Introduction. General body position calculation accuracy for the present era (and corrections for parallax and semi diameter) has nearly always been found to be within 0.2’ of the positions extracted from a nautical almanac. Similarly, sight reduction accuracy has nearly always been found to be within 0.2nm of the results when using sight reduction tables with the same inputs. (Lesser accuracies for Polaris, low altitude sights, sunrise, sunset and am/pm observation windows are discussed in context above.) Details of some tests where Astron has been validated against other software and tabular methods are given below. This includes (23.5) a sample of calculated altitudes and azimuths of above horizon bodies at a quoted instant and location, compared with the US Naval Observatory data for the same instant and location. These are usually identical and the author has yet to find a disagreement greater than 0.1’. Indeed, the fact that more than 90% are identical infers, bearing in mind that both data sources are rounded to 0.1’, that both sources usually agree to within 0.02’. In general, observation inaccuracies (and meteorological anomaly effects for low altitude sights) are far greater than Astron’s calculation inaccuracies.
The below tests are mainly a record of accuracy checks carried out by the author during development. Formatting and terminology are fairly ‘loose’ as this is a working record.
23.1. Test Astron’s Almanac calculations against other references.
X-Check GHA and Dec values for 1994.06.16. UT 08.15.23