West African Study Guide Students are responsible for knowing these terms and will be tested on them the 6

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5th Grade West African Study Guide

*Students are responsible for knowing these terms and will be tested on them the 6th day of music. The test format can/but may not include all of the following: multiple choice, short answer questions, and identifying examples.*

Rhythm- the combination of short sounds, long sounds, and rests.

Time Signature- how many beats are in a measure (top number), what type of note gets one beat (bottom number).

Bar line- vertical lines on a staff that divide it into measure.

Measure- the space between two bar lines.

Polyrhythm- many rhythms played or sung at the same time. (a typical rhythm characteristic of African Music)

Form- the arrangement of sections in a song.

Call and Response- a type of form used in West African music where one person sings then the rest of the chorus echoes (same as the call) or responds (different than the call).

Ceremonial- music created or performed for rituals or celebrations (e.g. patriotic music, music for worship).

Recreational- music for entertainment (e.g. music for play such as game songs, music for dances and social events, music or physical fitness, music as a hobby).

Artistic Expression- music created with the intent to express or communicate one’s emotions, feelings, ideas or experience (e.g. music created and performed in a concert setting for an audience).

Timbre- the unique sound an instrument/voice makes.

West African Timbres- Voices (men, women, and children)

Drums (Djembe, Talking Drum- “Dun-Dun”, Tubano)

Metals (Gangokui Bell, Tokai Bell- “boat bell”)

Shakers (shakeres, Gourd Rattle, caxixi rattles-woven straw, )

Mbira-“finger piano” Xylophones - Balaphone

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