Development Dossier

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This NGLS Development Dossier reproduces most of the key speeches made by NGOs to governmental and non-governmental participants at the World Summit for Social Development held in Copenhagen on 6-12 March 1995. NGOs and other groups and organizations of civil society made a major contribution to shaping the summit's outcomes, and NGLS believes that the viewpoints, aspirations and demands expressed by NGOs at Copenhagen should be made available to the wider NGO and international community. NGLS also hopes that this Development Dossier will serve as a timely reminder of the issues at stake in the social summit and of the vital role NGOs have to play in the follow-up to the summit.

The opinions expressed in the speeches are those of the speakers and do not necessarily represent those oh NGLS or any other part of the United Nations system. Given the broad language backgrounds of participating NGOs, distinctions between American and British English in spelling and grammar have been left untouched. Speeches are also reproduced in the language in \vhich they were originally submitted.

The designations used do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of NGLS or any other part of the United Nations system, concerning the legal status of any country, area or territory or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers



Published in July 1996 by

UN Non-Governmental Liaison Service (NGLS)

Palais des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10


Room 6015, 866 UN Plaza

New Cork, N.Y. 10017



Foreword 4

Preface 5

Introduction 6

Baha'i International Community 8

BUSCO: Association mondiale des entrepreneurs pour le sommet social 10

Caucus Latinoamericano 12

Coalition of People of Faith 15

Commission on Global Governance 18

Confederación Mundial del Trabajo 20

Conférence on NGOs in Consultative Status with ECOSOC (CONGO) 22

The Cousteau Society 25

The Development Caucus 28

Disabled People's Organizations Umbrella Group 32

Eurostep 34

Fédération mondiale des cités unies 36

ICC/IOE High-Level Group for the WSSD 39

Independent Commission for Population and Quality of Life 42

International Center for Economic Growth 45

International Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) 48

International Council of Women 50

International Council on Social Welfare (ICSW) 51

International Federation of Agricultural Producers (IFAP) 53

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies 55

International Movement ATD Fourth World 58

International Planned Parenthood Federation 61

International Youth Consultation on Social Development 64

Inter-Parliamentary Union 66

Mouvement mondial des mères 68

National Union of Working Women 70

NGO Committee on Aging 73

ONG africaines 75

Rights of the Child Caucus 77

Rotary International 79

Small Farmers, Producers, and Microentrepreneurs Caucus 80

Soroptimist International 82

South Asia Caucus 84

L'Union nationale de la femme tunisienne 87

The Values Caucus 90

Women's Environment and Development Organization (WEDO) 94

World Council of Churches 97


Inaugural Address 100

Statement on the Copenhagen Alternative Declaration 105

Copenhagen Alternative Declaration 107

The Quality Benchmark for the Social Summit 113

Did We Achieve the Quality Benchmark? An NGO Assessment 117

"Economic activities, through which individuals express their initiative and creativity and which enhance the wealth of communities, are a fundamental basis for social progress. But social progress will not be realized simply through the free interaction of market forces. Public polices are necessary to correct market failures, to complement market mechanisms, to maintain social stability and to create a national and international economic environment that promotes sustainable growth on a global scale. Such growth should promote equity and social justice, tolerance, responsibility and involvement."

Programme of Action, World Summit for Social Development

(Copenhagen, March 1995)
Social progress refers to the individual in the society. It is a concept rooted in a philosophy of human dignity and fundamental equality of all human beings. It is also a concept related to specific historical circumstances, to obstacles that have to be overcome and to desirable objectives.
The World Summit for Social Development and the NGO Forum '95 only represented a first step towards placing the fundamental political questions of social development on the international agenda, but carried the message to the peoples of the world that their right to a decent life is taken seriously by the highest political level. We still have to implement and follow up the political intentions.
This book illustrates in how many ways NGOs contributed ideas to the outcome of the summit. I hope that its publication will inspire NGOs to play an equally important role in the follow up of the summit.
The high hopes of the summit must be met. True and lasting success can only be achieved through patient and deliberate efforts by all concerned, day after day. It will require a coalition of all societal actors, working together towards the same objectives. Governments will need to act in partnership. They will need to join hands with experts, parliamentarians, grass root and religious organizations, trade unions, community associations, businesses, scientists and non-governmental organizations, all of whose talent and enthusiasm have already added so much to the cause of social progress.
Poul Nielson

Minister for Development Cooperation, Denmark
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