Children’s Institutions in Azerbaijan a situation Analysis By United Aid For Azerbaijan September 2000 Any information used from this report must be accredited accordingly to uafa. Table of Contents



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What is the budget for food


The individual budgets can be seen in Appendix 8. The budgets for ME institutions range from 1000 manats per child per day to 10,000 manats per day. In MH institutions, budgets range from 0 to 5000 manats per day and in ML&SP institutions, they receive 7000 manats per child per day.
Nutrition is discussed in more detail in Section 8.

Is there any connection with the State Refugee Committee?


Only one organisation has a connection with the State Refugee Committee. This is an unofficial connection, the reason being that refugee children are brought to this institution (No. 21) to stay in summer. No financial assistance is given.

Who finances the institution


The following diagram defines the relationship between departments that finance the institutions:
Those institutions which are financed directly by a Ministry are noticeably better off as there are less bureaucratic tiers (as illustrated below) for leakage of resources to arise. From personal observations, it is clear that those funded by the Regional Finance Departments are the most affected by mismanagement of funds.
The two institutions funded by other sources are No.3 (Azerbaijan Transport Company) and No. 28 (City Hospital, Nakhchevan).
Delay of funds is another financial problem that affects the quality of care. It is claimed that the Ministry of Finance has not paid money for food at one institution for 6 months and staff have been collecting their own cash to feed the children. The Director subsidises this.


Min. of Education

5

Min. of Health

1

Min. of L&SP

1

Finance Diagram:


City Dept. for L&SP

1

City Dept. for Health

2

City Dept. for Ed.

2



Regional Health Dept.

5

Regional Finance Dept.

18




Other

2

Budget is received quarterly but can not be back-claimed so institutions often lose these funds, especially when they are delayed. Salaries are regularly delayed by a couple of months. This system also makes it difficult to pay for a large renovation job because a job must be paid for in total.


Institutions report to different Government departments to those from which they receive their finance. There is no single body that is responsible for elaborating and carrying out overall policy in this sphere. The present situation leads to different types of misunderstanding, misapplications and misappropriation. The management of institutions needs comprehensive reform.
One of the most conventional methods for corruption is called ‘obnalechka’. For example, the director of an institution has 100 AZM in the bank account. The money is assigned to buying 10 kilos of sugar which is usually sold at 8 AZM per kilo in the market. Therefore, the director should pay 80 AZM but he finds friends, relatives or simply arranges with the supplier to buy the sugar at 10 AZM per kilo and remits 100 AZM by bank transfer. As a result of this over-pricing, the gap between open market prices and this agreed price is 20 AZM. Naturally, all documents show a correct purchase and the supplier returns 10 AZM to the director and keeps the other 10AZM for himself. This scheme applies to all procurement.

Are any children sponsored by individuals


We asked if any children were sponsored by individuals to ascertain if there is a potential for this method of raising funds. Everyone said no and did not really understand the question. Often, teachers take their favourite children home for the weekend so this is as close to individual attention as the child gets.

3.c SECTION 3 – CHILDREN
The following table shows totals for boys and girls in the five age ranges and their respective percentages as part of each total. Between 7 years and 16 years old plus, the schooling years, the number of children is greater than in other age groups.


0 - 3 years

4 - 7 years

8 - 12 years

13 - 16 years

16+ years

Boy

Girl

B

G

B

G

B

G

B

G

59

80

368

266

1825

1217

1311

670

206

105

42.45%

57.55%

58.04%

41.96%

59.99%

40.01%

66.18%

33.82%

66.24%

33.76%

The figures show that, from school age (7 years) onwards, the number of boys to girls increases significantly. As so many of the children in these institutions are from the regions of Azerbaijan where life is more traditional, it is likely that the girls are kept at home to help in the house because education is not seen as important for them as for boys.





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