综合英语第三版第二册单元配套习题 Unit1 The Snake Bite Part1 Vocabulary and Structure

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Part 1 Vocabulary and Structure

A: Vocabulary Study

Look up the following words and expressions in an English-English dictionary and write down the definition of each word and expression that fits the context of New York City.

  1. stubbornly

  2. manifest

  3. syncopated

  4. texture

  5. sentimental

  6. megalopolis

  7. facility

  8. renovate

  9. essence

  10. service

B: Blank Filling

Fill in the blank with the given words in the box. Change the form if it is necessary.

clash unseemly cling consolidation harbor

marvel scout inaugurate inhabit traverse

  1. The_____ of the President of the United States takes place on January 20.

  2. Last year the company_____ its hold on the market in the remote rural area.

  3. It is hard to face the Internet without_____ at its manifold functions.

  4. “_____ the desert as quickly as possible is our mission,” said the commander.

  5. The girl_____ softy to him, looking up into his face.

  6. Indeed, it has been said that the north-west of Scotland has a higher sustained wind speed than any other _____ part of the world.

  7. Her purple hat_____ violently with the red shoes and orange dress.

  8. This is a newly-built science center with a telescope designed to find planets that might_____ life.

  9. It was during one of these occasions that he was spotted by a talent_____ and signed up by Warner Brothers.

  10. She was three when her mother died and her father remarried with_____ haste.

C: Multiple Choice

Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentences.

1. By the time the enemy gets to the village, our army_____ for the base in the depth of the mountains.

  1. would be leaving B. will have already left

C. is leaving D. shall have left

2. There was a big hole in the main street which_____ the traffic in the rush hour.

A. set back B. held up

C. stood back D. kept down

3. Much of Russian gas sold to Europe is transported via pipelines that_____ Ukraine.

A. traverse B. pass

C. travel over D. connect

4. _____ , I couldn’t find my way to pass the math exams.

A. However hard I tried B. However I tried hard

C. However hard I try D. Whatever I tried hard

5. Tom_____ in a great trouble; otherwise he wouldn’t have mentioned his situation to us in the phone.

A. ought to have been B. should have been

C. must have been D. could have been

6. In a way, that approach may_____ with another piece of what Obama has promised as president.

A. argue B. clash C. dispute D. crash

7. _____ to the question of refreshments, I should think lemonade and sandwiches will be enough.

A. Prior B. As C. Due D. According

8. The refugees arrive expecting that South Africa will not deny them safe_____.

A. harbor B. house C. room D. port

9. In the States , the black people have_____ a much higher unemployment rate.

A. reached for B. amounted to

C. suffered from D. extended to

10. Some stockholders have suffered a lot from the present depression, thus were_____ cash and so they sold their shares at any price.

A. badly in need of B. badly need for

C. in badly need for D. badly needed

Part II Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 2 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage 1

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Humanity uses a little less than half the water available worldwide. Yet occurrences of shortages and droughts (干旱) are causing famine and distress in some areas, and industrial and agricultural by-products are polluting water supplies. Since the world’ population is expected to double in the next 50 years, many experts think we are on the edge of a widespread water crisis.

But that doesn’t have to be the outcome. Water shortages do not have to trouble the world—if we start valuing water more than we have in the past. Just as we began to appreciate petroleum more after the 1970s oil crises, today we must start looking at water from a fresh economic perspective. We can no longer afford to consider water a virtually free resource of which we can use as much as we like in any way we want.

Instead, for all uses except the domestic demand of the poor, governments should price water to reflect its actual value. This means charging a fee for the water itself as well as for the supply costs.

Governments should also protect this resource by providing water in more economically and environmentally sound ways. For example, often the cheapest way to provide irrigation (灌溉) water in the dry tropics is through small-scale projects, such as gathering rainfall in depressions (凹地) and pumping it to nearby cropland.

