Georgia studies milestone questions



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GEORGIA STUDIES MILESTONE QUESTIONS

Use your text and other resources to locate and record the answer to each of the questions below (i.e. notebook paper, index cards, typed product, PowerPoint, etc…). Just use the method which will help you remember the content the best. You will be asked these questions again in our 8th Grade Georgia Studies Academic Bowl so be sure to study once you’ve completed this assignment. This assignment will count as TWO project grades and will be due on ___________________ (the day of the Social Studies portion of the CRCT). GOOD LUCK!




Geography (SS8G1)

1

What are the names of the states that border Georgia?

2

How many geographic regions does Georgia have?

3

What are the geographic regions of Georgia?

4

In which region is Atlanta located?

5

What is the smallest geographic region?

6

What region is known for its production of peanuts, pecans, and corn?

7

In what region is the Okefenokee Swamp located?

8

What is the highest peak in Georgia?

9

What two regions are separated by the Fall Line?

10

What is the largest swamp in North America?

History (SS8H1a) & Economics (SS8E1, SS8E2)

11

What was the oldest prehistoric Indian civilization found in Georgia?

12

Why did the Archaic people move frequently?

13

What people were the FIRST to make and use pottery?

14

During which prehistoric period did the bow and arrow come into use?

15

Who were the FIRST people to use burial mounds?

16

What factor resulted in prehistoric Indians making permanent settlements?

17

Name the prehistoric traditions of Georgia in order of their existence?

History (SS8H1c)

18

Who was the first European explorer to enter Georgia?

19

What were the main reasons the Spanish explored North America?

20

Name the European countries that were the major colonizers of the New World.

History (SS8H1, SS8E1, SS8E2)

21

What was the first permanent English settlement in the New World?

22

What was the first Spanish settlement in the New World?

23

What was the British trade policy during the period of colonization?

24

What factor was necessary to maintain a favorable balance of trade in the 1600s and 1700s?

25

What was the name of the first British fort constructed in Georgia?




History (SS8H2b)

26

Who granted Georgia’s charter in 1732?

27

Where was Georgia’s first settlement?

28

Who was the founder of Georgia and when was it founded?

29

According to the charter, what groups of people could not be Georgia colonists?

30

What Indians were led by Tomochichi?

31

What ship transported the first colonists to Georgia?

32

Where did James Oglethorpe and the first Georgia colonists land when they arrived in Georgia?

33

The original plan for Savannah called for the building of 4 what?

34

Who served as an interpreter for Oglethorpe?

35

Tomochichi allowed Oglethorpe to settle on a bluff overlooking what river?

36

The Germans under the leadership of John Martin Bolzius were referred to as the what?

37

What was the name of their settlement?

38

On which barrier island did the Salzburger settle?

39

What group settled at Darien?

40

Which battle provided a safe southern frontier for the British?

41

Name 3 areas of colonist discontent?

42

What policy did the king make to ensure that the trustees did not take advantage of the colony?

History (SS8H2c)

43

What term was used to describe those who complained about the policies of the trustees?

44

In 1752, Georgia became a ____colony?

45

Who were the three royal governors of Georgia?

History (SS8H3a)

46

Which 2 countries were involved in the French and Indian war?

47

What law forbade colonists to move west of the Appalachian Mountains?

48

The Proclamation of 1763 moved Ga.’s southern boundary to what?

49

How did the French and Indian War lead to America’s Revolutionary War?

50

What event began with snowball fight and ended with 5 deaths?

51

What declared the independence of the American colonies?

52

How many original colonies were there?

History (SS8H3)

53

Who was the primary author of the Declaration of Independence?

54

Where did the first colonial victory in Ga. during the American Revolution?

55

What British policy greatly affected Ga. by adding a tax on newspapers and licenses?

56

What was the British policy punishing Boston for the Tea Party?

57

Name the 3 Georgians that signed the Declaration of Independence.

58

Who headed the militia that defeated the British at the Battle of Kettle Creek?

59

Who was the commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution?

60

Who is the Revolutionary war heroine who has a county named for her?




