Space shuttle contingency functional



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Patrick AFB FL 32925-3239

15 February 2003



APPENDIX 11 TO ANNEX C TO DDMS FUNCPLAN 3610-03

SHUTTLE CARRIER AIRCRAFT (SCA) / ORBITER VEHICLE (OV) FERRY OPERATIONS




REFERENCES:

a. Kennedy Space Center Launch and Landing Program Requirements Document (PRD) No. 20000










b. Air Force Technical Order (T.O.) 00-105E-9, Aircraft Emergency Rescue Information, Basic 12 May 1994, Change 1, 15 May 1995










c. Shuttle Operational Data Book, NSTS-08934, Vol IV, Orbiter Landing Emergency Rescue Data, Parts 1 & 2, Basic, September 2000










d. Space Shuttle Orbiter Operations Ferry Plan, NSTS 07700, Volume VIII,

Appendix N, current revision


1. General. The SCA/OV ferry operation is an integral part of the Space Shuttle Program. NASA has the overall responsibility for conduct of the SCA/OV ferry operation in a manner consistent with established safety, vehicle, and schedule constraints as defined by the Space Shuttle Program. DDMS supports this mission in several ways including use of DOD en route support bases/services, DOD pathfinder aircraft, and DOD weather services.


2. Concept of Operation. The ferry mission is defined as the period from completion of mate/demate activities at its point-of-departure to the roll-in of the SCA/Orbiter at the final destination mate/demate device. There are three general scenarios that generate ferry missions: maintenance/modification operations (MMO) at Palmdale, end-of-mission (EOM) operations at Dryden (Edwards AFB), and as a result of a contingency or White Sands Space Harbor (WSSH) EOM landing, also called a turnaround operation (reference DDMS Funcplan 3611-XX). Pre-departure timelines differ for each scenario. An overseas turnaround operation will require extensive planning and coordination. SCA/OV range limitations will dictate at least one en route stop during ferry of the orbiter from the landing site to KSC. Military airfields will be used, when possible, for planned en route stops in order to ensure adequate security, ground support, and facilities.
a. The Chief, DOD Manned Space Flight Support Office Houston (DDMS-H), serves as the DOD ferry flight project officer and is the primary POC with DOD supporting airfields. DDMS‑H will maintain a shuttle ferry flight operations handbook which contains more specific and dynamic ferry flight support information.
b. CONUS. The balance of this annex defines requirements for orbiter ferry operations within CONUS. Bases which are used for refueling and/or overnight stops are listed in Tab A to this appendix. DOD bases listed in Tab A are required to develop and maintain site specific shuttle ferry support plans and will receive biennial training from DDMS-H.
c. Overseas. NASA is responsible for planning return of the orbiter from overseas. In particular, coordination for clearance by the host countries for use of civilian airfields along the ferry route will be accomplished by NASA. DOD airfields will be used when possible as stopover bases (i.e., Roosevelt Roads NAS). This support will be coordinated via message and DDMS will provide real-time training if time allows. The general plan for return of the orbiter from Europe or Africa includes two options. A southern route (which is preferred due to weather conditions) winds through West Africa, the Ascension Islands, South America and the Caribbean to end at KSC. The northern route would include stops in Spain, England, Iceland, Greenland, and Canada to return to KSC.
d. Flight Planning and Scheduling. JSC will plan and schedule the ferry flights consistent with program requirements, established constraints, and aircraft operating limitations.
3. Tasks and Responsibilities of Participating Forces.
a. DOD Base Support. Provide services as outlined in Tab B to this appendix and includes: security, ground support equipment, and other base services. Changes/additions to the requirements will be accomplished by message or telecon to each supporting site. A DDMS representative will travel on the pathfinder aircraft preceding the SCA and is authorized to coordinate unplanned support requirements. Support is NASA reimbursable; however, proposed expenditures must be identified to DDMS and approved prior to obligation of funds.
b. Pathfinder Aircraft. A pathfinder aircraft will precede the SCA/OV on its route of flight by approximately 20 minutes. The aircraft will verify the planned flight profile and carry the support personnel required for turnaround and environmental monitoring at the en route base(s). The pathfinder aircraft for most shuttle ferry missions normally requires a DOD C‑141 or C‑17 aircraft, depending on the support equipment requirements. If purge is not required, a NASA or DOD KC-135 can be used as the pathfinder aircraft. DDMS-H will maintain TACON of supporting DOD aircraft.
c. DOD Weather Support. Perform services as outlined in Annex H.
4. Flight Restrictions. The following restrictions apply for ferry flight operations:
a. Operations during daylight only (15 minutes before sunrise until 15 minutes after sunset).
b. Flight will remain clear of visible moisture.
c. Minimum inflight temperature of +15°F (-9.5°C, generally less than 20,000 feet).
d. No greater than light turbulence as defined in the DOD Flight Information Handbook.
e. No landing if crosswind exceeds 20 knots.
f. No flights within 25 NM of thunderstorms.
5. Ground Monitoring Operation. Following a mission landing, the orbiter is normally ferried with approximately 8000 pounds of toxic materials on board. The environment around the SCA/OV will be monitored after landing by specialized KSC personnel prior to normal flight crew egress and servicing operations. If these specialized personnel are not available, designated SCA flight crew personnel, using the specialized monitoring equipment carried on the aircraft, will monitor the area around the SCA/OV prior to allowing servicing personnel access to the area. A safety clear zone of 700 feet will be maintained around the SCA/OV until NASA personnel can test the environment for toxic gases and confirm the area is safe. A 200 foot restricted area will be maintained after safety personnel have declared the area non-toxic. Only personnel on the Entry Authorization List (EAL) will be authorized in this area.
6. Reports. Reports shall be in accordance with Annex P.

