Strengthening social dialogue in the local and regional government sector in the ‘new’ Member States and candidate countries



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Strengthening social dialogue in the local and regional government sector in the ‘new’ Member States and candidate countries





Strengthening social dialogue in the local and regional government sector in the ‘new’ Member States and candidate countries
EPSU the European Federation of Public Service Unions is a member of the ETUC. 8 million workers organised in their 216 trade unions are members of EPSU. These workers deliver services to the public in health and social services, local, regional and central government, and the utilities in energy, water and waste. EPSU organises workers in both public and private companies including large transnational companies.


The Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR) is the representative organisation of over 100,000 local and regional authorities federated through 47 national associations in 34 European countries. Its Employers’ Platform (CEMR-EP) is a recognised partner in the European sectoral social dialogue for local and regional government, where it represents the employers. 


ECOTEC Research and Consulting Limited
Priestley House

12-26 Albert Street

Birmingham

B4 7UD UK

Tel: +44 (0)121 616 3600

Fax: +44 (0)121 616 3699

Website: www.ecotec.com

ECOTEC also has addresses in London, Brussels, Madrid and Leeds



TABLE OF CONTENTS

1. Introduction 5

1.1 Aims and objectives of the study 5



2. Organisations and experts contacted 7

2.1 First phase of the research 7

2.2 Case study phase of the research 9

2.3 Methodological note 10



3. National Chapters 12

3.1 Introduction 12

3.2 Cyprus 12

3.2.1 Background to local and regional governance 12

3.2.2 Economic and labour market situation 13

3.2.3 Industrial relations 13

3.2.4 Social partner organisations in the local and regional government sector 14

3.2.5 Collective bargaining in the sector 15

3.2.6 Key issues for the sector 15

3.3. Czech Republic 15

3.3.1 Background to local and regional governance 15

3.3.2 Economic and labour market situation 16

3.3.3 Industrial relations 16

3.3.4 Social partners in the local and regional government sector 18

3.3.5 Collective bargaining in the sector 19

3.3.6 Key issues for the sector 19

3.4 Estonia 20

3.4.1 Background to local and regional governance 20

3.4.2 Economic and labour market situation 20

3.4.3 Industrial relations in Estonia 21

3.4.4 Employment in local and regional government sector 22

3.4.5 Trade unions in the local and regional government sector 22

3.4.6 Employer organisations in the local and regional government sector 24

3.4.7 Social dialogue in the local and regional government sector 24

3.4.8 Key challenges facing social partners in the sector 25

3.5 Hungary 28

3.5.1 Background to local and regional governance 28

3.5.2 Economic and labour market situation 29

3.5.3 Industrial relations 29

3.5.4 Employment in the local and regional government sector 30

3.5.5 Trade unions in the local and regional government sector 31

3.5.6 Employer organisations in the local and regional government sector 32

3.5.7 Collective bargaining in the sector 34

3.5.8 Sectoral social dialogue 35

3.5.9 Key issues and solutions for the sector 36

3.6 Latvia 40

3.6.1 Background to local and regional governance 40

3.6.2 Economic and labour market situation 40

3.6.3 Industrial relations 41

3.6.4 Social partners in the local and regional government sector 42

3.6.5 Collective bargaining in the sector 42

3.6.6 Key issues for the sector 43

3.7 Lithuania 43

3.7.1 Background to local and regional governance 43

3.7.2 Economic and labour market situation 44

3.7.3 Industrial relations 44

3.7.4 Trade unions in the local and regional government sector 45

3.7.5 Employer organisations in the local and regional government sector 45

3.7.6 Collective bargaining in the sector 45

3.7.7 Key issues for the sector 46

3.7.8 Key achievements 46

3.8 Malta 46

3.8.1 Background to local and regional governance 46

3.8.2 Economic and labour market situation 47

3.8.3 Industrial relations 47

3.8.4 Trade unions in the local and regional government sector 48

3.8.5 Employer organistions in the local and regional government sector 48

3.8.6 Collective bargaining in the sector 49

3.8.7 Key issues for the sector 49

3.8.8 Key achievements 49

3.9 Poland 50

3.9.1 Background to regional and local governance 50

3.9.2 Economic and Labour Market Situation 50

3.9.3 Social Dialogue in Poland 51

3.9.4 Social Dialogue Institutions in Poland 52

3.9.5 Social Partners in Poland 55

3.9.6 Other Organisations Involved in Social Dialogue 56

3.9.7 Collective Bargaining in Poland 57

3.9.8 Collective Bargaining in the Public Sector 58

3.9.8 Key Issues Facing the Public Sector at the Regional and Local Level 61

3.10 Slovak Republic 61

3.10.1 Background to local and regional governance 61

3.10.2 Economic and labour market situation 62

3.10.3 Industrial relations 62

3.10.4 Employment in the local and regional government sector 64

3.10.5 Trade unions in the sector 64

3.10.6 Employer organisations in the sector 65

3.10.7 Collective bargaining in the sector 65

3.10.8 Key challenges facing social partners in the sector 66

3.11 Slovenia 67

3.11.1 Background information on local and regional governance 67

3.11.2 Economic and labour market situation 68

3.11.3 Industrial relations 68

3.11.4 Social partner organisations in local and regional government sector 69

3.11.5 Collective bargaining in the sector 69

3.11.6 Key issues for the sector 69

3.12 Bulgaria 70

3.12.1 Background on local and regional governance 70

3.12.2 Economic and labour market situation 70

3.12.3 Industrial relations 71

3.12.4 Trade unions in the local and regional government sector 72

3.12.5 Employer organisations in the local and regional government sector 72

3.12.6 Collective bargaining in the sector 73

3.12.7 Key issues 73

3.13 Romania 74

3.13.1 Background to local and regional governance 74

3.13.2 Economic and labour market situation 74

3.13.3 Industrial relations 75

3.13.4 Social partners in the local and regional government sector 76

3.13.5 Collective bargaining in the sector 77

3.13.6 Key issues 77

3.14 Turkey 78

3.14.1 Background to local governance 78

3.14.2 Economic and labour market situation 78

3.14.3 Industrial relations 79

3.14.4 Employment in the local government sector 80

3.14.4 Trade unions in the local government sector 81

3.14.5 Employer Organisations in the sector 83

3.14.6 Collective bargaining in the sector 83

3.14.7 Key challenges facing social partners in the sector 84

3.14.8 Key achievements 85

4. OVERVIEW OF FINDINGS 86

4.1 Preamble 86

4.2 Introduction 86

4.3 The development, role and responsibilities of local and regional government and key trends affecting the sector 87

4.4 Key features of the framework of industrial relations 91

4.5 The collective bargaining and social dialogue structure for the regional and local government sector 92

4.6 The key issues affecting the sector 95

4.7 Conclusions 97



5. APPENDICES 99

5.1. Structure and responsibilities of local and regional governments 99

5.2. Industrial relations framework 102

5.3. Collective bargaining in local and regional government sector and social dialogue arrangements 104

5.4. Key challenges for local and regional government sector 106

5.5. Growth rate of GDP - percentage change on previous year 107

5.6. Public sector employment data 108



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