|US History Exam correlated to the SOL Framework
Which does NOT describe the physical features or climate of the Great Plains?
flatlands that rise gradually from east to west
land eroded by wind and water
frequent dust storms
Because of _____________, people saw the Great Plains not as a “treeless
wasteland” but as a vast area to be settled.
Which was NOT an invention or adaptation the people living on the Great Plains
sod houses and windmills
dry farming (wheat) and raising cattle
What became an important mode of transportation in the late 1800’s out west?
Natural resources such as copper and lead were transported from out west to
United States territories
Iron ore deposits were moved to sites of
Which industry in NOT matched correctly to its geographical area?
Textile industry – New England
Meat Packing industry - Atlanta
Automobile Industry – Detroit
Steel Industry - Pittsburgh
Which was NOT a reason for westward expansion?
possibility of wealth created by discovery of gold and silver
new beginning for former slaves
localities in the east forcing people out
Which was NOT a reason for increased immigration?
escape from oppressive governments
Cities developed partly because of the migration of Americans from __________
for job opportunities.
cities to farms
rural areas to urban areas
urban areas to rural areas
the north to the south
Which industry caused Chicago to become a major city?
12. __________ also contributed to the growth of cities.
B. Native Americans
13. Lighting and electricity was to Thomas Edison as the telephone was to
A. Samuel Morse
B. Alexander Graham Bell
C. Henry Ford
D. George Eastman
14. Rapid industrialization and urbanization led to
A. cities’ population declining
B. more farms
C. luxurious hotels
D. overcrowded immigrant neighborhoods and tenements
Hull House, that helped the poor and new immigrants, was an example of a
Who founded Hull House in Chicago?
Susan B. Anthony
Carrie Chapman Catt
Cities faced political corruption as_____________ gained power by attending
to the needs of new immigrants.
the court system
The United States government’s policy towards Native Americans in the late
1800’s was to move them to
the best land in the west
Who was the leader of the Nez Perce and said “I will fight no more”?
C. Crazy Horse
Which immigrant groups were discriminated against during the building of the
the Chinese and African Americans
African Americans and the Irish
the French and the Russians
the Chinese and the Irish
One negative effect of the growth of cities was
the formation of the YMCA
new building codes
tenements and ghettos
an increased number of police
Racial segregation in the South was directed primarily against
What were these laws called that made discrimination practices in work,
education, and housing legal?
“Jim Crow” laws
“John Turkey” laws
“Jack Hawk” laws
“Joe Bird” laws
Booker T. Washington advocated which of the following?
whites were superior to blacks
blacks were superior to whites
blacks could achieve equality through vocational education
blacks should return to Africa
Which reformer in the early 1900’s felt that blacks needed to demand full
political, civil, and social rights?
W.E. B. Du Bois
Which captain of industry is NOT correctly matched with his industry?
John D. Rockefeller – oil
Andrew Carnegie – textiles
Henry Ford – automobile
Bill Gates – computer
Big business prospered due to all of the following EXCEPT
national markets created by transportation advances
Which was NOT a factor in the growth of industry?
the US celebrated its 100th birthday
access to raw materials and energy
availability of work force
Which example of big business revolved around Andrew Carnegie?
Mechanization of farms _______________labor needs while increasing
Industrial development in cities created ______________ labor needs.
a decline in
Negative effects of industrialization included all the following EXCEPT
low wages and long hours
unsafe working conditions
As workers organized, which of these labor unions was formed?
The Gentleman’s Agreement
The Square Deal
The American Federation of Labor (AFL)
The Knights of the Round Table
When workers went on strike and violence broke out at a steel plant in
a Pennsylvania town it was known as the
35. During the Progressive Movement all of the following EXCEPT which one was
a workplace reform?
A. improved safety conditions
B. reduced work hours
C. restrictions on child labor
D. having primary elections
36. Which amendment to the US Constitution granted women the right to vote?
37. Which woman is associated with women’s suffrage more than anyone else?
A. Susan B. Anthony
B. Carry Nation
C. Eleanor Roosevelt
D. Ida Tarbell
38. The Temperance Movement involved people opposed to making and \
C. shirt skirts
39. Which was NOT a reason America went to war with Spain in 1898?
A. sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor
B. protecting our business interests in Cuba
C. helping Cuba win their independence
D. wanting gold mines in Spain
E. exaggerated news reports (yellow journalism)
40. Which was NOT a result of the Spanish American War?
A. The US became rich off Spanish gold
B. The US emerged as a world power
C. Cuba won independence from Spain
D. The US gained possessions: the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
41. German submarine warfare, sinking the __________ in 1915 helped bring the
United States into WWI?