61

What was the most significant result of the siege of Savannah?

62

Who was the black soldier who was seriously wounded at the Battle of Kettle Creek?

63

What was the opposite name of Loyalists?

History (SS8H4)

64

Why did the writers of Georgia’s first constitution (1777) want to limit the power of the governor?

65

Who was elected Georgia’s first governor under the Constitution of 1777?

66

What was the first written plan for the government of the United States called?

67

What was the purpose of the Constitutional Convention held in 1787?

68

Who were the 2 signers of the US Constitution from Georgia?

History (SS8H5)

69

What was the purpose of the headright system in Georgia?

70

What scandal took place when Georgia’s governor and some legislators were bribed to sell public land to private developers at below-market price?

71

What system replaced the headright system as a way of allocating land?

72

Who was the Creek leader in the Oconee War between the Creek and the Georgia pioneers?

73

Why was William McIntosh, a Creek chief, murdered by his own people?

74

What were the 2 main Indian tribes in Georgia?

75

The removal of the Cherokee from their land is referred to as what?

76

The Indians were taken to the Indian Territory, which is mainly what present-day state?

77

What was George Gist’s major contribution to the Cherokee culture?

78

What discovery led to the final Indian removal from Georgia?

79

Who was the Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court who ruled that Cherokee territory was not subject to state law?

80

Who was the Cherokee chief who took a petition of Congress protesting the Cherokee removal from their land?

History (SS8H5a)

81

What is a land grant university?

82

What is Georgia’s first land grant university?

83

By 1860, what were the 2 largest church denominations in Georgia?

84

Why did the capital of Georgia move so often?

85

What invention had the greatest effect on Georgia’s economy in the early 1800’s?

86

What were the 2 earlier names of Atlanta?

87

What railroad became the primary railroad in Georgia in the 1830’s?

88

Who invented the cotton gin?

History (SS8H6a)

89

Who wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin?

90

Would the northern states or the southern states believe that the interests of the national government should take precedence over the states? What is it called if you think that the state takes precedence over the national government?

91

According to the provisions of the Missouri Compromise, what state was admitted as a free state?

92

What is the belief the one region is better or more important that another region of the country?

93

What state entered the Union as a free state because of the Compromise of 1850?

94

Who led a raid on a federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry, Virginia?

History (SS8H6b)

95

What Georgia leader became the vice president of the Confederate States of America?

96

Who was the governor of Georgia during the Civil War?

97

What Supreme Court decision pushed the nation closer to war?

98

What was the statement from Georgia that supported the Compromise of 1850?

99

What was the purpose of the Fugitive Slave Law?

100

What was the name of the Union plan to isolate the western Confederate states?

101

What contributed to the lack of success of the Union blockade?

102

What were the 2 major campaigns fought in Georgia during the Civil War?

103

Which Union general led the “March to the Sea”?

104

Where was the notorious Confederate prison in Georgia?

105

Why was Chickamauga important to both the North and the South?

106

How was the Emancipation Proclamation a concession to the South?

107

What was the bloodiest one day battle of the Civil War?

108

What battle was considered the turning point of the war against the Confederacy? Where was this fought?

History (SS8H6c)

109

What was President Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction called?

110

In President Johnson’s Reconstruction plan what amendment to the Constitution had to be approved by the southern states?

111

Ultimately what was the goal of the Radical Republicans against the southern states?

112

What did the 13th Amendment do?

113

What did the 14th Amendment do?

114

What did the 15th Amendment do?

115

Help for the former slaves and poor whites came from what organization?

116

What best describes the differences between sharecropping and tenant farming?

117

Limitations on the type of jobs newly freed slaves could have and restrictions on their rights to vote and participate in the legal system were called what?

118

What organization wanted to return control of the southern governments to the Democrats by intimidation?

119

Why was Henry McNeal Turner and other black legislators expelled from the Georgia General Assembly?

120

How long did Reconstruction last in Georgia?

History (SS8H7a)

121

What young man was lynched in Marietta due to anti-Semitism?

122

Who benefited from the county unit system?