No matter what steps governments take to provide water more efficiently, they must change their institutional and legal approaches to water sue. Rather than spread control among hundreds or even thousands of local, regional, and national agencies that watch various aspects of water use, countries should set up central authorities to coordinate water policy.

21. What is the real cause of the potential water crisis?

A) The world population is increasing faster and faster.

B) Half of the world’s water resources have been seriously polluted.

C) Humanity has not placed sufficient value on water resources.

D) Only half of the world’s water can be used.(C)

22. As indicated in the passage, the water problem ________.

A) has been exaggerated by some experts in the field

B) is underestimated by government organizations at different levels

C) poses a challenge to the technology of building reservoirs

D) is already serious in certain parts of the world(D)

23. According to the author, the water price should ________.

A) correspond to its real value

B) be reduced to the minimum

C) stimulate domestic demand

D) take into account the occurrences of droughts(A)

24. The author says that in some hot and dry areas it is advisable to ________.

A) build big lakes to store water

B) construct big pumping stations

C) channel water from nearby rivers to cropland

D) build small and cheap irrigation systems(D)

25. In order to raise the efficiency of the water supply, measures should be taken to ________.

A) centralize the management of water resources

B) increase the sense of responsibility of agencies at all levels

C) guarantee full protection of the environment

D) encourage local and regional control of water resources(A)

Passage 2

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

We can see how the product life cycle works by looking at the introduction of instant coffee. When it was introduced, most people did not like it as well as “regular” coffee, and it took several years to gain general acceptance (introduction stage). At one point, though, instant coffee grew rapidly in popularity, and many brands were introduced (stage of rapid growth). After a while, people became attached to one brand and sales leveled off (stage of maturity). Sales went into a slight decline (衰退) when freeze-dried coffees were introduced (stage of decline).

The importance of the product life cycle to marketers is this: Different stages in the product life cycle call for different strategies. The goal is to extend product life so that sales and profits do not decline. One strategy is called market modification. It means that marketing managers look for new users and market sections. Did you know, for example, that the backpacks that so many students carry today were originally designed for the military?

Market modification also means searching for increased usage among present customers or going for a different market, such as senior citizens. A marketer may re-position the product to appeal to new market sections.

Another product extension strategy is called product modification. It involves changing product quality, features, or style to attract new users or more usage from present users. American auto manufacturers are using quality improvement as one way to recapture world markets. Note, also, how auto manufacturers once changed styles dramatically from year to year to keep demand from falling.

26. According to the passage, when people grow fond of one particular brand of a product, its sales will ________.

A) decrease gradually

B) remain at the same level

C) become unstable

D) improve enormously(B)

27. The first paragraph tells us that a new product is ________.

A) not easily accepted by the public

B) often inferior to old ones at first

C) often more expensive than old ones

D) usually introduced to satisfy different tastes(A)

28. Marketers need to know which of the four stages a product is in so as to ________.

A) promote its production

B) work out marketing policies

C) speed up its life cycle

D) increase its popularity(B)

29. The author mentions the example of “backpacks” (Line 4, Para. 2) to show the importance of ________.

A) pleasing the young as well as the old

B) increasing usage among students

C) exploring new market sections

D) serving both military and civil needs(C)

30. In order to recover their share of the world market, U.S. auto makers are ________.

A) improving product quality

B) increasing product features

C) modernizing product style

D) re-positioning their product in the market(A)

Part III Translation

Section A

Directions: Put the English sentences into Chinese.

1. The ferry to Ellis island also takes visitors to nearby liberty island to see a famous symbol of America.

2. The statue of liberty towered over New York Harbor and was one of the first sights seen by immigrants when their ships sailed into the harbor.

3. According to the history books, the first European to set eyes on New York harbor was Giovanni da Verrazano, an Italian explorer scouting the Atlantic coast of America in 1594 for the French crown.

4. In 1613,they established a fur trading post on the extreme southern end of Manhattan island and later called it New Amsterdam, also dubbing the surrounding area New Netherlands.

