LearnSmart Review Chapter 10



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LearnSmart Review Chapter 10

  1. A Health care professional uses a stethoscope to listen to the breathing of a patient, this is known as…

    1. Auscultation

  2. Inflammation of the membrane that surrounds the lungs.

    1. Pleurisy or pleuritis

  3. Drug that prevents coughing

    1. antitussive

  4. Drug that expands the walls of the bronchi.

    1. bronchodilator

  5. Drug that encourages the expulsion of matter from lungs

    1. expectorant

  6. Drug that aids in the breakdown of mucus

    1. mucolytic

  7. A machine that administers respiratory medicine by creating a mist that is inhaled by patient.

    1. Nebulizer

  8. Removal of lung

    1. pneumonectomy

  9. Nosebleed (2)

    1. Epistaxis and rhinorrhagia

  10. Nostrils are medically known as….

    1. nares

  11. Lung condition caused by dust

    1. pneumoconiosis

  12. A new growth or tumor in the lung is known as.

    1. Pulmonary neoplasm

  13. Word root for diaphragm

    1. Phren/o

  14. Synonym for pleuritis

    1. pleurisy

  15. Blood in chest

    1. Hemothorax

  16. Air in chest

    1. pneumothorax

  17. Swelling in lungs

    1. Pulmonary edema

  18. Fluid pouring out into pleura

    1. Pleural effusion

  19. A group of tests that evaluate the condition and operation of the lungs

    1. Pulmonary Function Testing

  20. Incomplete expansion of the lungs

    1. atelectasis

  21. Expansion of the bronchi

    1. bronchiectasis

  22. Pus inside the chest

    1. empyema

  23. Paralysis of diaphragm

    1. phrenoplegia

  24. Disease causing episode narrowing and inflammation of airways

    1. asthma

  25. Diseased caused by alveoli to lose elasticity

    1. emphysema

  26. Inflammation of bronchi

    1. bronchitis

  27. Inflammation of bronchiole

    1. bronchiolitis

  28. Lung condition

    1. pneumnia

  29. A condition of over breathing or having too much air flow into and out of lungs

    1. hyperventilation

  30. Steth =

    1. chest

  31. Difficulty breathing

    1. dyspnea

  32. Cessation of breathing

    1. apnea

  33. Rapid breathing

    1. tachypnea

  34. Slow breathing

    1. bradypena

  35. Able to breath only in upright position

    1. orthopnea

  36. Puncture of chest

    1. thoracentesis

  37. Reconstruction of the chest

    1. thoracoplsty

  38. Hoarseness or bad voice condition

    1. dysphonia

  39. Mucus discharge from lungs caused by coughing

    1. sputum

  40. Coughing up blood

    1. hemoptysis

  41. Cough or spit material out of lungs

    1. expectoration

  42. Instrument used to look at nose and throat

    1. nasopharyngoscope

  43. Procedure to measure oxygen levels

    1. oximetry

  44. Procedure used to measure breathing

    1. spirometry

  45. Examination of chest

    1. thoracoscopy

  46. Method for artificially maintaining blood flow / airflow used when breathing and pulse have stopped

    1. CPR

  47. PFT

    1. Pulmonary Function Test

  48. Bluish color of skin caused by insufficient oxygen

    1. cyanosis

  49. Pain in pleura (2)

    1. Pleuralgia and pleurodynia

  50. Cost/o=

    1. rib

  51. Excessive carbon dioxide

    1. hypercapnia

  52. Condition of Insufficient oxygen

    1. hypoxia

  53. Insufficient oxygen in blood

    1. hypoxemia

  54. Creation of artificial opening in trachea

    1. tracheostomy

  55. Insertion of a tube inside trachea

    1. Endotracheal intubation

  56. Incision to trachea

    1. tracheotomy

  57. Spir/o

    1. breathing

  58. Capn

    1. Carbon dioxide

  59. Imaging procedure uses computer to cut

    1. CT (computed tomography)

  60. Imaging procedure for recording pulmonary vessel activity

    1. Pulmonary angiography

  61. Recording multiple aspects of sleep

    1. polysomnography

  62. COPD

    1. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

  63. Hyperventilation leads to

    1. hypocapnia

  64. Medical name for

    1. Throat- pharynx

    2. Voicebox- larynx

    3. Windpipe- trachea

    4. Air sacs- Alveoli

    5. Membrane around lungs- pleura

LearnSmart 11 Review

  1. End of digestive tract that is a collar of muscles

    1. External anal sphincter

  2. Word root for

    1. Liver- hepat/o

    2. Abdomen- lapar/o

    3. Bladder- cyst/o

    4. Duct – doch/o

  3. Place the parts of the small intestine in order from superior to inferior

    1. Duodenum

    2. Jejunum

    3. Ileum

  4. Pancreatolith is a condition of what where?

    1. Stones in pancreas

  5. Place the right abdominopelvic regions in order from top to bottom ( 3)

    1. Hypochondriac

    2. Lumbar

    3. Inguinal

  6. Inflammation of tongue

    1. glossitis

  7. Inflammation of salivary glands

    1. sialoadenitis

  8. Passing fluid or unformed feces (2)

    1. Dysentery and diarrhea

  9. Breaking tooth

    1. odontoclasis

  10. Disease where acid comes up from stomach and damages esophagus

    1. GERD

  11. Overformation of gum tissue

    1. gingivalhyperplasia

  12. Glossotrichia

    1. Overdevelopment of

  13. Pyloricstenosis



  14. Stomatomycosis



  15. Anosigmoidoscopy is a visual examination of what 2 structures?

    1. Anus and sigmoid colon

  16. Partial paralysis of stomach

    1. gastroparesis

  17. Organ protrudes through a wall that normally contains it

    1. hernia

  18. Condition of liver failure where bilirubin accumulates in blood and fat and turns skin yellow (2)

    1. Icterus and Jaundice

  19. Surgical reconstruction of gum tissue

    1. gingivoplasty

  20. Incision to remove gallstones

    1. cholelithotomy

  21. Incision into common bile duct

    1. choledochotomy

  22. Inflammation of abdominal muscle

    1. celiomyositis

  23. Disease of abdomen

    1. celiopathy

  24. Inflammation of bile duct

    1. cholangitis

  25. Inflammation of gall bladder

    1. cholecystitis

  26. To cut 2 bowl and suture them together

    1. anastomosis

  27. Pain in the rectum

    1. rectalgia

  28. An agent that neutralizes acid

    1. antacid

  29. Agent that prevents or relieves nausea or vomiting

    1. antimetic

  30. Agent that produces bowl movement

    1. cathartic

  31. Agent that causes salivation

    1. sialagogic

  32. A medical professional who specializes in

    1. Weight- Biratrician

    2. Stomach and intestines- Gastroenterologist

    3. Straighten teeth- Orthodontist

    4. Anus, rectum and colon – Proctologist

  33. RLQ and RUQ mean

    1. Right lower quadrant, and right upper quadrant

  34. What is the order that food passes through the intestines, starting closest to the ileum and going to the outside of the body

