Volume Ⅴ (2015) On The 2015 China Victory Day Parade



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Volume Ⅴ (2015)

On The 2015 China Victory Day Parade





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Contents



I. Chinese president's speech at commemoration of 70th anniversary of war victory 3

II.The 2015 China Victory Day parade 6

i.Background 6

ii.History 7

iii.Leaders in attendance 7

iv.Parade groups 8




  1. Chinese president's speech at commemoration of 70th anniversary of war victory


http://www.jiaodong.net/news/system/2015/09/03/012861124.shtml

All my countrymen and women,

  Your Excellencies heads of state and government and representatives of theUnited Nationsand other international organizations,

  Distinguished guests,

  All officers and soldiers participating in the parade,

  Ladies and gentlemen,

  Comrades and friends,

  Today is a day that will forever be etched in the memory of people all over the world. Seventy years ago today, the Chinese people, having fought tenaciously for 14 years, won the great victory of their War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, marking the full victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. On that day, the world was once again blessed by the sunshine of peace.

  On this occasion, on behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and the Central Military Commission, I pay high tribute to all the veterans, comrades, patriots and officers in China who took part in the War of Resistance and all the Chinese at home and abroad who contributed significantly to the victory of the War. I extend heartfelt gratitude to foreign governments and friends who supported and assisted the Chinese people in resisting aggression. I also warmly welcome all the foreign guests and representatives of the armed forces of foreign countries present today.

All my countrymen and women,

  Your Excellencies heads of state and government and representatives of theUnited Nationsand other international organizations,

  Distinguished guests,

  All officers and soldiers participating in the parade,

  Ladies and gentlemen,

  Comrades and friends,

  Today is a day that will forever be etched in the memory of people all over the world. Seventy years ago today, the Chinese people, having fought tenaciously for 14 years, won the great victory of their War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression, marking the full victory of the World Anti-Fascist War. On that day, the world was once again blessed by the sunshine of peace.

  On this occasion, on behalf of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the State Council, the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, and the Central Military Commission, I pay high tribute to all the veterans, comrades, patriots and officers in China who took part in the War of Resistance and all the Chinese at home and abroad who contributed significantly to the victory of the War. I extend heartfelt gratitude to foreign governments and friends who supported and assisted the Chinese people in resisting aggression. I also warmly welcome all the foreign guests and representatives of the armed forces of foreign countries present today.

Ladies and gentlemen,

  Comrades and friends,

  The experience of war makes people value peace all the more. The aim of our commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War is to bear history in mind, honor all those who laid down their lives, cherish peace and open up the future.

  Ravaging through Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania, that war inflicted over 100 million military and civilian casualties. China suffered over 35 million casualties and the Soviet Union lost more than 27 million lives. The best way to honor the heroes who gave their lives to uphold freedom, justice and peace and mourn the loss of innocent lives brutally taken during the war is to make sure that this historical tragedy will never repeat itself.

  War is like a mirror. Looking at it helps us better appreciate the value of peace. Today, peace and development have become the prevailing trend, but the world is far from tranquil. War is the sword of Damocles that still hangs over mankind. We must learn the lessons of history and dedicate ourselves to peace.

  In the interest of peace, we need to foster a keen sense of a global community of shared future. Prejudice, discrimination, hatred and war can only cause disaster and suffering, while mutual respect, equality, peaceful development and common prosperity represent the right path to take. All countries should jointly uphold the international order and system underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, build a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation and advance the noble cause of global peace and development.

  In the interest of peace, China will remain committed to peaceful development. We Chinese love peace. No matter how much stronger it may become, China will never seek hegemony or expansion. It will never inflict its past suffering on any other nation. The Chinese people are resolved to pursue friendly relations with all other countries, uphold the outcomes of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War, and make greater contribution to mankind.

  ThePeople's Liberation Armyof China is the people's army. All its officers, men and women must bear in mind their responsibility of serving the people whole-heartedly, faithfully fulfill the sacred duty of protecting the nation's security and people's well-being, and carry out the noble mission of upholding world peace. Here, I announce that China will cut the number of its troops by 300,000.

Ladies and gentlemen,

  Comrades and friends,

  The experience of war makes people value peace all the more. The aim of our commemoration of the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War is to bear history in mind, honor all those who laid down their lives, cherish peace and open up the future.

  Ravaging through Asia, Europe, Africa and Oceania, that war inflicted over 100 million military and civilian casualties. China suffered over 35 million casualties and the Soviet Union lost more than 27 million lives. The best way to honor the heroes who gave their lives to uphold freedom, justice and peace and mourn the loss of innocent lives brutally taken during the war is to make sure that this historical tragedy will never repeat itself.

