Unit 3: Population and Migration Quiz



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Unit 3: Population and Migration Quiz


  1. Increasing numbers of people from Latin America have migrated to the United States over the last three decades. What has been the primary reason for this increased migration?

    1. To escape from the threat of Communism

    2. To obtain religious freedom

    3. To avoid natural disasters

    4. To find new economic opportunities

  2. Which of the following is an example of human migration caused by an economic “pull” factor?

    1. Puritans migrated to Massachusetts to freely practice their religion.

    2. Afghan refugees fled to Pakistan to escape the war involving the Taliban and U.S. forces.

    3. Turkish workers migrated to Germany after 1945 to fill jobs in that nation.

    4. East Berliners crossed into West Berlin in the 1960s to escape Communist rule.

  3. Muslim peoples from the Middle East crossed into India, where they spread the Islamic religion. How was their migration route most affected by physical geography?

    1. They avoided streams and rivers along their migration route.

    2. They were unable to migrate because of unfavorable weather conditions.

    3. They migrated along the route that took them through the densest forests.

    4. They migrated through the Kyber Pass to avoid going over mountains.

  4. Much of the Middle East is desert. A study of the population distribution of this region would show that most people-

    1. Live near fresh water supplies

    2. Inhabit mountainous areas

    3. Live in the center of the desert

    4. Are evenly distributed throughout the region

Use the information and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

  • Iraq. Hundreds of thousands of Kurds moved to Turkey and Iran after the civil war that followed the Persian Gulf War in 1991.

  • Yugoslavia. The disintegration of this country in the 1990s caused the displacement of many people, especially Bosnians, Croats, and Serbs.

  • Somalia and Ethiopia. In the 1990s, many people in Somalia and Ethiopia moved the avoice civil war, dought and famine.

  • Rwanda. In the mid-1990s, millions of Hutus fled to avoid retaliation after earlier massacres of Tutsis.

  1. What conclusion can be drawn from all four of these examples?

    1. Wars in Africa are particularly violent.

    2. Political, economic and social factors can lead to human migration.

    3. Ethnic wars no longer trouble the world.

    4. Internal migration of people is important in shifting populations.

  2. Which of the following is used to determine if a country is developed or developing?

    1. Human Development Index

    2. Literacy Rate

    3. Birth Rate

    4. Life Expectancy

  3. Which is an example of migration due to environmental issues?

    1. Some groups traditionally migrate with the seasons.

    2. When people in a society suffer from poverty they migrate.

    3. People migrate when they are persecuted for being a member of a particular ethnic group.

    4. People often flee their homes when they become scenes of armed conflict.

  4. What might a demographer use to compare the numbers of males and females at different age categories living in a society?

    1. Population Density map

    2. Population Pyramid

    3. Dot Population Map

    4. Graph

  5. Which of the following is the most likely effect of building a railroad to reach an area rich in natural resources?

    1. Railroad owners take control of the area.

    2. The number of people that settle in the area increases.

    3. There is a sharp increase in movement away from the area.

    4. Government leaders close the area to future settlement.

Use the information in the boxes and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.


The fertile soil of river valleys allowed the first civilizations to develop.



The Gupta Empire was separated from the north by the Himalayan and the Hindu Kush Mountains.

Because Japan is mountainous, most of its people live in areas near the coast.



  1. Which conclusion is best supported by these examples?

    1. Major urban centers are found only along rivers.

    2. Without mountains and rivers, people cannot become civilized.

    3. The physical geography of a region influences its human development.

    4. The spread of new ideas is often limited by political conflict.

  2. Physical features often influence where people live. Which type of environment typically has the highest population density?

    1. Hills, mountains and plateaus c. wet bogs and swamps

    2. Flat, fertile plains and river valleys d. dry and barren desert regions

  3. Due to the extreme climate and lack of economic activities, most Canadians live-

    1. Within 100 miles of the U.S. border.

    2. Along the Pacific Coast

    3. Along the Atlantic Coast

    4. In the central region.

  4. Which statement about overpopulation is most accurate?

    1. There are too many people to fit on earth.

    2. There are too few resources in relation to the population on earth.

    3. There are too few people on earth in relation to the resources.

    4. There are too many people in certain regions.

  5. Which of the following regions are among the most populated regions in the world?

    1. Latin America c. Oceania

    2. South Africa d. South Asia

  6. The majority of the world’s population can be found in-

    1. The highly developed nations of the world.

    2. The developing nations of the world.

    3. China

    4. India

  7. A higher infant mortality rate tends to lead to a higher-

    1. Life expectancy c. Death rate

    2. Fertility rate d. per capita income

  8. Three-quarters of the world’s population now live on less than _______% of the Earth’s surface.

    1. 5 b. 10 c. 12 d. 15


Use the information in the boxes and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.


Siberian Plains



Sahara Desert

Amazon Rainforest

Russian Steppes



  1. Which characteristic is common to all four of these areas?

    1. They are all sparsely populated.

    2. They are all found on the continent of Asia.

    3. They are all located near the equator.

    4. They are all in mountainous areas.

  2. The Sahara Desert is sparsely populated except along the Nile River. Along the river and along several coastal locations, the population density is greater than 150 people per square mile. These densely populated areas include the cities of Cairo, Alexandria, Lagos, and Capetown. Which of the following explains this situation?

    1. Settlements along water tend to be more densely populated.

    2. Settlements in the deserts tend to be more densely populated.

    3. Settlements no longer need to settle along water due to advancements in transportation.

    4. Settlements along water tend to be more sparsely populated.

  3. The lack of healthcare in a society might be seen through the-

    1. Infant mortality rate.

    2. The death rate.

    3. The fertility rate.

    4. All of the above.

  4. Generally a high birth rate is an indication of-

    1. A highly industrialized country.

    2. A country where women maintain traditional gender roles.

    3. a country where women play an integral role in the work force.

    4. A country where women like big families.

  5. As a country becomes more industrialized we tend to see-

    1. Their populations stagnate over time.

    2. Their populations grow at astronomical rates.

    3. Their populations fall drastically immediately.

    4. Their populations may grow temporarily, but level out over time.

Use your population distribution map and your knowledge of social studies to answer questions 23-28.

  1. Which of the following is a city with over 12 million people?

    1. Mexico City

    2. Houston

    3. Atlanta

    4. San Jose

  2. On which continent are the largest number cities over 12 million found?

    1. North America

    2. South America

    3. Africa

    4. Asia

  3. Which region contains a location of over 520 persons per square mile?

    1. South America

    2. North America

    3. Australia

    4. Africa

  4. Why might Korea be more densely populated than China?

    1. Korea has a smaller land area than China which increases the number of persons per square mile.

    2. China has a smaller land area than Korea which increases the number of persons per square mile.

    3. Korea has a larger land area than China which reduces the number of persons per square mile.

    4. They have the same population density.

  5. In which hemisphere is the population less dense?

    1. North

    2. South

    3. North East

    4. North West

  6. Which region is less populated?

    1. North America

    2. Latin America

    3. Europe

    4. Asia

  7. Which of the following areas would have the greatest carrying capacity?

    1. Sahara Desert

    2. Mongolia

    3. Australia

    4. United States

  8. In an effort to control population growth, China-

    1. Employed the one-child policy.

    2. Campaigned for smaller families.

    3. Encouraged migration to less populated regions.

    4. Made people leave if they had more than one child.





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