Strict & loose interpretations of the Constitution Judiciary Act of 1789



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Goal 1


  1. Strict & loose interpretations of the Constitution

  2. Judiciary Act of 1789

  3. Hamilton’s Economic Plan

  4. Laissez-faire

  5. Bill of Rights

  6. Whiskey Rebellion

  7. Democratic-Republican Party

  8. Alien & Sedition Acts

  9. Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions

  10. “Midnight Judges”

  11. Election of 1800

  12. Marbury v. Madison (1803)

  13. John Marshall

  14. Louisiana Purchase

  15. Hartford Convention (1814-15)

  16. Suffrage requirements

  17. Tecumseh

  18. Treaty of Greenville (1796)

  19. Abigail Adams

  20. President Washington’s Proclamation of Neutrality

  21. Jay’s Treaty

  22. Pinckney’s Treaty

  23. President Washington’s Farewell Address

  24. XYZ Affair

  25. Convention of 1800

  26. Embargo Act (1807)

  27. War Hawks

  28. War of 1812

  29. Battle of New Orleans

  30. Treaty of Ghent

  31. Adams-Onis Treaty


Goal 2


  1. Lewis an Clark

  2. Missouri Compromise

  3. The Indian Removal Act (1830)

  4. Sequoyah

  5. Worchester v. Georgia (1832)

  6. Trail of Tears

  7. Stephen Austin

  8. The Alamo

  9. Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)

  10. Oregon Trail

  11. “54’40’ or Fight!”

  12. Election of 1844

  13. Texas Annexation

  14. Wilmot Proviso

  15. Mexican War

  16. Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo

  17. Mexican Cession

  18. 49ers

  19. Gadsden Purchase

  20. Noah Webster

  21. Neoclassical Architecture

  22. New Nationalists/Knickerbocker School

  23. Washington Irving

  24. Nathaniel Hawthorne

  25. James Fenimore Cooper

  26. Ralph Waldo Emerson

  27. Henry David Thoreau

  28. Edgar Allan Poe

  29. Alexis de Tocqueville

  30. Hudson River School

  31. Industrial Revolution

  32. Eli Whitney

  33. Cotton gin

  34. John Deere

  35. Steel plow

  36. Cyrus McCormick

  37. Samuel Morse

  38. Robert Fulton

  39. Erie Canal

  40. Cotton Kingdom

  41. Sewing machine

  42. Era of Good Feelings

  43. Panic of 1819

  44. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

  45. Monroe Doctrine

  46. Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

  47. Election of 1824

  48. “corrupt bargain”

  49. Henry Clay’s American System

  50. White manhood

  51. Suffrage

  52. Tariff of Abominations

  53. John C. Calhoun

  54. South Carolina Exposition and Protest

  55. South Carolina

  56. Nullification Crisis

  57. Nat Turner’s Rebellion Election of 1832

  58. Pet Banks

  59. Whig Party

  60. Election of 1840

  61. Dorthea Dix

  62. Rehabilitation

  63. Prison Reform

  64. Horace Mann

  65. Temperance Movement

  66. Women’s Rights

  67. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

  68. Lucretia Mott

  69. Seneca Fall Convention

  70. Sojourner Truth

  71. Susan B. Anthony

  72. Utopian Communities

-Brook Farm

-Oneida


-New harmony

  1. Mormons

  2. Joseph Smith

  3. Brigham Young

  4. 2nd Great Awakening

  5. “Necessary evil”

  6. William Lloyd Garrison

  7. Grimke Sisters

  8. David Walker

  9. Frederick Douglass

  10. Charles G. Finney

  11. Second Great Awakening

Goal 3


  1. Know-Nothings

  2. Abolitionist movement

  3. Slave codes

  4. Underground Railroad

  5. Harriet Tubman

  6. Free Soil Party

  7. Compromise of 1850

  8. Popular Sovereignty

  9. Fugitive Slave Act

  10. Harriet Beecher Stowe

  11. Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  12. Kansas-Nebraska Act

