Table.4. Birds in the Facility Area and its Vicinity
NAME IN TURKISH
Kaya güvercini (rock pigeon)
Karakarga (common raven)
Arı kuşu (bee eater)
Ev serçesi (house sparrow)
Üveyik (turtle dove)
The envisaged HEPP recommended will be operated as run-of-river type power plant. In practice, flow coming to the reservoir at any day will go out of the reservoir in a short time in general. When overflows reach the maximum level, the excessive flow will pass through the spillway and given to the natural riverbed. There will be no adequate time for important alterations (Physical, chemical etc.) in water quality in case the project is run this way like a river power plant. The water is not expected to have a negative effect on surface water resources as the HEPP recommended is run-of-river type power plant and water is given to the river directly without delay.
d) Considering the List of Sensitive Regions in Appendix-V the assessment of the natural environment (wetland areas, coastal areas, mountainsides and forest lands, agricultural areas, national parks, specially protected areas, densely populated areas, areas of historical, cultural, archaeological etc. importance) Natural monuments, nature protection area, natural protected areas and monuments, archaeological historical protected areas, specially protected environment areas and touristic sites are not available in the activity area.
It was stated in the letter of the Provincial Culture Directorate of Adana Governorate of the Republic of Turkey dated 04/07/2002 and No. 1199 (Annex 1) that the riverbed between Mağaraönü and İkizler Village are surveyed in the area concerned and no cultural asset or historical texture was encountered on the surface and no assessment and registry record was encountered regarding the areas concerned in archive enquiries.
The activity area is not within the forest region.
There are agricultural lands around the activity area. However, no negative impacts are expected on these agricultural lands around as the facility to be established is in water environment and only construction of hydroelectric power plant is planned within the scope of the project.
4.PROPERTIES OF THE POSSIBLE IMPACTS ON THE CURRENT ENVIRONMENT a) Scope of the Impact Area (geographical area and population affected)
Berkman Regulator and Hydroelectric Power Plant is located 11 km to the northwest of Osmaniye Province, within the borders of Central District on Ceyhan River. The closest settlement unit to the project area is Kumarlı Village, which is approximately 2,5 km away.
The Province of Osmaniye has a population of 428.349 people. 287.268 people of the population live in cities while 141.081 people live in villages. The city population is above the Turkey average with 67% and below the Turkey average with 33% of village population. Population density is 141 people. Population growth rate of the province is 013,9%. It has low fertility rate and high immigration rate. However, the immigrations have decreased in recent years. The population is dense mostly on plains and is sparse in mountainous areas.
The highest point in Ceyhan Basin is 3081 m high from the sea level. The work area is approximately 60 m high from the sea and limited with rugged lands of 157-273 meters. It is surrounded by Göztepesi to the south (204,5m), Çamlıgedik to the northeast (157 m), Küçükbakacak to the southeast (273 m) and Karayüce (230 m) to the west.
In terms of topographical appearance, the land looks like Çukurova in regions between the sea and mountain hills that face onto the sea and like typical Central Anatolia in upper parts. Total basin area is 14.842km2.
Head of around 21 m exists between the upstream Aslantaş Dam and HEPP and downstream Cevdetiye Irrigation Regulator. This head is planned to be made use of through upstream Oşkan HEPP and Berkman HEPP.
With an installed power of 3×10 MW, Berkman HEPP will generate 109,93 Gwh/year in total, 49,09 Gwh/year of which is reliable. This energy to be generated will meet some part of the energy requirement of Osmaniye Province.
Furthermore, employment will be provided for 100 people at construction stage and 5 people at operation stage. Personnel to work in the facility will create employment for those living in nearby settlements. In this way, there will be an increase in income level in the region. Unemployment will be eliminated even to a slight degree and positive contribution will be made to the economy as a result of the activity to be carried out.
An area with a radius of 1 km was conceived as an impact area for the possible effects of the project on the environment. The effects of the project on the environment were handled in the relevant section headings and pollution factors are expected to remain below the limit values. For this reason, the facility will not have a great negative effect on the environment.
b) Quality and Property, Duration, Frequency and Renewability of the Impact
The project is planned to be conducted by “PARTNERSHIP OF ÖZALTIN İNŞAAT TİCARET VE SANAYİ A.Ş-NUROL İNŞAAT VE TİCARET A.Ş” on Ceyhan River, in Central District of the Province of Osmaniye. The closest settlement unit to the project site is Kumarlı Village, which is approximately 2,5 km far.
Construction processes of the Berkman Hydroelectric Power Plant is planned to be completed in 3 years. Project life is 30 years following completion of the power plant.
The impacts of the activity can be divided into the headings of soil, air, water.
Agricultural lands are available around the activity area. However, no negative effect is expected to take place on these agricultural lands around as the facility to be established is in water environment and only construction of hydroelectric power plant is planned within the scope of the project.
Exhaust gas will be emitted from exhausts of the machinery to run during construction of the power plant planned to be established. As can also be seen from the calculations made in relevant sections of the report, as per the sub-paragraph 1.1.b. of Annex 2 of the Regulation on Protection on Air Quality enforced upon publication in the Official Gazette dated 02.11.1986 and No. 19269, emission amount will be below the limit value, fuel systems of the vehicles will be checked regularly and the provisions of the Circular on Motor Vehicle Exhaust Gases dated 25.09.1992 and No. 8483 issued by the Ministry of Environment will be complied with.
The dust amount to be generated during the construction of the project will remain below the limit value set out in the “Regulation on Protection of Air Quality”. For this reason, the project is not expected to have a negative effect on the air.