5. New Amsterdam was starting to attract all sorts of people, making it a distinctly diverse place.

Section B

Directions: Put the following Chinese paragraph into English.

Part IV Writing


Unit 15 The Ageing Population
Part I vocabulary and structure

A vocabulary study

look up the following words expressions

in an English-English dictionary and write down the definition of eacb word and expression that context of The Ageing Population

  1. absurd

  2. ethical

  3. contraption

  4. hamper

  5. impede

  6. dexterity

  7. cataract

  8. wrestle

  9. muffle

  10. Hobble

B Blank Filling

Fill in the blanks with the given words or expressions in the box. Change the form if it is necessary.

let alone basis applying applicable base apply not to mention subjected appliance applicant.

1.since taking post, Susan has benefited from training offered by the local authority and will be____for the nest supervisory post that is available.

  1. He can barely make ends meet,_______lend you money.

  2. All they had to do, as they knew already, was to______love and patience to Moby’s up bringing.

  3. Why had he gone to so much trouble and expense if he never intended to use this place as his_____?

  4. It is too late for you to go out,____ the fact that it’s snowing.

  5. It is your responsibility, to be in possession of a valid passport and _____visa.

  6. This rather rosy picture has been ____to a great deal of criticism.

  7. You only need to plug your _____into the adaptor -absolutely no wiring or electrical know-how is needed.

  8. In this paper particular mention has been made of the _____of Cognitive-Behavior Therapy to depression.

  9. It’s time to act on global _____;we, the Western consumers, must cut the demand for wild and endangered species as pets and products.

C Multiple Choice

Choose the best answer to complete each of the following sentence.

  1. On display at the annual exhibition that ended on Tuesday was a(n)_____that, with a touch, perfectly browns toast.

  1. tool B.instrument C.appliance D.machine

  1. _____ before, his first performance for the amateur dramatic group was a success.

  1. Though having never acted B.As he had never acted C.Despite he had never acted D.In spite of his never having acted

  1. Mr.Milton prefers to resign_____part in such dishonest business deals.

  1. than take B.than to take C.rather than take D.rather than to take

  1. There is a real possibility that animals could be frightened,______a sudden loud noise.

  1. being there B.should there be C.there was D.there have been

  1. Bit by bit,a child makes the necessary changes to make his language______.

  1. as other people B.as other people’s

C.like other people D.like other people’s

  1. In addition,companies have to pay for the service on the _____of the polluter-pay principle.

  1. base B.the one C.basis D.support

  1. The students expected there _____more reviewing classes before the final exams.

  1. is B.being C.have been D.to be

  1. As a student who has just graduated from college,I really can’t afford to rent a house like that,______buy it.

  1. no longer B.no more than C.let alone D.instead

  1. Chief Justice John Roberts opposed_____the court’s ruling to all young offfenders who are locked up for crimes other than murder.

  1. applying B.application C.apply D.appliance

  1. We will never sign this treaty.We will never _____our economy to this kind of regulation.

A.reserve for B.subdue C.give D.subject

Part II Reading Comprehension

Directions: There are 2 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

Passage one

Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.

Some pessimistic experts feel that the automobile is bound to fall into disuse. They see a day in the not-too-distant future when all autos will be abandoned and allowed to rust. Other authorities, however, think the auto is here to stay. They hold that the car will remain a leading means of urban travel in the foreseeable future.

The motorcar will undoubtedly change significantly over the next 30 years. It should become smaller, safer, and more economical, and should not be powered by the gasoline engine. The car of the future should be far more pollution-free than present types.

Regardless of its power source, the auto in the future will still be the main problem in urban traffic congestion (拥挤). One proposed solution to this problem is the automated highway system.

