Rao bulletin 1 December 2015 html edition this bulletin contains the following articles

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Military Enlistment Standards 2015 Update 07 Education
For enlistment purposes, the military breaks education into three overall categories: Tier 1, Tier 2, and Tier 3. The vast majority (over 90 percent) of all enlistments are from the Tier 1 category.

  • Tier I - Applicants in Tier I have a high school diploma, or at least 15 college credits. This means a high school diploma, not a GED. Depending on state law, completion of high school by home study may or may not be considered equivalent to a high school diploma.

  • Tier II - Tier II includes GEDs, home study (in some states), Certificate of Attendance, Alternative/Continuation High School, Correspondence School Diplomas, and Occupational Program Certificate (Vo/Tech). The services limit the number of Tier II candidates it will allow to enlist each year. In such cases, the applicant must score a minimum of 50 on the AFQT to qualify (Note: The "AFQT" is the overall ASVAB score).

    • In the Air Force, the limit is less than one percent each year.

    • The Army will allow up to 10 percent each year to be Tier II candidates, but they must score a minimum of 50 on the AFQT.

    • The Marines will only allow about 5 percent each year to be Tier II, and the Navy about 10 percent. Like the Army and Air Force, Tier II recruits must score a minimum of 50 on the AFQT to qualify.

    • The Coast Guard only accepts Tier 2 candidates if they have prior military service, and even then requires them to score higher on the AFQT (50 for prior Coast Guard Service, 65 for prior service in other branches).

  • Tier III - Individuals who are not attending high school and are neither high school graduates nor alternative credential holders. The services almost never accept a Tier 3 candidate for enlistment. If you fall into this category, your best bet is to get at least 15 college credits, so that you will be qualified as Tier I.

[Source: About.com Newsletter | Rod Powers | June 02, 2015 ++]

Medal of Honor Citations Hartsock, Robert W. | VN

The President of the United States in the name of The Congress

takes pleasure in presenting the

Medal of Honor posthumously


Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, 44th Infantry Platoon, 3d Brigade, 25th Infantry Division

Place and date: Hau Nghia, Province, Republic of Vietnam, 23 February 1969

Entered service at: Fairmount, West Virginia in AUG 1967

Born: January 24, 1945 Cumberland, Maryland

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. S/Sgt. Hartsock, distinguished himself in action while serving as section leader with the 44th Infantry Platoon. When the Dau Tieng Base Camp came under a heavy enemy rocket and mortar attack, S/Sgt. Hartsock and his platoon commander spotted an enemy sapper squad which had infiltrated the camp undetected. Realizing the enemy squad was heading for the brigade tactical operations center and nearby prisoner compound, they concealed themselves and, although heavily outnumbered, awaited the approach of the hostile soldiers. When the enemy was almost upon them, S/Sgt. Hartsock and his platoon commander opened fire on the squad. As a wounded enemy soldier fell, he managed to detonate a satchel charge he was carrying. S/Sgt. Hartsock, with complete disregard for his life, threw himself on the charge and was gravely wounded. In spite of his wounds, S/Sgt. Hartsock crawled about 5 meters to a ditch and provided heavy suppressive fire, completely pinning down the enemy and allowing his commander to seek shelter. S/Sgt. Hartsock continued his deadly stream of fire until he succumbed to his wounds. S/Sgt. Hartsock's extraordinary heroism and profound concern for the lives of his fellow soldiers were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.

http://www.mishalov.com/images/hartsock.jpg http://www.mishalov.com/images/hartdog.jpg

A former employee of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad, he had entered the army in August 1967 and received training at Fort Bragg and Fort Benning before going to Vietnam from Camp Pendleton, Calif. He had only two months remaining of his duty tour in Vietnam when he was killed at age 24. A resident of R.D. #1, Flintstone MD, he was a 1962 graduate of Everett Southern Joint High school where he played baseball and later became an avid spectator and sports fan and deer hunter. The Cumberland American Legion Post #13 gives the Robert W. Hartsock Memorial Scholarship Annually to a Flintstone student who is going on to further his/her education. Staff Sergeant Robert W. Hartsock was recognized with the highest military honor possible in a presentation to his parents, Mr. & Mrs. Kenneth Hartsock of Baltimore Pike, August 6, 1970 at the White House oval office in a ceremony led by President Richard M. Nixon. The chapel at Rocky Gap Veteran's Cemetery in Flintstone, Maryland (where he is buried) is dedicated to Sergeant Hartsock. Three portraits and his Medal of Honor Citation are displayed in the chapel. He entered the service in August, 1967 and received training at Fort Bragg and Fort Benning before going to Vietnam from Camp Pendleton, Calif.

