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FABIO, INCLUI ESSA MENSAGEM NA PROVA:

CASO VOCÊ SEJA CONVOCADO, TRAZER ESSA PROVA PARA AS PRIMEIRAS AULAS.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 3 QUESTÕES:

Chapter 1 - Madras 1986
“He knows too much. I must ask you to do nothing.”

“But this time I caught him in the act. I have proof, witnesses, everything. There is no possible doubt.”

“I said he knows too much! The company can’t afford to have any problems. Our position is very sensitive in this country. We can’t afford to take risks. I am telling you once again – you will do nothing. And if there is any trouble, I’m afraid I shall have to hold you personally responsible. So be sensible for once in your life.”

“I see. So you are telling me to close my eyes to corruption and behave as if nothing has happened. Is that right?”

“I didn’t put it quite like that. But, if you insist, yes. What Vish does or doesn’t do is a minor matter compared with the company’s global strategy. Just try to get things in perspective. After all, you won’t be stuck in Madras for ever – I’ll make sure that you are not. So just go with the flow for a bit longer. When you’re in your next post this will all seem a very long way away, I can assure you. But meantime, no trouble. I hope I’ve made myself clear. Oh, and, by the way, I advise you to forget that we have had this conversation. Goodbye.”

Dick Sterling put the phone down. His hands were trembling. He was furious with himself for failing to persuade his boss in Delhi, Keith Lennox, to support him, and was disgusted at the mixture of veiled threats and vague promises Lennox had made.


Adapted from MALEY, Alan. He knows too much. Cambridge University Press, 1999. p.6

1. According to the text, Keith Lennox and Dick Sterling are

a) father and son.

b) union members.

c) close friends.

d) superior and subordinate.

e) college colleagues.

2. In the sentences “Our position is very sensitive in this country.” and “So be sensible for once in your life.” (paragraph 3), sensitive and sensible mean respectively

a) completely safe; responsive.

b) innocent; inoffensive.

c) easily affected; reasonable.

d) conservative; harmful.

e) worried; stupid.

3. The sentence “So just go with the flow for a bit longer.” (paragraph 5), the expression go with the flow means

a) don’t accept corruption.

b) don’t accept bribery.

c) don’t fight vague promises.

d) don’t accept threats.

e) don’t fight prevailing trends.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 3 QUESTÕES:



Children experience basic training and mock deployment
The 460th Force Support Squadron (FSS) hosted the 6th Annual Operation Future Forces (OFF) Sept. 13, 2014, at Camp Rattlesnake. OFF allows children ages 8-18 to experience what military members endure from basic training to technical school to a mock deployment, ending with a homecoming party.

“The youth mock deployment was developed to alleviate many of the stresses commonly experienced by young family members when one or both parents are deployed,” said Thomas Cox, 460th FSS youth program chief. “Everything from basic training, tech schools, camp activities and accomplishing their mission as a team made the event a one of a kind opportunity for military kids.”

A few of the boys had their heads shaved before heading off to “Basic Military Training.” The training consisted of doing push-ups and sit-ups, jumping through hula-hoops and running through an inflatable castle. They were also taught how to stand at attention, salute and do an about-face.

After basic training, each child attended “technical school” and was taught a specific Air Force Specialty Code to help them in their mock deployment. Some children were taught lifesaving self-aid and buddy care skills while others learned about the importance of radio communications while on a deployment.

The tech-school graduates were then issued water pistols before heading out. During their deployment, the children encountered hostile and non-hostile citizens, a water-balloon fight and injured allies who needed help along the way.

At the end of a long day, loved ones waited outside the youth center on base with homemade signs welcoming the “troops” back home.

“This event was great,” said Senior Airman Jasmine Madison, 460th FSS Force Support Force Management technician. “It’s a way for kids to get a hands-on understanding of what their parents do when they are separated from them during deployments.”
Adapted from http://www.buckley.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123424927

4. According to the text, what is a mock deployment?

a) traveling on a peacekeeping mission.

b) simulation of a movement of troops on a mission.

c) rescue mission in a conflict area.

d) coming back home after a mission abroad.

e) going on a real mission in another country.

5. According to the text, choose the correct statement.

a) All the children had their heads shaved.

b) Some children were injured during the event.

c) All the children learned about radio communications.

d) The event happens every year and lasts only one day.

e) The objective of the program is to recruit civilian parents.

6. In the sentence “During their deployment, the children encountered hostile and non-hostile citizens, a water-balloon fight and injured allies who needed help along the way.” (paragraph 5), the words their and who respectively refer to

a) the children and citizens.

b) water pistols and injured allies.

c) the children and injured allies.

d) deployment and non-hostile citizens.

e) graduates and a water-balloon fight.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 2 QUESTÕES:

Texto para a(s) questão(ões) abaixo.


