Listening Guide for musc 2133



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Listening Guide for MUSC 2133
When listening to these works, be sure to listen to each all the way through, several times if necessary. Please make notes to yourself regarding characteristics of the piece and clues to its identity (e.g., orchestra only, singing, fast, slow). When you take the listening portion of an exam, these pieces will be played in random order, and may or may not begin at the beginning of the piece.


Track

Period

Title

Composer

Genre

1

Medieval

Haec dies

Anonymous

Gregorian chant




This is monophony – all voices singing one line of music at the same time – called unison singing.Gregorian chant is also known as plainchant or plainsong. This music was traditionally sung by monks or other male clerics and was used during religious services.

Haec est dies
quam fecit Dominus.
Exsultemus et laetemur in ea.
Alleluia.

This is the day
which the Lord has made.
Let us rejoice and be glad in it.
Alleluia.

2

Medieval

Haec dies

Anonymous

Organum




Notice that the bottom voice singing the long notes is singing the chant melody heard in #1. This was the essence of organum – taking an existing, familiar chant melody and writing another melody above it. The compositional technique used is polyphony – two or more voices singing independent vocal lines.


3

Medieval

Hareu! Hareu! Helas!

Ou sera Obediens usque ad mortem

Machaut

Motet




Notice in this example that the instrument playing the bottom voice in long notes (referred to as a drone) is also playing the Haec dies melody. This carried organum even further. This is organum triplum, meaning that there were three distinct melodies written above the chant text, each with their own text. The three titles are the titles of the three different texts written above the chant melody. This is another example of polyphony.


4

Medieval

Saltarello

Anonymous

Instrumental




A saltarello was a lively, merry dance that developed from the galliard in Naples during the 13th century. It was danced in triple meter and named for its peculiar leaping step, after the Italian verb saltare ("to jump").


5

Renaissance

Agnus Dei

from Missa La sol fa



Josquin des Prez

Mass




This is polyphony. Note that all voices are singing the same text, but at different times. Notice the dovetailing, and several voices on each part.


6

Renaissance

Gloria

from Missa Papae Marcelli



Giovanni Palestrina

Mass




This is homophony. Note that all voices are singing individual parts, but are singing the text together at the same time. It is easier to hear the text here than in the other example. Note the use of many voices on each part, giving a full sound.

Gloria in excelsis Deo et in terra pax hominibus bonae voluntatis.

(Glory be to God on high, and on earth peace to men of good will.)


7

Renaissance

Bon jour mon coeur

Orlando di Lassus

Chanson




Note the French text, the use of a lute or theorbo (guitar type instrument) and the use of only one voice per part. Texture is light to match the text of the song (song about love).




Bonjour mon coeur, Bonjour ma douce vie
Bonjour mon oeil, Bonjour ma chere amie!
He! Bonjour ma toutte belle, Ma mignardise,
Bonjour mes delices, mon amour,
Mon doux printems, Ma douce fleur nouvelle,
Mon doux plaisir, Ma douce colombelle,
Mon passereau, Ma gente tourterelle!
Bonjour ma douce rebelle, Bonjour ma douce rebelle.


Hello, my heart, Hello, my soft life,
Hello, my eye, Hello, my dear friend!
Hé, Hello, my all beautiful, my preciousness,
Hello, my delights, my love;
My soft spring, My soft new flower,
My soft pleasure, My soft colombelle,
My sparrow, My gentle turtle-dove!
Hello, my soft rebels! Hello, my soft rebels!



8

Renaissance

Fair Phyllis

John Farmer

Madrigal




Note the light texture (one voice per part), text having to do with pastoral scene (shepherds and shepherdesses, love) the light rapidly moving vocal lines, use of hocket and tone painting. John Farmer uses clever word painting. For example, in the opening line "Fair Phyllis I Saw All Alone", Farmer had only one voice sing since she was all alone. In the next line "Feeding her flock near to the mountain side", all the voices sang since it was her flock.

Fair Phyllis I saw sitting all alone,


Feeding her flocks near to the mountainside.
The shepherds knew not whither she was gone,
But after her lover Amyntas hied:
Up and down he wander’d
While she was missing;
When he found her,
O, then they fell a kissing.


9

Baroque

Bouree and hornpipe

from Water Music



Handel

Orchestral




The King liked to journey up the Thames on the royal barge. On one occasion, the King held a party on the river and many musicians followed in another barge, playing Handel's music. The whole event was a great success and is mentioned in newspapers of the time.

10

Baroque

Hallelujah

from Messiah



Handel

Oratorio

chorus




The Messiah is an oratorio and is Handel’s most famous work. Although he was German, Handel lived in England for almost 50 years

11

Baroque

Prelude and Fugue in Cm

Bach

Harpsichord




The best known of Bach's clavier works is the famous set of preludes and fugues called The Well-Tempered Clavier. Each part consists of twenty-four preludes and fugues, one prelude and one fugue in each of the twelve major and minor keys.

12

Classical

Symphony No. 40 in G Minor


Mozart

Symphony







13

Classical

Eine Kleine Nachtmusik

(A Little Night Music)



Mozart

Orchestral

14

Classical

Symphony No. 94 in G

(Surprise Symphony)



Haydn

Symphony







15

Classical

Symphony No. 5 in Cm

Allegro con brio

Beethoven

Symphony







16

Romantic

The Moldau

from Ma Vlast



Smetana

Symphonic

poem







17

Romantic

March

from The Nutcracker

Tchaikovsky

from

Ballet







18

Romantic

Largo al factotum

from Il Barbiere de Sivigla



Rossini

Aria from

opera







19

Romantic

Ride of the Valkyries

from The Ring of the Nibelung



Wagner

from

Music Drama







20

20th Century

Rite of Spring

Stravinsky

Ballet







21

20th Century

Ancient Voices of Children

Crumb

Vocal







22

20th Century

Overture from Phantom of the Opera

Webber

Musical







23

20th Century

Star Wars Theme

Williams

Movie ST








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