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Atlantic Canada in the Global Community

1.4 link human activity to the natural resources of the Atlantic region

1.5 identify and trace population and settlement patterns affecting Atlantic Canadians from Aboriginal to early new-world migration to the present day




Instructions: Identify the major natural resources found in Atlantic Canada. (p.160)

  1. _______________________________________________________________

  2. _______________________________________________________________

  3. _______________________________________________________________

  4. _______________________________________________________________

  5. _______________________________________________________________


Instructions: Show how each natural resource is connected to the four sectors of the economy. (p.157-158)





Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Quaternary






















































Instructions: Link human activity to the detriment or destruction of natural resources in

the Atlantic region. For an example, see p.273.

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Instructions: Explain sustainable development.

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Aboriginal Peoples (p.55-56)


  1. Why are the first Palaeoindian groups believed to have migrated to the Atlantic

region?

The first Paleo-Indian groups migrated to the Atlantic region because they were following game such as caribou and bison.




  1. Complete the table (see page 56): (also see pages 26-27 in Changing Your World)




Main Group

Natural Resources Used

Area Inhabited

Innu

stone, wood (tools), caribou, birch bark, waterfowl, fish

the eastern portion of the Québec-Labrador peninsula

Algonquian Nations

seals, moose, caribou, beaver and bear, smelt, herring, shellfish, eel, cod, and birch bark

Atlantic Canada

Inuit

whales, seals, fish and caribou

the northern coast of Labrador

Beothuk

stone, birch bark, caribou, fish, and Spruce bough

the island of Newfoundland




  1. Using the section on “”Effects of Contact,” answer the following questions:

    1. How did early European settlers benefit from the aboriginal peoples?

The European benefited from the aboriginal peoples because they learned how to cope with the harsh environment.

    1. What is ethnocentrism, and how did it affect relations between Europeans and

the aboriginal peoples?

Ethnocentrism is …

Relations were affected because it kept from appreciating and


    1. What happened to most aboriginal people as a result?

As a result problems developed, there were conflicts, and they were regulated by laws, and forced unto reserves
The Acadians (p.57-58)


  1. Why did immigrants settle in the Atlantic region in the early 1600s?

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  1. What two countries claimed ownership of the Atlantic region in the 1600’s and 1700’s? Which country eventually gained undisputed control? When? How?

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  1. Where did the Acadians come from? Where did most of them settle? What was their population and main occupation in 1750?

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  1. Why were the Acadians in a difficult situation after 1713?

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  1. What happened to the Acadians, their animals, and land in 1755? Why?

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  1. Why are there Acadians in the Atlantic region today?

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The British (59-60)


  1. What nationalities are included in the word “British”?

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  1. What brought the first British settlers to Newfoundland? Why was it called the

migratory fishery? When did settlements become more permanent?

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  1. Who did the British encourage to settle in the Maritimes in the 1760’s and the

1770’s? Why?

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  1. Who were the Loyalists? How many settled in the Atlantic region and in what areas?

Why?

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  1. Why did many Scots leave for North America in the late 1700’s? How many come to

Nova Scotia? Where did many of them settle?

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  1. Why did many Irish emigrate to North America in the 1840’s? What was the crossing like (see Figure 4.13)? How many come to the Atlantic Region? Why did some

leave?

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  1. Give four reasons why people of African descent came to the Atlantic provinces

between 1600 to early 1900. (p.61)


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  1. Give two reasons why immigrants came to Atlantic Canada after 1939. (p.63)


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Self –Test



Instructions: Match the group on the right with the description on the left. Each letter may be used more than once.





  1. C
    Group List


    1. Aboriginal peoples

    2. Acadians

    3. African-Canadians

    4. British

    5. Europeans

    6. Loyalists

    7. Irish

    8. Scottish

    9. War brides
    ame to Atlantic Canada in various waves. They were interpreters, slaves, Loyalists, deported Maroons, refugees of war, and sailors and steel workers.







  1. Came to escape the troubles after World War II.







  1. Came to Nova Scotia in the late 1700s because of the Enclosures Movement which forced them off the land.







  1. Came to the Atlantic provinces in the mid-1800s because a potato blight destroyed their crops and they faced starvation.







  1. Came to the Atlantic region following game such as caribou and bison.







  1. Came to the Grand Banks to participate in the migratory fishery.




  1. Emigrated from France and settled in the Annapolis Basin where they farmed.




  1. Gained control of the Atlantic region after decades of war as a result of the Treaty of Paris (1763).




  1. Includes people of English, Irish, Scottish, or Welsh origin.




  1. Learned from the First Nations how to cope with the harsh environment.




  1. They supported the British against the rebellious American colonies. They came to Nova Scotia attracted by government land grants.




  1. They were women who had married Canadian soldiers during the war, who came with their children in 1946.




  1. Were in a difficult situation in 1749 because they were required to swear an oath of allegiance or be deported. When they refused they were deported and their land and livestock were seized.


Instructions: Pick a natural resource found in Atlantic Canada and explain how human activity is linked to it in the various sectors of the economy.


Resource

Primary

Secondary

Tertiary

Quaternary

















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