See web site for sample artifact analysis organizer (2.2.1) and samples of some of the artifacts (2.2.2 – 2.2.8)
Activity 3: The Coming of War
Time: 75 minutes
This activity allows students to understand the relationship that existed between the devastating inflation in Germany in the 1920s, the rise of fascism in Italy, the world wide Depression of the 1930s, the rise of a military government in Japan, and the coming of war in 1939. The focus is primarily on Europe with an examination of the political and economic situation in Germany that led to the rise of the Nazi dictator and the anti-Semitism and imperial aspirations that accompanied the rise to and the consolidation of power. Students use biographical information, maps, and documents to familiarize themselves with the individuals and circumstances leading to the formation of the Axis alliance and the eventual declaration of war on Germany. Students also assess the response of the Vatican to the rise of Hitler (tied to the artifact in the previous activity).
Strand(s) and Expectations
Ontario Catholic School Graduate Expectations: CGE1e, 1h, 2a.
Strand(s): Communities: Local, National, and Global; Change and Continuity; Methods of Historical Inquiry
Overall Expectations: CGV.02, CCV.03, MIV.02.
CG2.03 - describe the influence of Great Britain and Europe on Canadian policies from 1900 to the present;
CG2.05 - produce a timeline that charts and identifies significant historical events related to the holocaust and WWII;
MI1.01 - use terms related to historical organization and inquiry correctly;
MI2.03 - record and organize information effectively using notes, lists, concept webs, timelines, organizers, charts, maps, graphs, and mind maps;
MI4.03 - express ideas and arguments in a coherent manner during discussions and debates, or in graphic displays.
The teacher prepares notes for a lecture and Socratic lesson on the coming of war which includes the economic situation in Germany, the way in which Hitler gained power, his attitudes and ambitions, the reactions (or lack thereof) from the rest of Europe (e.g., Munich Agreement and Appeasement), why the German people in general accepted him, and the implications of his master race theory.
The teacher ties into the lesson an explanation of the rise of fascism in Italy and the establishment of a military government in Japan.