  13. Bleeding Kansas

  14. Republican Party

  15. Brooks-Sumner Incident

  16. Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

  17. Lincoln-Douglas Debates

  18. Freeport Doctrine

  19. John Brown and Harpers Ferry

  20. Election of 1860

  21. Fort Sumter, S.C.

  22. Abraham Lincoln

  23. Jefferson Davis

  24. Confederacy

  25. Anaconda Plan

  26. Blockade

  27. First Battle of Bull Run/Manassas

  28. Antietam

  29. Vicksburg

  30. Gettysburg

  31. Gettysburg Address

  32. Sherman’s March

  33. African-American participation

  34. Robert E. Lee

  35. Ulysses S. Grant

  36. George McClellan

  37. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson

  38. Strengths and weaknesses of each side:

-New military technology

-Strategies of both sides

-European support

-Major political and military leaders

-Economy and industrialization


  1. Writ of Habeas Corpus

  2. Copperheads

  3. Election of 1864

  4. Emancipation Proclamation

  5. Appomattox Courthouse

  6. John Wilkes Booth

  7. Freedman’s Bureau

  8. Radical Republicans

  9. Reconstruction Plans

  10. Thaddeus Stevens

  11. Andrew Johnson

  12. Compromise of 1877

  13. Tenure of Office Act

  14. Johnson’s Impeachment

  15. Scalawags

  16. Carpetbaggers

  17. Black Codes

  18. Ku Klux Klan

  19. Sharecroppers

  20. Tenant farmers

  21. Jim Crow Laws

  22. The Whiskey Ring

  23. Solid South

  24. Grandfather Clause

  25. Military Reconstruction

  26. 13th amendment

  27. 14th amendment

  28. 15th amendment

  29. Civil Rights Act of 1866

  30. Election of 1876

  31. Compromise of 1877

  32. 10th Amendment


Goal 4


  1. Gold Rush

  2. Comstock Lode

  3. Homestead Act

  4. Morrill Land Grant Act (1862)

  5. Oklahoma Land Rush

  6. Sod Houses

  7. Unique Experiences of:

-Women

-African Americans

-Chinese Immigrants

-Irish Immigrants



  1. Promontory Point, Utah

  2. Transcontinental Railroad

  3. Irish immigrants

  4. Chinese immigrants

  5. Cattle drives

  6. Buffalo

  7. Reservation system

  8. Buffalo solders

  9. Sand Creek Massacre

  10. Battle of Little Big Horn

  11. Sitting Bull

  12. Dawes Severalty Act

  13. Chief Joseph

  14. Nez Perce

  15. Helen Hunt Jackson’s A Century of Dishonor

  16. Wounded Knee

  17. Frederick Jackson Turner

  18. The Grange

  19. National Farmers’ Alliance

  20. Colored Farmers Alliance

  21. Gold standard

  22. Bimetallism

  23. Greenbacks

  24. Munn v. Illinois (1877)

  25. Wabash v. Illinois (1886)

  26. Rebates

  27. Interstate Commerce Act

  28. Omaha Platform

  29. William Jennings Bryan

  30. “Cross of Gold” Speech

  31. Barbed wire

  32. Refrigerator car

  33. Windmill

  34. Farmers’ Cooperatives

  35. Interlocking directorates



Goal 5


  1. Elevator

  2. Electric trolleys

  3. Telephone

  4. Alexander Graham Bell

  5. Thomas Edison

  6. Typewriter

  7. “New” immigrants vs. “Old” immigrants

  8. Jacob Riis

  9. Ellis Island

  10. Settlement houses

  11. Jane Addams

  12. Dumbbell tenements

  13. Chinese Exclusion Act

  14. Sweatshops

  15. Amusement parks

  16. Spectator sports

  17. Frederick Law Olmsted

  18. Edwin Drake

  19. Bessemer Process

  20. Andrew Carnegie

  21. Gospel of Wealth

  22. J.P. Morgan

  23. U.S. Steel

  24. John D. Rockefeller

  25. Standard Oil Company

  26. Vanderbilt family

  27. George Westinghouse

  28. Horatio Alger

  29. Herbert Spencer

  30. Gilded Age

  31. “Captains of industry” vs. “Robber barons”

  32. Working conditions

  33. Wages

  34. Child labor

  35. Craft inions

  36. Trade unions

  37. Knights of Labor

  38. Haymarket Riot

  39. American Federation of Labor

  40. Samuel Gompers

  41. Eugene Debs

  42. Strike

  43. Yellow-dog contract

  44. Closed shop

  45. Lockout

  46. Scabs

  47. Blacklist

  48. Injunction

  49. Sherman Antitrust Act

  50. The Great Strike (1877)

  51. Homestead Strike

  52. Pullman Strike

  53. Pendleton Act

  54. Civil service system

  55. Political machines

  56. Boss Tweed

  57. Tammany Hall

  58. Thomas Nast

  59. Graft

  60. Credit Mobilier scandal

  61. Whiskey Ring scandal

  62. Secret ballot

  63. (Australian)

  64. Initiative

  65. Referendum

  66. Recall

  67. Mugwumps

  68. U.S. v. E.C. Knight, Co. (1895)


Group 6


  1. Alfred T. Mahan

  2. Josiah Strong

  3. “White Man’s Burden”