[Source: http://us.wow.com/wiki/Robert_W._Hartsock and http://www.history.army.mil/html/moh/vietnam-a-l.html#HARTSOCK Nov 2015 ++]

* Military History *

Aviation Art 97 ► Cat and Mouse Over Wake
cat and mouse over wake by marc stewart (f4f wildcat)

Cat and Mouse Over Wake
by Marc Stewart
December, 1941: During the dark days following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, U.S. Marine Corps pilots of VMF-211 heroically defended the tiny island of Wake against overwhelming Japanese attack from the air and the sea.
Depicted above, an F4F-3 Wildcat from VMF-211 engages a Japanese G3M "Nell" bomber in the battle for Wake Island. [Source: http://www.aviationarthangar.com/avarthacatan.html Nov 2015 ++]
Remember the 80’s Navy Update 01 Things that No Longer Exist
Every generation has a slightly different experience of military service. Here are some things that no longer exist but you’ll remember if you served in the US Navy in the 1980s.

  • Life before urinalysis - Gave new meaning to “The smoking lamp is lit.”

  • Watching the same movie 72 times on deployment because there was no satellite - Reciting the lines by memory added to the fun. For a treat they would show it topside on the side of the superstructure.

  • Enlisted and Officers partying together - Nothing better than drinking all night with your division officer and showing up for the next day’s morning muster while he is nowhere to be found.

  • Liberty cards, request chits, and green “Memorandum” books - No liberty until the chief handed out the liberty cards; chits filled out in triplicate were required for everything; and you knew you made it when you carried a little green memo book in your pocket (to write stuff down with your Skilcraft pen).

urinalysis_crop_exact topgunmaverick image002 image014
[Source: BY Military.Com | Jim Absher | August 19, 2015 ++]
Military Trivia 115 Civil War Casualties & Troop Ethnicity
When the American Civil War began in April 1861, there were only 16,000 men in the U.S. Army, and of these many Southern officers resigned and joined the Confederate States Army. The U.S. Army consisted of ten regiments of infantry, four of artillery, two of cavalry, two of dragoons, and three of mounted infantry. The regiments were scattered widely. Of the 197 companies in the army, 179 occupied 79 isolated posts in the West, and the remaining 18 manned garrisons east of the Mississippi River, mostly along the Canada–United States border and on the Atlantic coast. Of the 2,213,363 men who served in the Union Army during the Civil War, 364,511 died in combat, or from injuries sustained in combat, disease, or other causes, and 281,881 were wounded. More than 1 out of every 4 Union soldiers was killed or wounded during the war; casualties in the Confederate Army were even worse—1 in 3 Southern soldiers were killed or wounded.
The Confederates suffered a considerably lower amount of overall casualties than the Union, at roughly 260,000 total casualties to the Union's 360,000. This is by far the highest casualty ratio of any war in which America has been involved. By comparison, 1 out of every 16 American soldiers was killed or wounded in World War II, and 1 out of every 22 during the Vietnam War. In total, 620,000 soldiers died during the Civil War. There were 34 million Americans at that time, so 2% of the American population died in the war. In today's terms, this would be the equivalent of 5.9 million American men being killed in a war. The Union Army was composed of many different ethnic groups, including large numbers of immigrants. About 25% of the white people who served in the Union Army were foreign-born. Breakdown of the approximately 2.2 million Union soldiers:

  • 1,000,000 (45.4% of all Union soldiers) native-born Americans of British ancestry.

  • 516,000 (23.4%) Germans; about 216,000 were born in Germany.