About half of the world’s population is at risk of contracting dengue, according to the World Health Organization. The mosquito is found in tropical and subtropical climates around the world; however, dengue does not naturally occur in these creatures: the mosquitoes get dengue from us.

The mechanism of dengue infection is simple. Female mosquitoes bite humans because they need the protein found in our blood to produce eggs. (Male mosquitoes do not bite.) If the mosquito bites someone with dengue – and then, after the virus’s roughly eight - to 12 - day replication period, bites someone else – it passes dengue into its next victim’s bloodstream.

There is no vaccine against dengue, but infecting mosquitoes with a natural bacterium called Wolbachia blocks the insects’ ability to pass the disease to humans. The microbe spreads among both male and female mosquitoes: infected females lay eggs that harbor the bacterium, and when Wolbachia-free females mate with infected males, their eggs simply do not hatch. Researchers are now releasing Wolbachia-infected females into the wild in Australia, Vietnam, Indonesia and Brazil.
Scientific American, June 2015. Adaptado.

7. Segundo o texto, a bactéria Wolbachia, se inoculada nos mosquitos, bloqueia a transmissão da dengue porque

a) torna os machos estéreis.

b) interfere no período de acasalamento dos mosquitos.

c) impede a multiplicação do vírus nas fêmeas.

d) impede a eclosão dos ovos que contêm o vírus.

e) diminui a quantidade de ovos depositados pelas fêmeas.

8. De acordo com o texto, a infecção por dengue

a) propaga-se quando mosquitos fêmeas picam seres humanos infectados e retransmitem a doença a outras pessoas.

b) é provocada por mosquitos infectados depois do acasalamento.

c) desenvolve-se por meio das fêmeas, que transmitem o vírus para os machos, num círculo vicioso que se repete periodicamente.

d) desenvolve-se no corpo humano após doze dias da picada, período de incubação do vírus.

e) altera a proteína presente no sangue humano que é procurada pelos mosquitos fêmeas.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 3 QUESTÕES:

Para responder à(s) questão(ões), leia o texto abaixo.

Working for on-demand startups like Uber and TaskRabbit is supposed to offer flexible hours and higher wages, but many workers have found the pay lower and the hours less flexible than they expected. Even more surprising: percent of those chauffeuring passengers and percent of those making deliveries said they lack personal auto insurance.

Those are among the findings from a survey about the work life of independent contractors for on-demand startups, a booming sector of the tech industry, being released Wednesday.

“We want to shed light on the industry as a whole,” said Isaac Madan, a Stanford master’s candidate in bioinformatics who worked with two other Stanford students and a recent alumnus on the survey of workers. “People need to understand how this space will change and evolve and help the economy.”

On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services: rides, cleaning, chores, deliveries, car parking, waiting in lines. Almost uniformly, those workers are independent contractors rather than salaried employees.

That status is the main point of contention in a recent rash of lawsuits in which workers are filing for employee status. While the survey did not directly ask contractors if they would prefer to be employees, it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days – all perks of full-time workers. Respondents also expressed interest in having more chances for advancement, education sponsorship, disability insurance and human-relations support.

Because respondents were recruited rather than randomly selected, the survey does not claim to be representational but a conclusion one may come to is that flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that!
SFChronicle.com and SFGate.com, May 20, 2015. Adaptado.

9. Um dos resultados da pesquisa realizada com prestadores de serviços de empresas do tipo “on-demand” mostra que esses trabalhadores

a) consideram a flexibilidade do horário de trabalho o ponto alto de sua opção profissional.

b) pagam seus próprios seguros-saúde e planos de aposentadoria.

c) investem no seu aprimoramento profissional para obter melhores ganhos no futuro.

d) têm a opção de tirar férias quando desejarem, com o apoio das empresas e dos familiares.

e) desejam ter os mesmos benefícios sociais que trabalhadores assalariados.

10. Segundo o texto, empresas do tipo “on-demand”

a) têm pouco contato com seus prestadores de serviços, o que dificulta o estabelecimento de planos de carreira.

b) são intermediárias entre usuários e prestadores de serviços acionados por meio de aplicativos.

c) remuneram abaixo do mercado seus prestadores de serviços.

d) exigem dos prestadores de serviços um número mínimo de horas trabalhadas por dia.

e) estão crescendo em número, mas são criticadas pela qualidade de seus serviços.

11. Outro resultado da mesma pesquisa indica que

a) grande parte dos trabalhadores em empresas “on-demand” não pensa em ter um registro formal de trabalho.

b) nem todos os trabalhadores em empresas “on-demand” estão preparados para arcar com o custo de sua flexibilidade no trabalho.

c) muitos dos entrevistados que prestam serviços nas empresas “on-demand” também têm um trabalho formal.

d) vários dos entrevistados buscam o trabalho “on-demand” por conta do status que ele proporciona.

e) as vantagens de um emprego formal são menores se comparadas com as vantagens envolvidas no trabalho “on-demand”.

