Ocean Clean Up Negative



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Ocean Clean Up Negative DKC - NAUDL 2014-15

Ocean Clean Up Negative


Ocean Clean Up Negative 1

Ocean Clean Up Coming Now 4

Ocean Clean Up Coming Now - Extensions 5

Clean Up Efforts Kill Sea Life 7

Clean Up Efforts Kill Plankton 8

Plastics Don’t Kill off Species 9

Food Chain not protected by clean up 10

Food Chain not protected by clean up- Extensions 11

Clean Up Fails- Logistical Nightmare -- Location/Depth of plastics/Sea Life/ Ocean Conditions/ Economic viability 13

Clean Up Fails- Logistical Nightmare- General Extensions 14

Clean Up Fails- Logistical Nightmare- Sea Life Extension 15

Clean Up Fails- Logistical Nightmare - Ocean Conditions Extensions 16

Clean Up Fails- Size of the Ocean 17

Clean Up Fails- Depth of the Ocean 18

Clean up fails- Sinking plastic 19

Clean up fails- Experts Agree 20

Clean up fails- Experts Agree Extensions 21

Overconsumption Kritik 1NC 23

Overconsumption Kritik 1NC 24

K – Impact - Ocean Extinction 25

K – Impact - Environment 27

K Link – Plastic Clean Up 29

K Link – Oceans 30

K Link – Fed Gov/State 31

K Alternative – Individual Action 32

K Alternative – Individual Action Oceans 33

K Permutation Answers 35

K Permutation Answers 37

K Permutation Answers 38

Social Service Trade Off Link Ocean clean-up is a massive undertaking that could bankrupt nations. 39

Answer To: Project will pay for itself 40

Answer To: Project will pay for itself 42

Ban Plastic Bags Counterplan 43

Solvency- Banning plastic bags reduces use 44

Solvency: stops plastic at the source 45

Solvency: Reducing use of plastic 46



Inherency

Organizations and governments are working now to study and tackle the issue of plastic pollution in the oceans. Encouraging a number of efforts helps ensure a healthy market of ideas and information sharing to search for the best solution.


Sea Life Advantage

Efforts to clean plastic out of the ocean can have detrimental effects on sea life. These include killing plankton caught up in the system and larger animals being fouled in the the 100 km booms proposed to catch the plastics. Arguments also question the impact of plastic on death rates.


Solvency

Building a platform in the middle of the ocean to collect 50-80% of the plastic floating in the ocean is a major logistical challenge. Issues that must be accounted for include ocean depth, strength of the seas and storms, impact of sea life interacting with the machine, and how to pay for the set up. In addition, the effectiveness of the system is questioned since plastics can sink, the oceans are big, and experts don’t believe a passive retention system can work.


Overconsumption Kritik

Argues that technology silver bullets to fix our destruction of the planet are bad since they allow humans to continue consuming items that hurt the planet like plastics. Instead the kritik calls for us to individually reduce our consumption and says if we don’t the oceans will be destroyed.


Plastic Bags Counterplan

This counterplan is designed to cut down on the flow of plastic into the ocean. Both the Plastic Transition Disadvantage and the Social Services Disadvantage could be net benefits as well as any argument about how the ocean clean up would hurt the environment.





Ocean Clean Up Coming Now

Nonprofit organizations are being set up in the status quo to create sustainable solutions to ocean clean up using gathered plastic for fuel.



Sesini, Masters in Green Management, Energy, and Corporate Social Responsibility at Bocconi University, 2011

(Marzia, “THE GARBAGE PATCH IN THE OCEANS: THE PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS“ http://www.seas.columbia.edu/earth/wtert/sofos/sesini_thesis.pdf)


Best Practices - Private/Nonprofit Partnerships¶ Moreover, in an effort to implement best practices collaborative private/nonprofit partnerships have been created to help reduce and prevent marine debris. Project Kaisei, a nonprofit organization that organizes plastic cleaning expedition in the Pacific Ocean, and Covanta Energy, a Fairfield-based company that owns waste-to-energy power generation plants, under the auspices of the Global Clinton Initiatives (GCI) partner up to clean up the ocean debris starting with the plastic in the North Pacific Gyre, with a yearly conversion target of 50 tons of marine debris into renewable energy.
Covanta Energy uses the debris collected by Project Kaisei to “test its new waste-to- fuel technology to convert the plastic into a diesel substitute using a catalytic process for converting solid organic materials directly to mineral diesel fuel” (Covanta Energy), and to showcase how waste, and in particular plastic, can have added value if properly recycled. This in the hope that a larger scale cleanup effort will take place, helping protect the ocean and the marine wild life (Covanta Energy).¶ 16¶

Ocean Clean Up Coming Now - Extensions

[___]


[___] Public private partnerships provide a market for testing technology to find the best solutions.



Sesini, Masters in Green Management, Energy, and Corporate Social Responsibility at Bocconi University, 2011

(Marzia, “THE GARBAGE PATCH IN THE OCEANS: THE PROBLEM AND POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS“ http://www.seas.columbia.edu/earth/wtert/sofos/sesini_thesis.pdf)


Finally, data on the amount, distribution, and especially environmental and economic impacts of such pollution are key in dealing with the problem of plastic end-of-life use and implementing programs, as well as science-based monitoring and consistent widespread sampling. Greater research and new technology development effort are needed to assess next steps, address gaps, and prevent plastic to enter the oceans.¶
As a show case of best practice that could lead the way to greater public awareness on the issue of plastic disposal and recycling. For example a partnership between Project Kasei and Covanta Energy set a goal of conversion of plastic to fuel of 50 tons per year.¶
The hope is that a larger scale cleanup effort, which will help protect the ocean and the marine wild life, will take place as a result of this project. In addition, it is an excellent opportunity for the private sector to test a new technology as a viable solution to address plastic dumping, and to create secure, financial business opportunities and help identifying recycling cost- effective solutions.







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