  • 210,000 (9.5%) African American. Half were freedmen who lived in the North, and half were ex-slaves or escaped slaves from the South. They served in more than 160 "colored" regiments. One such regiment, the 54th Massachusetts, is dramatized in the film Glory. Others served under white officers in Federal regiments organized as the United States Colored Troops (USCT).

  • 200,000 (9.1%) Irish.

  • 90,000 (4.1%) Dutch.

  • 50,000 (2.3%) Canadian.

  • 50,000 (2.3%) born in England.

  • 40,000 (1.8%) French or French Canadian. About half were born in the United States of America, the other half in Quebec.

  • 20,000 (0.9%) Scandinavian (Norwegian, Swedish, and Danish).

  • 7,000 Italian

  • 7,000 Jewish

  • 6,000 Mexican

  • 5,000 Polish (many of whom served in the Polish Legion of Brig. Gen. Włodzimierz Krzyżanowski)

  • 4,000 Native Americans

  • Several hundred of other various nationalities.

Many immigrant soldiers formed their own regiments, such as the Irish Brigade (69th New York, 63rd New York, 88th New York, 28th Massachusetts, 116th Pennsylvania); the Swiss Rifles (15th Missouri); the Gardes Lafayette (55th New York); the Garibaldi Guard (39th New York); the Martinez Militia (1st New Mexico); the Polish Legion (58th New York); the German Rangers (52nd New York); the Highlander Regiment (79th New York); and the Scandinavian Regiment (15th Wisconsin). But for the most part, the foreign-born soldiers were scattered as individuals throughout units.

For comparison, the Confederate Army was not very diverse: 91% of Confederate soldiers were native born and only 9% were foreign-born, Irish being the largest group with others including Germans, French, Mexicans (though most of them simply happened to have been born when the Southwest was still part of Mexico), and British. Some Southern propaganda compared foreign-born soldiers in the Union Army to the hated Hessians of the American Revolution. As well, a relatively small number of Native Americans (Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek) fought for the Confederacy. [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Union_Army Apr 2015 ++]
Military History Nuremberg IMT Trial Results
The Nuremberg trials were a series of military tribunals, held by the Allied forces after World War II, most notable for the prosecution of prominent members of the political, military, and economic leadership of Nazi Germany. The trials were held in the city of Nuremberg, Germany. The first, and best known of these trials, described as "the greatest trial in history" by Norman Birkett, one of the British judges who presided over it, was the trial of the major war criminals before the International Military Tribunal (IMT). Held between 20 November 1945 and 1 October 1946, the Tribunal was given the task of trying 23 of the most important political and military leaders of the Third Reich, though one of the defendants, Martin Bormann, was tried in absentia, while another, Robert Ley, committed suicide within a week of the trial's commencement. Not included were Adolf Hitler, Heinrich Himmler, and Joseph Goebbels, all of whom had committed suicide several months before the indictment was signed. The second set of trials of lesser war criminals was conducted under Control Council Law No. 10 at the U.S. Nuremberg Military Tribunals (NMT); among these included the Doctors' Trial and the Judges' Trial. This article primarily deals with the IMT. To learn more about the outcome of the trials refer to the attachment to this Bulletin titled, “Nuremberg IMT Trial Results”. [Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuremberg trials Apr 2015 ++]
Military History Anniversaries 01 thru 15 Dec
Significant events in U.S. Military History over the next 15 days are listed in the attachment to this Bulletin titled, “Military History Anniversaries 01 thru 15 Dec”.
WWII Advertising Baby Ruth

D-DayRecuing Survivor off Normandy Jun 1944
a survivor is pulled aboard a coast guard boat after his ship was hit during the normandy landings

A survivor is pulled aboard a Coast Guard boat after his ship was hit during the Normandy


WWII Prewar Events ► Italian Fascist Party Headquarters 1934


Headquarters of Benito Mussolini and the Italian Fascist Party (1934)
WWII PostWar Events German Toxic Bomb Destruction Jun 1946

These unidentified German workers in Decontamination clothing destroy toxic bombs on June 28, 1946, at the U.S. Army Chemical Warfare Service Depot, at St. Georgen, Germany. The destruction and disposal of 65,000 dead weight tons of German toxics, including mustard gas, was accomplished in one of two ways: Burning or dumping the empty shells and bombs into the North Sea.
Spanish American War Images 78 Presidential Campaign Poster 1900

A 1900 Republican campaign poster for the US presidential election, with portraits of President William McKinley and Vice Presidential candidate Theodore Roosevelt at center. On the left side "Gone Democratic" shows the US in economic slump and Cuba shackled by Spain; on the right side "Gone Republican" shows the US prosperous and Cuba being educated under US tutelage.