12. Read the cartoon and answer the following question(s):



According to the comic strip it is CORRECT to infer:

a) The park is so big that one character insists to stay close to the other.

b) The two characters have the same feeling for each other.

c) One character is not the other’s friend because he is very sincere.

d) One character doesn’t consider the other as its friend.

e) Because one character is staying close to the other they are friends.

13. Brainy, Yes, but Far From Handy
STANFORD, Calif. — In factories and warehouses, robots routinely outdo humans in strength and precision. Artificial intelligence software can drive cars, beat grandmasters at chess and leave “Jeopardy!” champions in the dust.
But machines still lack a critical element that will keep them from eclipsing most human capabilities anytime soon: a well-developed sense of touch.
Consider Dr. Nikolas Blevins, a head and neck surgeon at Stanford Health Care who routinely performs ear operations requiring that he shave away bone deftly enough to leave an inner surface as thin as the membrane in an eggshell.
Dr. Blevins is collaborating with the roboticists J. Kenneth Salisbury and Sonny Chan on designing software that will make it possible to rehearse these operations before performing them. The program blends X-ray and magnetic resonance imaging data to create a vivid three-dimensional model of the inner ear, allowing the surgeon to practice drilling away bone, to take a visual tour of the patient’s skull and to virtually “feel” subtle differences in cartilage, bone and soft tissue. Yet no matter how thorough or refined, the software provides only the roughest approximation of Dr. Blevins’s sensitive touch.
Disponível em: . Acesso em: setembro de 2014.

Select the alternative that is TRUE to the text.

a) Robots can do almost everything better than man, but man’s sense of touch.

b) Artificial intelligence is surpassing man’s intelligence.

c) Robots will soon eclipse man’s capabilities.

d) New software will soon perform very thorough surgeries.

e) The software’s touch is better than Dr. Blevin’s sensitive touch.

14. An Italian Holiday Home For One Euro


Are you looking for a holiday home in Italy? Why not buy a home in the picturesque town of Gangi for one Euro? This offer may seem too good to be true, but there’s a catch: you have to promise to renovate the property within three years and this could cost you €20,000. Gangi’s mayor came up with the idea to put some life back into the Sicilian town. Poverty caused many inhabitants to leave after World War II. The idea is attracting interest from all over the world. Would you buy one of these homes?
Disponível em: . Acesso em: setembro de 2014
These words from the text: picturesque, too good to be true, catch, came up, poverty could be replaced with no change in their meanings for the following words respectively.

a) pictorial, fabulous, cash, occur, power.

b) pretty, unbelievable, a slight problem, thought of, poor economic conditions.

c) picture, amazing, drawback, arise, indigence.

d) charming, trustful, take, come, shortage.

e) delightful, wonderful, caught, happen, lack.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 2 QUESTÕES:

A tira a seguir é referência para a(s) próxima(s) questão(ões).


15. Hobbes suggests that Calvin should not think about the result of a writing task but rather have fun with the process of creating. Why is this suggestion NOT a profitable one?

a) Because Calvin is doing his final exams.

b) Because Calvin cannot be creative while writing.

c) Because Calvin feels he will fail his writing course.

d) Because Hobbes does not know how much effort the process of writing requires.

e) Because Calvin was sent to the psychologist at school every time he had fun with writing.

16. Consider the question Calvin asks: “How can you be creative when someone’s breathing down your neck?”. The purpose of it is:

a) to complain about the result of a test.

b) to complain about writing a text on teaching.

c) to question why someone has to learn how to write.

d) to question how someone can be creative and meet the requirements of a writing task.

e) to question why someone has to be standing at the back of another person, by his or her neck.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 2 QUESTÕES:



IRON MAN DESIGNERS TO BUILD BODY ARMOUR FOR US ARMY
Hollywood special effect team is working on a new Iron Man 'agile exoskeleton' for US soldiers
The Oscar-nominated special effects team behind the Iron Man suit has been contracted to design body armour for the US military.

Legacy Effects, a Hollywood design studio based in California, has previously worked on power suits for films such as RoboCop, Captain America, The Terminator and Iron Man. Now, the company is building body armour equipped with an "agile exoskeleton" that will allow soldiers to carry hundreds of pounds of equipment, the Wall Street Journal reports.

"We are trying to be revolutionary," said Mike Fieldson, who manages the US military project known as the Tactical Assault Light Operator Suit (Talos).

Three prototypes have been presented to the Pentagon by teams of bioengineers, technologists and a Canadian company that studies insect and animal exoskeletons. The prototypes will contribute to the creation of a new generation of body armour which the US Special Operations Command aims to complete within four years.

The suits are designed to protect soldiers from bullets, explosions and bayonet attacks.