  4. Anglo-Saxon Superiority

  5. “Jingoism”

  6. Seward’s Folly

  7. Annexation of Hawaii

  8. Queen Liluokalani

  9. “Splendid Little War”

  10. Philippines

  11. Commodore George Dewey

  12. Theodore Roosevelt

  13. Rough Riders

  14. William Randolph Hearst

  15. Joseph Pulitzer

  16. USS Maine

  17. Teller Amendment

  18. Treaty of Paris (1898)

  19. Platt Amendment

  20. Panama Canal

  21. Pancho Villa Raids

  22. Anti-Imperialism League

  23. Open Door Policy

  24. Boxer Rebellions

  25. Roosevelt Corollary

  26. “Big Stick” Diplomacy

  27. Dollar Diplomacy

  28. Missionary (Moral) Diplomacy



Goal 7


  1. Ida Tarbell

  2. Lincoln Steffens

  3. Upton Sinclair

  4. Jacob Riis

  5. Urban slums

  6. Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire

  7. Jane Addams/ Hull House

  8. 16th Amendment

  9. 17th Amendment

  10. 18th Amendment (Volstead Act)

  11. 19th Amendment

  12. Carrie A. Nation

  13. Sherman Antitrust Act

  14. Theodore Roosevelt

  15. Anthracite Coal Strike

  16. Northern Securities v. U.S. (1904)

  17. Elkins Act

  18. William Howard Taft

  19. Payne-Aldrich Tariff (1909)

  20. American Tobacco v. U.S. (1911)

  21. Mann Act

  22. Robert La Follette

  23. Election of 1912

  24. Progressive/Bull Moose Party

  25. Woodrow Wilson

  26. Federal Reserve Act

  27. Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

  28. Wilmington race riot (1898)

  29. Booker T. Washington

  30. Tuskegee Institute

  31. Atlanta Compromise Speech

  32. W.E.B. Du Bois

  33. Niagara Movement

  34. The NAACP

  35. The Crisis

  36. Ida B. Wells Barnett

  37. Lynching

  38. Great Migration

  39. Disenfranchisement

  40. Literacy test

  41. Poll taxes

  42. Grandfather clauses

  43. De jure segregation

  44. De facto segregation

  45. Jim Crow Laws

  46. Electricity

  47. Mail order catalogs

  48. Kodak Camera

  49. Movie Camera

  50. Wright Brothers

  51. Ford’s Innovations

-$5 day

-Assembly line

-Model T

-Workers as consumers



  1. Skyscrapers



Goal 8


  1. Archduke Franz Ferdinand

  2. U-Boat submarine warfare

  3. Serbia

  4. Allies

  5. Central Powers

  6. Kaiser Wilhelm II

  7. Contraband

  8. Lusitania

  9. Election of 1916

  10. Woodrow Wilson

  11. “Make the world safe for democracy”

  12. Idealism

  13. Zimmermann Telegram

  14. Selective Service Act

  15. Isolationists

  16. Jeanette Rankin

  17. Trench warfare

  18. “No Man’s Land”

  19. Mustard gas

  20. Russian and Bolshevik Revolutions

  21. Doughboys

  22. John J. Pershing

  23. American Expeditionary Force

  24. Armistice

  25. “Peace without victory”

  26. Fourteen Points (1-5, 14)

  27. “The Big Four”

  28. Treaty of Versailles

  29. League of Nations

  30. Henry Cabot Lodge

  31. 18th Amendment

  32. 19th Amendment

  33. Committee on Public Information/George Creel

  34. Food Administration/Bernard Baruch

  35. Espionage and Sedition Acts

  36. Eugene V. Debs

  37. Industrial Workers of the World

  38. Schenck v. United States (1919)

  39. Palmer Raids

  40. John L. Lewis (United Mine Workers)

  41. Washington Naval Conference

  42. Dawes Plan


Goal 9


  1. Warren G. Harding

  2. “Return to Normalcy”

  3. Teapot Dome scandal

  4. Albert Fall

  5. Hawley-Smoot Tariff

  6. Calvin Coolidge

  7. Speculation

  8. Buying on margin

  9. “Black Tuesday”

