Citation: Duffield, Katy



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Ashley Morgan Period 5

Citation:

Duffield, Katy. Mysterious Encounters The Bermuda Triangle. Farmington Hills: KidHaven Press, 2008. 4-40. Print.


Summary:

In 1928, aviator, Charles Lindbergh reportedly encountered an unexplained haze and compass abnormalities while flying his famous plane the Spirit of St. Louis through the Bermuda Triangle. In 1965 a C-119 plane called set off from Milwaukee to Puerto Rice in order to drop off supplies. The weather was good and there were no problems reported from the crew. Radio traffic controllers became concerned when the flight was overdue for its return. Searches located nothing, the plane had vanished. One of the most famous ghost ships is the Mary Celeste. In 1872 Captain Moorhouse noticed the ship near the Azores islands; when he got a closer look he discovered the ship was completely abandoned and sailing on its own. Some cruise ships today use Ocean Labs to measure water temperatures, current speeds, and weather conditions in order to learn more about the Bermuda Triangle and other ocean areas.


Paraphrases/Quotes:

  • “According to some reports in the early 1990s, a salvage company led by a group of deep-sea explorers believed they had discovered the wreckage of flight 19 in around 800 feet of water. It remains unclear if this is the actual wreckage of the Lost Patrol.”

  • “In a Saga magazine article, investigator Ivan Sanderson put forth the theory that there are twelve evenly spaced areas throughout the world’s oceans where unusual numbers of accidents have occurred.”


Citation:

"Bermuda Shorts." . Parascope Inc, n.d. Web. 20 Feb 2013.

20060502055151/http:/www.parascope.com/en/bermuda1.htm>.
Summary:

A historical event that is linked to the Bermuda Triangle is the discovery of the Mary Celeste. The vessel was found abandoned on the high seas in 1892, about 400 miles off its intended course from New York to Genoa. There was no sign of its ten person crew or what had happened to them. Since the lifeboat was also missing, it is said that they abandoned the Mary Celeste during a storm that they wrongly guessed the ship could not handle. What makes it even harder to call this a Bermuda Triangle mystery is that it the ship was nowhere near the Triangle it was found off the coast of Portugal.
Paraphrases/Quotes

  •  “Sea disasters as distant as Portugal, Ireland and the Pacific and Indian Oceans have been blamed on the Bermuda Triangle.”

  • “There are two major obstacles to taking the Bermuda Triangle legend seriously. The first is that most of the associated mishaps can be explained by rational means. The second is that most of the associated mishaps did not occur within the Bermuda Triangle.”


Citation:

"Bermuda (or "Devil's") Triangle." Skepdic. N.p., 20 Jan 2013. Web. 20 Feb 2013.

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Summary:

There are some skeptics who argue that the facts do not support the legend, that there is no mystery to be solved, and nothing that needs explaining. The numbers of wrecks in the Bermuda Triangle area are not extraordinary, given its size, location and the amount of traffic it receives. Many of the ships and planes that have been identified as having disappeared mysteriously in the Bermuda Triangle were not in the Bermuda Triangle at all. Investigations to date have not produced scientific evidence of any unusual phenomena involved in the disappearances. Any explanations, including so-called scientific ones in terms of methane gas being released from the ocean floor, magnetic disturbances, etc., are not needed. The real mystery to some people is how the Bermuda Triangle became a mystery at all.


Paraphrases/Quotes

  • “In short, the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle became a mystery by a kind of communal reinforcement among uncritical authors and a willing mass media to uncritically pass on the speculation that something mysterious is going on in the Atlantic.”

  • Howard Rosenberg claims that in 1973 the U.S. Coast Guard answered more than 8,000 distress calls in the area and that more than 50 ships and 20 planes have gone down in the Bermuda Triangle within the last century.”

Citation:



Thurin, James. "The Bermuda Triangle: Facts and Theories."Socyberty. N.p., 09 Jun 2007. Web.