    1. Ascending colon, transverse colon, descending colon, sigmoid colon, rectum and anus

  35. Suture the intestines

    1. enterorrhaphy

  36. Procedure done to crush gallstones with sound waves

    1. cholelithotripsy

  37. What organs add contents into the food in the duodenum

    1. Liver and pancreas

  38. S shaped bend in the large intestine

    1. Sigmoid colon

  39. First part of the large intestine that appendix hangs from

    1. cecum

  40. Word root meaning anus/recum

    1. Proct/o

  41. Tooth pain caused by exposure to air

    1. aerodontalgia

  42. Tube that connects mouth to stomach

    1. esophagus

  43. In order food would pass from mouth to small intestine. Name structures in order

    1. Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, jejunum and ileum

    2. Cecum, ascending, transverse, descending, sigmoid, rectum and anus

  44. Hardening of the liver

    1. hepatosclerosis

  45. Anophony is an outcome of what condition

    1. flatus

  46. Incision into abdomen

    1. Ceilotomy

  47. Liver disease that causes yellow skin

    1. Cirrhosis

  48. Inflammation of membrane lining of abdominal cavity

    1. peritonitis

LearnSmart Review 12 with Answers

  1. Protein in the urine.

    1. albuminuria

  2. Abnormal enlargement of kidney

    1. nephromegaly

  3. Any kidney disease

    1. nephropathy

  4. Painful and persistent erection

    1. priapism

  5. Penile discharge (2)

    1. Balanorrhea or urethrorrhea

  6. Imaging procedure of the bladder and urethra produced during urination

    1. Voiding cystourethrogram

  7. Image of a kidney

    1. nephrogram

  8. Procedure for imaging the kidney using sound waves

    1. nephrosonography

  9. Word root for opening

    1. Meat/o

  10. Image of renal pelvis produced by injecting a contrast dye from bladder to kidney

    1. Retrograde pyelogram

  11. Emission of semen from urethra

    1. ejaculation

  12. Pair or organs used for sexual reproduction

    1. gonads

  13. Vessel carrying sperm from testicles

    1. Vas deferens

  14. Image of kidney blood vessel

    1. renal angiogram

  15. Primary place for filtering blood to form urine

    1. glomerulus

  16. Kidney specialist

    1. nephrologist

  17. Narrowing of opening of urethra

    1. Meatal stenosis

  18. Downward displacement of kidney

    1. nephroptosis

  19. Excessive urination

    1. Piuresis and polyureia

  20. 2 word roots for kidney

    1. Nephr/o and ren/o



  1. Breakdown of a stone

    1. lithotripsy

  2. Incision into a kidney to remove a stone

    1. nephrolithotomy

  3. Break down of kidney stones using sound waves generated outside of body

    1. Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy

  4. Lack of sperm

    1. aspermia

  5. Lack of a testicle

    1. anorchidism

  6. Hidden testicle

    1. cryptorchidism

  7. Lack of living sperm

    1. azoospermia

  8. Stone in bladder

    1. Cystolith

  9. Condition caused by obstruction of urine flow

    1. hydronephrosis

  10. Nightime urination

    1. nocturia

  11. Low urine output

    1. oliguria

  12. Pus in urine

    1. pyruia

  13. Form many fluid filled cysts in kidney

    1. Polycystic kidney disease

  14. HD

    1. hemodialysis

  15. Word root for bladder

    1. Vesic/o and cyst/o

  16. Another word for urination

    1. voiding

  17. Surgical removal of prostate

    1. prostatectomy

  18. Surgical removal of vas deferens

    1. vasectomy

  19. Cancer of the kidneys

    1. Renal cell carcinoma

  20. Night time involuntary urination

    1. Nocturnal enuresis

  21. VUR



  22. Surgical removal of foreskin of penis

    1. circumcision

  23. Surgical removal of testicle

    1. Orchiectomy

  24. Surgical fixation of a testicle

    1. orchiopexy