  War is like a mirror. Looking at it helps us better appreciate the value of peace. Today, peace and development have become the prevailing trend, but the world is far from tranquil. War is the sword of Damocles that still hangs over mankind. We must learn the lessons of history and dedicate ourselves to peace.

  In the interest of peace, we need to foster a keen sense of a global community of shared future. Prejudice, discrimination, hatred and war can only cause disaster and suffering, while mutual respect, equality, peaceful development and common prosperity represent the right path to take. All countries should jointly uphold the international order and system underpinned by the purposes and principles of the UN Charter, build a new type of international relations featuring win-win cooperation and advance the noble cause of global peace and development.

  In the interest of peace, China will remain committed to peaceful development. We Chinese love peace. No matter how much stronger it may become, China will never seek hegemony or expansion. It will never inflict its past suffering on any other nation. The Chinese people are resolved to pursue friendly relations with all other countries, uphold the outcomes of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War, and make greater contribution to mankind.

  ThePeople's Liberation Armyof China is the people's army. All its officers, men and women must bear in mind their responsibility of serving the people whole-heartedly, faithfully fulfill the sacred duty of protecting the nation's security and people's well-being, and carry out the noble mission of upholding world peace. Here, I announce that China will cut the number of its troops by 300,000.

Ladies and gentlemen,

  Comrades and friends,

  As an ancient Chinese saying goes, "After making a good start, we should ensure that the cause achieves fruition." The great renewal of the Chinese nation requires the dedicated efforts of one generation after another. Having created a splendid civilization of over 5,000 years, the Chinese nation will certainly usher in an even brighter future.

  Going forward, under the leadership of the Communist Party of China, we, people of all ethnicities across the country, should take Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important thought of Three Represents and the Scientific Outlook on Development as our guide to action. We should follow the path of socialism with Chinese characteristics, pursue the four-pronged comprehensive strategy, promote patriotism and the great spirit of resisting aggression and forge ahead as one to reach our goals.

  Let us bear in mind the great truth of history: Justice will prevail! Peace will prevail! The people will prevail!


  1. The 2015 China Victory Day parade


http://en.wikipedia.net.ru/wiki/2015_China_Victory_Day_Parade

The 2015 China Victory Day parade was a military parade held inBeijing on September 3, 2015 to celebrate the 70th Victory over Japan Day of the Second World War. The commemoration was the first high-profile military parade held to celebrate an occasion other than theNational Day of the People's Republic of China. Xi Jinping inspected the troops, and announced a 300,000 cut to military personnel. Li Keqiang was the master of ceremonies.


  1. Background


Since the founding of the People's Republic in 1949, China held parades primarily on October 1, the country's National Day. The most prominent renditions of the parade were held in 1959, 1984, 1999, and 2009, presided over respectively by then leaders Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao.
The 70th Anniversary of V-day parade marked the first time that China held a military parade other than the National Day. It was also the first major parade since Xi Jinping was elevated to the country's top leadership post as the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China in November 2012.
Xi Jinping had, a few months earlier, attended the 2015 Moscow Victory Day Parade as the guest-of-honour of President Vladimir Putin; Putin joined the parade in Beijing in reciprocation.

  1. History


Main article: Second Sino-Japanese War

The Empire of Japan invaded three provinces in Northeastern China on September 18, 1931 and established the puppet state of Manchukuo. Soon thereafter, the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army was established by the Communists with support from the Soviet Union and Communist International.


On July 7, 1937, the Empire of Japan launched a full-scale invasion of Republic of China after Chinese forces refused to allow the Japanese to search for one of their missing soldiers at Marco Polo Bridge.
At this time, the communist forces were integrated into Chiang Kai Shek's National Revolutionary Army as the Eighth Route Army. After that, the communist General Lin Biao formed another force called the New Fourth Army and started to fight from South China to Northeast China.
At the beginning of the war, most Chinese leaders thought that they would soon be defeated if they chose to defend themselves against Japan. Mao Zedong, however, disagreed with the mainstream and wrote On Protracted War to claim that victory was possible if China could withstand a drawn-out guerrilla war.
On December 13, 1937, Nanking, the capital of the Republic of China, fell to the Imperial Japanese Army, who committed the Nanking Massacre. The Massacre lasted into 1938 and is estimated to have caused between 100,000 and 300,000 deaths.

In 1941, the USSR, which had been supporting the Chinese war effort in order to prevent a Japanese invasion of Siberia, was forced to retreat to the European theatre to fight against Germany. Later that year on December 7, 1941, the Empire of Japan launched an attack on Pearl Harbor in Hawaii. This brought the United States into the war, with it replacing the Soviet Union as the primary foreign supporter of China.