The waste water to be formed during construction of the activity will be collected in watertight cesspool to be built pursuant to provisions of the “Regulation on the Pits to be excavated where Sewer System Construction is not Possible” of the Ministry of Public Health and Welfare enforced upon publication in the Official Gazette dated 19.03.1971 and No. 13783. Watertight cesspool plan is given in Figure 2.d.1. Wastewater accumulating in the cesspool will be limed at regular intervals and disinfectant substance will be added to it in order to prevent spread of smell and endemic diseases. Waste water accumulating in the cesspool will be vacuumed by the Municipality with sewage truck and discharged into the sewage system. The waste water to be formed at operation stage will be collected in the lavatories within the powerhouse. Wastewater having accumulated will be vacuumed by the Metropolitan Municipality with sewage truck and discharged into the sewage system. In this way, possible polluting effects of wastewater on the environment will be minimized.
Further, an additional employment area will be provided in the region as a result of the carrying out of the project in the planned area and contribution will be made to the national economy with 109,93 Gwh/year energy to be generated.
These effects will be permanent as long as the facility operates uninterruptedly and continuously and adaptation to the equipment appropriate for the advancing technology is achieved.
5. ALTERNATIVES TO THE PROJECT AND SITE Head of around 21 m exists between the upstream Aslantaş Dam and HEPP and downstream Cevdetiye Irrigation Regulator. This head is planned to be utilized through upstream Oşkan HEPP and Berkman HEPP.
The material required for dike and cofferdam fillings and the aggregate necessary for concrete structures will be provided from the alluvion. Therefore, there is no problem in terms of distance and quantity. The alluvion units do not bring about insolvable problems in terms of foundation generation and permeability with pebble stone-sand stone intercalation that forms the basis of structures related to Berkman HEPP.
The only realistic technology which can be an alternative to hydroelectric generation is thermal power plant. However, there are no natural resources (oil, coal, natural gas) in the region which can make this alternative feasible. Therefore, run-of-river type power plant project seems to be the only realistic option.
All the relevant legislation and current structure of the region have been taken into account with regard to the measures to be taken. As can be seen upon the examination of the report, provision of best conditions has been aimed both in environmental terms and in terms of occupational health. There will be no environmental pollution or health problems at both the establishment and operation stages. There are no solid and liquid wastes that will be generated from electricity generation. The necessary measures for the domestic solid wastes and waste water to be formed will be taken as explained in the relevant sections.
It is planned by “PARTNERSHIP OF ÖZALTIN İNŞAAT TİCARET VE SANAYİ A.Ş-NUROL İNŞAAT VE TİCARET A.Ş.” that Berkman Regulator and Hydroelectric Power Plant will be constructed on Ceyhan River in Central District of Osmaniye Province. The closest settlement unit to the project area is Kumarlı Village, which is approximately 2,5 km away.
With an installed power of 3×10 MW, Berkman HEPP will generate 109,93 Gwh/year in total, 49,09 Gwh/year of which is reliable.
100 personnel will be employed at the construction stage of the facility while 5 personnel will be employed at the operation level. Water need of the personnel to be employed will be brought to the project site by water tankers.
The domestic waste water to be generated by personnel at construction stage of the activity will be collected in water-tight cesspool. The cesspool to be built in the facility will have bases and sidewalls made of water-tight concrete pursuant to “Regulation on the Pits to be excavated where Sewer System Construction is not Possible” enforced upon publication in the Official Gazette dated 19.03.1971 and No. 13783. The waste water to be formed at operation stage will be collected in the lavatories within the powerhouse and be vacuumed by the Metropolitan Municipality with sewage truck at regular intervals.
No solid wastes will be generated in the facility due to processes. Only domestic solid waste will be generated by the personnel working in the facility. In accordance with the Article 8 of the “Regulation on Control of Solid Wastes”, domestic solid wastes to be formed will be collected separately, maintained and necessary precautions will be taken for the purpose of facilitating their disposal and use without damaging the environment, preventing environmental pollution and contributing to economy. The principles specified in the Article 18 in section 4 of the same Regulation regarding collecting and transporting solid wastes will be complied with and solid wastes will not be dumped into places where they will cause negative impacts on the environment and will be collected in standard closed waste bins. In line with the Article 20 of the same section, they will be carried and discharged to the landfills shown by the municipality in such a way as not to pollute the environment in terms of such factors as appearance, smell, dust, leakage etc.
Exhaust gas will be emitted from exhausts of the machinery to run during construction of the power plant planned to be established. As can also be seen from the calculations made in relevant sections of the report, as per the sub-paragraph 1.1.b. of Annex 2 of the Regulation on Protection of Air Quality enforced upon publication in the Official Gazette dated 02.11.1986 and No. 19269, emission amount will be below the limit value and therefore it was concluded that there was no need for calculations of air pollution contribution values and total pollution value.
In this regard, fuel systems of the vehicles will be checked regularly and the provisions of the Circular on Motor Vehicle Exhaust Gases dated 25.09.1992 and No. 8483 published by the Ministry of Environment will be followed.
The values which are specified in Table 2 showing the highest acceptable noise levels and specified in the Article 11 of the “Regulation on Noise Control” enforced upon publication in the Official Gazette dated 11.12.1986 and No. 19308 will be followed.
In addition, with regard to noise, measures will be taken as per the relevant articles of the “Regulation on Occupational Health and Safety” dated 11.04.1974 and No. 14765, it will be ensured that people working in the activity area wear ear flaps in order to avoid getting affected from noise as mentioned in Article 22 of the same regulation and provisions set out in the Article 78 will be complied with.
Danger and warning boards will be placed in appropriate places in order to prevent creation of a danger or risk for those working within the facility and in this way, all possible hazards and risks will be minimized.
BERKMAN Hydroelectric Power Plant EIA Preliminary Survey Report