Contents 1 Abstract 2 Developing a tool for dating the building of pre-historic monuments



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6 The life force ka.

The ancient Egyptians recognised the life force by giving it a name (ka) a symbol (the ankh) and worshipping it. This is refreshing to see, since conventional medical science today is in denial of the existence of life force. Purporting to speak for the whole medical profession in a recent book, Prof Edzard Ernst (professor of complementary medicine at Exeter University) says: ‘there is no evidence whatsoever for a life force.’ (2)

This is because the materialist, reductionist, mechanist paradigm cannot recognise life.


The ankh symbol for the life force is like a key - the key to life. It is often portrayed in Egyptian art as being carried by a god, and being given to someone of his choosing, such as a Pharaoh.


Figure 2 shows the ankh being carried by Horus, the falcon-headed god, who flies high and sees everything. (He may be the equivalent of the eagle, alias Scorpio archetype) In this picture he carries the sun god Ra on his head, whose rays are shining down onto someone. He carries the ankh in his right hand, which is the giving hand, as described below.
FIGURE 2 HORUS CARRYING THE ANKH IN HIS RIGHT HAND
6

The left and right hemispheres of our brain and sides of our body

Neuro-physiological research shows that our brain is in two halves, known as hemispheres. The left half is the rational part, and the right half is the intuitive part. The left part is associated with yang, masculine, extrovert, and the right part with yin, feminine, introvert. The wiring crosses over at the neck, so that the left hemisphere connects to the right side of the body, and the right hemisphere connects to the left side of the body.


Accordingly, the left side of our bodies is the feminine, receptive side, and the right side of our bodies is the male, giving side, as shown on figure 3, looking at the person’s back.

This makes it more comfortable for a woman to be to the left of a man, so that the female side of the man (left) is beside the male side (right) of the woman. This seems to be the most natural way round, and love seems to flow more easily that way.




FIGURE 3 LEFT (RECEIVING, FEMALE) SIDE

AND RIGHT (GIVING, MALE) SIDE OF THE BODY

Confirming this medical fact, weddings in church traditionally have the bride’s side on the left (facing the altar) and the groom’s side on the right. Wedding photos usually show the bride to the left side of the groom. as in figure 4, the wedding photograph. Couples in double beds usually sleep that way round.

This medical fact was also well known to the ancient Egyptians, who depict receiving offerings with 2 left hand(s), and giving offerings with 2 right hand(s) as shown in figures below.
FIGURE 4 THE MOST COMFORTABLE SIDE TO FOR A MAN AND WOMAN TO BE

The life force was worshipped in ancient Egypt. Figure 5 is a picture of the sun god Ra at the top, giving life to the ankh through 2 arms with left (receiving) hands. Two goddesses (Isis and her sister) are each giving worship to the ankh through their 2 right hands. (From the temple to Osiris at Abydos)






FIGURE 5 THE ANKH BEING WORSHIPPED BY GODDESSES ISIS AND HER SISTER


7 Dated pre-historic towns in Egypt

The earliest records of habitation that I can find dated by carbon dating of food and wood are about 10,000BC (great age of Leo):



  1. In Egypt, from the pre-historic site known as Nabba Playa, 100 km west of Abu Simbel, which had a more favourable climate than now.

  2. Golbekli Toply in Turkey.

This proves that there were settlements of workers who could have been mobilised to work on large construction projects.
The following sections 8 to 13 are historical, and quotes the dates of the dynasties and Pharaohs of Egypt (4) together with the founding historical dates of other cultures in the Eastern Mediterranean. They are grouped with the phases of the Great Ages, to test the dating tool to see how well the dates correlate with the energies.
The 3 phases of each great age each last 715 years, and follow each other: cardinal, fixed, mutable. In the cardinal phase, the sign of the great age predominates. In the mutable phase, the polarity sign predominates. The rational for this is given in the previous paper (1)

8 Cardinal phase of Taurus 4,600-3,900BC

10 square km sites of the cities of Hierakonpolis (HK) including and Nekhen, which is a pre-historic site near Edfu (about half way between Aswan and Luxor) Finds known as ‘Badarian’ dated to 4,200BC at Kom (HK3 and HK64) This has been excavated by Dr Renee Friedman and her team for the last 25 years.


In Malta, this is the time of Grey Skorba (4,500-4,400BC) and Red Skorba (4,400-4,100BC)
9 Fixed phase of Taurus 3,900-3,200BC

Many important finds carbon dated to 3,700BC were discovered at Naqada, such as at HK6, particularly tomb 16, and HK11 where a brewery has been found. There are many burial grounds at HK, including one with 58 animals, including an elephant, hippopotami, bulls, and dogs. It is thought that the Nile course moved at the end of this phase, causing the HK city to be abandoned. A mummified body called ‘Ginger’ was dated to 3,600BC.


