238. “WMDRM” means Windows Media Digital Rights Management technology.

    239. “WMDRM Base License” means a data structure that contains, but is not limited to, a reference WMDRM Policy from which a License is derived in a manner Consistent with the Microsoft Implementation.

    240. “WMDRM Certificate” means a Certificate provided by Microsoft for the purpose of enabling PlayReady Final Products to access WMDRM Functionality.

    241. “WMDRM Content” means Digital Audio Content and/or Digital Video Content encrypted using WMDRM.

    242. “WMDRM Functionality” means implementation of features of the PlayReady Device Porting Kit to perform WMDRM tasks.

    243. “WMDRM License” means a data structure that contains, but is not limited to, (i) an encrypted Content Key or an encrypted key used to decrypt a Content Key associated with specific WMDRM Content, and (ii) WMDRM Policy associated with specific WMDRM Content.

    244. “WMDRM Policy” means the description of the actions permitted and/or required with respect to WMDRM Content, and restrictions on those actions as described in the WMDRM License associated with the WMDRM Content.

    245. “WMDRM-ND Certificate” means a Device Certificate assigned to a Network Device Transmitter or a Network Device Receiver.”

    246. “WMDRM-ND License” means a WMDRM License using the Extensible Media Rights binary data schema.

    247. “WMDRM-ND Tuner” means either a WMDRM-ND Transmitter as a Microsoft PDBA or a WMDRM-ND Transmitter as a Microsoft OCUR.

    248. “WMDRM-ND Protocol” means a protocol used by Network Device Transmitters and Network Device Receivers to Transmit and Receive respectively.

    249. “WMDRM-ND Receiver” means a PlayReady Final Product authorized by Microsoft to (a) Receive from a WMDRM-ND Transmitter, and (b) decrypt and Pass WMDRM Content received from a WMDRM-ND Transmitter.

    250. “WMDRM-ND Transmitter” means a PlayReady Final Product authorized by Microsoft to Transmit to a WMDRM-ND Receiver.

    251. “WMDRM-ND Transmitter as a Microsoft OCUR” means a WMDRM-ND Transmitter that is manufactured in accordance with the specification for OpenCable Unidirectional Receiver Host Device issued by CableLabs (OCUR-I04-060622), and is paired with a CableCARD.

    252. “WMDRM-ND Transmitter as a Microsoft PBDA” means a WMDRM-ND Transmitter device that is manufactured in accordance with Microsoft’s PBDA specification.

    253. “WMDRM-ND Registration Seed” means a value generated by a Network Device Transmitter used to derive Session Keys as defined in the WMDRM-ND Specification.

    254. “WMDRM-ND Specification” means a document published by Microsoft that defines the protocol used between a WMDRM-ND Transmitter and a WMDRM-ND Receiver.

    255. “WMDRM-ND” means WMDRM for Network Devices.

    256. “WMDRM-PD” means WMDRM for Portable Devices.

    257. “WMDRM-PD License” means a WMDRM License in XML format.

    258. “WMF SDK” means Windows Media Format 11 Software Development Kit.

    259. “WMRM Server” means a Computer Product licensed by Microsoft to utilize the Windows Media Rights Manager Software Development Kit for purposes such as, but not limited to, issuing WMDRM Licenses.

    260. “Working Set” means the set of all memory a given process is using, whether currently resident in physical memory, virtual memory, or paged out to any other storage system.

    261. “WPD” means the Windows Portable Device infrastructure for the Microsoft Windows family of operating systems.



© 2015 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. 7 April 2015


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