123

The racial unrest brought about by the Leo Frank case resulted in the creation of a chapter of the KKK who called themselves what?

124

Stories of black violence against whites in the Atlanta newspapers resulted in what?

125

What was Tom Watson’s greatest accomplishment?

126

The phrase that was used to reflect the change of the South in areas of business, industrialization, agriculture, race relations, and society was what?

127

The 3 Georgia leaders who shared a strong belief in white supremacy and states’ rights following Reconstruction were referred to as what?

128

What was held in Atlanta to showcase the industries of the New South?

129

Who were the members of the Bourbon Triumvirate?

130

Who coined the term “New South”?

131

What group of the population was supported by Tom Watson, a Georgia populist?

132

What was the major crop produced in Georgia when Reconstruction ended?

133

Who wrote for the Atlanta Journal and focused on the need for reform in the prison system?

History (SS8H7b)

134

What U.S. Supreme Court case ruled that segregated facilities much be equal?

135

African Americans were separated in schools, restrooms and waiting rooms because of what laws?

136

What court case gave the states the right to promote segregation?

137

What Constitutional amendment was violated by Jim Crow legislation?

138

In the early 1900s what methods restricted the voting rights of African Americans in Georgia?

History (SS8H8)

139

What 2 things hurt Georgia farmers in the early 1900s?

140

What insect feed on the white, fluffy cotton?

141

What 3 things caused the Great Depression?

142

What United States president is blamed for the Great Depression?

143

What was the nickname for the day the stock market crashed?

144

What is the belief that government should not interfere in the economy called?

145

Why did Georgia NOT immediately feel the impact of the stock market crash?

146

What Georgia governor did not support public welfare, voting rights for blacks, or federal assistance programs?

147

How many times was he elected governor?

148

From what group did he receive his greatest support?

149

Who was the president credited with bringing the US out of the Great Depression?

150

What was the program that paved the way for economic recovery in the United States?

151

What group of Georgians benefited most from the AAA?

152

What is the AAA?

153

The system of retirement and unemployment begun as a part of the depression recovery is called what?

154

What New Deal program provided loans to farmers’ co-ops so they could run power lines in rural areas?

History (SS8H7d)

155

What countries were allies in WWI?

156

What Georgia military installation trained infantry during WWI and is home to US Army infantry today?

157

What 3 ways did Georgia support WWI?

158

What was the most immediate cause of WWI?

159

Who were the Central Powers?

160

The German invasion of what country was the immediate cause of WWII?

161

Why did the US enter WWII?

162

Name 3 major members of the Axis Powers of WWII.

163

Name 3 major members of the Allied Powers of WWII.

164

Before the US entered WWII, it provided lend-lease aid to what 2 countries?

165

As its allies ran out of money with which to purchase war equipment, what system did the U.S. Start?

166

The extermination of 6 million Jews and other “undesirables” during WWII is referred to as what?

167

Who was the world leader who instigated this extermination?

History (SS8H7c/SS8H9b,d)

168

Who was the first black president of Atlanta Baptist College?

169

Today Atlanta Baptist College is known as Morehouse. Where is it located?

170

Who supported economic equality and vocational education for African Americans?

171

Who supported political equality for African Americans?

172

What business made Alonzo Herndon a successful businessman?

173

What Georgian is known as the “father of the 2-ocean Navy”?

174

What governor of Georgia established the Board of Regents of the University System and began school lunch programs?

175

What did the Bell Aircraft Company in Marietta produce during WWII?

176

Where in Georgia were Liberty ships built during WWII?

177

What New Deal program resulted from President Roosevelt’s view of rural Georgia while sitting on his porch in the evening?

178

Where did FDR die while sitting for a portrait?

179

Why did FDR spend so much time in Georgia?

History (SS8H10)

180

What has resulted in new crops and has changed the way farming is done in Georgia since WWII?

181

What is the key reason for the migration of people into Georgia since the 1960’s?

182

What percentage of Georgia’s population today lives in the Metro Atlanta area?

183

What term is used to describe the residential area immediately around cities?

