Aff Starter Pack – Search for mh370



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Observation Two




Solvency

Observation Two – Solvency

Deep Ocean searches are necessary. Only the US has the tech to find 370.



Lamothe ‘14

Dan Lamothe is an award-winning military journalist and war correspondent. He has written for Marine Corps Times and the Military Times newspaper chain since 2008, traveling the world and writing extensively about the Afghanistan war both from Washington and the war zone. He also has reported from Norway, Spain, Germany, the Republic of Georgia and while underway with the U.S. Navy. Among his scoops, Lamothe reported exclusively in 2010 that the Marine Corps had recommended that Marine Cpl. Dakota Meyer receive the Medal of Honor. The Complex, maintained by Foreign Policy – MARCH 10, 2014 – http://complex.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2014/03/10/us_navy_stepping_up_involvement_in_search_for_missing_airliner



The Malaysia Airlines flight that mysteriously disappeared 35,000 feet over the Gulf of Thailand on March 8 has prompted a massive maritime search involving dozens of aircraft and ships from 10 countries, including both the United States and China. But it has also underscored the lingering technological shortcomings and fragile communications networks bedeviling many of the nations in a region where territorial and political disputes continue to simmer, analysts said. The U.S. Navy has dispatched two guided-missile destroyers, the USS Kidd and the USS Pinckney, to assist in a search now spanning waters from Malaysia to Vietnam. The ships each carry two MH-60R Seahawk helicopters that are designed for search-and-rescue missions and equipped with infrared cameras. The U.S. ships are working in tandem with vessels from China, Singapore and Malaysia, Pentagon officials said Monday, but it wasn't immediately clear how much they are in communication. The Pinckney investigated floating debris Sunday, but didn't find any pieces of the missing airplane. The U.S. effort is bolstered by a single P-3C Orion, a maritime patrol aircraft equipped with high-tech antennas and other surveillance equipment. The plane was originally designed to find enemy submarines. This time around, Navy officials hope it will be able to find wreckage from the presumably downed plane. The U.S. also will keep the USNS John Ericsson, an oiler run by U.S. Military Sealift Command, in the region to help if needed. It will allow the Seahawks to refuel quickly. Malaysia Airlines flight MH370 was a massive Boeing 777-200 aircraft bound for Beijing from Kuala Lumpur, and disappeared with some 227 passengers and 12 crew members aboard. The other countries involved in the search include Vietnam, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Australia, the Philippines and New Zealand. Thus far, the countries appear to be cooperating reasonably well on the search effort despite it occurring in close proximity with the South China Sea, an area rife with territorial disputes between numerous nations. But the United States is the only nation that has the technological capability of searching deep below the surface for the missing plane, said Christopher Harmer, a senior naval analyst with the Institute for the Study of War in Washington.
(Note to students: China has sent a survey vessel to the MH370 area. “Survey vessels” – in this context – do not look for the plane per se, but map the general area to learn more about the ocean terrain. That information can be of help in terms of where to start a search, where to not go, etc. That information is also useful for scientists – as humanity lacks basic knowledge about the depth and terrain of the Indian Ocean. This is called a “bathymetric” search. Bathymetry is the study of the underwater depth of lake or ocean floors…. “Zhu Kezhen” is the name of the Chinese survey ship that was conducting the bathymetric survey. To date, Zhu Kezhen has suffered technical shortcomings.)

Depth of this search area means US assets key and commercial options won’t work. Orion – unlike Bluefin – can solve.



Austin ‘14

Henry Austin joined NBC News as a contributor in June 2013, and covers domestic and foreign breaking stories for NBCNews.com. Austin joined NBC News after more than 10 years as a reporter. After starting at British press agency South West News Service, he moved to British newspapers The Sun and The People, before relocating to Canada to help set up press agency Hot News. “Missing MH370: Only 'Handful' of Subs Capable of Hunting Jet” – NBC News Reports – May 6th – http://www.nbcnews.com/storyline/missing-jet/missing-mh370-only-handful-subs-capable-hunting-jet-n97901



Only "a handful" of submersible vehicles can search the depths of the southern Indian Ocean in the area that is believed to be the final resting place of missing Malaysia Airlines Flight MH370, experts said Tuesday. Officials announced Monday that all of the data compiled in the hunt for the Boeing 777 will be re-examined to make sure the right area is being scoured as part of a new $55 million phase of the operation. Capt. John Noble, the former general manager of the International Salvage Union, told NBC News that it made sense to narrow down the search area as much as possible. “You'd be lucky if there was a handful of vehicles that can to go to the sort depths of the ocean that we are talking about here because they simply don't make them,” Noble said. A U.S. Navy deep-tow search system called the Orion might be an option, Noble said. It can search to a maximum depth of 20,000 feet of seawater, according the U.S. Navy Supervisor of Salvage and Diving. The Orion would operate in tandem with a remotely operated vehicle called Curv 21 which could salvage any wreckage. Most commercially owned remotely operated vehicles (ROV’s) aren’t designed to go to those depths because there simply isn’t the call for them, according to Dr. Simon Boxall at Britain’s University of Southampton. As a result, many of those built are used for government research projects. They have a distinct advantage over autonomous underwater vehicles like the Bluefin 21 sub which has been leading the search, because their cameras allow a live view of the seabed he said. The Bluefin’s data can only be downloaded and analyzed by researchers after it has resurfaced, he added.

The US’s Orion system is the only device that can pull-off the search.



Malaysia Kini ‘14

This evidence internally quotes John Noble, the former general manager of the International Salvage Union – Malaysiakini.com offers alternative news and views of Malaysian. Updated daily, the site has won several awards for its quality reporting. Malaysia Kini – May 7th – https://m.malaysiakini.com/news/262060

While expense is one obstacle, it looks like technology could be another stumbling block in the way of finding the plane or its flight recorder, which is believed to be lying at the bottom of the South Indian Ocean. Experts tell NBC that a device has not been made that could do what MH370's searchers are asking for. Capt. John Noble, the former general manager of the International Salvage Union that represents marine salvors, says he what is needed is a device better than US’ autonomous underwater vehicle Bluefin-21, with claws to pick up the blackbox and a in-built camera to give visuals of the deep ocean bottom. However, such a device are only custom-made for government research projects. Noble notes that the a US Navy deep-tow search system called the Orion, which could go down 6kilometres into the sea, might be an option. The Orion would operate in tandem with a remotely-operated vehicle called Curv 21, which he claims could salvage any wreckage.




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