  10. Herbert Hoover

  11. Direct relief

  12. Easy credit

  13. Installment plan

  14. Overproduction

  15. Hoovervilles

  16. Soup kitchens

  17. Breadlines

  18. Bonus Army

  19. Dust Bowl

  20. Jazz

  21. Louis Armstrong

  22. Silent films and “talkies”

  23. The Jazz Singer

  24. Lost Generation

  25. F. Scott Fitzgerald

  26. Ernest Hemingway

  27. Sinclair Lewis

  28. Prohibition

  29. Speakeasies

  30. Bootleggers

  31. Babe Ruth

  32. Charles Lindbergh

  33. Automobiles

  34. Marketing/advertising

  35. Radio

  36. FDR’s “Fireside Chats”

  37. Ku Klux Klan

  38. Harlem Renaissance

  39. Langston Hughes

  40. Zora Neale Hurston

  41. Marcus Garvey

  42. “Back to Africa” Movement

  43. United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA)

  44. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)

  45. W.E.B. Du Bois

  46. 1924 Native American Suffrage Act

  47. Sacco and Vanzetti

  48. Scopes Trial

  49. Aimee Semple McPherson

  50. Billy Sunday

  51. Margaret Sanger

  52. Flappers

  53. Deficit spending

  54. Social Security

  55. Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

  56. Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA)

  57. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC)

  58. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC)

  59. National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA)

  60. Public Works Administration (PWA)

  61. Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  62. Works Progress Administration (WPA)

  63. National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)

  64. Fair Labor Standards Act

  65. Father Charles Coughlin

  66. Huey P. Long

  67. Frances Perkins

Goal 10


  1. Benito Mussolini

  2. Adolf Hitler

  3. Third Reich

  4. Emperor Hirohito

  5. Munich Pact

  6. Joseph Stalin

  7. Winston Churchill

  8. Kellogg-Briand Pact

  9. Neutrality Acts

  10. Quarantine Speech

  11. Non-Aggression Pact

  12. Four Freedoms

  13. Lend-Lease Act

  14. Pearl Harbor

  15. Blitzkrieg

  16. Battle of Britain

  17. Pearl Harbor

  18. Chester Nimitz

  19. Stalingrad

  20. D-Day (Operation Overload)

  21. George Patton

  22. Battle of the Bulge

  23. Airdrops

  24. Battle of Midway

  25. Douglas MacArthur

  26. Island hopping

  27. Iwo Jima

  28. Okinawa

  29. Casablanca, Tehran, Potsdam

  30. V-E Day, V-Jay

  31. Manhattan Project

  32. J. Robert Oppenheimer

  33. Atomic bomb

  34. Nuremberg Trials

  35. Selective Services Act

  36. War Production Board

  37. Rationing

  38. War bonds

  39. G.I. Bill Levittown

  40. Great Migration

  41. Middle class

  42. Baby boomers

  43. Rosie the Riveter

  44. WACS

  45. Japanese Internment

  46. Korematsu v. United States (1944)

  47. Iron Curtain

  48. Truman Doctrine

  49. Marshall Plan

  50. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA)

  51. Zionist Movement

  52. Israel

  53. Berlin Airlift

  54. Chinese Civil War

  55. Korean War

  56. UN Police Action

  57. Douglas MacArthur

  58. Hydrogen Bomb

  59. Geneva Accords

  60. Eisenhower Doctrine

  61. Nikita Khrushchev

  62. U-2 Incident

  63. Fidel Castro

  64. Bay of Pigs

  65. Berlin Wall

  66. Cuban Missile Crisis

  67. Limited Test Ban Treaty

  68. United Nations

  69. Security Council

  70. O.A.S.

  71. N.A.T.O.

  72. S.E.A.T.O.

  73. Warsaw Pact

  74. Alliance for Progress

Goal 11


  1. “Duck and cover”

  2. Fallout Shelters

  3. House Un-American Activities Committee

  4. Hollywood Blacklist

  5. Alger Hiss

  6. Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

  7. National Security Act (1947)

  8. Taft-Hartley Act

  9. Fair Deal

  10. AFL-CIO

  11. National Highway Act

  12. New Left

  13. Détente

  14. S.A.L.T. I and II

  15. C.O.R.E.

  16. Brown v. Board of Education, Topeka, Kansas (1954)

  17. Thurgood Marshall

  18. Earl Warren

  19. Rosa Parks

  20. Montgomery bus boycotts

  21. Martin Luther King, Jr.

  22. Little Rock Nine

  23. S.N.C.C.

  24. Sit-ins

  25. Freedom Riders

  26. 24th Amendment

  27. George Wallace

  28. March on Washington

  29. James Meredith

  30. Civil Rights Act of 1964

  31. Voting Rights Act of 1965

  32. Malcolm X

  33. Black Power Movement

  34. Stokely Carmichael

  35. Black Panthers

  36. Elvis Presley

  37. British Invasion—Beatles

  38. Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)

