Foundation Industry and trade Agriculture Population 71% of U. S. population; 99%



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CIVIL WAR

Foundation Industry and trade Agriculture

Population 71% of U.S. population; 99%

free, 1% slave; large enough to

assemble an army capable of

defending the Union

29% of U.S. population;

67% free, 33% slave; too

few free men to assemble an

army capable of defending

the Confederacy

Manufacturing

Resources

92% of U.S. industrial output;

generous resources to produce

weapons and other military

supplies and equipment

8% of U.S. industrial output;

minimal resources to

produce many weapons and

other military supplies and

equipment

Employment &

Property Ownership

Many citizens worked for

someone else and owned no

property. Even in large-scale

farming regions, machines

reduced the need for

agricultural workers.

Category

North

South

Population

71% of nation’s population

29% of nation’s population

Economy

Industry and Trade

Agriculture/Farms

Manufacturing Resources

92% industry

All the industry, made all the weapons



8% industry

Little or no industry depended on the north for weapons



Exports &

Views on Tariffs (Tax on Imports and exports)


34% of U.S. exports; favored

high tariffs on imported

foreign goods to protect

northern industries and

workers’ jobs


66% of U.S. exports;

favored low (or no) tariffs

on imported goods to keep

the prices of manufactured

goods more affordable


Employment &

Property Ownership

Most worked for someone else and did not own property. No need for large farm labor force

Large scale plantations depended on a large labor force.

Food Production

2 times more than South

Less

Railroads

71% of U.S. railroad network very good. Ready capacity to transport troops and their supplies, food, etc.


29% of U.S. railroad network; inefficient. Poor capacity to transport troops and their supplies, food, etc.

Lincoln Preserving the Union


  1. 1ST Inaugural Address- Lincoln did not believe the South had the right to secede

  2. 2nd Inaugural Address-

  3. Gettysburg Address- build morale to encourage North to keep fighting

  4. Suspension of Habeas Corpus-anyone sympathizing with the South could be locked up-President can suspend during a national emergency

    1. Habeas Corpus-anyone imprisoned must appear before a judge to see if the charges are legal.

  5. Emancipation Proclamation-Freed slaves in the South-Lincoln wanted southern slaves to leave the plantation so the farms would not have workers and wanted these runaway slaves to fight for the North



Civil War Leaders


North

South

President


President Abraham Lincoln

• U.S. representative from Illinois

• President of United States of America, 1861–1865

• Appointed Gen. Ulysses S. Grant commanding general of Union armies

• Issued Emancipation Proclamation

• Promoted Thirteenth Amendment to Constitution



Jefferson Davis

• Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point

• U.S. senator from Mississippi • U.S. secretary of war

• President of Confederate States of America, 1861–1865

• Appointed Robert E. Lee as general in chief of Confederate armies


Generals

Ulysses S. Grant

• Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point

Won first Union victories

• Captured control of Mississippi River in Siege of Vicksburg

• Appointed commanding general of Union armies by Lincoln

• Accepted surrender of Confederate Gen. Lee to end Civil War



Robert E. Lee

• Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point

• Fought larger Union armies to standoff at Battle of Antietam

• Defeated at Battle of Gettysburg

• Appointed general in chief of Confederate armies by Davis

• Surrendered to U.S. Gen. Grant to end Civil War



William Tecumseh Sherman

• Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point

• Served under Gen. Grant during Siege of Vicksburg

• Destroyed Atlanta; ended Confederate’s ability to fight

• Accepted surrender of all Confederate armies in Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida


Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson

• Graduated from U.S. Military Academy, West Point

Won First Battle of Bull Run

• Fought under Confederate Gen. Lee at Antietam and Second Bull Run

• Died in battle


Battles of the Civil War


Lee failed to win battle

Lincoln issues Emancipation Proc.



Grant lays siege for 7 weeks-gains control of the Mississippi River-divides Confederate forces

Lincoln Calls troops to stop open rebellion

Robert E. Lee-deadliest one day battle in American History-1st major battle on northern soil

Vicksburg

Lee gives up all campaigns in the North-Lincoln gives Gettysburg Address

Deadliest Battle in the Civil War-Lee wanted to win to get help from Great Britain

Antietam

Atlanta

Fort Sumter

Triggers Civil War-Federal fort in S. Carolina- Confederate Forces attack

Turning point for the North when combined with victory at Gettysburg

Gettysburg

Sherman “total war” captures and burns the city which was a trading and supply hub for the South

Lincoln wins reelection and North knew it would win the war South knew they would lose

1862

1861

1863

1864

1863


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