Feb 2 Battle of Stalingrad: The German Sixth Army surrendered.
Feb 3, Finland began talks with the Soviet Union.
Feb 8, Red Army recaptured Kursk.
Feb 9, The Russians took back Kursk 15 months after it fell to the Nazis.
Feb 14, Soviets recaptured Rostov.
Feb 16, The Red army conquered Kharkov.
Mar 14, The Germans reoccupied Kharkov in the Soviet Union.
Mar 18, Red Army evacuated Belgorod.
Apr 13, Nazi's discovered a mass grave of Polish officers near Katyn.
May 15 The Comintern was dissolved.
Jul 5, The battle of Kursk, the largest tank battle in history, began as German tanks attacked the Soviet salient.
Jul 6, In the 2nd day of battle at Kursk some 25,000 Germans were killed.
Jul 7, In the 3rd day of battle at Kursk the Germans occupied Dubrova. Erich Hartmann shot 7 Russian aircraft at Kursk.
Jul 8, The 4th day of battle at Kursk: Gen Model used his last tank reserve.
Jul 12, Russians beat Nazis in a tank battle at Prochorowka. Some 12,000 died.
Jul 13, Greatest tank battle in history ended with Russia's defeat of Germany at Kursk.
Jul 23, Battle of Kursk, USSR, ended in Nazi defeat. 6,000 tanks took part.
Aug 22, Soviet troops freed Kharkov.
Aug 25, Red Army under Gen Vatutin recaptured Achtyrka.
Sep 8 Stalin allowed a church council, which unanimously elected Sergius to the Patriarchate of Moscow.
Sep 25, Red Army retook Smolensk from the Germans who were retreating to the Dnieper River in the Soviet Union.
Oct 19, Delegates from the USSR met with representatives from the Allied nations of Great Britain, the U.S., and China, in an attempt to hammer out a greater consensus on war aims, and to improve the rapidly cooling relations between the Soviet Union and its allies.
Oct 30, The Molotov-Eden-Cordell Hull accord over operations at UN.
Nov 6 The Russians recaptured Kiev.
Nov 28, Tehran, conference begins.
Dec 1, Tehran conference concluded and agreed to Operation Overlord (D-Day).
Dec 12, The exiled Czech government signed a treaty with the USSR for postwar cooperation.
Dec 20, "International" was no longer USSR National Anthem.
1944 Jan 6 The Red Army crossed into Poland.
Jan 17, Russia rejected a Polish proposal to negotiate a boundary dispute.
Jan 27 Siege of Leningrad: The last German forces were expelled from the city.
Feb 23, Stalin ordered the mass deportation Caucasian Muslim nations.
Mar 18, The Russians reached the Rumanian border in the Balkans.
Mar 21, Finland rejected a Soviet armistice.
Apr 2, Soviet forces entered Romania, one of Germany's allied countries.
Apr 10, Soviet forces liberated Odessa from Nazis.
May 5, A Russian offensive took place against Sebastopol Krim.
May 6, The Red Army besieged and captured Sevastopol in the Crimea.
May 9, Russians recaptured Crimea by taking Sevastopol. [see May 6]
May 15 Sergius died.
May 18, The expulsion of more than 200,000 Tartars from Crimea by Soviet Union began.
1953 Jan 13 Pravda accused prominent doctors - particularly Jews - of participating in a vast conspiracy to poison top Soviet leaders.
Feb 12, The Soviets broke off diplomatic relations with Israel after the bombing of Soviet legation.
Feb 28, Stalin met with Beria, Bulganin, Khrushchev & Malenkov.
March 5 Stalin died.
March 6 Malenkov succeeded Stalin as Premier and First Secretary of the Communist Party.
Mar 9, Josef Stalin was buried in Moscow.
March 14 Khrushchev became First Secretary.
April 3 Presidium of Central Committee officially acquitted those arrested in connection with so-called "doctors' plot".
April 8 First Indochina War: Viet Minh and Pathet Lao forces invaded Laos and attacked French bases there.
June 16 Uprising of 1953 in East Germany: In response to a 10 percent increase in work quotas, between 60 and 80 construction workers went on strike in East Berlin. Their numbers quickly swelled and a general strike and protests were called for the next day.
June 17 Uprising of 1953 in East Germany: 100,000 protestors gathered at dawn, demanding the reinstatement of old work quotas and, later, the resignation of the East German government. At noon German police trapped many of the demonstrators in an open square; Soviet tanks fired on the crowd, killing hundreds and ending the protest.
June 26 Beria was arrested at a special meeting of the Presidium.
Jul 20, USSR and Israel recovered diplomatic relations.
Aug 8, In Russia Georgi Malenkov reported the possession of hydrogen bomb.
Sep 7 Khrushchev was confirmed as head of the Central Committee.
Sep 12, Khrushchev became the 1st Secretary of USSR Communist Party.
USSR Lt. Gen’l. Pavel Sudoplatov, spy, was arrested after the death of Stalin and sent to the Gulag.
1954 March 13 Battle of Dien Bien Phu: Viet Minh forces loosed a massive artillery barrage against the surrounded French airbase at Dien Bien Phu.
Apr 21, Gyorgy Malenkov became premier of USSR.
