Arrested Development: an exploration of training and culture within Greater Manchester Police



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ETHICS CHECK LIST

This checklist must be completed before commencement of any research project. Note that ALL projects MUST have a risk assessment attached to this form*. Please also refer to the University’s Academic Ethical Framework and the University Guidelines on Good Research Practices



http://www2.mmu.ac.uk/rke/ethics-forms/ Accessed 13th September 2013
* See section 3 above



Name of applicant (Principal Investigator): Roger Pegram





Telephone Number: 07743 316183





Email Roger.Pegram@gmp.police.uk





Status:


Police Officer






Department/School/Other Unit: Psychology Department, Manchester Metropolitan University






Programme of study (if applicable): GMP Fellowship






Name of supervisor/Line manager: Peter Clough






Project Title:

Arrested Development: an exploration of training and culture within Greater Manchester Police.








Brief description of project activities: The project examines issues and challenges in providing training for police officer in Greater Manchester. The training functions at GMP are undergoing great changes and resourcing issues. It is unclear what aspects of the current training are effective and why. The current project will endeavour to identify issues and challenges, as well as looking for practical and strategic solutions
The method is twofold. A desk based review of current practice in the U.K. and in other countries. The data collection phase will involve in depth interviews with Greater Manchester Police trainers (colleagues). The interviews will be recorded and transcribed and a thematic analysis conducted.
.





Does the project require NHS National Research Ethics Service (NRES) approval?

If yes, has approval been granted by NRES? Attach copy of letter of approval.



NO





Ethics Checklist











You MUST answer ALL questions





Yes

No




    1. Are you are gathering data from people? If Yes please attach evidence of consent?

x







    1. If you are gathering data from people, have you attached a sample document explaining your approach to maintaining confidentiality and which each individual will sign their agreement.

x







    1. Have you addressed data protection issues – relating to storing and disposing of data? Is this in an auditable form?

x







    1. 4A. Have you addressed the issue of informing participants about your project work and ensuring that they are aware of what you are doing?

x







4B. Will the study involve recruitment of patients or staff through the NHS, or involve NHS resources?

If yes, you may need full ethical approval from the NHS.




x




    1. Does the study involve participants who are particularly vulnerable or unable to give informed consent (e.g. children, people with learning disabilities, your own students)?




x




    1. Will the study require the co-operation of a gatekeeper for initial access to the groups or individuals to be recruited (e.g. students at school, members of self-help group, nursing home residents)?

x







    1. Will the study involve the use of participants’ images or sensitive data (e.g. participants personal details stored electronically, image capture techniques)?




x




    1. Will the study involve discussion of

sensitive topics (e.g. sexual activity, drug

use)?





x








Ethics Checklist (continued)














You MUST answer ALL questions








Yes

No







    1. Could the study induce psychological stress or anxiety or cause harm or negative consequences beyond the risks encountered in normal life?




x







    1. Will blood or tissue samples be obtained

from participants?





x







    1. Are drugs, placebos or other substances (e.g. food substances, vitamins) to be administered to the study participants or will the study involve invasive, intrusive or potentially harmful procedures of any kind?




x







    1. Is pain or more than mild discomfort likely

to result from the study?




x







    1. Will the study involve prolonged or

repetitive testing?




x







    1. Will it be necessary for participants to take part in the study without their knowledge and informed consent at the time (e.g. covert observation of people in non-public places)?




x







    1. Will financial inducements (other than reasonable expenses and compensation for time) be offered to participants?




x







    1. Does any relationship exist between the researcher(s) and the participant(s), other than that required by the activities associated with the project (e.g., fellow students, staff, etc)?

X

Work colleagues











Approval for the above named proposal is granted


(a) To be completed by the Research Supervisor:

I confirm that there are no ethical issues requiring further consideration.


Signature of Supervisor: Date:
NB Any subsequent changes to the nature of the project will require a review of the ethical consideration(s).



(b) To be completed by the Student:

I understand that I must carry out my research as described in this AEAF form and that any subsequent changes to the nature of the research, including questions, design or conduct will require ethical approval from my supervisor and may require the submission of a new AEAF.