WWI in Photos 103 Archduke Franz Ferdinand Assassination
In 1914, Austria-Hungary was a powerful and huge country, larger than Germany, with nearly as many citizens. It had been ruled by Emperor Franz Joseph I since 1848, who had been grooming his nephew, Archduke Franz Ferdinand as the heir to the throne. In this photo, taken in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914, a visiting Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Czech Countess Sophie Chotek, are departing a reception at City Hall. Earlier that morning, on the way to the hall, their motorcade had been attacked by one of a group of Serbian nationalist assassins, whose bomb damaged one car and injured dozens of bystanders. After this photo was taken, the Archduke and his wife climbed into the open car, headed for a nearby hospital to visit the wounded. Just blocks away though, the car paused to turn around, directly in front of another assassin, who walked up to the car and fired two shots, killing both Franz Ferdinand and his wife.


Faces of WAR (WWII) Italy May 23,1944


Ghosts of Time Then & Now’ Photos of WWII SITES (05)

* Health Care *

TRICARE Online Update 03 Resources
There are several self-service online resources available to help you learn more about TRICARE and manage your benefit overseas:




E-mail updates


Sign up to receive TRICARE news and publications by e-mail.

View TRICARE publications


Enter the keywords “overseas program” to view TRICARE Overseas Program (TOP)-related brochures, handbooks, fact sheets, newsletters and briefings.

Download a TOP country-specific wallet card


Select your overseas area and the specific country where you live to view a printable wallet card.

Frequently asked questions


Get answers to questions regarding covered services, TRICARE demonstrations, the TRICARE Pharmacy Program and more.

Provider search


Find a network provider in the area where you are enrolled.

Update contact information and view eligibility information


Update your e-mail and mailing addresses in the Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System (DEERS) and view eligibility and enrollment information and benefit correspondence.

TOP beneficiary claims submissions


View a brief training on the TOP beneficiary secure claims portal to learn more about submitting claims overseas.

[Source: TRICARE Standard Health Matters | Issue 2 2015 ++]

Tricare Webiner TYA, Open Enrollment &Health Care Options | 7 Dec @ Noon EST
TRICARE and Military One-Source are co-hosting a webinar to discuss TRICARE Young Adult, Open Enrollment and Other Health Insurance. Join us Monday, Dec. 7, 2015 at noon EST. To register Go to https://attendee.gotowebinar.com/register/4352948212859307521. Registration is on a first-come, first-served basis and is limited due to system capacity. Department of Defense networked computers may not allow access to this link. If you cannot access the webinar on GoToMeeting, use the Defense Collaboration Services (DCS) site at https://conference.apps.mil/webconf/TYAOptions. No prior registration is required on the DCS link. Participants must avoid sharing personal health information when asking a question.
By law, premiums have to cover the full cost of health care for TYA members. New TYA rates will go into effect on Jan. 1, 2016 and TRICARE wants to ensure its beneficiaries are aware of all their healthcare options. The featured speaker for this event is Mark Ellis. Mr. Ellis is a senior health program analyst with the TRICARE Management Activity. He manages the Continued Health Care Benefit and TRICARE Young Adult programs, which offer premium based health care coverage to former service members and their family members when they are no longer eligible for TRICARE benefits. He has 35 years of DoD health care experience. Sign up for TRICARE e-mail updates at www.tricare.mil/subscriptions. You can also connect with TRICARE on Google Plus, Facebook, and Twitter at www.plus.google.com/+TRICARE, www.facebook.com/tricare , www.twitter.com/tricare. [Source: TRICARE Communications | November 27, 2015 ++]
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