  39. Counterculture

  40. Haight-Ashbury

  41. Woodstock

  42. Betty Friedan

  43. The Feminine Mystique

  44. National Organization for Women

  45. Women’s Liberation

  46. Gloria Steinem

  47. Phyllis Schlafly

  48. Equal Rights Amendment

  49. Roe v. Wade (1973)

  50. Cesar Chavez

  51. American Indian Movement (AIM)

  52. Clean Air Act

  53. Clean Water Act

  54. Environmental Protection Agency

  55. Ho Chi Minh

  56. Vietcong

  57. Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

  58. Operation Rolling Thunder

  59. Robert McNamara

  60. General William Westmoreland

  61. Selective Service System

  62. Agent Orange

  63. Nepalm

  64. Tet Offensive

  65. My Lai Incident

  66. Vietnamization

  67. Cambodia/Laos

  68. Kent State

  69. Pentagon Papers

  70. New York Times V. U.S. (1971)

  71. 26th Amendment

  72. Paris Peace Accord

  73. War Powers Act (1973)

  74. Fall of Saigon, 1975

  75. Radio in 1950s

  76. Color television

  77. Sputnik

  78. NASA

  79. National Defense Education Act

  80. Space Programs

  81. John Glenn

  82. Neil Armstrong

  83. Commercial jet travel

  84. Silicon Valley

  85. Computers

  86. ICBMs

  87. Nuclear power

  88. New Frontier



  1. Peace Corps

  2. Great Society

  3. HUD

  4. Dead Start

  5. VISTA

  6. Medicare

  7. National Endowment for the Humanities

  8. Robert Kennedy

  9. 1968 Democratic National Convention

  10. Watergate scandal

  11. Sam Ervin/Senate Watergate Committee

  12. Bob Woodward/Carl Bernstein

  13. John Dean

  14. U.S. v. Nixon (1974)

  15. 25th Amendment





Goal 12

  1. Yom Kippur War

  2. Yasser Arafat-PLO

  3. Helsinki Accords

  4. Jimmy Carter

  5. Camp David Accords

  6. Anwar el-Sadat

  7. Menachem Begin

  8. Shah of Iran

  9. Ayatollah Khomeini

  10. Iranian Hostage Crisis

  11. Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars)

  12. U.S. invasion of Lebanon

  13. Iran-Contra Affair

  14. Mikhail Gorbachev

  15. INF Treaty

  16. Fall of the Berlin Wall

  17. Tiananmen Square

  18. Nelson Mandela

  19. Saddam Hussein

  20. Persian Gulf Wars

  21. Famine/Somalia and Ethiopia

  22. Foreign debt

  23. Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools (1971)

  24. Title IX

  25. Geraldine Ferraro

  26. William Rehnquist

  27. Sandra Day O’Connor

  28. Flag burning

  29. Texas v. Johnson (1989)

  30. Clarence Thomas

  31. Americans with Disabilities Act

  32. Energy Crisis

  33. Stagflation

  34. WIN (Ford)

  35. Three Mile Island

  36. Department of Energy

  37. National Energy Act

  38. Supply-Side economics (Reagonomics)

  39. “Trickle-down” theory

  40. Airline deregulation

  41. National debt

  42. Food stamps

  43. Challenger disaster

  44. NAFTA

  45. Computer revolution

  46. Internet

  47. Bill Gates

  48. NASDAQ in the 1990s

  49. Sunbelt

  50. New Federalism

  51. Presidential pardon

  52. Jimmy Carter

  53. Ronald Reagan

  54. Elections of 1976-2000

  55. New Right Coalition

  56. Stonewall Riots

  57. Gay Rights Movement

  58. Graying of America

  59. New Democrat

  60. Ross Perot

  61. Bill Clinton

  62. Al Gore

  63. Newt Gingrich

  64. Joe Lieberman

  65. John McCain

  66. Immigration Policy Act

  67. Regents of the University of California v. Bakke (1978)

  68. Minorities in politics

  69. Green Card

  70. Bilingual education

  71. No Child Left Behind

  72. Nuclear proliferation

  73. Embassy bombings

  74. Terrorist network

  75. Al-Quaeda

  76. Osama bin Laden

  77. September 11, 2001

  78. Patriot Act

  79. Colin Powell

  80. George W. Bush

  81. World Trade Center

  82. Taliban Regime

  83. Afghanistan

  84. War on Iraq

  85. Department of Homeland Security

  86. Airport security

  87. Pre-emptive strikes

  88. Bush Doctrine

  89. “Axis of Evil”




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