1. 1 Purpose and Scope of unimarc 7 2 Format Maintenance 7



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V


Vanuatu [ponn]

USE FOR New Hebrides

Republic of Vanuatu

Vatican City [e-vc]

USE FOR Holy See

Venezuela [s-ve]

Venus (Planet) [zve]

Vermont [n-us-vt]

Victoria [u-at-vi]

Vietnam [a-vt]

Vietnam (Democratic Republic)

Assigned code:

[a-vt] Vietnam

USE FOR North Vietnam

Vietnam, North

Vietnam (Republic)



Assigned code:

[a-vt] Vietnam

USE FOR South Vietnam

Vietnam, South

Vietnam, North

USE Vietnam (Democratic Republic)

Vietnam, South

USE Vietnam (Republic)

Virgin Islands

USE British Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands (American)

USE Virgin Islands of the United States

Virgin Islands (Danish)

USE Virgin Islands of the United States

Virgin Islands (Great Britain)

USE British Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands (Presidency)

USE British Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands, British

USE British Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands of the United States [nwvi]

USE FOR Virgin Islands

Virgin Islands (American)

Virgin Islands (Danish)

Virginia [n-us-va]

Volga River (Russia) [e-urp]

Volgo-Viatskii Region (Russia)



Assigned code:

[e-ru] Russia (Federation)

Volta River (Ghana) [fv]


W


Wake Island [powk]

Wales [e-uk-wl]

Wallis and Futuna Islands [powf]

Washington (D.C.) [n-us-dc]

USE FOR District of Columbia

Washington (State) [n-us-wa]

Washington Region

Assigned codes:

[n-us-md] Maryland


[n-us-va] Virginia
[n-us-dc] Washington (D.C.)

West (Canada)

USE Northwest, Canadian

West (U.S.) [n-usp]

USE FOR Far West (U.S.)

Pacific and Mountain States

Western States (U.S.)

West Africa

USE Africa, West

West Africa, Portuguese

USE Angola

West Bank [awba]

[Coded [a-is] (Israel) and/or [a-jo] (Jordan) before Mar. 1988]

USE FOR Judaea and Samaria

West Bank of the Jordan River

West Bank of the Jordan River

USE West Bank

West Berlin

USE Berlin (Germany)

West Germany

USE Germany (West)

West Indies [nw]

USE FOR Antilles, Greater

Greater Antilles

Indies, West

West Indies, Dutch

USE Netherlands Antilles

West Indies, French



Assigned code:

[nwla] Antilles, Lesser

USE FOR French West Indies

West Irian

USE Papua (Indonesia)

West New Guinea

USE Papua (Indonesia)

West Pakistan

USE Pakistan

West River (China)

USE Xi River (China)

West Spitsbergen (Norway)

USE Spitsbergen Island (Norway)

West Virginia [n-us-wv]

Western Australia [u-at-we]

USE FOR Australia, Western

Western Canada

USE Canada, Western

Western Europe

USE Europe, Western

Western Hemisphere [xd]

Western Sahara [f-ss]

USE FOR Spanish Sahara

Western Samoa

USE Samoa

Western Siberia (Russia)

USE Siberia, Western (Russia)

Western Soviet Union

USE Soviet Union, Western

Western States (U.S.)

USE West (U.S.)

White Russia

USE Belarus

Wight, Isle of

USE Isle of Wight (England)

Windward Islands (West Indies) [nwwi]

Wisconsin [n-us-wi]

Woodlark Islands (Papua New Guinea)

Assigned code:

[a-pp] Papua New Guinea

Wyoming [n-us-wy]


X


Xi River (China) [a-ccs]

USE FOR Hsi Chiang (China)

Si Kiang (China)

Si River (China)

West River (China)

Xinjiang Uygur Zizhiqu (China) [a-cc-su]

USE FOR Hsin-chiang-wei-wy-erh tzu chin chü (China)

Sinkiang Uighur Autonomous Region (China)

Xisha Islands

USE Paracel Islands


Y


Yakutia (Russia)

USE Sakha (Russia)

Yangtze River (China) [a-ccg]

USE FOR Chang Chiang (China)