20 Feb 2013. .
Summary:

As known by most people, the Bermuda Triangle area is the source of many of the hurricanes that disrupt the southeastern coast of the United States from year to year. Many fishing vessels have either been sent to the ocean bottom or have been found on a remote beach due to the effects of a recent storm because of their captain’s disregard for safety. Hurricanes and other storms can cause dangerous ocean waves that can overturn and sink any vessel, small or large in hours or even minutes. Due to the rapid temperature variations in the triangle, some weather conditions can occur quickly, without any warning, and cause the sinking of a vessel overnight. Due to these sudden weather occurrences, the Coast Guard answers about 8,000 distress calls a year; or twenty three a day although most of these problems could have been avoided if caution had been used. Many of these weather conditions are electrical/thunder storms, which can disrupt communications between the vessels and the shore. The communications of planes are also affected.
Paraphrases/Quotes:

  • The Bermuda triangle is one of the most mysterious and dangerous areas of the earth’s oceans, responsible, or blamed, for the disappearance of over 2,000 vessels and 75 airplanes through a period of three centuries.”


Citation:

Slone, Dave. "Myths and Mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle." True Ghost Tales. N.p., n.d. Web.

20 Feb 2013. .
Summary:

Christopher Columbus first wrote about the Bermuda Triangle in 1492. As he and his crew sailed the Atlantic, they came across mysterious light patterns in the sky near the Caribbean Sea, as well as bizarre compass readings while in this area. It wasn't until 1950 that the mysteries of the Bermuda Triangle would surface in mainstream media. It was during this time that several authors began to document and publish articles and books highlighting the disappearance of several ships and planes. All of the crafts written about were never seen again. These disappearances sparked an interest in what some were calling the Devil's Triangle Or the Bermuda Triangle.


Paraphrases/Quotes:

  • “On March 4, 1918, The USS Cyclops and its crew of 309 vanished without a trace sometime after leaving Barbados, an island in the Caribbean.”

  • Flight 19 was the first incident that was heavily reported on, bringing the Bermuda Triangle into the spotlight and under speculation.”


Citation:

Chavis, Jason. "Is the Bermuda Triangle Real." Ehow. Demand Media Inc, n.d. Web. 20 Feb 2013.

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Summary:

After Spain began to colonize the New World, large fleets of ships passed through the Triangle every year. In the autumn of 1750, five Spanish ships under the command of Captain Don Juan Manuel de Bonilla assembled in Havana and headed for home. The stormy seas caught the group off guard and only two ships survived, having them turn around and head for the Carolinas. Theodosia Burr Alston, daughter of Vice President Aaron Burr, disappeared without a trace along with the crew of the Patriot on December 20, 1812. The most famous event was the disappearance of Flight 19 on December 5, 1945. Five TBM Avengers, supervised by Lieutenant Charles Taylor, flew a routine training exercise but became lost after compass failure. Contact was inconsistent and the planes eventually disappeared.

Paraphrases/Quotes

  • It is one of the most traveled shipping lanes in the world and a heavily flown area for commercial and private aircraft.

  • The Gulf Stream, which acts as a current across the Atlantic, can carry wreckage far from where it originated and spread the evidence to different sections of the ocean, making investigations far more difficult than in other areas.


Citation:

"Bermuda Triangle." Crystalinks. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Feb 2013.

bermuda_triangle.html>.
Summary:

A yacht was found adrift in the Atlantic south of Bermuda on September 26, 1955; it is usually stated in the stories by Winer Berlitz. The crew vanished while the yacht survived being at sea during three hurricanes. The 1955 Atlantic hurricane season lists only one storm coming near Bermuda towards the end of August, hurricane "Edith”. It was confirmed that the Connemara IV was empty and in port when "Edith" may have caused the yacht to slip and drift out to sea. On August 28, 1963 a pair of U.S. Air Force KC-135 Stratotanker aircraft collided and crashed into the Atlantic. One of the more famous incidents in the Triangle took place in 1921 when the Japanese vessel Raifuku Maru went down after sending a distress signal which allegedly said "Danger like dagger now. Come quick!".
Paraphrases/Quotes:

  • “There is no clear record of how deep the sea around the Bermuda Triangle is. While it is estimated that the Continental shelf of the Atlantic Ocean is about 200 miles deep in that area, it is estimated that depths go further than 10,000 to 18,000 feet at some parts.”

  • The Devil's Sea is classified by many as having the same paranormal effects as the Bermuda Triangle. “


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