Université du Québec à Montréal, Canada
Despite language laws in favour of French unilingualism in Quebec, Montreal remains a French-English bilingual city which offers immigrants the “choice” to acculturate to one or both linguistic communities. The Interactive Acculturation Model (IAM; Bourhis et al., 1997) proposes that host community acculturation orientations can play a major role in influencing the acculturation orientations of immigrant groups. Using the Host Community Acculturation Scale (HCAS) one aim of this study was to determine if the acculturation orientations of Montreal francophone (N=422) and anglophone (N=401) host community members were endorsed differently towards “valued” and “devalued” immigrants. The second goal was to determine if the acculturation orientations of anglophone host community members were more favorable towards immigrants than those of francophones in line with the latter’s status as a linguistic minority in North America (Bourhis, 1994). The third goal of the study was to establish the social psychological profile of francophone and anglophone host community members according to their preferred acculturation orientation. Results show that both francophones and anglophones were more integrationist and individualist towards “valued” than “devalued” immigrants while being less assimilationist, segregationist and exclusionist towards “valued” than “devalued” immigrants. Though Anglophones are members of a declining linguistic minority in Quebec (Bourhis, 2001), they tended to be more integrationist and individualist and less assimilationist than francophones towards both “valued” and “devalued” immigrants. Finally, the social psychological profiles of the acculturation orientations were very similar across both host communities, thus supporting the construct validity of the HCAS. Results are discussed using the IAM as a framework for conceptualising host communities-immigrant group relations in multicultural cities.