Legacy Effects admits that bringing an Iron Man to life presents significant challenges. For one thing, a real-life version of the suit would add extra bulk to a soldier limiting his or her agility. Also, the company estimates that the Iron Man suit would probably weigh about 180kg, and would need to be supported by a mobile exoskeleton, 1but "none of the exoskeletons in the industry are capable of moving that much weight", SlashGear reports.

Russ Angold of Ekso Bionics, a company that designs exoskeletons for medical use, says that power armour in films offer an unrealistic model, so engineers are presently trying to make the suits more practical. "Hollywood has definitely made the Iron Man suit impossibly thin, impossibly light, impossibly agile and impossibly energy efficient. So we're really trying to solve the problem and ask the question: What would Iron Man look like if it was real?"

The US military has so far spent about $10 million on Talos, prompting the armed services committee to request a briefing on the project to ensure taxpayer money is not being wasted.

"Will you ever have an Iron Man? I don't know," said Brian Dowling, a former soldier involved in the project. "But you'll have some greatly improved technology along the way".
Fonte: http://www.theweek.co.uk/world-news/59323/iron-man-designers-to-build-body-armour-for-us-army

Acesso: 13/ago/2014

17. O projeto Talos

a) tem por objetivo construir uma prótese a ser usada por soldados americanos.

b) foi idealizado há quatro anos e três protótipos foram apresentados.

c) é constituído por uma equipe formada por militares americanos e pesquisadores aposentados.

d) conta com a participação do studio que desenvolveu a armadura do Iron Man.

e) faz parte de um projeto mais amplo desenvolvido pela empresa americana Legacy Effects.

18. A vestimenta idealizada no projeto Talos deverá satisfazer apenas uma das condições abaixo:

a) não ultrapassar o orçamento de 10 milhões de dólares previsto pelo governo americano.

b) ajustar-se ao corpo humano independentemente do peso e do tamanho do usuário.

c) oferecer condições de realizar operações militares carregando muito peso.

d) auxiliar o soldado em combate, aumentando o tempo em incursões militares não motorizadas.

e) ser funcional e conter bateria duradoura e recarregável por energia solar.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 2 QUESTÕES:

Para responder a(s) questão(ões), leia o texto a seguir.


Food habits and their origins
All people have their likes and dislikes and their beliefs about food, and many people are conservative in their food habits. 4They tend to like what their mothers cooked for them when they were young, the foods that are served on festive occasions or those eaten with friends and family away from home during their childhood. The foods that adults ate without a second thought in childhood are seldom totally disagreeable to them in later life.

1What one society regards as normal or even highly desirable, however, another society may consider revolting or totally inedible. 2Animal milk is commonly consumed and liked by many people in Asia, Africa, Europe and the Americas, but in China it is rarely taken. 5Lobsters, crabs and shrimps are considered delicacies and prized foods by many people in Europe and North America, but are revolting to many people in Africa and Asia, especially those who live far from the sea. The French eat horse meat; the English generally do not. 3Many people will delightedly consume the flesh of monkeys, snakes, dogs and rats or will eat certain insects, yet many others find these foods most unappealing. Religion may have an important role in forbidding the consumption of certain foods. For example, neither the Muslim nor the Jewish peoples consume pork, and Hindus do not eat beef and are frequently vegetarians.

Food habits differ most widely in regard to which foods of animal origin are liked, disliked, eaten or not eaten in a society. The foods in question comprise many of those that are rich in good-quality protein and that contain haem iron, both of which are important nutrients. People who do not consume these foods are deprived of the opportunity of obtaining these nutrients easily. 6On the other hand, those who overconsume animal flesh, some seafoods, eggs and other foods of animal origin will have undesirable amounts of saturated fat and cholesterol in the diet. Balanced consumption is the key.



41

Michael C. Lotham, 1997.
Fonte: Disponível em: http://portals.wi.wur.nl/foodnut/latham/Lathamchap4.htm. Acesso em: 15 set. 2014. (adaptado)

19. Assinale a alternativa que sintetiza o conteúdo do primeiro parágrafo.

a) Hábitos alimentares são adquiridos desde a infância.

b) Adultos não gostam das comidas que fizeram parte de sua infância.

c) A melhor comida é aquela preparada pela mãe.

d) As comidas preferidas da infância podem afetar a saúde na velhice.

e) Os adultos são mais conservadores do que os jovens em relação à comida.

20. Sobre as peculiaridades da alimentação em diferentes culturas, é correto afirmar:

a) O leite animal é consumido em todos os continentes, sendo especialmente admirado na China.

b) Lagosta, caranguejo e camarão são iguarias na África, na Ásia e em alguns lugares da Europa.

c) Embora apreciem a carne de cavalo, os franceses não comem carne de macaco, de cobra, de cachorro e de rato.

d) As religiões de muçulmanos e de judeus proíbem o consumo de carne de porco.

e) Apenas os hinduístas vegetarianos não comem carne de gado.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 5 QUESTÕES:



CUL8R

If you’re one of the 70% of cell-phone users who use text messaging, you know that CUL8R means “See you later.”