  25. Sugar in urine

    1. Glucosuria or glycosuria

  26. Non cancerous overdevelopment of prostate

    1. Benign prostate hyperplasia

  27. Normally used to divert urine flow away from a diseased bladder to create an opening in urinary tract

    1. urostomy

  28. Examination of the prostate using a finger inserted into rectum

    1. DRE or digital rectal exam

  29. Procedure using a probe inserted into the rectum

    1. Transrectal ultrasonography

  30. Image of the urethra

    1. urethrogram

  31. Procedure that involves inserting a scope into the urethra and removing all or part of the prostate

  32. VUR



  33. Birth defect in which the opening of the urethra is on underside of the penis

    1. hypospadias

  34. Fluid filled mass in a testicle

    1. hydrocele

  35. Condition characterized by low sperm production

    1. oligospermia

  36. Contraction of the foreskin of penis preventing it from being retracted

    1. phimosis

  37. Type of testicular cancer from sperm forming tissue

    1. seminoma

LearnSmart Review 13

  1. Painful menstruation

    1. dysmenorrhea

  2. Painful sexual intercourse

    1. dyspareunia

  3. Pain in uterus

    1. hysterodynia

  4. Absence of breasts

    1. amastia

  5. Bad formation of cervical cells

    1. Cervical dysplasia

  6. Downward displacement of vagina

    1. colpoptosis

  7. Narrowing of vulvar opening

    1. episiostenosis

  8. Blockage in fallopian tubes by blood

    1. hematosalpnix

  9. Blockage in fallopian tubes by water

    1. hydrosalpinx

  10. CIPP

  11. HSG

  12. BSO

  13. HPI

  14. Cx

  15. HRT

  16. 2 word roots meaning birth

    1. Part/o and nat/o

  17. Word root meaning woman

    1. Gynec/o

  18. Word root meaning vagina

    1. Colp/o and vagin/o

  19. 2 word roots meaning ovary

    1. Oophor/o and ovario/o

  20. Abnormal large breasts

    1. macromastia

  21. Abnormal small breasts

    1. micromastia

  22. Ovarian cyst

    1. oophorocystosis

  23. Blockage in fallopian tube caused by pus

    1. pyosalpinx

  24. Word element for labor

    1. Toc/o

  25. Word element for pregnancy

    1. cyesis

  26. 2 words meaning after birth

    1. Postpartum and postnatal

  27. Surgical puncture of the amnion

    1. amniocentesis

  28. No menstruation

    1. amenorrhea

  29. Narrowing of vaginal opening

    1. colpostenosis

  30. Ectopic pregnancy

    1. ovariocyesis

  31. Agent that stops or delays premature labor or contractions

    1. tocolytic

  32. Procedure recording the strength of labor contractions

    1. tocography

  33. Study of birth defects and causes

    1. teratology

  34. Record of a breast exam

    1. mammogram

  35. Test used to detect cancer cells in cervix

    1. Pap smear

  36. Procedure using sound waves to examine uterus

    1. sonohysterography

  37. Imaging procedure using sound waves emitted from a device inserted into vagina

    1. Transvaginal sonography

  38. Record of uterus or fallopian tubes

    1. hysterosalpingogram

  39. Instrument used to examine vagina and uterus

    1. Vaginoscope (vagina) hysteroscope (uterus)

  40. Slow labor

    1. bradytocia

  41. Shortening or tightening uterine muscle

    1. contraction

  42. Imaging pelvis using sound wave

    1. Pelvic sonography

  43. Hernia in perineal region

    1. perineocele

  44. Menstrual periods occurring with greater frequency

    1. polymenorrhea

  45. Surgical removal of breasts

    1. mastectomy

  46. 3 layers of the uterus from inside to outside

    1. Endometrium

    2. Myometrium

    3. Perimetium

    4. The parts of the uterus are the fundus, the body and the neck of the uterus which is the CERVIX

  47. Before birth

    1. prenatal


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