In Crete, this was the time of building Knossos (3,000BC) In Malta, this was the time of the building of temples at Ggartija, (Gozo) Hafarqim, Mnajdra North and South (3,600-3,000BC)
Phonetic writing is thought to have been invented around 3,300BC.
10 Mutable phase of the Age of Taurus 3,230-2,515BC

The polarity sign of Taurus (Scorpio) predominates during this phase. Scorpio is fixed water. It is the 8th house, which represents death and the afterlife. In Egypt they practiced mummification and elaborate burials in tombs in the valleys of the Kings and Queens and workers, and in pyramids. The old ruler of Scorpio was Mars, and the new ruler is Pluto (king of the Underworld) since Pluto was discovered in 1930.


In Malta, this was the time of the building of the Saflieni Hypogeum tombs, near Valetta, the St Pauls catacombe near Mdina, and the Tarxien temple (3.000-2,500BC)
1st dynasty 3,000BC King Narmer (Menes) established Abydos as his capital, and united upper and lower Egypt. (4) King Aha founded the city of Memphis.

This was the time in Mesopotamia of the cultures of Uruk, Mari, Lagash and Susa. In Palistine, Jericho


2nd dynasty 2,850BC capital Memphis under kings Hotepsekmemwy, Raneb, Ntetjer King Khasekhemul propclaims the cult of Horus.
In Crete, the Minoan culture, which is the subject of another paper of mine (5) In Malta, the megalithic temples of the mother goddess, and the subternanean sanctuary of Tarxien. In Syria, the founding of Byblos and Tyre under Egyptian protectorate.
3rd dynasty 2,770BC King Zosser, who identifies worship of Sun God Ra with the worship of the king, and assumes the power of the priest. Imhotep is the first great architect, physician in history (later deified by the Greeks as Aesulapius. He constructed the stepped pyramid at Saqqara as mausoleum.

Kings Sekhemkhet, Sanakhte, Khaba all built funerary complexes and pyramids for themselves.


4th dynasty 2,620BC King Snefu built the first smooth-faced pyramid. King Khufu (Cheops) built the first great pyramid, surrounded by city necropolises.

King Khafre built the second great pyramid, with gigantic mortuary temple and granite valley temple. King Menkaure (Mycerinus) built the third (asmallest)m of the three great pyramids. King Shepseskaf built new necroposises.


The beginning of Troy I.

11 Cardinal phase of Aries 2,515-1800BC

The sign of the age (Aries) predominates. Aries is cardinal fire, whose ruling planet is Mars, the god of war.


5th dynasty 2,500 BC King Userkaf built a opyramid at Saqqara. King Sahure built a canal of Bubastis linking Mediterranean and #Red Sea, variouspyramids and a solar temple at Abusir, as did Kings Neferirkare, Nyuserre and Unas.
In Mesopotamia, the beginning of the Akkadian empire, with king Sargon (2450BC)
6th dynasty 2,350BC Kings Teti, Pepi I, II, who reigned the longest in history from aged 6 to over 100.
In Mesopotamia, the beginning of the Gutian dynasty (2240BC)

7th and 8th dynasty 2,180BC, and 9th and 10th 2,160, were dynasties in name only, as they were periods of inter-regnum.
The development of Troy II, III and IV.
11th dynasty 2,120 capital ~Thebes, rebirth of centralised power. King Mentuhotep I constructed the great mortuary temple at Deir al Bahri. His successors of the same name II and III continued.
12th dynasty 1991BC King Amenemhet I, II, and III, Sesostris I and III.
In Crete, the beginning of the papaces at Knossos and Phaestos. (2000-1750BC)
12 Fixes phase of Aries 1800 to 1085BC. (relative dark age)
13th dynasty 1785BC King Sekhemre
14th dynasty 1745BC King Neferhotep introduced the wheel and the horse and the cult of the god Baal.
15th dynasty 1700BC Kings Salitis and Apohis.
16th dynasty 1622BC Kings Kamoes and Ahmose.
17th dynasty is a phantom (period of inter-regnum).
18th dynasty 1580 King Ahmose, Amenophis I, Tutmosis I and II, Queen Hatchupsut (1505-1484) Tutmosis III, Amenophis II, III,
Amenophis IV, who was later called Akhenaten (‘pleasing to Aten’) 1372-1354. Aten was the one God, in a new monotheistic religion under which all men are equal in the love of an only God to whom the Pharaoh is the prophet. His wife was Queen Nefertiti,
King Tutankamen (1354-1345), King Horemhep (1340-1314).
In India, the Vedas of Hinduism were supposed to be written 1500-1200BC.tygtghyyyyyyy
19th dynasty 1314 Rameses I, Seti I, Rameses II (1298-1235) Merneptah, Seti II.
20th dynasty 1200 Sethnakht, Rameses III, and IV.
21st dynasty 1085 Mendes, Plankhi, Pinuddjem, Menkheperre,
13 Mutable phase of Aries 1095-370BC
The polarity sign predominates. This is Libra, cardinal air, whose ruiling planet is Venus.