Tabs:
A. Ferry Flight Landing Sites



  1. Ferry Flight Landing Site Requirements

  2. NASA Shuttle Carrier Aircraft/Orbiter vehicle

(INTENTIONALLY BLANK)

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

MANNED SPACE FLIGHT SUPPORT OFFICE

PATRICK AFB FL

15 February 2003



TAB A TO APPENDIX 11 TO ANNEX C TO DDMS CONTINGENCY FUNCPLAN 3610-03


FERRY FLIGHT LANDING SITES
NASA has identified the following CONUS sites for possible use as en route stopover airfield for SCA/OV ferry missions.


DOD AIRFIELDS

SITE ID

DOD AIRFIELDS

SITE ID

Altus AFB, OK

LTS

Little Rock AFB, AR

LRF

Barksdale AFB, LA

BAD

Luke AFB, AZ

LUF

Biggs AAF, TX

BIF

MacDill AFB, FL

MCF

Campbell AAF, KY

HOP

Offutt AFB, NE

OFF

Columbus AFB, MS

CBM

Patrick AFB, FL

COF

Davis Monthan AFB, AZ

DMA

Robert Gray AAF, TX

GRK

Dyess AFB, TX

DYS

Robins AFB, GA

WRB

Eglin AFB, FL

VPS

Tinker AFB, OK

TIK

Fort Worth NAS JRB, TX

NFW

Whiteman AFB, MO

SZL

Hill AFB, UT

HIF

Wright-Patterson AFB, OH

(Available for ELS recovery)



FFO



NON-DOD AIRFIELDS

SITE ID

NON-DOD AIRFIELDS

SITE ID

Dallas Fort Worth INTL, TX

DFW

Moffett Federal Airfield, CA

NUQ

Houston Intercontinental, TX

IAH

Orlando Intl, FL

MCO

Ellington Fld, TX

EFD

Palmdale, AF Plant 42, , CA

(Used for MMO operations)



PMD

Lambert St Louis INTL, MO

STL

(INTENTIONALLY BLANK)

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

MANNED SPACE FLIGHT SUPPORT OFFICE

PATRICK AFB FL

15 February 2003



TAB B TO APPENDIX 11 TO ANNEX C TO DDMS CONTINGENCY FUNCPLAN 3610-01


FERRY FLIGHT LANDING SITE REQUIREMENTS


REFERENCE:

Air Force T.O. 00-105E-9, Aircraft Emergency Rescue Information, Basic 12 May 1994, Change 1, 15 May 1995

1. Security Requirements and Parking Area. See Annex L.


2. Ground Support Equipment Requirements. NASA will provide any unique orbiter ground support equipment required at the refueling base(s) selected for the mission. Ground support equipment requirements will vary for each mission. DDMS-H will maintain a current, detailed list of ground support equipment in the DOD shuttle ferry operations handbook, updated for each ferry mission. If resources are not available, the base POC will contact local contractors (through the contracting office) to identify a source for this equipment. Provide a list of equipment specifications with the lead time required and estimated cost for renting, to the DDMS-H at Johnson Space Center (comm 281-483-1351) as soon as possible. Do not expend funds/contract for equipment until directed to do so by the DDMS Ferry Project Officer. The following table lists the general ground support requirements:


QUANTITY

GROUND SUPPORT

PURGE

KC-135

C‑141/C‑17

SCA/OV

T‑38

2-3

AIRCRAFT POWER CART (40 KVA, 115 Volt, 400 HZ)




X

X

X

X

2-3

AIRCRAFT FIRE EXTINGUISHER (150 lb Haylon)




X

X

X

X

1-2

LOW PRESSURE AIR START UNITS (LAS 95 or equivalent);




X




X




1-2

PASSENGER LOADING STAIRS




X




X




A/R

ROPES & STANCHIONS & LIGHT CARTS










X




2-3

SUPPORT STANDS (B-5 or equivalent)