May 7 Battle of Dien Bien Phu: The battle ended in a French defeat.
May 7, US, Great-Britain and France rejected Russian membership in NATO.
May 16 Kengir Uprising: Prisoners at a Gulag adjacent to Kazakh village of Kengir occupied the camp's service yard.
June 25 Kengir Uprising: The prison camp at Kengir was invaded and subdued by Soviet troops and tanks.
Jun 27, The 1st atomic power station opened near Moscow at Obninsk, Russia.
July 21 Geneva Conference (1954): The signing of Geneva Accords promised a complete French withdrawal, partitioned Vietnam into a Communist North and a monarchist South, and scheduled unifying elections for July 1956.
Sep 6, A US plane was shot down above Siberia.
Nov 26, Jonas Zemaitis (b.1909), a founder of the Lithuanian independence movement and presidium head, was shot to death in Moscow.
Uzbekistan the Soviet Union established a biological weapons test site on Vozrozhdeniye Island in the Aral Sea.
Cheka was reorganized as the KGB.
1955 Feb 8, Malenkov resigned as USSR premier. Bulganin replaced him.
Mar 25, E. Germany was granted full sovereignty by occupying power, USSR.
June 2 Khrushchev and Tito issued Belgrade declaration, "different forms of Socialist development are solely concern of individual countries."
Jun 24, Soviet MIG’s down a lightly armed US Navy patrol plane over Bering Strait. Molotov expressed his country’s regrets the next day.
Jun 29, The Soviet Union sent tanks to Pozan, Poland, to put down anti-Communist demonstrations.
July Ho Chi Minh visited Moscow and agreed to accept Soviet aid.
Jul 21, During Geneva summit, Eisenhower presented his "open skies" proposal under which US and Soviet Union would trade information on each other's military facilities and allow aerial reconnaissance.
Aug 25, Last Soviet forces left Austria.
Oct 26, Austria, under request by Russia, promulgated a constitutional law of perpetual neutrality.
Zhukov (d.1974) was named defense minister.
USSR lifted a ban on abortion that had been imposed by Stalin in 1936.
1955-1958 Nikolai Aleksandrovich Bulganin served as Premier.
1956 Jan 25, Khrushchev said that he believed that Eisenhower was sincere in his efforts to abolish war.
Feb 25 20th Party Congress, Khrushchev read "Secret Speech," denouncing Stalin.
Mar 23, Soviet students protested the campaign to desanctify Stalin.
April 17 The Cominform was officially dissolved.
Jun 4, A speech by Khrushchev blasting Stalin was made public.
June 28 Poznań 1956 protests: Poles upset with the slow pace of destalinization turned to protests, and then to violent riots.
Oct 19 The liberal Władysław Gomułka was elected leader of the Polish Communist party.
Oct 23 1956 Hungarian Revolution: A small pro-Gomułka demonstration in Budapest expanded into a 100,000 head protest. The protestors marched on Parliament; when they were fired on by the Hungarian Security Police, they turned violent and began to arm themselves.
Oct 24, Soviet troops invaded Hungary and Imre Nagy became PM of Hungary.
Oct 31 Hungarian Revolution: Hungary under Nagy withdrew from the Warsaw Pact.
Nov 2, Hungary appealed for UN assistance against Soviet invasion. The Soviets chose Janos Kadar to form a counter-government.
Nov 4 Hungarian Revolution: A Soviet invasion, 2,500 Hungarians were killed in the ensuing battle.
Nov 8, UN demanded USSR leave Hungary.
Nov 8 Hungarian Revolution: Pro-Soviet János Kádár announced the formation of a new "Revolutionary Worker-Peasant Government," with himself as Prime Minister and leader of the Communist Party.
Nov 17, Khrushchev told Western diplomats "We will bury you."
Dec 2 Cuban Revolution: Fidel Castro and his followers in the 26th of July Movement landed in Cuba.
Dec 10 Angolan War of Independence: Angolan independence movements united to form Marxist Popular Movement for Liberation of Angola.
Khrushchev unveiled the city of Dubna and its Joint Institute for Nuclear Studies as the locus of basic research into atomic physics.
Andropov organized the repression of the Hungarian Revolution.
1956-58 The Soviet Union provided intermediate-range ballistic missile to China for study.
1957 Mar 12, German DR accepted 22 Russian armed divisions.
May 4, It was reported that NATO warned Soviet Union that it would meet any attack with all available meads including nuclear weapons.
June 18 Led by the Stalinist Anti-Party Group, the Presidium voted to depose Khrushchev as First Secretary.
Presidium reversed its vote under pressure from Khrushchev and defense minister and deferred decision to later meeting of Central Committee.
June 29 A Central Committee vote affirmed Khrushchev as First Secretary
Jul 14, Soviet steamer "Eshghbad" sank in Caspian Sea and 270 drowned.
Jul 26, USSR launched the 1st intercontinental multistage ballistic missile.
Jul 28, The 6th World Youth Festival opened in Moscow with the motto “For Peace and Friendship.”
Aug 26, The Soviet Union announced it had successfully tested an intercontinental ballistic missile.
Oct 4, The Space Age and "space race" began as the Soviet Union launched