22nd dynasty 950Bc, Sheshonq, who after the death of King Solomon in Palestine renews campaign to capture Palestine. Osorquon.
23rd dynasty 757 Orsorqon III. To 30th dynasty 378BC
14 Cardinal phase of Pisces 370-345AD

The sign Pisces predominates. Pisces is mutable water, and stands for suffering, sacrifice. The old ruler is Jupiter, who stands for excess, and the new ruler is Neptune, who stands for illusion.



Ptolemaic (under Greek occupation) dynasty 311-44BC Ptolemy I to VIII, Queen Cleopatra.
Roman dynasty 44BC to 476AD.

For continuation of this, see ‘History explained by astrology,’ (1)


15 Can the building of Egyptian monuments be dated by cartouches?

The dating of the building of Egyptian monuments has traditionally been based on the inscriptions (cartouches) of a king (or other dignitary) found carved on its walls. This indicates the latest build date, but not the actual build date. Kings are often buried in existing buildings (pyramids, temples etc) and commemorated with plaques. For example, King George Vth of Britain died in 1935. He was buried in Westminster Abbey in London and commemorated with a dated plaque. A visiting historian might conclude from this that the Abbey was built in 1935, but he would be wrong by 7 centuries.

Some Egyptian kings took this to the extent of plagiarism. Rameses II reigned for 63 years from 1298-1235BC, and died at the age of 94. He was well known to be a plagiarist. On Luxor temple he had the cartouches of earlier Pharaohs removed, and his own cartouche substituted.
However, they missed one cartouche which was high up in an obscure corner of the temple. This was the one and only cartouche to be found of Tutankhamen, the boy king who died in 1345BC, 110 years before Rameses II. This one cartouche alerted Egyptologists to Tutankhamen’s existence, which led to the search for his tomb, and the finding of his treasure which is now on display in the Cairo museum.
Another example of the dating of buildings by cartouches is Dendera temple, which my wife and I visited in Oct 2010. Our guide told our party that it was all built in 230BC, because Ptolomy III’s cartouche is carved on one of the outside walls. When I expressed incredulity, he got angry with me. He told me not to doubt his word, because it might mislead others on the tour. This outburst at first surprised me, until I realised that he is paid to express the dogma according to the orthodox Egyptologists.
FIGURE 6 FRONT OF DENDERA TEMPLE

Ptolomy III is one of the 8 Greek kings (all called Ptolomy) who ruled for nearly 300 years after Alexander the Great conquered Egypt in 311BC. Eygypian archeological research probably receives funds from the European Union, which has a Greek-centred bias. The Greeks naturally believe that Greece is the cradle of European civilisation (which is true)


However, they do not want to admit that their ancestors inherited their culture from Egypt, particularly as the Greeks are white, and the Egyptians are dark. There is still a racist bias of whites as the superior race, and darkies as pagan savages. The political correctness is therefore to say that Dendera was built by Ptolomy III who was a Greek, and to deny that it could have been built before the Greeks arrived in Egypt.



FIGURE 7 PLAN VIEW OF DEMDERA TEMPLE

Carpiceci (4) however states: ‘The origins of the temple, which was restored by the Ptolomies, and partially restored by the Romans, goes back to Khufu and Pepi I. ‘ Khufu was in the 4th dynasty (2,620BC), which is 2,300 years earlier than Ptolomy III. This is twice as old as our guide would have had us believe. However, we will see below that I believe that Dendera and other similar temples at Karnak and Edfu were built in the age of Cancer around 8,000 years ago, which is 4 times as old as the guide told us.