X




X




1

POWER UNIT (120 VAC, 60 HZ, 2 AMP; NF-2 or equivalent)










X




1

100 FT EXTENSION CABLE










X




1

FORKLIFT (5,000 lb capacity)




X




X




1

OPEN MOBILE WORK PLATFORM (70 ft reach, 3 person, 750 lb lift or a 2 person, 600 lb bucket truck when purge is not required)

X







X




1

30 FT WORK STAND

X







X




1

TRUCK W/ PINTLE HOOK (capable to tow a 8,520 lb load)

X




X






3. Transportation Requirements. Transportation requirements will vary for each mission and are driven by purge requirements, the aircraft parking location, and if the stop is an RON or stop-over. The DOD shuttle ferry operations handbook will delineate more detailed transportation requirements. The DDMS Ferry Project Officer will identify actual transportation requirements on arrival of the pathfinder aircraft. The following lists the general transportation requirements:


a. One radio-equipped vehicle, with driver, available upon arrival of the pathfinder aircraft, to transport a hazard assessment team of four personnel to the SCA at the parking site. VHF/UHF radio needs to have capability of communications with tower.
b. One radio equipped van or truck, with driver and pintle hook, to accommodate six ground personnel and 400 pounds of equipment. A second vehicle for the aircraft maintenance crew is desired if available.
c. A combination of flightline approved buses and/or U-Drives to transport the 45-person team between the SCA, pathfinder, messing, base-operations, and billeting facilities.
d. If the shuttle ferry team will RON, the following “U-Drive” vehicles may be required for local transportation of various team members (government vehicles are preferred):
(1) Seven to nine passenger vehicles.
(2) Four 7-15 passenger vans.
4. Crash and Rescue Requirements. Three major pieces of fire fighting apparatus, with crews, are to be positioned along the runway (one at each end and one near the middle) for all landings and takeoffs of the SCA/OV. All three pieces of fire fighting apparatus should accompany the SCA/OV to the parking site, but maintain a distance of 700 feet at all times except for emergencies. All three pieces of fire fighting apparatus should be positioned to support SCA engine start prior to positioning for SCA/OV takeoff. See Appendix 11 to Annex C.
5. Weather Support. The local weather unit will be responsible for providing current weather observations, local forecasts, and access to weather data to the DDMS weather representative on board the Pathfinder aircraft. The DDMS weather representative will coordinate en route and landing weather with the 45SW Range Weather Operations at Cape Canaveral. Specific emphasis will be on conditions relating to flight and ground restrictions listed in paragraphs 2 and 3 of Appendix 2 to Annex H. If these weather support capabilities do not exist at any landing site, the DDMS weather representative on board the Pathfinder will coordinate with Range Weather Operations and the nearest civilian or DOD weather office.
6. Photographic Requirements. Provide photographic services from existing resources, on call, in case of an emergency at a SCA/OV ferry-landing site. Still, motion, black and white, and color photography of anomalies, including orbiter exterior surface conditions, may be required. Detailed requirements will be requested via work orders at the landing site as required.
7. Disaster Preparedness/Fire Protection. Reference a. discusses fire and rescue procedures for the SCA/OV and should be used for planning.
8. Fuel Requirements.
a. The SCA requires Jet A, JP-5, or JP-8 fuel. Refueling will be accomplished by NASA maintenance personnel. NASA will reimburse for contract fuel from the local area if not available on base. If a site is notified by a DDMS representative of fuel requirements for the SCA or Pathfinder aircraft, they are authorized to sign AF Form 315 as the aircraft commander's designated representative. Fuel will be simultaneously pumped into three receptacles on the SCA and quantities will be specified in a message for each ferry flight.
b. The SCA requires approximately 155,000 lbs (27,500 gals) of fuel. The Pathfinder aircraft will also require fuel at each stop. If the SCA/OV remains overnight, support agencies must have a JP fuel truck on standby at the SCA/OV the following morning 2 hours prior to takeoff in anticipation of adding more fuel to the SCA when weather conditions permit additional fuel. Approximately 300 lbs of diesel fuel per day will also be required for NASA purge equipment.
9. Miscellaneous Requirements.
a. Conduct a visual inspection of the runway and taxiway prior to landing and takeoff to detect either objects that could damage the SCA/OV or unauthorized personnel in the area.
b. Provide access to existing telephones and office space for communications between KSC, DFRC, JSC, and any SCA/OV ferry-landing site.
10. Public Affairs. See Appendix 2 to Annex F.
11. Food. Provide access to mess facilities for approximately 45 personnel. In addition, the team will need as many as 45 inflight meals for pick up on the morning of departure.
12. Billeting. Provide off-base billeting (if available) when they stay overnight.

(INTENTIONALLY BLANK)

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE

MANNED SPACE FLIGHT SUPPORT OFFICE

PATRICK AFB FL

15 February 2003




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