Disability Timeline Independent Living



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Disability Timeline Independent Living


1953

In-Home Support Services program established in Los Angeles County, California, to provide personal assistance services to adults with post-polio disabilities as an alternative to permanent costly institutionalization.

IL L&P PHY USA




1960

In-Home Support Services: California program pays up to $300 a month for personal-assistance services for recipients of federal Aid to the Totally Disabled. By enabling individuals with major physical disabilities to live in their own homes, it becomes a foundational component of the independent living movement.

IL L&P PHY USA




1966

Organization for Accessible Buildings founded in Rochester, New York, by a group of young adult wheelchair users. Later renamed Handicapped Independence HERE Inc., a volunteer consumer/advocacy organization. In 1979 reorganizes as Regional Center for Independent Living.

ACC ACT IL ORG PHY USA




1970

Paraquad founded by St. Louis nursing home resident Max Starkloff. It will become a major independent living Center.

ACT IL ORG PHY USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1970

Physically Disabled Students Program (PDSP) founded University of California at Berkeley by Ed Roberts, John Hessler, Hale Zukas, and other students. Two years later they will go on establish the Center for Independent Living in Berkeley to provide for personal assistance services, accessibility, and political advocacy in the off-campus community.

ACT EDU IL PHY USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1972

Boston Self-Help Center established. Grows out of independent living project at Boston University.

ACT IL ORG PHY USA




1972

Center for Independent Living (CIL) established in Berkeley, California. Usually considered first independent living center anywhere. Non-residential agency directed by people with disabilities, provides information and advocacy to support disabled people to live in their own households in the community. Funded by a $50,000 grant from the federal Rehabilitation Services Administration.

ACT IL ORG PHY USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1972

Houston Cooperative Living Residential Project founded in Houston, Texas. Along with the Berkeley and Boston centers, will become one of the models for future independent living centers.

ACT IL ORG USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1973

In-Home Support Services: Berkeley CIL lobbies not just to save but to expand personal-assistance services program. As result, IHSS monthly payments increased to $450. CIL also campaigns successfully for state supplement to new federal Supplemental Security Income program.

ACT IL L&P PHY USA




1974

Atlantis Community established in Denver, Colorado, by Wade Blank, civil rights activist and parent of disabled child, who campaigns to move adults with significant significant disabilities from nursing homes to independent living.

ACT IL ORG PHY USA




1974

Boston Center for Independent Living founded.

ACT IL ORG USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1975

First National Conference on Independent Living convenes in October in Berkeley, California, co-sponsored by Berkeley Center for Independent Living and federal Rehabilitation Services Administration.

IL L&P ORG REH USA




1975

Edward Roberts appointed Director of California Department of Rehabilitation. He oversees an establishment of nine independent living centers in that state, patterned after the Center for Independent Living he co-founded in Berkeley in 1972. These centers become models for hundreds of independent living centers across the globe.

IL L&P ORG PHY USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1976

Independent living centers in California established through funding by Departed Rehabilitation, Innovation and Expansion Grant Program.

IL L&P USA




1976

Independent living center founded in Chicago.

IL USA




1976

Independent Living Research Utilization (ILRU) program established in Houston.

IL USA

[Finger], “International Independent Living Timeline.”

1976

Westside Center for Independent Living established in Los Angeles. One of first nine California centers set up by state Department of Rehabilitation under Ed Roberts.

ACT IL L&P USA

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1977

Independent living:
52 independent living centers operating in United States.
Office of Independent Living set up in U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development.
Second National Conference on Independent Living convenes in Houston.

IL L&P USA

[Finger], “International Independent Living Timeline.”

1978

Independent living: Rehabilitation, Comprehensive Services and Developmental Disabilities Amendments of 1978 (P.L. 95-602), Title VII, authorizes first federal funding for independent living centers. Meanwhile, five regional conferences in various parts of U. S. promote independent living philosophy and offer guidance for establishment of IL Centers.

IL L&P USA

[Finger], “International Independent Living Timeline.”

1979

Vermont Center for Independent Living established, first statewide independent living center in U.S.

IL ORG USA




1981

Bill. Movie for television based on true story of Bill Sackter (Mickey Rooney), a retarded man who spent forty-four years in an institution.

CUL DD IL INST USA

Alan Landsburg Productions, d Anthony Page. Sequel: Bill: On His Own (1983).

1981

Japanese students with disabilities study independent living philosophy and practices at U. S. IL centers under 10-year project funded by “Mr. Donut.”

ASIA IL USA

[Finger], “International Independent Living Timeline”

1982

National Council on Independent Living founded under leadership of Max Starkloff, Charlie Carr and Marca Bristo to speak for independent living centers and independent living movement.

ACT IL ORG PHY USA

http://www
.ncil.org/

1984

Independent living: first national conference on rural independent living in U.S.

IL USA

[Finger], “International Independent Living Timeline.”

1989

Larry McAfee, ventilator-using, spinal cord injured quadriplegic battered by Georgia social welfare system which provides no support for independent living, seeks and gets court order for physician-assisted suicide. But intervention of disability rights advocates leads him to change his mind. He testifies to Georgia State Legislature in favor of independent living program.

ACT BIO EUTH IL L&P USA




1990

ADAPT, American Disabled for Accessible Public Transit, recasts its acronym as American Disabled for Attendant Programs Today to reflect shift in focus following passage of Americans with Disabilities Act. Demanding policies supporting independent living and personal assistance services, ADAPT activists demonstrate at annual meeting of for-profit nursing home industry trade organization, American Health Care Association, in Atlanta, October 5-10.

ACT IL L&P USA

http://www.
adapt.org/
back.htm; Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1990

Thailand/Philippines: Independent Living Study Program includes delegates from DPI-Thailand and DPI-Philippines, St. Louis and Houston, August-September.

ASIA IL INT USA

[Finger], “International Independent Living Timeline.”

1991

ADAPT protest at Health Care Financing Administration headquarters in Washington, D.C. demands federal government designate proportion of Medicaid funds for in-home personal assistance services, April.

ACT IL L&P USA




1992

ADAPT nationwide protests demands federal and state financing of personal assistance services, January 15.

ACT IL L&P USA




1992

ADAPT demands American Medical Association support national personal assistance services policy in demonstration at AMA’s Chicago headquarters. May.

ACT IL L&P USA




1995

Helen L. v. Snider: U. S Third Circuit Court of Appeals rules that Commonwealth (state government) of Pennsylvania’s policy of funding nursing home residents see but not independent living violates Americans with Disabilities Act.

ACT CRT IL L&P USA WOM

Pelka, ABC-Clio Companion to the Disability Rights Movement.

1999

Olmstead v. L.C. and E.W.: U. S. Supreme Court rules that State of Georgia violates Americans with Disabilities Act by compelling individuals with disabilities to reside in institutions without offering alternative option of community-based living arrangements. Orders that state must offer services in most integrated setting.

CRT IL L&P USA




Resource: http://instituteondisability.org/projects/dateline_view.php
Institute on Disability University of San Francisco


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