To establish more plausible build dates for the Egyptian monuments we have use better dating tools than cartouches, such as geology and astrology, as described below. Astrology looks at history through the lens of the astrological archetype pertaining at the Great Age, which motivates people to behave obsessionally in certain specific ways for 2 millenia, and then in other specific ways for another 2 millenia.
16 The Age of Leo – 11,000-8,900BC

The astrological sign Leo is of the element fire, which is a yang (masculine) element. Its mode is fixed (rather than cardinal or mutable). It is the sign of political power, such as kingship, and ruling over the people with leadership. The energy of Leo during the Age would have been to unite all the people into one kingdom, for example upper and lower Egypt for 1000 miles of the river Nile. The symbol for upper Egypt (south of Memphis – the old capital, some 20 km south of Cairo) is the bee. The symbol for lower Egypt is the bullrush.


If the kings of Egypt during the Age of Leo had wanted to create a monument to themselves to show how powerful they were in commanding
their people, (as I believe they did) they could not have done better than to create a statue of a lion which is the world’s largest statue, measuring 73 metres long, and 21 metres high.

FIGURE 8 THE SOUTH SIDE OF THE SPHINX SHOWING THE LONGITUDINAL EROSION CHANNELS
It cannot be weighed, but it volume is about 10,000 cubic metres, which would weigh about 30,000 tons. The statue was created by removing the surrounding rock, to create space around the statue. This space is about 20 times the volume of the statue. To create the statue required the removal of about half a million tons of sandstone. This would have required the concerted effort of thousands of people with picks and shovels for decades. The nearest modern equivalent is the construction of the canals and railways in the 19th century.
The sphinx is situated on a sandstone ridge on the west bank of the flood plain of the Nile, facing the rising sun in the east. Both it and it’s associated temples in front of it bear horizontal erosion channels nearly 2 feet deep. These longitudinal channels are visible in pictures, such as David Robert’s drawings in the 19th century, and in modern photographs, such that shown in figure 8.
Geologists say that this erosion could only have been created by flood water pouring past. As the base of the monuments is at least 50 feet above the present level of the Nile, this erosion could only have been caused by huge floods. The evidence for this is described by John Anthony West (3)
The last time that this could have happened was after the last ice age, which finished about 10,000 years ago, with global climate warming and sea level rise, which gave rise to the Biblical story of Noah’s arc.
The two temples of the sphinx are in a line in front and to the south of it. The southernmost (upstream) temple is made of red granite, about 10 metres high. It is constructed of huge blocks of up to about 20 cubic metres, weighing up to about 100 tons each. These are so big as to be able to stand firm and not be moved by any flash flood.
The northernmost temple is downstream of the southern temple, so is protected from the worst pressure of descending flood water. It is mostly built of sandstone, of about half the height, perhaps 5 metres. The sandstone has suffered the same horizontal erosion as the sphinx, so both monuments must have been built before theses floods came, about 10,000 years ago. I conclude (confirming Anthony West) that they were built more than 11,000 years ago, would have been during the Age of Leo (11,000-13,000 years ago).
17 The size and weight of the building blocks

The material used to build the pyramids and temples was usually sandstone, but in some places red granite from Aswan was used, such as the southern temple of the sphinx, described above, and the sacred barque house at Karnak, described below. There is one pyramid that was constructed entirely of red granite. There are a total of 90 pyramids in Egypt, of which about 8 are at Giza, and 16 at Saqqara. There are also pyramids in many other countries, such as Mexico, and England (Silbury hill)


The largest pyramid (Khafre) is 445 feet (136 metres) high, and the base is 710 feet (210 metres) square. The angle of its sides is 52 degrees. It was built of millions of blocks of about 1 metre cube, weighing 2.5 tons. The total volume is 1.66 million cubic metres, so it would weigh about 4 million tons. It was originally faced with white limestone from the Turah quarries, but only the ‘hood’ of this casing remains, as most of it was taken a millennium ago to build the great mosque in Cairo on the east bank.
I postulate a theory that the bigger the block, the older the building. This is because I believe that it used to be possible to lift blocks with levitation, but the art gradually became lost thousands of years ago. The mystics believed that rock is alive, (although very fast asleep) and that it is possible to get its co-operation when it is ‘ready’ to move.
There are temple carvings of priests levitating corpses, and dancers levitating themselves.
18 The Age of Cancer 8,900-6,800BC

Cancer is represented as a crab, which has a hard shell with which to protect its soft core. It lives in water, and is a water sign. Its modality is cardinal, which means that it initiates new creations. It is a yin (female) sign, which probably gave rise to a matriarchy in human society.


