Apta (Draft) Specification For: 30-ft, 35-ft, 40-ft, 45-ft, 60-foot (articulated) Transit Buses

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9.1Engine - CNG

The engine shall meet all regulatory requirements when operating on fuel equal to CARB Specifications for Compressed Natural Gas #2292.5. The four predominant characteristics that must be met are Methane, Ethane, Butane, and Propane.

9.2Propulsion System – Hybrid

Propulsion System Description

The bus shall be powered by a hybrid propulsion system. Function and operation of the bus shall be transparent to the Bus Operator and passengers. The OEM shall assure that the bus structure can successfully accept the installation of the propulsion system and be operated on the stated duty-cycle for a period of 12 years without a structural failure. At a minimum, propulsion system shall comply with applicable local, state, provincial and/or federal emissions and useful life requirements. The propulsion system shall comply with local, state, provincial and federal (maintenance) and other applicable sections.

The Hybrid Drive System shall be rated for the GVWR or greater of the bus.

Propulsion System Service

The propulsion system shall be arranged so that accessibility for all routine maintenance is assured. No special tools, other than dollies and hoists, shall be required to remove the propulsion system or any subsystems. The exhaust system, air cleaner, air compressor, starter (if used), alternator, radiator, all engine accessories, and any other component requiring service or replacement shall be easily removable. Contractor shall provide all specialty tools and diagnostic equipment required for maintaining the Propulsion System in accordance with Special Tools List.

Propulsion System Durability

Contractor shall provide expected useful life (in miles/km) of all major components such as:

  • Prime Propulsion Unit (PPU)

  • Generator

  • Energy Storage System (ESS)

  • Traction motor assembly

  • Inverter(s)

Primary Propulsion Unit and Traction Motor

The PPU and traction motor may be configured in a variety of methods dependent upon type of drive, series and/or parallel. The definition of motor in the context of this specification assumes the device can provide or consume energy as well as either can provide or retard mechanical motion.

Energy Storage and Controller

Design and performance shall be provided to the Agency. Energy storage shall be of a commercial design capable of operating in the Agency transit environment. Charging of the energy storage system shall primarily be accomplished by the on-board PPU and regenerative braking.

In the event external, stationary chargers/conditioners are required, Contractor shall provide all special tools required for maintaining this requirement in accordance with Special Tools List.

Energy storage SOC shall be optimized to provide maximum lifetime provided by contractor under the submitted lifecycle plan.

Thermal management will be provided to ensure optimal life and performance of the ESS over the environmental operating range.

Hybrid System Controller (HSC)

The HSC regulates energy flow throughout hybrid system components in order to provide motive performance and accessory loads, as applicable, while maintaining critical system parameters (e.g., voltages, currents, temperatures, etc.) within specified operating ranges.
The controller shall monitor and process inputs and execute outputs as appropriate to control the operation of all propulsion system components.

Prime Power Unit (PPU)

The PPU and related emission systems shall meet all applicable emissions and design/durability guidelines and standards.
Contractor shall provide agency with expected durability of the PPU and related emission systems.
Note: Agency will provide desired fuel type.

Supplier shall recommend power plant.


Agency shall define required power plant.

The PPU shall be equipped with an electronically controlled management system, compatible with multiplex wiring systems and either 12- or 24-volt electrical systems.
The engine shall have on-board diagnostic capabilities, able to monitor vital functions, store out-of-parameter conditions in memory, and communicate faults and vital conditions to service personnel. Diagnostic reader device connector ports, suitably protected against dirt and moisture, shall be provided in operator’s area and near or inside engine compartment. The on-board diagnostic system shall inform the operator via visual and/or audible alarms when out-of-parameter conditions exist for vital engine functions.

The engine starting system shall be protected by an interlock that prevents its engagement when the engine is running. Special equipment or procedures may be employed to start the engine when exposed to temperatures less than 30° F for a minimum of four hours without the engine in operation. All cold weather starting aids, engine heating devices and procedures shall be of the type recommended by the engine manufacturer and approved by the Procuring Agency.


Standard requirements for a fast idle device

The engine shall be equipped with an operator-controlled fast idle device. The fast idle control shall be a two-way switch mounted on the dash or side console and shall activate only with the transmission in neutral and the parking brake applied.


Automatically activated fast idle as required

The fast idle device shall be activated and controlled automatically by the control system.

IP 10.Cooling systems

The cooling systems shall be of sufficient size to maintain all engine and transmission fluids and engine intake air at safe, continuous operating temperatures during the most severe operations possible and in accordance with engine and transmission manufacturers’ cooling system requirements. The cooling system fan controls should sense the temperatures of the operating fluids and the intake air, and if either is above safe operating conditions the cooling fan should be engaged. The fan control system shall be designed with a fail-safe mode of “fan on.” The cooling system shall meet the requirements stated in the General Guidelines.

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