42. Because of economic and political ties with __________, the US joined the
Allies in WWI.
C. Great Britain
43. Which was NOT one of the Allies in WWI?
44. Which was NOT one of the Central Powers during WWI?
D. Great Britain
45. President Wilson proposed the formation of the _________________ at the
end of WWI to keep world peace even though the US itself didn’t join.
A. League of Nations
C. United Nations
D. Peace Institute
46. Which was NOT a result of affordable automobiles?
A. greater mobility
B. creation of jobs
C. increased mass transportation
D. growth of transportation related industries
E. movement to suburban areas
47. Who invented the airplane?
48. Which automobile giant perfected the use of the assembly line?
A. Walter Chrysler
B. Edmund Dodge
C. Henry Ford
D. Harvey Earl
49. Communication got better as the number of telephones
D. stayed the same
50. Who invented and perfected the radio?
A. Thomas Edison
B. Guglielmo Marconi
C. Henry Ford
D. Samuel Morse
51. Who is associated with the broadcast industry?
A. David Sarnoff
B. Guglielmo Marconi
C. Henry Ford
D. Andrew Carnegie
52. Which was NOT a way that electrification changed American life?
A. electric lighting
B. labor saving products (washing machines, electric stoves)
C. new time saving inventions
D. better graduation rates from schools
53. The eighteenth amendment prohibited ________________.
A. illegal drugs
B. alcoholic beverages
C. prescription drugs
D. imported medicines
54. During Prohibition, smugglers of alcohol were called ________________.
A. trust busters
B. alcohol runners
D. club owners
55. Americans went to _______________ to drink illegal alcoholic beverages.
A. gin palaces
C. tea rooms
D. spirit taverns
56. Which is NOT a reason for African Americans to make the “Great
B. they faced discrimination in the south
D. they faced violence in the south
57. Georgia O’Keeffe was a famous __________ of the 1920’s and 1930’s.
58. F. Scott Fitzgerald and John Steinbeck were _________ who wrote about
the 1920’s and 1930’s.
59. George Gershwin and Aaron Copland are associated with which of the arts?
60. What section of New York City was known for a “Renaissance” of the arts
in the 1920’s?
C. Staten Island
61. Who was the famous African American poet of the 1920’s?
A. Edgar Allen Poe
B. Malcolm X
C. Langston Hughes
D. Phyllis Wheatley
62. Jacob Lawrence showed the experiences of African Americans Great
Migration through the use of
D. painted pictures
63. Which is NOT a famous jazz musician?
A. Louis Armstrong
B. George M. Cohan
C. Duke Ellington
D. Bessie Smith
64. Jazz and the _____________ were African American music forms that
spread to the rest of society.
C. classic rock
65. One cause of the Great Depression was overspeculation and wild spending
on the ____________ market.
