He and Inoguchi

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W. P. scott

  • Regionalism is an approach to study the behavior that emphasizes the geographical region as the unit of analysis, stressing the relationship between man and his immediate physical environment.
  • Economic social and cultural organization are analyzed in the terms of their interrelationships and functions within the geographic region
  • The term regionalism conveys the sense of intentional, top down region-building – involving inter-governmental collaboration. Regionalization refers to the growing density of interaction and co-operation between neighboring countries.
  • Regionalism is an inspirational and revolutionary involving the reorganization of political, economic, cultural, and social lives along the lines of an imagined region than according to the standard political unit of the nation-state.
  • He and Inoguchi

  • Marshall E. Dimock considers regionalism “as a clustering of environmental economic, social and governmental factors to such an extent that a distinct consciousness of separate identity within the whole, a need for administrative planning, manifestation of cultural peculiarities and a desire for administrative freedom, theoretically recognized and actually put into effect.

Regionalization and Globalization

  • Regionalism and globalization are two concept which are interrelated.
  • Regionalism is the process through which geographical regions become significant political and/or economic units serving as the basis for cooperation and possibly identity whereas, Globalization is the interconnectedness and interdependence of states, forming a process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas, and other aspects of culture

Benefits of Regionalism (ABD report 2008)

  • Link the competitive strengths of its diverse economies in order to boost their productivity and sustain the region’s exceptional growth.
  • Connect the region’s capital markets to enhance financial stability, reduce the cost of capital, and improve opportunities for sharing risks.
  • Cooperate in setting exchange rate and microeconomic policies in order to minimize the effects of global and regional shocks and to facilitate the resolution of global imbalances.
  • Pool the region’s foreign exchange reserves to make more resources available for investments and development.
  • Exercise leadership in global decision making to sustain the open global trade and financial systems that have supported a half century of unparalleled economic development.
  • Build connected infrastructure and collaborate on inclusive development to reduce inequalities within and across economies and thus to strengthen support for pro-growth policies; and
  • Create regional mechanisms to manage cross-border health, safety, and environmental issues better.

Further benefits of the world to Asian regionalism

  • Generate productivity gains, new ideas, and competitions that boosts economic growth and raise incomes across the world.
  • Contribute to the efficiency and stability of global financial markets by making Asian capital markets stronger and safer, and by maximizing the productive use of Asian savings
  • Diversify sources of global demand, helping to stabilize the world economy and diminish the risk posed by the global imbalances and downturns in the major economies
  • Provide leadership to help sustain open global trade and financial systems and
  • Create regional mechanisms to manage health, safety, and environmental issues better, and thus contribute to more effective global solutions of these problems.

Characteristics of Regionalism

  • Local identity. Strong local identity and a loyalty to the region
  • Autonomy. It can be economic and it can also be political

Features of Regionalism

  • Regionalism is a psychic phenomenon
  • It built around as an expression of group identity, as well as loyalty to the region
  • It presupposes the concept of development of one’s own region without taking into consideration the interest of other region
  • It prohibits people from other regions to be benefited by a particular region.

Factors Leading to a Greater Integration of the Asian Region

  • Trade. The world economy is intertwined with each other whether we like it or not. We all want or need something from another part of the world, and global trade facilitates that
  • Similar Culture. The cultures of Asia is diverse but they do share many things. This makes it an easier fit during times of negotiations.
  • Common Goals. The Asian region recognizes the mutual benefit of a slow integrations.

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