Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model



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Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Emergencies: Towards a Predictable Model

Draft V5








Table of Contents


Table of Contents 2

Introduction 4

Humanitarian Civil-Military Coordination in Asia 4

International Civilian Capabilities Deployed to Natural Disasters 10

Philippines 11

Section 1: Humanitarian civil-military coordination in the Philippines 11

Disaster risk profile (To be inserted) 11

Evolution of humanitarian civil-military coordination in the Philippines 11

National legal and policy frameworks for disaster management 15

Role of the Armed Forces as outlined in national legal and policy frameworks 16

Section 2: National coordination mechanisms and actors in disaster response 18

National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council 18

Armed Forces of the Philippines 19

Lead Government Agencies in Disaster Response 20

Subnational coordination 21

National cluster system 22

Operations Centres 26

Incident Command System (ICS) 26



Section 3: Coordination of Foreign Military Assistance 29

Mobilization of International Assistance 29

Coordination of Foreign Military Assets (FMA) 30

Humanitarian-Military Operational Coordination Concept (HuMOCC) 31

Multi-National Coordination Centre (MNCC) 32

Myanmar 35

Section 1: Humanitarian civil-military coordination
in Myanmar 35

Disaster risk profile 35

Evolution of humanitarian civil-military coordination in Myanmar 35

National legal and policy frameworks for disaster management 36



Section 2: National coordination mechanisms and actors in disaster response 39

National Natural Disaster Management Central Committee (NDMC) 39

Work Committees 39

District and Local Level Disaster Management Committees 40

Disaster Management Centre 40

Lead government agencies in disaster response 41

Armed Forces of Myanmar 41

Lead government agencies in disaster response 42



Section 3: Coordination of Foreign Military and Civilian Assistance 43

Indonesia 44

Section 1: Humanitarian civil-military coordination in the Indonesia 44

Disaster risk profile infographic 44

Evolution of humanitarian civil-military coordination in Indonesia 44

National legal and policy frameworks for disaster management 47



Section 2: National coordination mechanisms and actors in disaster response 48

Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana (BNPB) 48

Indonesian Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, TNI) 49

Lead government agencies in disaster response 50

National Cluster System 50

Subnational coordination 51

Emergency Operations Centres 52

Incident command system 52

Indonesia Rapid Response and Assistance (INDRRA) Team 53

Section 3: Coordination of Foreign Military Assistance 53

International assistance 53

Foreign Military Assistance (FMA) 57

Humanitarian-Military Operational Coordination Concept (HuMOCC) 58



Bangladesh 60

Section 1: Humanitarian civil-military coordination in Bangladesh 60

Disaster risk profile infographic 60

Evolution of humanitarian civil-military coordination in Bangladesh 60

National legal and policy frameworks for disaster management 62

National Disaster Management Act (2012) 62

Disaster Management Policy (2015) (is there an English translation?) 62

National Plan for Disaster Management (2010-2015) 62

Standing Orders on Disaster (2010) 62

Section 2: National coordination mechanisms and actors in disaster response 63

Mechanisms of Coordination at the National Level 64

Local Level Coordination Mechanisms 67

Role of Lead Government Agencies 68



Section 3: Coordination of Foreign Military and Civilian Assistance 77

Requests for International Assistance 77



Nepal 78

Section 1: Humanitarian civil-military coordination in Nepal 78

Disaster risk profile infographic 78

Evolution of humanitarian civil-military coordination in Nepal 78

National legal and policy frameworks for disaster management 80



Section 2: National coordinating actors and mechanisms in disaster response 82

Central Disaster Natural Disaster Relief Committee (CDRN) 82

National Emergency Operations Centre (NEOC) 83

Nepalese Armed Forces 84

Armed Forces coordination mechanisms and structures in disaster response 85

Armed Police Force of Nepal 86

Lead government agencies in disaster response 86

National Cluster System 87

Subnational coordination 88

Incident command system – (is the ICS used in Nepal?) 89



Section 3: Coordination of Foreign Military Assistance 90

International assistance 90

Foreign military assistance 91

Humanitarian-Military Operational Coordination Concept (HuMOCC) 91

Multi National Military Coordination Centre (MNMCC) 92


To be completed





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