Unit 7 Sherlock Holmes Part a 閱讀—Reading Section



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高中英文(二)Outside Reading —

Unit 7 Sherlock Holmes
Part A 閱讀—Reading Section

  The biggest name in the literary world of crime and justice is Sherlock Holmes. Through his careful observation and logical reasoning, he is able to solve the most complex mysteries. Indeed, Sherlock Holmes is better known even than his own creator, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930).

  Conan Doyle created Holmes in his 1887 novel, A Study in Scarlet. At the time, Conan Doyle was a physician in Portsmouth, England. With the success of his second Holmes story, The Sign of Four, he gave up his medical practice to become a full-time writer. In all, he wrote 4 novels and 56 short stories about this character, besides other works of fiction and history.

  A typical Holmes adventure begins with the gentleman detective sitting in his living room in 221B Baker Street, London, as clients and Scotland Yard knock on the door to ask for help. More often than not, upon asking a few questions to the point, Holmes would have half-solved the mystery without even leaving his armchair. Later, he would arrive at the scene of crime accompanied by Dr. John Watson, the clumsy, good-natured physician who shares his apartment. Watson, much interested in detective work, would imitate Holmes as the latter walks about, looks for clues through a magnifying glass and asks seemingly offhand questions. The doctor would then beat his brains trying to solve the crime, but become even more confused by the clues. Suddenly, Holmes would sit back and coolly identify the criminal. “How did you do it?” asks the doctor, quite puzzled. “Elementary, dear Watson, elementary,” says Holmes as he goes onto explain how he solved the case. Once again justice is served, and peace and quiet return to the comfortable little apartment of the master detective and his faithful friend.

  In “The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle” (1892), for example, Holmes is asked to find the owner of a hat, with no other information than what he can find on the hat itself. Watson studies the hat and returns it to his friend. “I can see nothing,” he says. “No, Watson, you see everything. You fail, however, to reason from what you see.” Having said so, Holmes identifies the owner’s age, his personality, his intelligence, his habits, his financial situation, and the fact that his wife no longer loves him. Such performances made Holmes an instant hero in the hearts of many readers.

  Ironically, Conan Doyle soon grew tired of the popularity of Sherlock Holmes. He felt that readers only recognized him as a writer of detective stories and ignored his more serious writing. The constant demand for more Holmes stories also interrupted his other work.Therefore, in 1893, Conan Doyle let Holmes fall to his death. The public’s demand for the detective’s return was so great, however, that the author brought him back to life in 1903. After that, the character became immortal both in Sir Arthur’s later novels and indeed in the public’s imagination. To this day, readers around the world are still fascinated by Holmes’ adventures.





clue

[klu]

n.

線索

*magnifying glass

[`mAqnJ:fZIIG qlAs]

n.

放大鏡

seemingly

[`simIGlI]

adv.

似乎地

offhand

[`Of`hAnd]

adj.

隨意的

criminal

[`krImJnL]

n.

罪犯

puzzled

[`pVzLd]

adj.

困惑的

serve

[sRv]

v.t.

達到要求

faithful

[`feHfJl]

adj.

忠誠的

personality

["pRsN`AlJtI]

n.

性格

intelligence

[In`tElJdjJns]

n.

智能

performance

[pK`fOrmJns]

n.

表現

ironically

[ZI`ranIklI]

adv.

反諷地

demand

[dI`mAnd]

n.

需求

immortal

[I`mOrtL]

adj.

不朽的

fascinate

[`fAsJ"net]

v.t.

使人著迷

beat one’s brains







絞盡腦汁

literary

[`lItJ"rErI]

adj.

文學的

crime

[krZIm]

n.

罪行

justice

[`djVstIs]

n.

正義

observation

["abzK`veSJn]

n.

觀察

logical

[`ladjIkL]

adj.

合乎邏輯的

reasoning

[`rizNIG]

n.

推理;推論

complex

[`kamplEks]

adj.

複雜的

*Arthur Conan Doyle

[`arHK `konJn `dOIl]

n.

柯南道爾

*physician

[fI`zISJn]

n.

醫生

*Portsmouth

[`portsmJH]




樸次茅斯

medical

[`mEdIkL]

adj.

醫學的

practice

[`prAktIs]

n.

醫生、律師等之工作

fiction

[`fIkSJn]

n.

小說

typical

[`tIpIkL]

adj.

典型的

adventure

[Jd`vEntSK]

n.

冒險

detective

[dI`tEktIv]

n.

偵探

client

[`klZIJnt]

n.

客戶

*Scotland Yard

[`skatlJnd yard]

n.

蘇格蘭場

*armchair

[`arm"tSEr]

n.

扶手椅

scene

[sin]

n.

現場

clumsy

[`klVmzI]

adj.

笨拙的

imitate

[`ImJ"tet]

v.t.

模仿

latter

[`lAtK]

adj.

後者



Part B 讀後練習—Post-reading Practice

True or False: Read the following statements carefully and


decide if they are true (T) or false (F).


1. Conan Doyle is the most famous detective in the world.

2. Similar to Conan Doyle, Dr. Watson is a physician.

3. Dr. Watson often helps Sherlock Holmes solve the crime.

4. Conan Doyle gave up his job as a doctor as soon as he created Sherlock Holmes.

5. Sherlock Holmes is immortal in all the readers’ minds.
Multiple Choice: Choose the best answer based on the reading.

1. Sherlock Holmes is created in the novel called     .

(A) The Sign of Four

(B) The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle

(C) A Study in Scarlet

(D) A Case of Identity

2. Conan Doyle was well-known for writing     .

(A) science fictions

(B) historical romances

(C) detective stories

(D) fairy tales

3. Why did Conan Doyle let Sherlock Homes fall to his death in 1893?

(A) He was tired of writing.

(B) He wanted to quit writing.

(C) The readers were tired of Sherlock Holmes.

(D) The readers ignored his more serious writing.

4. Conan Doyle became a full-time writer since the success of     .

(A) The Sign of Four

(B) The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle

(C) A Study in Scarlet

(D) A Case of Identity

5. Which of the following descriptions is NOT true about Sherlock Holmes?

(A) He lives at 221B Baker Street with Dr. Watson.

(B) He is able to solve the most complex mysteries through reasoning.

(C) Without the company of Dr. Watson, he may not solve all the cases.

(D) The stories about him set models for detective fiction.
Part C 字彙練習—Vocabulary Practice

Match the words: Please fill in the blanks using the following words.

reasoning immortal detective intelligence

ironically fascinated faithful crimes



  Conan Doyle is a famous  detective  storywriter. The most popular character he created is Sherlock Holmes. In the stories, Holmes solves  crimes  through his careful observation and logical  reasoning . Even though he holds a hat, he can identify the owner’s age, personality,
 intelligence , habits, and so on. Such performances make him a hero in the hearts of many readers. To this day, readers around the world are still  fascinated  by Holmes’ adventures.


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