It would be consistent in this age as a water sign to have had great floods, from the melting of the ice of the great ice age 10,000 years ago. This is thought to have caused the longitudinal erosion on the sphinx and its temples as described above. The Biblical story in the old testament of Noah who built an arc with which to save mankind and all the animals probably dates to this period.
Boats and boat building would have been the means of survival during this period of uncertainty. A boat was found at Cheops, at the foot of the great pyramid, and is now on display in the Cheops boat museum. It was found in pieces, and has been reassembled. It is 46 metres long and 6 metres wide. It demonstrates the boat building skills of the time, which are highly advanced by any standard. A picture of it in the museum is shown in figure 9.



FIGURE 9 THE SOLAR BOAT AT CHEOPS
That boat is not unlike a larger version of the Venetian gondola, in that it is designed for high manoeuvrability in inland waters without sea waves. Accordingly both have a large length to beam ratio (around 7:1) so that they have a high maximum speed in knots (nautical miles per hour) This is given by the formula 1.4 times the square root of the waterline length in feet. If the Cheops boat had a waterline length of 100 feet, its maximum speed would have been 1.4 X 10 = 14 knots = 16 miles per hour, which would have been achievable with about 20 man power and a favourable wind.


FIGURE 10 PLAN OF THE TEMPLE OF KARNAKThe southern temple of the sphinx, and the inner sanctum at Karnak temple consist of long, narrow spaces about 100 foot long by 20 feet wide, which look as if they had been designed to house a boat. The one at Karnak has a boat carved on the outer southern wall, and is known as the ‘sanctuary of the sacred barque’. It is building no 12 on the plan of Karnak temple on figure 9. These buildings are constructed of red granite blocks each weighing around 100 tons. The stone was quarried at Aswan and carried down the Nile on boats.
I postulate that the purpose of these granite buildings was the practical one of boat houses to preserve their contents (a boat) intact despite any flash flood. This could have inundated the building, but failed to wash it away because of the weight (100 tons) of the blocks. This purpose is worthy of the immense effort and cost in constructing them.
Survival in the Age of Cancer, when global warming and climate change could bring 100 foot flash floods down the Nile without warning, depended on everyone having a boat, and knowing how to use it. I postulate that these barque sanctuaries were originally boat building colleges, where the art and science of boat building could be taught and learned by all the population.

Many of the buildings around the barque sanctuary at Karnak were also used for the storage of boats.

However, centuries or milenia later, the climate settled down and became more predictable. People had got into the habit of coming to the boat building college, so the surrounding land was built up in cheaper sandstone blocks for other purposes, such as sacrifices of animals to the gods. They built to the south, to the temple of Mut, and to the west via the hypostyle hall. (no 7 on the plan in figure 10)
These extensions are on such a scale, and in such different styles that I believe that they were added hundreds or thousands of years after the granite barque sanctuary. The ‘official’ age of this is given by Carpiceci (4) as 1960BC. However, I date it 7 milenia older, (around 9,000BC), as it is in similar style to the southern sphinx temple, for which the dating evidence is given above. Why go to the trouble and expense in building with 100 ton granite blocks, other than to protect boats and boat building technology against flash floods at the end of the ice age.
Having mastered the art of building in granite, in order to survice in the age of Cancer, they got what the Italians call the ‘malady de pietra’ (the sickness of stones) This made them obsessionally build, build, build, but in the cheaper and easier material of sandstone and limestone. Egypt has always been known as the ‘breadbasket; of the world, in which one can harvest 3 crops per year, so food was abundant. The rulers (matriarchal wise women) saw that employing people (particularly men) on the constructions of large projects kept them ‘off the streets’ and out of mischief.
The construction of pyramids and temples was just the job. According to astrologist Phoebe Wyss ( ) the great Ages had 3 phases of around 715 years each, cardinal, fixed and mutable. In the mutable phase, which would have been 7,520-6,805BC, the polarity sign dominates the energy. (zeitgeist) The polarity of Cancer is Capricorn, which is cardinal Earth. This is the sign of business, and accords well with the construction of pyramids and temples, which I believe were mostly built in this period, because that was the energy pertaining at that time. Note that this is about 7,000BC (9,000 years ago, and about 4,000 years older than the orthodox dating by cartouches.
There is much evidence that the pyramids were not built as mausoleums or burial chambers. They were adapted for that purpose during the mutable phase of the Age of Taurus, with the polarity energy of Scorpio, (death and the afterlife) from 3,230-2,515BC. This is pre-dynastic and the first 4 dynasties, including Zoser, (3rd dynasty) who was buried in the stepped pyramid (2,770BC) and Khufu, Khafre and Menkaure, (4th dynasty) who were buried in the 3 great pyramids from 2,620-2520BC. This period is described in my earlier paper (1).



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