Long River (China)

Yap (Micronesia)



Assigned code:

[pomi] Micronesia (Federated States)

Yellow River (China) [a-ccy]

USE FOR Hoang Ho (China)

Huang Ho (China)

Hwang Ho (China)

Yellow Sea [ay]

USE FOR Huang Hai

Kwang Sea

Yemen (Arab Republic)

USE Yemen (Republic)

Yemen (People's Democratic Republic)

USE Yemen (Republic)

Yemen (Republic) [a-ye]

USE FOR Arab Republic of Yemen

People's Democratic Republic of Yemen

Southern Yemen

Yemen (Arab Republic)

Yemen (People's Democratic Republic)

Yugoslavia [e-yu]

USE FOR Former Yugoslav republics

Yukon Territory [n-cn-yk]

Yunnan Province (China)

USE Yunnan Sheng (China)

Yunnan Sheng (China) [a-cc-yu]

USE FOR Yunnan Province (China)

Z


Zaire

USE Congo (Democratic Republic)

Zambezi River [fz]

USE FOR Rio Zambezi

Zambia [f-za]

USE FOR Northern Rhodesia

Zanzibar

Assigned code:

[f-tz] Tanzania

Zhejiang Sheng (China) [a-cc-ch]

USE FOR Chekiang Province (China)

Zimbabwe [f-rh]

USE FOR Rhodesia, Southern

Southern Rhodesia




APPENDIX E: TIME PERIOD CODE


Introduction

The purpose of the Time Period Code is to allow access to a range of materials covering a particular era or related to a particular date. In UNIMARC, the code is entered in field 661. The code was developed at the U.S. Library of Congress for use in the USMARC format, now the MARC21 format, and was originally called the Chronological Coverage Code.



Code List

The Time Period Code consists of four alphanumeric characters assigned according to the tables given below. For B.C. dates, a lowercase alphabetic character represents the millennium and a digit represents the century. If the century is not known, a hyphen '-' is used instead of a number. For A.D. dates, a lowercase alphabetic character represents the century and a digit represents the decade. If the decade is not known, a hyphen is used instead of a number. If a single year or a period within a decade is recorded, the appropriate two-character code is repeated to create the four-character code.


B.C. TABLE A.D. TABLE

1  99 d9 2000  y

100  199 d8 1900 1999 x

200  299 d7 1800 1899 w

300  399 d6 1700 1799 v

400  499 d5 1600 1699 u

500  599 d4 1500 1599 t

600  699 d3 1400 1499 s

700  799 d2 1300 1399 r

800  899 dl 1200 1299 q

900  999 d0 1100 1199 p

1000 1099 c9 1000 1099 o

1100 1199 c8 900  999 n

1200 1299 c7 800  899 m

1300 1399 c6 700  799 l

1400 1499 c5 600  699 k

1500 1599 c4 500  599 j

1600 1699 c3 400  499 i

1700 1799 c2 300  399 h

1800 1899 c1 200  299 g

1900 1999 c0 100  199 f

2000 2099 b9 1  99 e

2100 2199 b8

2200 2299 b7

2300 2399 b6

2400 2499 b5

2500 2599 b4

2600 2699 b3

2700 2799 b2

2800 2899 b1

2900 2999 b0

3000  a0 (i.e. before 2999)

In the B.C. table, the letter equals the millennium and the number equals the century. In the A.D. table, the letter equals the century and the number, which must be added, equals the decade.

Examples

661 ##$aw5

Work on the period 1828 1859

661 ##$ao6r2

Work on the period 1066 1328

661 ##$ax8x8

Work on l984

661 ##ax-x-

Work on the 20th century

661 ##$ae-e-

661 ##$ax-x-

Work comparing the 1st century A.D. with the 20th century

661 ##$ad5d6

Work on the period 423 B.C. to 390 B.C.

661 ##$aa0d6

Work on the period to 300 B.C.

661 ##$ap-r-

Work on the 12th to 14th centuries

661 ##$ad9e3

Work on 42 B.C. A.D. 37

661 ##$ax2x2

Work on 1928

661 ##$av4wl

Work on 1740 1810





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