“Texting” is now the new way to talk (or “tlk”), especially for young people. But why is that?

IT’S A LOVE THING – There’s no doubt about it, text messages are for personal communication. Only of messages are work related, and the peak hours for texting are between and at night!

Most users (64%) say texting is a good way to send romantic messages – it’s easier to say “I love you” in a text message than in a phone call. Maybe that explains why more people now use texting to send Valentine’s Day messages.

UPSIDES AND DOWNSIDES – Generally, texting is cheaper than making phone calls. It’s also more direct, since you can send or get information without having to ask and answer polite “How are you?” questions. And it’s more discreet, too. No one can hear your “conversations,” and you can receive text messages almost anywhere – at work, in meetings, or in class. You can also use texting in noisy places like nightclubs, where using a cell phone is difficult.

A NEW LANGUAGE? – Because it’s quicker to “write” without apostrophes and vowels, texting has its own language. And it’s fun to use the symbols. There’s a best-selling dictionary (or “dxnre”) for texting called Wan2tlk?

Some people say that a texting encourages bad punctuation and spelling. On the other hand, more teens are writing than ever before. Now, that has to be a good thing.
(McCARTHY, M., McCARTEN, J. & SANDIFORD, H. Touchstone. Cambridge University Press. USA, 2005. Adaptado)

21. What do people use texting for?

a) Unfortunately, people use it just to have fun with friends.

b) They use texting to send messages to their bosses.

c) People text to solve problems at work regularly.

d) Most people use texting to cheat during a test at school.

e) Most people use it for personal communication. A few people use it for work.

22. Why do some people think text messaging is bad? Because

a) using texting is really very boring.

b) it is very difficult to get used to it.

c) it encourages bad punctuation and spelling.

d) it is faster than regular writing.

e) texting is funny but not useful.

23. What does “texting” mean, finally?

a) It’s a way of speaking teenagers use just not be understood by their parents.

b) It’s a book or other piece of writing, especially one connected with science or learning.

c) It’s a specific way of writing used by people who like to navigate the Internet.

d) It’s a special way of communicating by writing normally using the cell phone without the need of speaking.

e) It’s a special way of communicating which is a little more expensive than the usual one.

24. Why does texting need its own language? Because

a) people need to type fast.

b) nobody wants to be understood.

c) it’s funnier to write like that.

d) everybody gets crazy with texting.

e) young people like to be different.

25. According to the text,


I. it’s easier to say “I love you” in a text message than in a phone call.

II. texting is cheaper than making phone calls.

III. texting can be used in noisy places.

IV. texting doesn’t encourage teens to write more.

V. everybody can hear your texting conversation.
It is CORRECT just

a) II, III and IV.

b) III, IV and V.

c) I, III and V.

d) I, II and IV.

e) I, II and III.

TEXTO PARA AS PRÓXIMAS 4 QUESTÕES:

Air strikes in Iraq A time to act
by Lexington

OVERCOMING his deep wariness of overseas entanglements, President Barack Obama has authorised American generals to launch air strikes in Iraq against the fanatical jihadists of the Islamic State (IS). The first strike was carried out on August 8th within 12 hours of the president’s announcement, and involved the bombing of a mobile IS artillery piece near Erbil, capital of the autonomous Kurdish region in the country’s north.

Seeking to reassure a war-weary public, the president described two tightly defined missions that would trigger air attacks. First, the president told his public in a late-night address from the White House, warplanes would strike convoys of IS fighters if they threaten either American diplomats and troops stationed in Erbil or Baghdad.

Second, air strikes might be used to break an IS siege of thousands of civilians from the minority Yazidi sect, who have been trapped in mountains near the city of Sinjar without food and water, facing threats of mass slaughter from IS forces waiting below.

American transport planes dropped bundles of food and water onto the Sinjar mountains, with Kurdish peshmerga fighters on a nearby hilltop able to report that most were safely received — though more will doubtless be needed. Mr Obama cast the operations in glowingly humanitarian terms. America cannot and should not intervene in every crisis around the world, he said. But when America has a mandate, as it does in this case, after being asked for help by the Iraqi government, and when it has “the unique capabilities to help avert a massacre”, then his country could not “turn a blind eye”.