When the auto enters the highway system, a retractable (可伸缩的) arm will drop from the auto and make contact with a rail, which is similar to those powering subway trains electrically. Once attached to the rail, the car will become electrically powered from the system, and control of the vehicle will pass to a central computer. The computer will then monitor all of the car’s movements.

The driver will use a telephone to dial instructions about his destination into the system. The computer will calculate the best route, and reserve space for the car all the way to the correct exit from the highway. The driver will then be free to relax and wait for the buzzer (蜂鸣器) that will warn him of his coming exit. It is estimated that an automated highway will be able to handle 10,000 vehicles per hour, compared with the 1,500 to 2,000 vehicles that can be carried by a present-day highway.

21. One significant improvement in the future car will probably be ________.

A) its power source

B) its driving system

C) its monitoring system

D) its seating capacity(A)

22. What is the author’s main concern?

A) How to render automobiles pollution-free.

B) How to make smaller and safer automobiles.

C) How to solve the problem of traffic jams.

D) How to develop an automated subway system.(C)

23. What provides autos with electric power in an automated highway system?

A) A rail.

B) An engine.

C) A retractable arm.

D) A computer controller.(A)

24. In an automated highway system, all the driver needs to do is ________.

A) keep in the right lane

B) wait to arrive at his destination

C) keep in constant touch with the computer center

D) inform the system of his destination by phone(D)

25. What is the author’s attitude toward the future of autos?

A) Enthusiastic.

B) Pessimistic.

C) Optimistic.

D) Cautious.(C)

Passage Two

Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.

Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals. They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them.

Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunting consists of pursuing a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding horses. When the dogs eventually catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it.

People who take part in hunting think of as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy.

It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades the number of people opposed to fox hunting, because they think it is brutal (残酷的), has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of confrontation (冲突) between hunters and hunt saboteurs (阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly saboteurs interfere with the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox’s smell, which the dogs follow.

Noisy confrontations between hunters and saboteurs have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as the pursuit of foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport. A Labour Party Member of the Parliament, Mike Foster, is trying to get Parliament to approve a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal. If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain.

26. Rich people in Britain have been hunting foxes ________.

A) for recreation

B) in the interests of the farmers

C) to limit the fox population

D) to show off their wealth(A)

27. What is special about fox hunting in Britain?

A) It involves the use of a deadly poison.

B) It is a costly event which rarely occurs.

C) The hunters have set rules to follow.

D) The hunters have to go through strict training.(C)

28. Fox hunting opponents often interfere in the game ________.

A) by resorting to violence

B) by confusing the fox hunters

C) by taking legal action

D) by demonstrating on the scene(B)

29. A new law may be passed by the British Parliament to ________.

A) prohibit farmers from hunting foxes

B) forbid hunting foxes with dogs

C) stop hunting wild animals in the countryside

D) prevent large-scale fox hunting(B)

30. It can be inferred from the passage that ________.

A) killing foxes with poison is illegal

B) limiting the fox population is unnecessary

C) hunting foxes with dogs is considered cruel and violent

D) fox-hunting often leads to confrontation between the poor and the rich(C)

Part III Translation

Section A

Directions: Put the English sentences into Chinese.

  1. For I was transformed , rather too quickly I though , from a relatively healthy 36-year-old to an 80-year-old , and , dressed in the club’s: “ageing suit ”, growing old did not seem like a wonderful prospect at all.

  2. My vision had grown rather clouded as result of my special glasses, which had the effects of cataracts.

  3. Not to mention wrestling with that can of Coke or struggling , through my cataract-clouded vision , to read a newspaper .

  4. They hope to see whether the products or services they offer really do meet the needs of the elderly .

  5. Thus , throughout Japan , all kind of products , from household appliances, to cars, to building designs , right down to the packaging in which goods are sold , are being subjected to an entirely new kind of test :they are being handled by an imitation pensioner dressed up in an ageing suit to see just how practical the products really are.

Section B

Directions: Put the following Chinese paragraph into English.

Part IV Writing


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