Federal Aviation Administration Advisory Circular



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U.S. Department

of Transportation


Federal Aviation

Administration

Advisory

Circular





Subject: STANDARDS FOR AIRPORT MARKINGS

Date: 4/29/05

Initiated by: AAS-300

AC No: 150/5340-1J

Change:



1. PURPOSE. This advisory circular (AC) contains the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) standards for markings used on airport runways, taxiways, and aprons.
2. CANCELLATION. AC 150/5340-1H, Standards for Airport Markings, dated August 31, 1999, is canceled. This AC also cancels AC 150/5340-1I, although it is substantially the same document and only changes the AC version letter from I to J.
3. EXPLANATION OF CHANGES. This AC incorporates guidance on use of the enhanced taxiway centerline markings and the surface holding position signs. These enhancements were designed by the Federal Aviation Administration and MITRE CAASD to better define the location of holding position markings for air crews. These markings were tested at Theodore Francis Green Airport in Providence, Rhode Island. The markings tested included the enhanced taxiway centerline, the extension of existing holding position markings onto taxiway shoulders, the changing of the color of the dashed lines from yellow to white on the holding position markings (which is not adopted at this time) and the enhanced use of the surface painted holding position signs.
The enhanced taxiway centerline is being adopted as the standard for commercial service airports that have 1.5 million or more passenger enplanements in a calendar year. The enhanced taxiway centerline will be the only acceptable means of complying with 14 CFR Part 139 for these airports effective June 30, 2008. Similarly, the extension of the runway holding position markings onto the paved shoulder is being adopted as the only acceptable means of compliance with Part 139 for airports regularly served by aircraft in Aircraft Design Groups 5 and 6, also effective June 30, 2008. The standards for enhanced taxiway centerline and extension of the runway holding position markings are optional for all other airports.

4. METRIC UNITS. To promote an orderly transition to metric units, the text and figures include both English and metric dimensions. The metric conversions are based on operational significance and may not be exact equivalents. The conversion procedure used throughout the AC applies the relationship of 1 foot equals 0.3 meter, except for a few instances where rounding was used in order for linear dimensions to sum correctly. Until there is an official changeover to the metric system, the English dimensions should be used.
5. APPLICATION. The FAA recommends the guidelines and standards contained herein for the marking of airport runways, taxiways, and aprons. These standards are the only method of complying with the marking of runways and taxiways at airports certificated under Title 14 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Chapter I – FAA, DOT, Part 139, Certification and Operations: Land Airports Serving Certain Air Carriers (14 CFR Part 139). These standards are also mandatory for airport projects receiving Federal funds under the Airport Grant Assistance program or funds received from the Passenger Facility Charge program. These standards are to be used on all new projects that are under development and are to be implemented at all Part 139 certificated airports no later than one year from the date of this AC.



DAVID L. BENNETT



Director, Office of Airport Safety and Standards

CONTENTS

CHAPTER 1. MARKINGS FOR PAVED RUNWAYS AND TAXIWAYS. 1

Section 1. General. 1

1. PURPOSE 1

2. DEFINITIONS 1

3. MARKING PRACTICES 1

4. VISIBILITY OF MARKINGS. 1

Section 2. Runway Markings 2

5. APPLICATION. 2

6. RUNWAY MARKING PRECEDENCE 3

7. RUNWAY DESIGNATION MARKING. 3

8. RUNWAY CENTERLINE MARKING 4

9. RUNWAY THRESHOLD MARKING. 4

10. RUNWAY AIMING POINT MARKING. 5

11. RUNWAY TOUCHDOWN ZONE MARKING 5

12. RUNWAY SIDE STRIPE MARKING. 6

13. RUNWAY THRESHOLD BAR. 6

14. DEMARCATION BAR. 6

15. ARROWS AND ARROWHEADS 6

16. CHEVRONS 7

17. HOLDING POSITION MARKINGS ON RUNWAYS. 7

18. RUNWAY SHOULDER MARKINGS 8

19. RESERVED 8

Section 3. Taxiway Markings 8

20. APPLICATION 8

21. TAXIWAY CENTERLINE MARKINGS 8

22. TAXIWAY EDGE MARKING 10

23. RUNWAY HOLDING POSITION MARKINGS ON TAXIWAYS 10

25. INTERMEDIATE HOLDING POSITION MARKINGS FOR TAXIWAY/TAXIWAY INTERSECTIONS 12

26. SURFACE PAINTED HOLDING POSITION SIGNS 12

27. SURFACE PAINTED TAXIWAY DIRECTION SIGNS 13

28. SURFACE PAINTED TAXIWAY LOCATION SIGNS 14

29. SURFACE PAINTED GATE IDENTIFICATION SIGNS 14

30. SURFACE PAINTED APRON ENTRANCE POINT SIGNS 15

31. TAXIWAY SHOULDER MARKINGS 15

32. GEOGRAPHIC POSITION MARKINGS 15

33. RESERVED 16

34. RESERVED 16

Section 4. Other Markings 17

35. APPLICATION 17

36. VEHICLE ROADWAY MARKINGS 17

37. VOR RECEIVER CHECKPOINT MARKINGS 17

38. NON-MOVEMENT AREA BOUNDARY MARKING 18

39. MARKING OF TEMPORARILY RELOCATED THRESHOLDS 18

40. MARKING AND LIGHTING OF PERMANENTLY CLOSED RUNWAYS AND TAXIWAYS 18

41. TEMPORARILY CLOSED RUNWAYS AND TAXIWAYS 18

42. CONVERTING A RUNWAY TO A TAXIWAY 19

43. INTERMITTENT USE OF A TAXIWAY AS A RUNWAY 19

44. CLOSED/ABANDONED AIRPORTS 19

45. HELIPORT MARKING 19

46. VERTIPORT MARKING 19

47. MARKING FOR ARRESTING GEAR 19

48. HAZARDOUS AREAS 19


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