Arctic Oil/Gas Neg


Canadian Relations Answers



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Canadian Relations Answers

1NC Coop Now

Us-Canada modeling Arctic co-op now


FATDC 12

(Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada. "Canada Promotes Cooperation with United States on Arctic and Environmental Issues." Canada Promotes Cooperation with United States on Arctic and Environmental Issues. Canada Promotes Cooperation with United States on Arctic and Environmental Issues, 6 Feb. 2014. Web. 28 June 2014. .)ʕっ•ᴥ•ʔっ♥eve

The Honourable Leona Aglukkaq, Minister of the Environment, Minister of the Canadian Northern Economic Development Agency and Minister for the Arctic Council, was in Washington, D.C., on February 3 and 4, 2014, to promote the Arctic Council’s program during Canada’s chairmanship of the Council and to discuss environmental priorities and achievements, including progress under the United States-Canada Clean Energy Dialogue and the Commission for Environmental Cooperation. Minister Aglukkaq conducted key bilateral meetings with Ernest Moniz, U.S. Secretary of Energy, Gina McCarthy, Administrator of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Kerri-Ann Jones, U.S. Assistant Secretary of State, Alaska senators Lisa Murkowski and Mark Begich, and congressmen Doc Hastings and Don Young.Minister Aglukkaq held a business round table to discuss common areas of interest between Canada and the United States and promoted Canada’s Arctic Council chairmanship to members of the business community, non-governmental organizations, academia and think tanks at events celebrating Arctic and pan-American cooperation. During her meetings, Minister Aglukkaq highlighted Canada’s success in polar bear conservation and raised concerns over the United States’ position on listing the polar bear under appendix I of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species, which would have negative economic and social impacts on Inuit. Minister Aglukkaq indicated that in Canada, polar bears are protected through a collaborative approach that is based on scientific data and Aboriginal traditional knowledge as well as principles of sustainability. The integration of Aboriginal traditional knowledge into science is an important priority for the Canadian chairmanship of the Arctic Council. Minister Aglukkaq was pleased to engage with the United States on this important issue and looks forward to continued work on this priority under future chairmanships.

Relations Resilient

Relations are resilient.


Koring ‘9

Paul Koring, Globe and Mail Update, “Canada Expects Better Border Relations”. 3/16/2009. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/servlet/story/RTGAM.20090316.wborder0316/BNStory/International/home

Barack Obama's arrival in the White House, coupled with harsh economic realities, may herald a new era in better Canada-U.S. co-operation on the border, security and the need for unhindered trade flows, Public Safety Minister Peter Van Loan said today. “I sense a real opportunity to strengthen our relationship” with the arrival of the Obama administration, he said in an interview at the start of the three-day visit to Washington that will include sessions with Homeland Security Secretary Janet Napolitano and Attorney General Eric Holder. Although Canadian governments co-operated closely with the former Bush administration and never publicly complained about the imposition of tough new border crossing requirements in the wake of the Sept. 11, 2001 terrorist attacks, ministers in Ottawa have seized on the change in Washington to try and revisit a host of bilateral issues. For Mr. Van Loan, those are “largely issues of border security ... where we have been unsuccessful for the past while,” although he declined to finger the Bush administration specifically.

US/Canada relations resilient


Ek, 4/17/2012 (Carl-Coordinator for the Congressional Research Service, Canada-U.S. Relations, Congressional Research Service, p. http://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/96-397.pdf)

Relations between the United States and Canada, though generally close, have undergone changes in tenor over the past three decades. During the 1980s, the two countries generally enjoyed very good relations. The early 1990s brought new governments to Ottawa and Washington, and although Canada’s Liberal Party emphasized its determination to act independently of the United States when necessary, relations continued to be cordial. In early 2006, a minority Conservative government assumed power in Ottawa. It was regarded as being more philosophically in tune with the George W. Bush Administration than the Liberals had been; some observers believe that this compatibility helped facilitate bilateral cooperation. This cooperation has continued with the election of President Obama in November 2008, despite the differences in the two leaders’ governing philosophies. The two North American countries continue to cooperate widely in international security and political issues, both bilaterally and through numerous international organizations. Canada’s foreign and defense policies are usually in harmony with those of the United States. Areas of contention have been relatively few, but sometimes sharp, as was the case in policy toward Iraq. Since September 11, the United States and Canada have cooperated extensively on efforts to strengthen border security and to combat terrorism, particularly in Afghanistan. Both countries were also active participants in the U.N.-sanctioned NATO mission in Libya. The United States and Canada maintain the world’s largest bilateral trading relationship, one that has been strengthened over the past two decades by the approval of two major free trade agreements. Although commercial disputes may not be quite as prominent now as they have been in the past, the two countries in recent years have engaged in difficult negotiations over items in several trade sectors, including natural resources, agricultural commodities, and intellectual property rights. The most recent clash centered around the Buy America provision of the 2009 economic stimulus law. However, these disputes affect but a small percentage of the total goods and services exchanged. In recent years, energy has increasingly emerged as a key component of the trade relationship. In addition, the United States and Canada work together closely on environmental matters, including monitoring air quality and solid waste transfers, and protecting and maintaining the quality of border waterways.




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