Chemistry notes hardness of water


Action of soap on hard water



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Action of soap on hard water Soap is chemically known as sodium stearate (Nast). When soap is used with hard water during washing, soap reacts with magnesium or calcium ions forming insoluble magnesium stearate or calcium stearate. These compounds appear as white solids called scum. So, when hard water is used for washing, a lot of soap is used because part of the soap initially reacts with calcium and magnesium ions to form scum.
Dfn. Scum is a white insoluble substance formed when soap is added to hard water .
CaSO
4
(aq) + 2Nast(aq) Na
2
SO
4
(aq) + Casts) Soap Scum

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