For the purpose of this plan, the City of Pearland is not a “special consideration community.” The federal government defines special consideration communities to be those with 3,000 or fewer individuals that is a rural community, and is not a remote area within the corporate boundaries of a larger community. The City noted that just over 1200 residents (3.4%) were living at or below the poverty level according to the 2000 Census data. In 1998, the “federal poverty level” was defined as annual incomes of $8,040 (individual) and $16,450 (family of four).
1.5 Planning Committee Membership
The following City departments and offices are designated members of the Mitigation Planning Committee:
Water and Sewer – Responsible for the installation of new water and sewer lines within the City limits. Involved in major construction of line extensions and replacement and concrete replace due to utility work.
Emergency Management – Responsible for prevention, emergency response coordination, and emergency medical care.
Engineering/Floodplain Management – Responsible for engineering planning, design, and construction administration for street, storm drainage, water, and sewer projects. Conduct engineering review of subdivision plats and plans and building site plans; conduct construction inspection. In the Extraterritorial Jurisdictional area, conduct plan review and construction inspections of subdivision improvements.
Community Services – Responsible for oversight of the following City departments and functions: grants, planning and zoning, building codes, community development, animal control, and human resources
Projects – Responsible for project management and oversight of all City Council approved projects including roads, bridges, and public buildings.
Parks and Recreation – Responsible for maintenance and operations of City parks and for planning and executing community events.
Administration – Responsible for general management and oversight of the City’s day-to-day operations.
Grants – Responsible for obtaining, administering, and executing grants.
Street Maintenance – Responsible for maintaining approximately 185 miles of streets, 300 miles of ditches, and 3,000 regulatory and directional signs.
Finance – Responsible for City finance and procurement.
The Plan was supported by two planning grants provided by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and administered by the Texas Division of Emergency Management and the Texas Water Development Board. Pearland appreciates the advice and encouragement of both agencies.
The City of Pearland’s Hazard Mitigation Plan was facilitated by Donald R. Ward & Associates, Naples, FL, with support from RCQuinn Consulting, Inc., Annapolis, MD.
1.7 Key Terms
For the most part, terms used in the Plan have the meanings that are commonly associated with them:
Disaster means the occurrence of widespread or severe damage, injury, loss of life or property, or such severe economic or social disruption that supplemental disaster relief assistance is necessary for the affected political jurisdiction(s) to recover and to alleviate the damage, loss, hardship, or suffering caused thereby (DEM).
Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) coordinates the federal government’s efforts to plan for, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of natural and man-made hazards.
Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM) is prepared by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to show Special Flood Hazard Areas; this map is the basis for regulating development according to the Regulations for Flood Plain Management.
Floodplain: See “Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA)” below.
Hazard is defined as the natural or technological phenomenon, event, or physical condition that has the potential to cause property damage, infrastructure damage, other physical losses, and injuries and fatalities.
Mitigation is defined as actions taken to reduce or eliminate the long-term risk to life and property from hazards. Mitigation actions are intended to reduce the need for emergency response – as opposed to improving the ability to respond.
National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP), located within FEMA, is charged with preparing FIRMs, developing regulations to guide development, and providing insurance for flood damage.
Risk is defined as the potential losses associated with a hazard. Ideally, risk is defined in terms of expected probability and frequency of the hazard occurring, people and property exposed, and potential consequences.
Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) or Floodplain is the area adjoining a river, stream, shoreline, or other body of water that is subject to partial or complete inundation. The SFHA is the area predicted to flood during the 1% annual chance flood, commonly called the “100-year” flood.