Aug 8th 2014 | www.economist.com

26. The underlined conjunction though in the 4th paragraph of the text could be replaced in the sentence, without changing its structure, by

a) albeit

b) otherwise

c) therefore

d) due to

e) instead of

27. According to the text,

a) in order to convince the American spectators, already sick of wars, Obama said the military action had a humanitarian appeal.

b) there will be air raids unless jihadists become a menace to American diplomats and soldiers.

c) the people who have got stuck in the mountains have no choice: they may either starve to death or be arrested by the Islam fundamentalists, if Americans don’t act soon.

d) Americans gave the Kurdish fighters water and food so they reported whether these were safely received.

e) America has a mandate granted by the Iraq administration to avoid the genocide of a minority in the mountains.

28. According to the text,

a) Americans have yet to get over their caution of meddling in other countries’ businesses.

b) the American president has curbed his air force to crack down on Muslim radicals in Iraq.

c) in the aftermath of Barack Obama’s speech, it took at most half a day for the first raid to be accomplished.

d) the American charge involved the explosion of a mobile US artillery piece close to Erbil.

e) the US are in the middle of a skirmish between the Kurds and the Islamic jihadists.

29. The underlined expression ‘turn a blind eye’ in the last paragraph of the text means

a) end up in a blind alley.

b) overlook something.

c) see the forest for the trees.

d) look into something.

e) oversee something.

TEXTO PARA A PRÓXIMA QUESTÃO:

The question(s) refer to the following comic strip:

30. According to the comic strip,

a) Calvin is asking his dad advice to build a tiger trap.

b) Calvin’s dad told his son he ought to give the tiger shelter and feed it.

c) Calvin’s dad got crossed for his son doesn’t realize he is a businessman and the boy had better not bother him with that kind of stuff.

d) Calvin’s dad was pleased to dispense his son a piece of advice.



e) Calvin’s dad told him, actually, to kill the tiger and fill it restoring its original appearance but the boy misunderstood it.