Signature of Student: Date:




Approval for the proposal is not granted
If approval is not granted the ethics proposal may be referred to the Psychology Ethics Panel (PEP):


(a) To be completed by the Research Supervisor:

I confirm that there are ethical issues requiring further consideration and refer the project proposal to the Psychology Ethics Panel

Signature of Supervisor:
Signature of Supervisor: Date:






(b) To be completed by the student:

I understand that I cannot proceed with my research or contact any prospective participants until I receive ethical clearance for my research.


Signature of Student: Date:





Notes for Researchers, Managers and Supervisors


  1. Approved applications

When considering the University Ethics Checklist:

If ‘NO’ is the response for ALL questions the manager/supervisor should approve the study, retain the original signed form and the agreed risk assessment and return a copy to the originator.


If the answer to ANY of questions 1 to 4 is YES then appropriate evidence must be provided by the originator to satisfy the manager/supervisor that the correct measures are in place to address minor ethical considerations. If the manager/supervisor is satisfied that issues have been addressed appropriately s/he should approve the study, retain the original signed form and the agreed risk assessment and return a copy to the originator.
Undergraduate and taught higher degree students should submit a copy of the form at the end of their research report or dissertation, or, in the case of an electronic submission, scanned and copied in.
2. Referral to the Psychology Ethics panel

If the supervisor cannot grant approval the ethics submission may be referred to the Psychology Ethics Panel for consideration. If the Psychology Ethics Panel cannot grant approval the student may be advised to make a new ethics submission, based on a new research project, or the case may be referred for further scrutiny to the Faculty Research Group Office (see 3. Below) but please note that this can be a lengthy process which may delay the completion of the research project.



3. Applications requiring further scrutiny

If the answer to ANY of the questions 5-17is YES then the researcher will need to submit plans for addressing the ethical issues raised using the ‘Application for Ethical Approval’ form which should be submitted to the relevant Faculty Research Group Officer. This can be obtained from the University website (www.mmu.ac.uk/sas/minutes/Briefing_Note_Academic_Ethics_Procedures_Appendix_2_Modified_MMU_Application_Ethical_Approval.pdf).

Forms submitted to the Research Group Officer will be passed to the Faculty’s Head of Academic Ethics who will arrange for an internal scrutineer’s report and recommendations to be sent for consideration by Academic Ethics Committee.
If the answer to question 4B was YES, the researcher may also need to submit an application to the appropriate external health authority ethics committee, via the National Research Ethics Service (NRES), found at http://www.nres.npsa.nhs.uk/and attach a copy to the ‘Application for Ethical Approval’.
Please note that it is the researcher’s responsibility to follow the University’s Guidelines on Good Research Practice and any relevant academic or professional guidelines in the conduct of the study. This includes providing appropriate information sheets and consent forms, and ensuring confidentiality in the storage and use of data. Any significant change in the question, design or conduct over the course of the research should be notified to the Supervisor or Manager and may require a new application for ethics approval.

Your signed AEAF must be scanned and submitted electronically with your dissertation (Journal Report).


Project Consent

My name is Roger Pegram and I am carrying out research a part of a GMP Fellowship. My research investigates aspects of our training provision. I am gathering data by using in depth structured interviews, the interviews will be recorded and then transcribed. In their written form they will be fully anonymised. .The recordings will be erased. All information will be strictly confidential. The findings will be discussed with my supervisor but no identification of the individual who provided the information will be used.


If you agree to an interview you have the right to withdraw at any time and/or withdraw your data. You can contact me or my supervisor Professor Peter Clough p.clough@mmu.ac.uk.
A summary of the key findings will be provided to you.

I understand the purpose of the project and agree to take part in the interviews


Signed
Date

Questions:

1) What have you seen change in police training during your career?

2) Can you tell me about the culture that exists in relation to training within Greater Manchester Police?

3) How do you feel Greater Manchester Police can improve the training it delivers?






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