Physical setting chemistry



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PHYSICAL SETTING - CHEMISTRY

Code: S541 Full Year (10, 11) (1 Credit) (rank weight 1.00)

Prerequisite: Average of 75 or Better in a Regents Science Course. Successful Completion of Geometry and Concurrently Enrolled In Algebra 2 and Trigonometry. Students enrolled in 2N need permis­sion from the district coordinator.

Areas of Study Include:

• Scientific Method

• Measurements

- Using Measurement Equipment

- Metric Units

- Significant Figures

- Scientific Notation

- Percent Error

- Density

• Matter and Energy

- Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter

- Substances, Compounds, Elements and Mixtures

- Temperature Scales, S.T.P. & Absolute Zero



  • Kinetic Molecular Theory

- Charles’ Law, Boyle’s Law & Combined Gas Law

- Rates of Diffusion

- Heating / Cooling Curves - Phase Changes

- Vapor Pressure

- Forms of Energy

- Law of Conservation Of Energy

• Structure of the Atom

- Parts of the Atom

- History of Models of the Atom

- Electron Configuration

- Mass Number, Atomic Number, Isotopes

- Valence Electrons, Oxidation Numbers

- Energy Levels - Spectral Lines

- Natural Radioactivity - Types of Radiation

- Half Life

Periodic Table

- Periodic Trends

- Periodicity

• Bonding

- Electronegativity

- Ionic, Covalent, Metallic & Network Bonds

- Molecular Polarity

- Lewis Dot Structure

- Intermolecular Forces

- Formula Writing and Reviewing Compounds

• Solutions

- Concentration Units – Molarity, Percent by Mass, Parts per Million

- Dilution

- Solubility

- Boiling Point Elevation, Freezing Point Depression

• Kinetics and Equilibrium

- Collision Theory – Reaction Rate

- Potential Energy Diagrams – Endothermic / Exothermic

- Catalysts

- Enthalpy, Entropy & Spontaneity

- LeChatelier’s Principle

• Acids & Bases

- Arrhenius & Alternate Acid-Base Theory

- Properties of Acids & Bases

- Ph


- Neutralization Reactions

- Titration – Indicators

• Oxidation – Reduction

- Electrochemical Cells

- Electrolysis

- Activity Series

- Assigning Oxidation States

- Half Reactions

- Balancing Redox Equations

- Identify Species Oxidized / Species Reduced

• Nuclear

- Types of Radioactivity

- Natural & Artificial Transmutations

- Half Life

- Benefits and Risks of Radioactivity

• Organic

- Homologous Series of Hydrocarbons

- Functional Groups

- Isomers

- Organic Reactions

• Chemical Math

- Mole Calculations

- Gram Formula Mass

- Avogadro’s Number

• Stoichiometry

- Types of Reactions

- Writing and Balancing Equations

Assessment: All Chemistry students who complete the required 1200 minutes of labs will take the Physical Setting – Chemistry Regents Exam in June.

For the complete NYS Core Curriculum for Physical Setting/Chemistry, see: http:www.emsc.nysed.gov/ciaai/mst/pub/chemist.pdf

TEXTBOOK:



Buthelezi, Thandi. New York Chemistry: Matter and Change. Columbus, OH: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2009.


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