Gabarito:
Resposta da questão 1:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois afirma que Keith Lennox e Dick Sterling são, respectivamente, “superior e subordinado”. O texto coloca: “Dick Sterling put the phone down. His hands were trembling. He was furious with himself for failing to persuade his boss in Delhi, Keith Lennox, to support him” (Dick Sterling desligou o telephone. Suas mãos estavam tremendo. Ele estava furioso consigo mesmo por fracassar em persuadir seu chefe em Nova Deli, Keith Lennox, a ajudá-lo).
Resposta da questão 2:
[C]
Os adjetivos sensitive e sensible significam, respectivamente, “sensível” e “sensato”. Assim, a alternativa correta é a [C], pois sensitive é associado a “facilmente afetado” e sensible a “razoável”, “racional”.
Resposta da questão 3:
[E]
A expressão “to go with the flow” significa “ir ao sabor da maré”, no sentido de não criar oposição. Por esse motivo, a alternativa [E] é a correta, pois pode ser entendida como “não lutar contra as tendências prevalecentes”.
Resposta da questão 4:
[B]
A alternativa [B] está correta, pois afirma que a expressão destacada significa “simulação de um movimento de tropas em uma missão”. O texto coloca: “Some children were taught lifesaving self-aid and buddy care skills while others learned about the importance of radio communications while on a deployment” (Algumas crianças aprenderam a fazer curativos em si mesmas e a cuidar de seus companheiros enquanto outras aprenderam sobre a importância de comunicações por rádio durante uma missão).
Resposta da questão 5:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois afirma que “o evento acontece todo ano e dura apenas um dia”. O texto coloca: “6th Annual Operation Future Forces” (Sexta Operação Anual de Futuras Forças) e “At the end of a long day” (No fim de um longo dia).
Resposta da questão 6:
[C]
A alternativa [C] está correta, pois their refere-se às crianças e who aos aliados feridos. Tradução do trecho: “Durante sua missão, as crianças se deparavam com cidadãos hostis e não hostis, uma luta de bexigas com água e aliados feridos que precisaram de ajuda durante a missão”.
Resposta da questão 7:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois o texto coloca: "There is no vaccine against dengue, but infecting mosquitoes with a natural bacterium called Wolbachia blocks the insects’ ability to pass the disease to humans. The microbe spreads among both male and female mosquitoes: infected females lay eggs that harbor the bacterium, and when Wolbachia-free females mate with infected males, their eggs simply do not hatch" (não há nenhuma vacina contra a dengue, mas infectar mosquitos com uma bactéria natural chamada Wolbachia bloqueia a habilidade dos insetos de passarem a doença aos humanos. O micróbio se espalha tanto entre mosquitos machos quanto fêmeas: as fêmeas infectadas botam ovos que possuem a bactéria e quando as fêmeas sem a Wolbachia cruzam com machos infectados, seus ovos simplesmente não eclodem).
Resposta da questão 8:
[A]
A alternativa [A] está correta, pois o texto coloca: “Female mosquitoes bite humans because they need the protein found in our blood to produce eggs. […]). If the mosquito bites someone with dengue – and then, after the virus’s roughly eight - to 12 - day replication period, bites someone else – it passes dengue into its next victim’s bloodstream” (os mosquitos fêmeas picam os seres humanos porque eles precisam da proteína encontrada em nosso sangue para produzir ovos […]. Se o mosquito pica alguém com dengue – e então, depois do período de replicação do vírus de aproximadamente 8 a 12 dias, pica mais alguém – o mosquito transmite a dengue para a corrente sanguínea da próxima vítima).
Resposta da questão 9:
[E]
A alternativa [E] está correta, pois o texto coloca: "...it found that their top workplace desires were to have paid health insurance, retirement benefits and paid time off for holidays, vacation and sick days – all perks of full-time workers" (ele [o estudo] descobriu que seus maiores desejos [dos trabalhadores de empresas on-demand] eram de ter seguro de saúde, benefícios de aposentadoria, férias, feriados e licenças médicas remunerados todos privilégios de trabalhadores de tempo integral).
Resposta da questão 10:
[B]
A alternativa [B] está correta, pois o texto coloca: "On-demand, often called the sharing economy, refers to companies that let users summon workers via smartphone apps to handle all manner of services..." (On-demand, em geral chamadas de economia do compartilhamento, refere-se a empresas que permitem que os usuários convoquem trabalhadores por meio de aplicativos de smartphones para lidar com vários tipos de serviços...).
Resposta da questão 11:
[B]
A alternativa [B] está correta, pois o texto coloca: "...flexibility of new jobs comes with a cost. Not all workers are prepared for that!" (...a flexibilidade de novos empregos vem com um custo. Nem todos os trabalhadores estão prontos pra isso).
Resposta da questão 12:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois "uma das personagens não considera a outra como sua amiga". Temos na tirinha: "but I'm not your friend!" (mas eu não sou seu amigo!).
Resposta da questão 13:
[A]
A alternativa [A] está correta, pois segundo o texto "os robôs podem fazer quase tudo melhor do que os homens, exceto o sentido do tato humano". O texto coloca: "In factories and warehouses, robots routinely outdo humans in strength and precision" (nas fábricas e armazéns, os robôs rotineiramente superam os seres humanos em força e precisão) e "But machines still lack a critical element that will keep them from eclipsing most human capabilities anytime soon: a well-developed sense of touch" (mas as máquinas ainda não possuem um elemento crítico que as impedirá de eclipsar a maior parte das habilidades humanas em um futuro próximo: um sentido de tato bem desenvolvido).
Resposta da questão 14:
[B]
A alternativa [B] está correta, pois picturesque (pitoresca) pode ser entendido como bonita (pretty), too good to be true (bom demais para ser verdade) como unbelievable (inacreditável), catch (questão adversa) como a slight problem (um pequeno problema), came up (criou) como thought of (pensou em) e poverty (pobreza) como poor economic conditions (condições econômicas ruins).
Resposta da questão 15:
[E]
Segundo a tirinha, Calvin foi levado ao psicólogo da escola toda vez que ele se divertia ao escrever. O texto coloca: "Toda vez que eu faço isso [me divirto], eu acabo na sala do psicólogo da escola".
Resposta da questão 16:
[D]
A pergunta destacada pode ser entendida como: "Como você pode ser criativo quando alguém está fungando no seu pescoço?". A alternativa correta é a [D], pois diz que o propósito da pergunta é o de "questionar como alguém pode ser criativo e ao mesmo tempo satisfazer as exigências de uma tarefa escrita". As exigências são os prazos, as regras e as notas.
Resposta da questão 17:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois o texto coloca: "The Oscar-nominated special effects team behind the Iron Man suit has been contracted to design body armour for the US military" (A equipe de efeitos especiais indicada para o Oscar responsável pelo traje do Homem de Ferro foi contratada para desenvolver armaduras corporais para o militares norte-americanos).
Resposta da questão 18:
[C]
A alternativa [C] está correta, pois o texto coloca: "Now, the company is building body armour equipped with an ‘agile exoskeleton’ that will allow soldiers to carry hundreds of pounds of equipment" (agora, a empresa está construindo uma armadura corporal equipada com um "exoesqueleto ágil" que fará com que os soldados carreguem centenas de libras de equipamento).
Resposta da questão 19:
[A]
A alternativa [A] está correta, pois tem-se o seguinte trecho :"They tend to like what their mothers cooked for them when they were young, the foods that are served on festive occasions or those eaten with friends and family away from home during their childhood" (elas [as pessoas] tendem a gostar daquilo que suas mães cozinhavam para elas quando eram jovens, os alimentos que são servidos em ocasiões festivas ou aqueles comidos com amigos e família longe de casa durante a infância).
Resposta da questão 20:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois o texto afirma que "neither the Muslim nor the Jewish peoples consume pork" (nem os muçulmanos e nem os judeus consomem carne de porco).
Resposta da questão 21:
[E]
A alternativa [E] está correta, pois afirma que a "a maioria das pessoas uso o texting para comunicação pessoal. Poucas pessoas usam-no para o trabalho" O texto coloca: "There’s no doubt about it, text messages are for personal communication. Only of messages are work related..." (não há dúvida sobre isso, as mensagens de texto são para comunicação pessoal. Apenas 10% das mensagens são relacionadas a trabalho).
Resposta da questão 22:
[C]
A alternativa [C] está correta, pois diz que algumas pessoas acham o texting ruim pelo fato de "ele encorajar pontuação e ortografia erradas". O texto coloca: "Some people say that a texting encourages bad punctuation and spelling" (algumas pessoas dizem que o texting encoraja pontuação e ortografia erradas).
Resposta da questão 23:
[D]
A alternativa [D] está correta, pois afirma que o texting é "uma maneira especial de se comunicar escrevendo-se normalmente com o celular sem a necessidade de usar a fala". O texto coloca: "No one can hear your 'conversations', and you can receive text messages almost anywhere – at work, in meetings, or in class" ([por meio do texting], ninguém consegue ouvir suas 'conversas' em nenhum lugar - no trabalho, em reuniões ou em aula).
Resposta da questão 24:
[A]
A alternativa [A] está correta, pois afirma que o texting precisa de sua própria linguagem porque "as pessoas precisam digitar rapidamente". O texto coloca: "...it’s quicker to “write” without apostrophes and vowels, texting has its own language" (é mais rápido "escrever" sem apóstrofos e vogais, o texting tem sua própria linguagem).
Resposta da questão 25:
[E]
[I] Correta. A afirmação diz que "é mais fácil dizer 'eu te amo' em uma mensagem de texto do que em uma ligação telefônica". O texto coloca: "it’s easier to say 'I love you' in a text message than in a phone call", trecho idêntico à afirmação [I].
[II] Correta. A afirmação diz que "o texting é mais barato do que fazer ligações telefônicas". O texto coloca: "Generally, texting is cheaper than making phone calls" (em geral, o texting é mais barato do que fazer ligações telefônicas).

