Explanation of the Disad 2
1nc & Overview 5
Impact Overview 10
Nationalization Rising 13
Fight Coming 14
Now is key – Need Credibility 15
Fear Nationalization 19
Hurts Credibility 20
Surveillance Hurts Local Efforts 22
NSA Link 24
Surveillance Fears 26
PRISM link 27
Cyber Terror Likely 30
Cyber Terror Kills the Economy 31
Nationalization Avoids Attacks 32
Gov’t Control Prevents Attacks 34
Answer To – “internet good” 35
Chinese Control Good 36
Russian Control Good 37
Fixes Privacy Issues – Facebook 39
Prevents Uprisings 40
2ac to Nationalization 42
Bad for Economy 45
Cyber Terror Impact Answer 48
Hurts the Internet 51
Internet Good 53
Russia Controls 54
There is a global fight going on about who should control the internet. The United States has been a strong supporter of a totally free and open internet that has no government involvement or control. Other countries, led by China and Russia, think that the government should be able to control the internet.
The U.S. is losing the fight globally now because no one trusts us. They think our government just uses access to the internet to spy on people and secretly control it. So, other countries are making moves to nationalize their internets. The plan improves US credibility – and allows us to stop other countries from nationalizing the internet.
What does “control of the internet” mean? The Chinese government has a block on certain websites. The Russian government wants to own the cables and networks that provide access to the internet. The Brazilian government wants to own the hard drives and servers where things are stored. Essentially, they want to treat the internet like it is electricity or water – regulated heavily by the government. The U.S. prefers that it be totally unregulated and free.
The disad argues that Nationalizing the Internet is good. Government control prevents cyber attacks from happening and allows each country to control their own systems. So, a person in China couldn’t attack the U.S. system without the U.S. knowing who was responsible because of strict government controls – and vice versa – no one in the US could hack into a Russian system.
So, to break the disad down into jargon –
Uniqueness – governments controlling the internet is coming now.
Link – decreasing domestic surveillance improves US credibility – allows us to stop government control.
Impact – government control stops cyber attacks. Cyber attacks bad.
How does nationalized internet solve cyberterror?
If the Russian government controls the access point for all internet access in the country then it is able to monitor and control that internet access. It would be harder, if not impossible, for a single hacker or group of hackers to attack a website, power plant, financial institution, or other group from outside of Russia since it would be detectible. The current system is an open free for all that makes it more difficult to control who is looking into what anywhere in the world.
Isn’t a free and open internet a good thing?
Probably. But, the disad says the opposite. The internet is probably going to remain free and open for information. The disad assumes that a level of government control would make it more secure.
Balkanize – to separate into groups or categories. In this instance, it refers to breaking the internet up into country-by-country sections. It is a common phrase used to describe the breaking up of something. It is a historical reference to the Balkans region of the world. Several countries were broken up from the larger Soviet Union. It is usually used by people to refer to breaking the internet up into groups. Each country would control their own internet services and access.
Cyber – A prefix used to describe anything that happens online. Usually reserved for aggression online. A Cyber crime would be a crime that is done online. Cyber Gambling would be gambling done online. If you read it, it is talking about the internets.
Cyberterror – committing an act of terror online. Any attack on a government website, an attempt to gain access to a power plant, or to just generally be violent and destructive is considered cyberterror. The phrase is very broad as the Department of Defense says they experience 60,000 or more cyberterror attempts a day. That obviously would have to include everyone just trying to get onto the websites of the DOD.
Cyberwar – use of an attack on someone’s internet access or services during a time of war. Estonia is usually the example. During an invasion, Russia hacked into the Estonians internets and shut them down. This act is often called cyberwar. There are also instances of people saying “cyberwar” to reference fighting and hacking that is going on between countries.
DOD – Department of Defense – the cabinet of the United States that is in charge of the military branches and answers to the President. Referenced in a few cards.
ICANN – the group that is in charge of maintain all domain names on the internet. Established by the U.S., ICANN is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable
ITU - International Telecommunication Union – the United Nations specialized agency for information and communication technologies. It is the group that would be given control over the internet internationally – http://www.itu.int/en/Pages/default.aspx
Multi-stakeholder – the ICANN and US supported model fro the internet. Everygroup can control and contribute to the internet without government interference. The idea is that Internet governance should mimic the structure of the Internet itself- borderless and open to all
Nationalize – when the government takes over something it is nationalized. Health care literature will often reference ‘nationalizing health care.’ This disad will use it to discuss the internet. When the government regulates, controls, and is in charge of something it is said to be nationalized.
Partitioned – separated into parts. When a room is partitioned it is divided into parts. If the internet were nationalized it would be partitioned between countries.