184

Unplanned growth surrounding cities is referred to as what?

185

What problem was created by commuting from the suburbs?

186

What is the fastest growing population group in Georgia?

187

Racial moderation that included the integration of lunch counters was achieved during what mayor’s administration?

188

Who was the mayor of Atlanta credited with the removal of segregation signs in city hall and the integration of the city government and the fire department?

189

Aviation is the issue for which Mayor ____is best remembered?

190

Who was the mayor of Atlanta responsible for bringing professional athletic teams to the city?

191

Who was the Georgia native who was the first African American major league baseball player?

192

Who was the first governor of Georgia to serve a term of 4 years?

193

Who were the candidates in he Georgia Democratic primary for governor?

194

Abolishing the poll tax and adopting a new state constitution is credited to what governor?

195

What was the US Supreme Court case that ruled the separate-but-equal policy as unconstitutional?

196

What law withheld federal funds from schools that did not end segregation?

History (SS8H11a,b,c)

197

How did Dr. King favor bringing about social change?

198

What state commission studied the problem of school integration?

199

What action of Dr. King directly influenced the passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?

200

What civil rights movement abandoned the principles of Dr. King?

201

Who was the first African American to serve as a member of the Atlanta board of education?

202

During the 3 governors episode who was locked out of his office and set u p an office at the Capitol’s information counter?

203

Herman Talmadge made his greatest contribution as governor in what area?

204

During Herman Talmadge’s administration what was begun in order to fund a lengthened school year and school improvements?

205

In what year did the Georgia state flag become an issue in the race for governor?

206

What organization was founded 2 months after the 1960 sit-in at the Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, N.C.?

207

To promote civil rights for all citizens is the purpose of what organization?

208

The integration of interstate bus station waiting rooms in Albany was the focus of what movement?

209

Who was the first black mayor of Atlanta?

210

Who were the first African American students be admitted to UGA?

211

What governor appointed more African Americans to state boards than all prior governors combined?

212

Dr. King’s “I Have a Dream” speech is associated with what event?

213

Who was the first African American since Reconstruction to be elected to the House of Representatives from Georgia?

214

Who was appointed as UN ambassador from the US during the Carter administration?

History (SS8G2a,b,c)

215

What method of transportation moves the largest amount of freight in Georgia?

216

Where is the largest single container facility on the East Coast located?

217

The loss of American manufacturing jobs causes a ______in transportation jobs.

History (SS8H12)

218

From what area did most of the members of Ga.’s House of Representatives come from after the end of the county unit system?

219

What president helped bring about the Camp David Peace Accords?

220

What new cabinet position was created under President Carter?

221

Where was President Carter born?

222

What political positions were held by Jimmy Carter during his career?

223

The _______hostage crisis began during the Carter administration.

224

Who was the first Republican governor in Georgia in 130 years?

225

For most of the last 100 years Ga. was dominated by how many political parties?

226

The Stone Mountain tennis facility and the Georgia Horse Park were built especially for what event?

227

What word is an antonym for entrepreneur?

228

What entrepreneur is associated with Coca-Cola?

229

Perhaps the greatest risk taken by the makers of Coca-Cola in an effort to increase their profit was to change the soft drink’s ___.

230

Who was responsible for making Coca-Cola a nationally recognizable brand?

231

Name 3 international businesses that had their beginnings in Ga.

232

Who was the author of Gone With The Wind?

233

Who was the Georgian who was the founder of the American Girl Scouts?

Civics and Government (SS8CG1a,b)

234

How many articles are in Georgia’s state constitution?

235

Which branch of Georgia’s government is the largest?

236

To whom does the Georgia constitution give the right to control the government?

237

According to the system of checks and balances, the _____branch does not have the power to appoint state judges.

238

Name the 3 branches of government.

239

What term refers to the designation of certain powers to each of the 3 branches of government?

240

According to the system of checks and balances, the executive branch checks the legislative branch through the use of the ______.

241

What keeps one branch of government from becoming too powerful?

Civics and Government (SS8CG2)

242

What are the requirements to serve in the Georgia senate?