[III] Correta. A afirmação diz que "o texting pode ser usado em locais barulhentos". O texto coloca: "You can also use texting in noisy places like nightclubs" (Você também pode usar o texting em locais barulhentos como boates).


[IV] Incorreta. A afirmação diz que "o texting não encoraja os adolescentes a escreverem mais". Na verdade, o texto coloca: "'Texting' is now the new way to talk (or “tlk”), especially for young people (o texting é agora uma nova maneira de conversar - ou tlk - especialmente para os jovens).

[V] Incorreta. A afirmação diz que "todo mundo pode ouvir sua conversa por texting". Na verdade, o texto coloca: "No one can hear your “conversations,” and you can receive text messages almost anywhere – at work, in meetings, or in class" ([por meio do texting], ninguém consegue ouvir suas 'conversas' em nenhum lugar - no trabalho, em reuniões ou em aula).


Resposta da questão 26:
[A]
A conjunção though pode ser entendida como embora e tem albeit como sua sinônima. As alternativas [B], [C], [D] e [E] significam respectivamente "caso contrário", "portanto", "devido a" e "ao invés de".
Resposta da questão 27:
[A]
A alternativa [A] está correta, pois afirma que "a fim de convencer os espectadores americanos, já cansados de guerras, Obama disse que a ação militar tinha um apelo humanitário". O texto coloca: "Seeking to reassure a war-weary public, the president described two tightly defined missions that would trigger air attacks" (procurando tranquilizar um público cansado de guerras, o presidente descreveu duas missões bem definidas que provocariam os ataques aéreos) e "Mr Obama cast the operations in glowingly humanitarian terms" (o senhor Obama colocou as operações em termos bem humanitários).
Resposta da questão 28:
[C]
A alternativa [C] está correta, pois afirma que "depois do discurso de Barack Obama, demorou no máximo metade de um dia para o primeiro ataque ser realizado". O texto coloca: "The first strike was carried out on August 8th within 12 hours of the president’s announcement" (O primeiro ataque foi realizado em 8 de agosto dentro de 12 horas a partir do anúncio do presidente).
Resposta da questão 29:
[B]
A expressão idiomática "to turn a blind eye" significa ignorar. Assim, a alternativa [B] está correta, pois significa "desconsiderar algo".
Resposta da questão 30:
[E]
A alternativa [E] está correta, pois afirma que "o pai de Calvin pediu para ele, na verdade, para matar o tigre e empalhá-lo a fim de restaurar sua aparência original, mas o garoto compreendeu de forma errada". O garoto entendeu o verbo "to stuff" como rechear (no sentido de alimentar) e não como empalhar.


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