c. prosperity returned by the beginning of the following year.
d. Congress found it necessary to lower tariffs anyway.
e. both b and d
12. In the Pullman Strike of 1894, which of the following occurred?
a. Only a few of the nation's railroads became involved, but even that number worried the president.
b. The president obtained a court injunction to halt the strike because it was interfering with interstate commerce.
c. The Democratic party became unified behind the right of workers to strike.
d. Eugene V. Debs went to jail for violating a court injunction in the strike, but the Supreme Court overturned his conviction.
e. Strikers turned many Americans against them when they reacted violently, destroying railroad property and equipment.
13. John Dewey of Chicago became famous for his work in
a. public education.
b. settlement houses.
c. Illinois politics.
e. developing the assembly line.
14. Which of the following best describes Booker T. Washington?
a. He believed in fostering the most talented young people within the black community, as a means of demonstrating to whites what blacks could accomplish.
b. Though considered "accommodationist" by some blacks, Washington continued secretly to fund court challenges to segregation.
c. His position that blacks should not actively rebel against white mistreatment brought significant changes in the way blacks were treated in the South.
d. Whites were so pleased with his attitude that they offered to fund the Tuskegee Institute, but Washington refused their money.
e. Washington made one public attempt to speak out strongly to whites about black injustices, in a speech made in Atlanta, Georgia, in 1895, but when whites turned a deaf ear, he reverted to his former stance.
15. In the presidential election of 1896, William Jennings Bryan
a. did well in the Northeast and the Midwest.
b. campaigned in the traditional way, remaining close to home most of the time.
c. asserted that the tariff would restore prosperity to the country.
d. ran on a platform that called for free coinage of silver.
e. held the lead well into October, but lost momentum just before the November election.
16. When Jacob Coxey and his "army" of unemployed reached Washington in the spring of 1894, President Cleveland
a. agreed to put them to work building roads.
b. provided food for the men but then sent them home.
c. refused to speak with the group, labeling them "rabble."
d. allowed police to beat and arrest Coxey.
e. none of the above
17. The 1894 Congressional elections signaled a significant political adjustment, as
a. Democrats became more unified and won many Congressional seats.
b. Republicans gained control of American politics, a situation that would last for years.
c. Populists were able to send more representatives to Washington than ever before.
d. Populists decided to join the Republicans in preparation for the 1896 election.
e. the Democrats were joined by many Populists.
18. The majority of reform movements were centered in
a. the South.
c. urban areas.
d. New York.
e. the Midwest.
19. In the landmark 1896 case of Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court
a. struck down the Sherman Anti-Trust Act.
b. upheld segregation.
c. banned strikes involving interstate commerce.
d. declared the all-white primary illegal.
e. banned segregation in interstate travel.
20. The United States dealt with all of the following diplomatic conflicts in the 1890s except
a. intervention to support a democratic revolution in Santa Domingo.
b. recognition of the Hawaiian revolutionary government that had overthrown Queen Liliuokalani.
c. a dispute over the Venezuelan boundary.
d. a revolution by the Cubans against Spanish rule.