West African Study Guide Students are responsible for knowing these terms and will be tested on them the 6
Date conversion 02.06.2018 Size 2.72 Mb.
5 th Grade
West African Study Guide
*Students are responsible for knowing these terms and will be tested on them the 6 th day of music. The test format can/but may not include all of the following: *
multiple choice, short answer questions, and identifying examples.
Rhythm- the combination of short sounds, long sounds, and rests.
Time - how many beats are in a measure (top number), what type of note gets one beat (bottom number).
Bar line- vertical lines on a staff that divide it into measure.
Measure- the space between two bar lines.
Polyrhythm- many rhythms played or sung at the same time. (a typical rhythm characteristic of African Music)
Form- the arrangement of sections in a song.
Call - a type of form used in West African music where one person sings then the rest of the chorus echoes (same as the call) or responds (different than the call).
Ceremonial- music created or performed for rituals or celebrations (e.g. patriotic music, music for worship).
Recreational- music for entertainment (e.g. music for play such as game songs, music for dances and social events, music or physical fitness, music as a hobby).
Artistic - music created with the intent to express or communicate one’s Expression emotions, feelings, ideas or experience (e.g. music created and performed in a concert setting for an audience).
Timbre- the unique sound an instrument/voice makes.
West - African Timbres Voices (men, women, and children)
D(Djembe, Talking Drum- “Dun-Dun”, Tubano)
M(Gangokui Bell, Tokai Bell- “boat bell”)
Sshakeres, hakers ( Gourd Rattle, caxixi rattles-woven straw, )
Mbira-“finger piano” Xylophones - Balaphone
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