243

Does the Georgia General Assembly consider laws dealing with treaties?

244

How long is the regular session of the Ga. General Assembly?

245

What are the requirements to serve in the Ga. house of representatives?

246

What type of legislation must begin in the House of Representatives?

247

How long is the term of a member of the Georgia General Assembly?

248

To confirm all the executive appointments is the unique power of the ______.

249

The ____________has law-making power over all areas not specifically assigned to the United States Constitution.

250

How many legislators serve in Ga. House of Representatives?

251

How many people serve in the Ga. State Senate?

252

A _______committee is a permanent legislative committee.

253

To review bills before they come to the floor for discussion is the main purpose of a legislative ________________.

254

Who presides over the Georgia State Senate?

255

Who presides over the Georgia House of Representatives?

256

When the house and the senate version of a bill differ after being passed by their respective bodies, the bill is referred to a ________committee.

257

What happens to a bill passed by the legislature if the governor does not veto it, but does not sign it?

258

What vote is required in the house of representatives in order for a bill to pass?

259

If the governor vetoes a bill, the legislature can override the veto by a _____________of both houses.

Civics and Government (SS8CG3a,b)

260

What is the maximum number of consecutive years that a Ga. governor may serve as the state’s chief executive officer?

261

Who becomes Georgia’s governor in the event both the governor and the lieutenant governor are unable to serve?

262

What types of powers are given to Ga.’s governor by the state constitution?

263

What qualifications are required to be elected governor?

264

How many consecutive years can a lieutenant governor serve in that capacity according to Ga.’s constitution?

265

The chief legal officer of the state is the ______.

266

What office maintains the state’s official records and supervises elections?

267

The lieutenant governor most effectively affects the passage of failure of legislation in the state senate by _______.

268

The power to pardon criminals is a ______power of the governor.

Civics and Government (SS8CG4)

269

What courts are found in each county in Georgia?

270

Whether or not a person accused of a crime should be charged and stand trial for that crime is decide by whom?

271

How long is the term of a member of the Georgia state supreme court?

272

How many justices serve on the Georgia state supreme court?

273

What types of cases are automatically reviewed by the state supreme court?

274

Name the 2 types of court cases.

275

What are the most serious criminal crimes called?

276

Who has the burden of proof in a criminal case?

277

Who has the burden of proof in a civil case?

278

What are the less serious criminal crimes called?

279

A juvenile in Georgia is one who is under the age of _____.

280

How are juvenile judges selected?

281

Juveniles in Georgia are not guaranteed the right to _______when being detained.

282

What protection does NOT apply to juveniles in Georgia’s courts?

283

Working at a kitchen in a homeless shelter is an example of ________ _________ that could by assigned by a juvenile judge.

284

Who determines if a juvenile who is taken into custody should be detained or released to his or her parents?

285

What is an act that would be considered a crime if committed by an adult?

286

What refers to an act that would not be considered a crime if committed by an adult?

287

A juvenile is not arrested, but is rather _____ ______ _____.

Civics and Government (SS8CG5)

288

How many counties does Georgia have today?

289

What is an example of a consolidated city-county government?

290

Which term describes a city with its own government?

291

What is the name of Georgia’s oldest city?

292

Name 3 forms of city government.

293

What is the most common type of city government in Georgia?

294

A county board of education or a port authority are examples of _____________district form of government.

Civics and Government (SS8CG1)

295

What are the dominant political parties in Georgia today?

296

What were the 2 earliest political parties?

297

What is the process by which a person from another country can become an American citizen?

298

What financial responsibility does a citizen have toward the government?

299

How old must a person be to vote in Georgia today?

300

Who is the chief election officer in Georgia?

Economics (SS8E4)

301

What is the name given to Georgia’s budgetary spending year?

302

From where does the largest source of Georgia’s income come?

303

For what is the largest expenditure of state funds?

304

What is the largest source of revenue for county governments?

Economics (SS8E5)

305

When is the best time to borrow money?

306

What type of bank accounts provides the most flexibility?



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