Ap music Theory Terms, Symbols, and Concepts



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Scales/Keys/Modes (continued)



Modality:




Parallel Key (Parallel Major or Minor)




Pentatonic:




Relative Key (Relative Major or Minor)




Scale Degrees:

  1. Tonic:

  1. Supertonic:

  1. Mediant

  1. Subdominant

  1. Submediant

  1. Subtonic

  1. Leading Tone




Tetrachord:




Tonal:




Tonality:




Tonic:




Whole-tone Scale:



Text/Music Relations



Lyrics:




Melismatic:




Stanza:




Syllabic:




Texture

Alberti Bass:




Canon:




Canonic:




Chordal Accompaniment:




Contrapuntal:




Counterpoint:




  1. Imitation:

  1. Imitative Polyphony:

  1. Nonimitative Polyphony:

  1. Countermelody:

  1. Fugal Imitation:



Texture (continued)



Heterophony, Heterophonic:




Homophony,homophonic:




Chordal Homophony:




Chordal Texture (Homorhythmic):




Melody With Accompaniment:




Instrumentation:




  1. Brass:

  1. Continuo:

  1. Percussion:

  1. Rhythm Section:

  1. Strings:

  1. Timbre:

  1. Woodwinds:




Melody:




Monophony, Monophonic:




Obbligato:






Texture (continued)



Ostinato:




Polyphony, Polyphonic:




Register:




Solo, Soli:




Tessitura:




Tutti:




Walking Bass:










































Other Terms That May Be Used on the AP Exam



Aria:




Art Song:




Concerto:




Fugue:




Interlude:




Opera:




Prelude:




Postlude:




Sonata:




Song:




String Quartet:




Symphony:




































































































































































































































































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