Test: Joints



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Test: Joints

Do not write on this test. Use the scantron to bubble the best choice:


51) The major bones that articulate at the knee joint include the patella, femur, and

a) fibula d)humerus

b) tibia e) none of the above

c) coxal
52) Joints that are freely moveable are classified as:

a) synarthroses d) all of the above

b) amphiarthroses e) none of the above

c) diarthroses
53) Knees, elbows, and interphalangeal joints are all examples of

a) sutures d) hinge joints

b) synchondroses e) both c and d are correct

c) synovial joints


54) The atlantoaxial joint:

a) is between C1 and C2 d) is a pivot joint

b) allows rotation e) all of the above

c) is a synovial joint


55) The glenohumeral joint:

a) is between C2 and C3 d) is a pivot joint

b) allows only gliding e) all of the above

c) is a synovial joint


56) Sutures, syndesmoses and gomphoses are examples of:

a) cartilaginous joints d) all of the above

b) synovial joints e) none of the above

c) fibrous joints


57) The immovable joints between skull bones are:

a) gomphoses d) sutures

b) synovial joints e) cartilaginous joints

c) symphyses


58) Examples of cartilaginous joints include:

a) intervertebral discs d) all of the above

b) pubic symphysis e) none of the above

c) epiphyseal plates


59) Synovial joints include:

a) teeth in bony sockets d) all of the above

b) fibrocartilage pads e) none of the above

c) most skull joints

60) Condyloid joint examples include:

a) knuckle joints d) all of the above

b) elbow joints e) none of the above

c) thumb joints


61) Ball and socket joints:

a) are synovial joints d) are freely moveable

b) have reinforcing ligaments e) all of the above

c) include hip and shoulder


62) The joint between the radial head and the ulna is an example of a:

a) hinge joint d) plane joint

b) pivot joint e) ball and socket joint

c) saddle joint


63) The joints between carpal bones are examples of

a) hinge joints d) plane joints

b) pivot joints e) ball and socket joints

c) saddle joints


64) Saddle joints are synovial joints that allow greater movement than condyloid joints. Examples include:

a) thumb joints d) knee joints

b) hip joints e) proximal radioulnar joint

c) ankle joints


65) The least mobile of all the types of synovial joints are:

a) hinge joints d) plane joints

b) pivot joints e) ball and socket joints

c) saddle joints


66) The type of synovial joint that allows the greatest range of motion is:

a) hinge joints d) plane joints

b) pivot joints e) ball and socket joints

c) saddle joints


67) Fibrous, cartilaginous, and synovial are all:

a) freely movable joints d) only found in the appendicular skeleton

b) immovable joints e) structural classifications of joints

c) axial skeleton joints


68) Amphiarthroses, diarthroses, and synarthroses are:

a) synovial joints d) cartilaginous joints

b) structural classifications e) functional classifications of joints

c) fibrous joints


69) The proximal end of the humerus articulates with:

a) ulna d) radius

b) scapula e) clavicle

c) coxal
70) The distal ends of the metatarsal bones articulate with:

a) tarsals d) tibia

b) fibula e) phalanges

c) carpals


71) The major bones that make up the elbow joint are:

a) tibia and femur d) radius and carpals

b) humerus and scapula e) ulna and humerus

c) tibia and talus


72) A ligament is connective tissue that:

a) connects muscle to bone d) connects bone to bone

b) encloses a synovial cavity e) acts as padding between vertebrae

c) connects muscle to muscle


73) These ‘bags of lubricant’ act to reduce friction between structures during joint activity:

a) bursae and tendon sheaths d) hyaline cartilage

b) synaovial capsule e) all of the above

c) tendons


74) These fibrocartilage pads of the knee act as shock absorbers:

a) symphysis d) ligaments

b) menisci e) bursae

c) tendon sheaths


75) Intracapsular ligaments of the knee that cross each other are called the:

a) cruciate ligament d) holy ligaments

b) collateral ligaments e) none of the above

c) scapular ligaments


76) A rim of fibrocartilage found in ball and socket joints is called the:

a) meniscus d) vertebral disc

b) labrum e) rotator cuff

c) pubic symphysis


77) All limb joints are:

a) synovial joints d) all of the above

b) cartilaginous joint e) none of the above

c) fibrous joints

Use the following choices for questions 78-82.

a) patella d) quadriceps muscle

b) patellar ligament e) medial (tibial) collateral ligament

c) lateral (fibular) collateral ligament






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