Canadian History in the Twentieth Century

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Unit Planning Notes

  • The completion of Activities 1 to 5 is necessary for completion of the culminating activity.

  • Be prepared to introduce the culminating activity in Activity 2. Have samples of biographies on Trudeau to show students; see Resource.

  • Prepare samples of popular music from the 1960s for Activity 1.

  • Prepare print or audio-visual media images of fashions and fads of the 1960s for Activity 1.

  • Prepare visual images (i.e., magazines) appropriate for Activity 2.

  • Prepare excerpts of readings as indicated for Activity 3.

  • Refer to background teacher reference materials to supplement textbook for Activity 4.

  • Order videos from Board resource centre for Activity 5.

  • Prepare a copy of Roch Carrier’s short story and video “The Sweater” for Activity 6.

  • Prepare magazines for collage and political cartoons for Activity 7.

  • Review Individual Education Plans (IEPs) for identified students.

  • Review Catholic faith resources for Activities 4 and 5.

Prior Knowledge Required

  • The expectations contained in Grade 7 and 8 History Curriculum, including inquiry, research, and communication skills.

  • The expectations for French-English relations from 1900 to 1960.

  • The expectations for contributions of Canadian prime ministers, especially John Diefenbaker.

  • The expectations for Canada’s changing relationships with the United States up to St. Lawrence Seaway, 1959.

Teaching/Learning Strategies

Whole Group

  • Teacher-directed whole group discussion and note taking.

Small Group

  • Small group work and informal oral presentations to class.

  • Small group inquiry and jigsaw model of presentation to peers.


  • Individual and small group inquiry learning from audio and visual resources.

  • Individual inquiry and note taking.

  • Formal oral presentations to class.

Assessment and Evaluation

Formative Assessment

Summative Evaluation

  • biography on prime minister, pen and paper test.


Print (Teacher Resources)

Axworthy, Thomas S. and Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Towards a Just Society: The Trudeau Years. Markham, Ontario: Penguin Books, 1990.

Bondy, Robert J. and William C. Mattys. Canadiana Scrapbook: Years of Promise: Canada 1945-1963. Scarborough, Ontario: Prentice Hall, 1980.

Carrier, Roch. The Hockey Sweater and Other Stories. Toronto, Ontario: House of Anansi Press, 1970.

Catechism of the Catholic Church. Toronto, Ontario: Doubleday, 1995.

Cohen, Andrew and J.L. Granatstein. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and Legacy of Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Toronto: Random House of Canada Ltd., 1998.

Coomber, Jan, Rosemary Evans, and Don Quinlan, ed. Canadian Challenges: Women Changing Canada. Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press Canada, 1997. ISBN 0-19-541281-8

Gwyn, Richard. The Northern Magus. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland and Stewart Ltd., 1980.

Graham, Gwethalyn, Rolland, Solange Chaput. Dear Enemies. Toronto, Ontario: The MacMillan Company of Canada Ltd., 1963.

Granatstein, J.L., I. Abella, D. Bercuson, et al. Twentieth Century Canada. Toronto, Ontario: McGraw Hill Ryerson Ltd., 1986.

Reed, Kevin and Don Quinlan, ed. Canadian Challenges: Aboriginal Peoples: Building for the Future. Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press Canada, 1999. ISBN 0-19-541280-X

Sheridan, E.F., ed. Do Justice! The Social Teachings of the Canadian Catholic Bishops. Toronto, Ontario: Pauline Press, 1987.

Saywell, John. Quebec 70. Toronto, Ontario: University of Toronto Press, 1971.

Trudeau, Pierre Elliott. Memoirs. Toronto, Ontario: McClelland and Stewart, 1993.


Action: The October Crisis of 1970. 87 minutes, video. Available in French as Les Evenements d’Octobre 1970. National Film Board.

The Champions: Part 2: The Trappings of Power. 55 minutes, video. National Film Board.

The Sweater. 10 minutes, video. Available in French as Le Chandail. National Film Board.

Web Sites

Unity debate

Quebec and National Unity

Yahoo! Music



Canadian Encyclopedia

Activity 1: The Cultural Revolution: Popular Culture in the 1960s

Time: 150 minutes


In this activity students learn about the counter culture, or protest generation, of the sixties. They read and listen to lyrics from popular music of the time and record in their notebooks the social concerns they can identify in the songs. They present their findings in a whole group discussion. They prepare a mock interview with a partner to role play their knowledge of the culture of the 1960s. They use their textbooks to complete a chart comparing Canada in 1900 to Canada in 1967.

Strand(s) and Expectations

Ontario Catholic School Graduate Expectations: CGE1d, 2e, 2b, 3e.

Strand(s): Communities: Local, National, and Global; Change and Continuity; Methods of Historical Inquiry

Overall Expectations: CGV.02, CGV.04, CCV.01, MIV.02.

Specific Expectations

CG2.01 - explain how American culture and lifestyle have influenced Canadians from 1900 to the present;

CG4.05 - explain the influence on Canadian society from 1914 to the present of pacifists, the human rights movement, and the civil rights movement;

CC1.04 - evaluate the impact of the baby boom generation on Canadian society since the 1960s;

MI1.02 - use who, what, where, when, why, and how questions effectively when researching historical topics and issues.

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