A note on Sources

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, Sunday 18 September 1808, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/627586

227 Sydney Gazette 30th October, 1808, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/627616

228 Edward Powell, a defendant in the 1799 murder trial, had moved to Canterbury.

229 Sydney Gazette, Sunday 6 August 1809

230 Sydney Gazette, Sunday, 1st October 1809, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/627831

231 Sydney Gazette, 15th October, 1809, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/627838

232 The botanist, better known as George Caley. Caley employed Aboriginal people to obtain animals for him, so giving Tedbury a gun was not untoward.

233 Better known as James Mileham.

234 http://www.law.mq.edu.au/scnsw/html/R%20v%20Luttrell,%201810.htm


235Concerning the wife of Andrew Thompson the emancipist, there is much mystery. No satisfactory solution has yet been given as to who she was, when she died, etc. Some writers have affirmed to me that Andrew Thompson was a veritable Brigham Young, for the wide and large selection of wives which he is said to have employed at various establishments on the Hawkesbury.’

Windsor and Richmond Gazette, 18th January 1924, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/85901916

There are also those who opine that Marsden’s activities in New Zealand do not allow him to take the moral high ground on this matter.

236 Pages 81-83, The Bigge Reports, Australiana Facsimile Editions, No. 68, Library Board of South Australia, Adelaide, 1966.

237 Page 135, HRNSW, Vol. VII, Sydney: William Applegate Gullick, Government Printer, 1901.

238 Governor Macquarie’s journal, http://www.lib.mq.edu.au/all/journeys/1820/1820.html

239 Sydney Gazette, 7 July 1810, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628021

240 Sydney Gazette, 14th July, 1810, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628027/6653

241 Sydney Gazette, 14th July 1810, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628028

242 Sydney Gazette, 21st July 1810, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628035/6657

243 Despite the earnest enthusiasm of the letter writer for Mr. Marsden’s parenting and educational skills, these views were not shared by Marsden himself as shown by this extract from Marsden’s nephew’s hagiographic work. “Mr. Marsden's view of the native character may be gathered from the following statement, which he published in self-defence when charged with indifference as to their conversion. "More than twenty years ago, a native lived with me at Paramatta, (sic) and for a while I thought I could make something of him; but at length he got tired, and no inducement could prevail upon him to continue in my house; he took to the bush again, where he has continued ever since. One of my colleagues, the Rev. E. Johnstone, took two native girls into his house, for the express purpose of educating them; they were fed and clothed like Europeans; but in a short time they went into the woods again. Another native, named Daniel, was taken when a boy into the family of Mrs. C.; he was taken to England; mixed there with the best society, and could speak English well; but on his return from England he reverted to his former wild pursuits." In reply to the inquiries made by Mr. Marsden, who once met Daniel after he returned to his savage state, he said; "The natives universally prefer a free and independent life, with all its privations, to the least restraint." Without multiplying instances quoted by Mr. Marsden, the trial he made with an infant shows that his heart was not unfriendly towards these people.
" One of my boys, whom I attempted to civilize, was taken from its mother's breast, and brought up with my own children for twelve years ; but he retained his instinctive taste for native food; and he wanted that attachment to me and my family that we had just reason to look for; and always seemed deficient in those feelings of affection which are the very bonds of social life." This boy ran away at Rio from Mr. Marsden, when returning from England in 1810, but was brought back to the colony by Captain Piper; and died in the Sydney hospital, exhibiting Christian faith and penitence.’

Pages 83-84, J. B. Marsden, ed., Memoirs of the life and labours of the Rev. Samuel Marsden, of Paramatta, (sic) Senior Chaplain of New South Wales: and of his early connexion with the missions to New Zealand and Tahiti, The Religious Tract Society London, 1858.

Annette Bremer has explored Tristan’s life through the letters of Mrs. Marsden (nee Tristan). A letter to Rowland Hassall, on 9th January, 1808, written from England contradicts Marsden’s biography. “Poor Tristan ran away at Rio three weeks before we sailed, and we could not hear of him-I was very sorry for him but we had a great deal of trouble with him Spirit was so cheap-that he was constantly tipsy-and his master punished him and he went off if he could be found Mr. Marsden directed him if opportunity offered to be sent out to New South Wales-and work at the Farm-I am greatly afraid he will never do any good for himself.” http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa3687/is_200701/ai_n19434172/?tag=content;col1

244 Sydney Gazette, 28 July 1810, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628039

245 Sydney Gazette, 4th August,1810, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628042

246 Sydney Gazette, Saturday, 11th August 1810, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628048

247 Sydney Gazette, 8th September 1810, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628065

248 Page 195, HRA, Vol. VII, The Library Committee of the Commonwealth Parliament, 1916.

249 Page 196, HRA, Vol. VII, The Library Committee of the Commonwealth Parliament, 1916.

250 All definitions in this paragraph come from C. T. Onions. Ed., The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary on Historical Principles, Volumes I and II, Oxford, 1952.

251 Macquarie was a year ahead of himself. It was still 1810. The same mistake was made on the following day.

252 http://www.lib.mq.edu.au/digital/lema/1810/1810nov.html#nov66 and http://www.lib.mq.edu.au/digital/lema/1810/1810dec.html

253 Sydney Gazette, 19th January 1811, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628170

254 This is the first usage of the word “sable” by the Gazette. The sable is a mammal hunted for its brown fur. In the fourteenth century the word sable entered the language of heraldry meaning black. The phrase “sable race” was used by Phyllis Wheatley, c.1753-1784 in her poem On Being Brought from Africa to America published in 1773 in London. Phyllis Wheatley was a slave at the time the poem was written.

255 Sydney Gazette, 19th January 1811, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628173

256 Sydney Gazette, 19th January, 1811, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628174

257 Sydney Gazette, 8th June 1811, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628260

258 Sydney Gazette, 20th July, 1811, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628282

259On Wednesday last about noon Mr. Luttrill had the misfortune to lose a very fine mare at the Falls where the Nepean and Grose form their junction. Mr. Robert Luttrill, and a younger brother aged about 13, were riding the mare across as the water was about breast high, when such was the rapidity of the current that the mare lost her feet, and the young gentlemen fell off, the eldest was entangled in one of the stirrups, and the youngest was carried along by the stream; but was happily obstructed in his course by a cluster of bushes projecting from the banks to a considerable distance. His brother seeing his distress had happily disentangled himself from his own perilous situation, & sprung to his aid, but was indeed scarce time enough to prevent a melancholy catastrophe. He conveyed him apparently lifeless to a bank, where he lay a considerable time without any symptom of remaining life; but at length evinced signs of resuscitation, and we are happy to add, lives to convey the most sensible gratification to his family. The mare had as it supposed got her foot entangled into the bridle, and unfortunately perished.

Sydney Gazette Saturday, 6th July 1811, http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628276 The younger brother was probably Oscar, born in 1799 and killed by Aboriginal people in 1838 near Melbourne.

260 Sydney Gazette, 16th November 1811, http://newspapers.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/article/628367

261 http://theluttrells.homestead.com/edwardluttrellborn1757.html

Pondering the Abyss Last updated: 22/07/15

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