After two US atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Soviet invasion of Manchuria, the Empire of Japan announced its surrender on August 15, 1945. On September 2, 1945, the Empire of Japan signed the official document of surrender and Nationalist authorities declared the next day to be a holiday.
  1. Leaders in attendance


Xi Jinping, the General Secretary of the Communist Party, President of the People's Republic, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission, was the central figure of the day's events. Premier Li Keqiang was the master of ceremonies for the parade, breaking convention from its two previous previous renditions of the parade, which were both hosted by the Communist Party Secretary of Beijing (Jia Qinglin in 1999 and Liu Qi in 2009). General Song Puxuan, Commander of the Beijing Military Region, greeted Xi in front of Tiananmen at the start of the parade.
Atop Tiananmen Gate, Xi Jinping wore a Mao suit, as was customary for leaders inspecting troops at military parades; the first lady Peng Liyuan wore a red dress. The remaining political figures wore business suits. Xi delivered the keynote address at the parade with a surprise announcement of a plan to cut 300,000 personnel from the Chinese military.
Former Chinese presidents Jiang Zemin and Hu Jintao; former Premiers Li Peng, Zhu Rongji and Wen Jiabao; and other former senior leaders Li Ruihuan, Wu Bangguo, Jia Qinglin, Li Lanqing, Song Ping, Zeng Qinghong, Wu Guanzheng, Li Changchun, Luo Gan, and He Guoqiang, and also attended the parade at Tiananmen. This meant that all former members of the Standing Committee who were in good standing with the party and alive at the time of the parade attended the event; they sat in strict protocol sequence to the right of the members of the incumbent Politburo Standing Committee.
Former Chairman of the Kuomintang Lien Chan also attended the parade, but not in an official capacity as a representative of the Kuomintang or Taiwan.
Hong Kong Special Administration Region chief executive Leung Chun-ying also led a 300-person group at the parade, and Macau Chief Executive Fernando Chui also attended.
Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada also attended the parade but not in an official capacity as a representative of his country. Estrada was attending as part of his duties as Mayor of Manila. Estrada cited the fact that Manila and Beijing are sister cities as his reason for attending the event.
  1. Parade groups


The old warriors squad

Surviving soldiers from the Second World War joined the parade first time. They had fought under various commands, including the New Fourth Army, the National Revolutionary Army, and the Eighth Route Army, with most over 90 years old now. Some of the passed warriors' widows marched in place of their late husbands. Besides Chinese soldiers, some surviving airmen of American Air Force who had fought alongside Chinese forces also joined the Old Warriors Squad. This group rode in open-top buses at the head of the parade.


Marching group

Colour party

The color guard consisted of 207 men and women, of the army, navy, and air force, escorting the national military colours. This marked the first occasion that female service personnel formed part of the honor guard during a national parade.
The anti-Japanese hero squads

The Communist Party of China's hero squads consisted of detachments that could trace their lineage to units that participated in the war, these included the "Langya Mountain Five Hero Squad", "Battle of Pingxingguan Hero Squad",and the "Hundred Regiments Offensive Hero Squad", representative detachments from each Chinese military region participated in the parade.


People's Armed Police

A detachment of the Beijing Division represented the People's Armed Police, the unit chosen had previously been a PLA one and can trace its lineage, through the 114th Division of the 38th Army, to regiments that fought during the war.


Foreign squads

Equipment group

Type 99 A2 Main Battle TanK

A group of the latest model of China's Type 99 main battle tank. The A2 marks the last iteration of the Type 99 as its replacement is nearing finalisation.


Amphibious squad

On parade where the infantry fighting vehicle (ZBD05) and fire support variants (ZTD05) of the People's Liberation Army Marine Corps ZBD2000 vehicle, with an ability to plane when waterborne these are the fastest amphibious armoured fighting vehicles in the world.


Mechanised infantry combat vehicle squad

ZBD-04 infantry fighting vehicle, troop carrying partner to the Type 99 MBT


Air-mobile infantry fighting vehicle squad

The ZBD-03 IFV is a light airmobile infantry fighting vehicle (IFV) and the most mobile IFV of China's People's Liberation Army, was displayed for the first time in the parade. Anti-tank missile and Light Assault Vehicles variants.[14] came afterward.

Anti-tank guided missile squad

Self-propelled Red Arrow 10 anti-tank guided missile vehicles, they have an anti-helicopter capability, with fire and forget or man-in-the-loop operation.


Self-propelled artillery squad

A group of 05A self-propelled guns, often nicknamed the "God of War" considering that they are the biggest guns in the Chinese military.


Wheeled amphibious fire support vehicle

Wheeled fast light patrol/attack vehicle

Wheeled anti-terrorism attack vehicle

Self-propelled anti-aircraft gun squad

The missile squad

DF-21D, the world's first Anti-Ship Ballistic Missile, was on display in the parade. They came immediately after the DF-15 and DF-16 missiles.


The DF-41, reportedly China's newest ICBM, was not shown in the parade.




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