66. Which is NOT a result of the Great Depression?
A. banks and businesses failed
B. unemployment rates were low
C. many were homeless
D. farmers’ incomes fell
67. President Roosevelt’s plan to end the Great Depression was called the
A. New Deal
B. Perfect Deal
C. Equality Deal
D. Square Deal
68. Which was NOT a major feature of the plan to end the Great Depression?
A. Social Security
B. Federal work programs
C. free houses and cars for those who needed them
D. environmental improvement programs
farm assistance programs
69. Which did not support the fact that Germany’s economy was in trouble after
A. high inflation
B. high war dept Germany owed
C. high consumer spending
D. high unemployment
70. When total power is given to a dictator and people have few rights it is called
71. Which dictator is matched correctly with the country he ruled?
A. Hitler – Italy
B. Tojo – Japan
C. Roosevelt – Great Britain
D. Mussolini - Germany
72. Dictators led the countries that became known as the
A. Central Powers
C. Axis Powers
D. The Union
73. Which was NOT a leader of the Allies?
A. Harry S. Truman
B. Joseph Stalin
C. Winston Churchill
D. Benito Mussolini
74. Which statement is true about US involvement in WWII?
A. The US was directly involved from the beginning.
B. The US gave economic aid to Allies before getting involved.
C. The US never entered the war because it believed in isolationism.
D. The US remained neutral throughout the war.
75. Where did Japan attack the US on December 7, 1941?
A. San Juan
B. San Francisco
C. New York
D. Pearl Harbor
76. Which of these events happened first?
A. Germany captures Paris
B. Germany invades Poland
C. Germany invades the Soviet Union
D. Germany bombs London
77. Which battle was a victory for the US and a turning point in the Pacific?
C. Pearl Harbor
78. The liberation of Europe, D-Day, began when Allies landed at
79. WWII ended when US dropped atomic bombs on which Japanese cites?
A. Hiroshima and Tokyo
B. Nagasaki and Berlin
C. Hiroshima and Nagasaki
D. Tokyo and Berlin
80. The killing of Jews because of anti-Semitism and the belief the Aryan race was
superior was called the
A. Harlem Renaissance
C. Jewish Revival
D. Manhattan Project
81. The Nazis did all the following EXCEPT
A. boycott Jewish stores
B. segregate Jews
C. give Jews priority for becoming soldiers
D. put Jews in concentration camps
82. America’s involvement in WWII ended the Great Depression because
A. there were less men who needed jobs
B. factories needed workers to produce goods for the war
C. prices went down
D. more banks opened
83. Which was NOT true of WWII’s home front?
A. many women worked in defense plants
B. most Americans tried to conserve and ration resources
C. many blacks were hired for jobs in the war industries
D. most Americans were opposed to the war
84. Which group of American citizens were treated with distrust and placed in
internment camps for most of the war?
A. German Americans
B. Japanese Americans
C. Italian Americans
D. Jewish American
85. At the end of WWII the Soviet Union occupied most of
A. western Europe
B. eastern and central Europe
C. northern Europe
D. southern Europe
86. The United States’ plan to rebuild Europe and prevent the spread of communism
was called the
A. Roosevelt Plan
B. Truman Plan
C. Marshall Plan
D. Hitler Plan
87. After WWII, Germany was split in half. What was the fate of each?
A. West Germany and East Germany both adopted democratic governments
B. West Germany adopted democratic govn’t and East Germany communism
C. West Germany adopted communism and East Germany democratic govn’t
D. West Germany and East Germany both were under communist rule
88. After WWII, what was the outcome for Japan?
A. Fell under communist rule
B. A dictator took over
C. Set up democratic govn’t and was bitter enemy of US
D. Set up democratic govn’t and became strong ally of US
89. Following WWII, name the organization that was formed to hopefully prevent
future global wars.
A. The League of Nations
B. The United Nations
C. The United Congress
D. World Court
90. Which of these best explains the rapid growth the US experienced after WWII?
A. Businesses kept producing war materials and few consumer goods
B. Americans could purchase goods on credit
C. Women remained in the workforce and men were unemployed
D. Labor unions had less power than ever and workers salaries decreased
91. The tension between the US and Soviet Union without actual fighting that divided
up the world into two camps was called the
A. Hot War
B. Long War
C. Short War
D. Cold War
92. The US was to democracy and capitalism as the Soviet Union was to dictatorship
D. free enterprise
93. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was to the US as ____________
was to the Soviet Union.
A. Berlin Pact
B. Moscow Pact
C. Warsaw Pact
D. Prague Pact
94. The US intervened to stop communism in all the following EXCEPT
A. The Vietnam War
B. The Spanish American War
C. The Korean War
D. The Cuban Missile Crisis
95. One of the physical signs of the collapse of communism in Europe was the
A. destruction of the Berlin Wall
B. construction of new schools
C. demolition of the Great Wall of China
D. building of new barriers
96. The GI Bill of Rights gave WWII veterans
A. a bonus
B. educational, housing, and employment benefits
C. exemption from paying taxes
D. membership to VFW
97. Separate schools and public facilities for blacks and whites was called
D. civil rights
98. Which Supreme Court case led to the desegregation of schools?
A. Plessy v. Ferguson
B. Brown v. Board of Education
C. King v. The State of Alabama
D. NAACP v. Davis
99. Who urged blacks to use passive resistance and gave many speeches such as “I
have a dream…”?
A. Marin Luther King, Jr.
B. John F. Kennedy
C. Robert Kennedy
D. Stokely Carmichael
100. Who’s actions (refusing to give up a seat on the bus to a white person) set off
the Montgomery bus boycott?
A. Lyndon B. Johnson
B. Eleanor Roosevelt
C. Rosa Parks
D. Marin Luther King, Jr.
101. Which of these did NOT help to change and improve how African Americans
were treated in the US?
A. organized protests, marches, sit-ins, etc.
B. formation of the NAACP
C. Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965
D. new members joining the KKK